The Jackson Era Chap 11 7th Grade

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Andrew Jackson; his policies, trail of tears, Indian Removal

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The Jackson Era Chap 11 7th Grade

  1. 1. The Jackson Era Chapter 11
  2. 2. Off and Running <ul><li>The Election of 1824 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monroe declines to run for 2 nd term </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4 candidates for presidency </li></ul></ul>James Monroe
  3. 3. William H. Crawford <ul><ul><ul><li>former congressman from GA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>limited federal government </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>strong state powers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>defended slavery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>poor health weakened his chances </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Andrew Jackson <ul><ul><ul><li>- Tennessee </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>not a Washington politician </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>war hero of 1812 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>raised in poverty </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>spoke for the little people </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Henry Clay <ul><ul><li>- Kentucky </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaker of the House </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fought for internal improvements, high tariffs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wanted a strong national bank </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. John Quincy Adams <ul><ul><li>-Massachusetts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Son of former President John Adams </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>wanted to shift economy from farming to manufacturing </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><li>Jackson, Clay and Adams were “Favorite Son” candidates. </li></ul><ul><li>Their states backed them, not the national party. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Playing with Numbers <ul><li>Jackson received largest number of popular votes. </li></ul><ul><li>No candidate received a majority (>1/2) of the electoral votes </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson won 99 electoral votes, a plurality (largest, single share) </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>12 th Amendment: </li></ul><ul><li>When no candidate wins a majority, the House of Representatives chooses the President. </li></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Clay and Adams plan a scheme </li></ul><ul><li>Clay will use his influence as Speaker of House to sway votes towards Adams. </li></ul><ul><li>In return, Clay to be named Sec. of State </li></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Jackson accuses men of making a “corrupt bargain” </li></ul><ul><li>Adams appoints Clay secretary of state </li></ul>
  12. 13. ELECTION NUMBERS <ul><li>Candidate Electoral Popular House </li></ul><ul><li>Vote Vote Vote </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson 99 153,544 7 </li></ul><ul><li>Adams 84 108,740 13 </li></ul><ul><li>Crawford 41 41,618 4 </li></ul><ul><li>Clay 37 47,136 0 </li></ul>
  13. 15. Adams Presidency <ul><li>Corrupt bargain cast a shadow over the presidency </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted policies that ran against popular opinion </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted a stronger navy </li></ul><ul><li>Wanted federal government to direct economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>Congress turned down many of his proposals </li></ul>
  14. 16. Election of 1828 Republican Party Divides <ul><li>Democratic-Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>- supported Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>-favored states’ rights </li></ul><ul><li>-mistrusted strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>-immigrants, laborers, frontiersmen were democrats </li></ul>
  15. 17. National-Republicans <ul><li>- supported Adams </li></ul><ul><li>-wanted a strong central government </li></ul><ul><li>-supported federal measures like road building, and Bank of the US (helps to shape the economy) </li></ul><ul><li>-merchants, successful farmers were Republicans </li></ul>
  16. 18. New Kind of Campaign <ul><li>Both parties resorted to mudslinging </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruining the others’ reputation with insults </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson’s camp: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-accuses Adams of betraying interests of the people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-released handbills calling him “unholy and having selfish ambition” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Slogans, rallies, buttons, B-B Q’s became a new element to campaigns </li></ul></ul>
  17. 19. <ul><ul><li>Adams’ camp: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-created a vicious song against Jackson telling about embarrassing incidents in his life. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-told of Jackson’s involvement in an execution of soldiers who deserted in War of 1812. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Adam’s called him a “barbarian and a savage” </li></ul></ul>
  18. 20. Jackson Wins! <ul><li>He receives most of the votes in the frontier </li></ul><ul><li>Receives many votes from the South </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His policy of states rights helped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John C. Calhoun – South Carolina (Adams VP) switched parties and ran as Jackson’s VP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They won by a landslide (overwhelming victory) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>56% of the popular vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>178 electoral votes </li></ul></ul>
  19. 21. Review for Section 1 <ul><li>Identify: </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>National-Republicans </li></ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><li>favorite son </li></ul><ul><li>majority </li></ul><ul><li>plurality </li></ul><ul><li>mudslinging </li></ul><ul><li>landslide </li></ul><ul><li>Compare/Contrast: </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans </li></ul>
  20. 22. answers <ul><li>Identify: </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson: winner of 1828 election </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay: named Sec of State after Adams becomes President </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams: winner of 1824 election </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republicans: split of the republican party/Jackson supported </li></ul><ul><li>National-Republicans: split of the republican party/Adams supported </li></ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><li>favorite son: backed by home states </li></ul><ul><li>majority: more than ½ </li></ul><ul><li>plurality: largest single share </li></ul><ul><li>mudslinging: ruining opponents reputation </li></ul><ul><li>landslide: overwhelming victory </li></ul><ul><li>Compare/Contrast: </li></ul><ul><li>Democratic-Republicans and National Republicans: DR supported Jackson, favored state's rights, mistrusted strong central government, were frontier people, immigrants, or laborers. NR supported Adams, a strong central government, Bank of the US </li></ul>
  21. 23. Jacksonian Democracy <ul><li>Background on Jackson </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Born in a log cabin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>parents were poor farmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they died before he was 15 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He fought with the Patriots as a teenager during the American Revolution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elected to congress from Tennessee </li></ul></ul>
  22. 24. <ul><ul><li>became famous in War of 1812 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>defeated Creek Nation in Battle of Horseshoe Bend </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>victory at Battle of New Orleans </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called “Old Hickory” because he was as tough as a hickory stick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Popular with the “common man” because of his success story </li></ul></ul>
  23. 25. New Voters <ul><li>Most states had limited suffrage </li></ul><ul><li>-the right to vote </li></ul><ul><li>-limited to men who owned property or paid taxes </li></ul><ul><li>1815 requirements loosened </li></ul>
  24. 26. <ul><li>Between 1824 – 1828: 57% of white males were voting from 37% earlier </li></ul><ul><li>White male sharecroppers, factory workers etc. allowed to vote </li></ul><ul><li>By 1840 80% of white males could vote, no women, African Americans or Native Americans </li></ul>
  25. 27. Friends in High Places <ul><li>Democrats did not like bureaucracy </li></ul><ul><li>-a system in which non-elected officials carry out laws </li></ul><ul><li>Said that ordinary citizens could handle any government job </li></ul>
  26. 28. <ul><li>Jackson fired many government workers and replaced them with his supporters </li></ul><ul><li>He said that a new set of government employees would be good for democracy </li></ul><ul><li>Fired ones didn’t agree! </li></ul>
  27. 29. <ul><li>Supporter of Jackson said “To the victors belong the “spoils” </li></ul><ul><li>The practice of replacing government employees with the candidate’s supporters became known as the “spoils system” </li></ul>
  28. 30. Electoral Changes <ul><li>Caucus system abandoned </li></ul><ul><li>- where major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of congress </li></ul><ul><li>Replaced by nominating conventions </li></ul><ul><li>- where delegates from the states select the parties candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Allowed more voter input </li></ul>
  29. 31. Each state holds conventions to choose delegates to send to the national meeting
  30. 32. 2008 Presidential Election
  31. 33. <ul><li>1 st democratic national party convention held in 1832 in Baltimore, Maryland. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drew delegates from each state </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominate candidate who could gather 2/3rds of vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson won the nomination </li></ul></ul>
  32. 34. T is for Tariff <ul><li>Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson faced a tariff crisis </li></ul><ul><li>-1828 congress passed high tariff on manufactured goods from Europe </li></ul>
  33. 35. <ul><li>Manufacturers in NE liked it </li></ul><ul><li>-made US goods more desirable </li></ul><ul><li>-Southerners opposed . </li></ul><ul><li>They traded cotton for </li></ul><ul><li>European manufactured goods. $$ </li></ul>
  34. 36. S is for South or Secede <ul><li>Southerners were outraged over tariffs </li></ul><ul><li>VP Calhoun argued that a state or group of states had a right to nullify (cancel) a federal law it felt was unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Some southerners wanted to secede ( break away ) from the US and form their own government </li></ul>
  35. 37. <ul><li>VP Calhoun pondered if a state had the right to go its own way if it didn’t agree with the federal government. </li></ul><ul><li>Decided they did because of “state’s rights”- that states have many rights and powers that are independent of the federal government </li></ul>
  36. 38. Where does everybody stand? <ul><li>Webster/Hayne debate </li></ul><ul><li>Daniel Webster-defends the constitution; says that nullification could only mean the end of the union </li></ul>
  37. 39. <ul><li>Robert Hayne-defends the idea that states had a right to nullify acts of the federal government and even to secede </li></ul>
  38. 40. <ul><li>Andrew Jackson-Southerners hoped he would side with them; however at a dinner party he said “Our federal government must be preserved” </li></ul>
  39. 41. <ul><li>John Calhoun- </li></ul><ul><li>defender of states rights. After the President’s comments, he wins election to the senate to defend state’s rights and resigns as VP. </li></ul>
  40. 42. Sticks and Stones… <ul><li>Southerners anger builds </li></ul><ul><li>A new, lower tariff is passed by congress </li></ul><ul><li>It did not appease the south </li></ul>
  41. 43. <ul><li>South Carolina state legislature passed the “nullification act” declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs. </li></ul><ul><li>They threatened to secede if the feds interfered with them </li></ul>
  42. 44. <ul><li>Jackson thinks they have gone mad </li></ul><ul><li>Henry Clay proposes a bill to greatly lower the tariff. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson supports it. </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson persuaded Congress to pass the “force bill” which allows the President to use military force to enforce the law. </li></ul>
  43. 45. <ul><li>South Carolina accepted the compromise tariff </li></ul><ul><li>Jackson sent a strong message that the federal government would not allow a state to go its own way without a fight </li></ul>
  44. 46. Review <ul><li>Identify: </li></ul><ul><li>Nullification Act </li></ul><ul><li>Force Bill </li></ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffrage: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoils system </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caucus </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominating convention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nullify </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secede </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States’ rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen? </li></ul></ul>
  45. 47. Answers <ul><li>Identify: </li></ul><ul><li>Nullification Act: declaring it would not pay the illegal tariffs of 1828 and 1832 </li></ul><ul><li>Force Bill: allows President to use military force to enforce acts of congress </li></ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffrage: right to vote </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bureaucracy: system in which non-elected officials carry out laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spoils system: replacing government employees with the winning candidates supporters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Caucus: major political candidates were chosen by committees made up of members of Congress </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nominating convention: delegates from the states selected the party’s presidential candidate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tariff: a fee paid by merchants who imported goods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nullify: cancel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secede: break away </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States’ rights: rights and powers that are independent of the federal government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why was President Jackson popular with the average citizen? Average citizens identified with the president and felt they had a role in the government and the economy because Jackson came from humble beginnings. </li></ul></ul>
  46. 48. Whose land is it anyway? <ul><li>A few background facts </li></ul><ul><li>-large #’s of Native Americans still lived in eastern part of US </li></ul><ul><li>- GA, MS, FL, AL had valuable land that was held by the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw and Seminole’s </li></ul><ul><li>- </li></ul>
  47. 49. <ul><li>- areas west of the MS river were dry and unsuitable for farming. </li></ul><ul><li>-settlers wanted Native Americans to be “relocated” west of the MS river so valuable land would be available for them </li></ul><ul><li>-President Jackson supported this idea. </li></ul>
  48. 50. Indian Removal Act of 1830 <ul><li>Act allowed government to pay Native Americans to move west </li></ul><ul><li>Federal officials were sent to negotiate treaties with them </li></ul><ul><li>Most accepted payment and agreed to move </li></ul><ul><li>1834 congress created the “Indian Territory” (present day Oklahoma) for them </li></ul>
  49. 51. Indian Removal Act <ul><li>Indian Territory —area of land containing most of present-day Oklahoma </li></ul>Map of Indian Territory
  50. 52. <ul><li>Cherokee nation in GA refused . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1790’s GA had recognized them as a separate nation with its own laws </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They sued the state government; eventually went to Supreme Court (Worcester v. Georgia) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Justice John Marshall ruled GA had no right to interfere with Cherokee nation </li></ul></ul>
  51. 53. “… [the Cherokee nation] is a distinct community, occupying its own territory,…in which the laws of Georgia have no force.” --Chief Justice John Marshall
  52. 54. “ John Marshall has made his decision; now let him enforce it.” --Andrew Jackson
  53. 55. The Trail of Tears <ul><li>1835 a few Cherokee signed a treaty giving up their land </li></ul><ul><li>17000 refused to honor the treaty </li></ul><ul><li>They wrote a protest letter to the government and people of the US </li></ul>
  54. 56. <ul><li>1838 General Winfield Scott and 7000 troops came to remove them from their homes </li></ul><ul><li>They were told if they did not go peacefully they would have to go by force </li></ul>
  55. 57. <ul><li>Cherokee leaders knew fighting would only lead to their end and gave in </li></ul><ul><li>Brutal weather, sickness claimed thousands of Cherokee lives on the way. Their sadness and death gave it the name- “trail of tears” </li></ul>
  56. 58. Some fought back <ul><li>1832 the Sauk Chieftain Black Hawk led the Sauk and Fox peoples back to Illinois, their homeland </li></ul>
  57. 59. <ul><li>Met by militia, killing hundreds of the Native Americans and chasing the remaining ones over the border into Iowa. </li></ul><ul><li>US troops pursued the retreating Indians and slaughtered them </li></ul>
  58. 60. Seminole Wars <ul><ul><li>Pressured to sign treaties in the early 1830’s to sell land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chief Osceola and his people refused to leave </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Decided to go to war against US instead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joined with group of runaway African Americans </li></ul></ul>
  59. 61. <ul><ul><li>Used guerilla tactics (surprise attacks) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>By 1842 more than 1500 of 10000 American soldiers had died, mostly from disease </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Government gave up and let them remain in FL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many Seminole had died or been captured and sent west </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only a few scattered groups lived east of the MS </li></ul></ul>
  60. 62. Review <ul><li>Identify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Winfield Scott </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trail of Tears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Hawk </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osceola </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relocate: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guerrilla: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee </li></ul></ul>
  61. 63. Answers <ul><li>Identify </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Indian Removal Act: act allowing Federal Government to pay Native Americans to move West </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>General Winfield Scott: Led the 7000 troops to remove the Cherokee from their homes in GA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trail of Tears: name given to journey of the Cherokee as they were forced westward-the trail where they cried </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Black Hawk: Sauk Chieftain who tried to reclaim land in Illinois </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osceola: Seminole leader who refused to leave FL </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Define: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relocate: to force a person to move </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>guerrilla: surprise attacks or raids </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe how President Jackson reacted to the Supreme Court decision regarding the Cherokee: He ignored the ruling and sided with GA and its efforts to remove the Cherokee </li></ul></ul>
  62. 64. Money, Money, Money, Money,… <ul><li>Jackson thought the Bank of the US was an organization of wealthy Easterners where ordinary people had no control </li></ul><ul><li>The bank held ALL of the governments money </li></ul><ul><li>It controlled much of the country’s money supply </li></ul>
  63. 65. <ul><li>Bank was originally chartered by Congress </li></ul><ul><li>Now run by private bankers, not elected officials </li></ul><ul><li>President of bank, Nicholas Biddle, opposite of Jackson </li></ul>
  64. 66. Henry Clay <ul><ul><li>Ran against Jackson </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wanted a strong, national bank </li></ul></ul>Daniel Webster Defender of the Constitution Strong, national government
  65. 67. <ul><li>Henry Clay and Daniel Webster planned to use the bank against Jackson in the next presidential election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bank has to have a charter to operate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Biddle asked early to have the bank’s charter renewed, knowing that Jackson would veto it. They wanted to make him look bad. </li></ul></ul>
  66. 68. <ul><ul><li>Jackson vetoed it. Said the bank favored the rich and hurt the poor. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Clay and Webster’s plan backfired </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Veto actually helped him. He was re-elected in 1832 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jackson withdrew all of the government money from the bank. By 1836, the bank closed its doors. </li></ul></ul>
  67. 69. New blood in the White House <ul><li>Jackson does not run for 3 rd term in 1836 </li></ul><ul><li>Democrats select Martin Van Buren – New York as candidate </li></ul><ul><li>Whigs- a new political party emerged. </li></ul>
  68. 70. <ul><li>With Jackson’s support, Van Buren wins </li></ul><ul><li>-Economic depression sets in- panic of 1837 </li></ul><ul><li>-land values drop, investments decline </li></ul><ul><li>-banks fail, people lose confidence in the economy; thousands lose jobs </li></ul><ul><li>-poor can’t pay rent or buy food </li></ul>
  69. 71. <ul><li>Panic of 1837 leads to economic depression </li></ul><ul><li>Result of Jackson’s policies </li></ul><ul><li>Van Buren blamed and defeated in election of 1840 </li></ul>
  70. 72. <ul><li>Van Buren believed in a “laissez-faire” government- it should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy. </li></ul><ul><li>Lasted 6 years, people turned against VanBuren </li></ul>
  71. 73. Washington flipped its “Whig” <ul><li>1840 presidential election </li></ul><ul><ul><li>William Henry Harrison- hero of War of 1812 (defeated Tecumseh at the Battle of Tippecanoe) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ran against Van Buren. He represented the Whig party </li></ul></ul>
  72. 74. <ul><ul><li>John Tyler- a planter from VA was his running mate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Their slogan was “Tippecanoe and Tyler too” </li></ul></ul>
  73. 75. <ul><ul><li>They adopted a “log cabin” as their symbol to show people that they were a “man of the people” even though they came from wealthy backgrounds </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Called the “log cabin campaign” </li></ul></ul>
  74. 76. <ul><ul><li>Harrison won by a wide margin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Harrison was the 1 st Whig president; 4 weeks after taking office, he died of pneumonia. </li></ul></ul>
  75. 77. Tyler Steps In <ul><ul><li>John Tyler was the 1 st VP to take office of President at a death </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Tyler had been a democrat before he became a Whig </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-disagreed with many Whig policies </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li> -strong supporter of State’s rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-vetoed several bills sponsored by the Whigs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>-Whig leaders eventually expel him from their party </li></ul></ul>
  76. 78. <ul><ul><li>Whigs could agree on parties goals. More than not they voted on things according to their sections (north, south, etc) caused too much division </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1844 James Polk becomes President (non Whig) </li></ul></ul>
  77. 79. Procession of Presidents <ul><li>George Washington 1789-1797 </li></ul><ul><li>John Adams 1797-1801 </li></ul><ul><li>Thomas Jefferson 1801-1809 </li></ul><ul><li>James Madison 1809-1817 </li></ul><ul><li>James Monroe 1817-1825 </li></ul><ul><li>John Quincy Adams 1825-1829 </li></ul><ul><li>Andrew Jackson 1829-1837 </li></ul><ul><li>Martin VanBuren 1837-1841 </li></ul><ul><li>William H. Harrison 1841 </li></ul><ul><li>John Tyler 1841-1845 </li></ul><ul><li>James Polk 1845-1849 </li></ul>
  78. 80. Review <ul><li>Identify </li></ul><ul><li>-Nicholas Biddle: </li></ul><ul><li>-Henry Clay: </li></ul><ul><li>-Daniel Webster: </li></ul><ul><li>-Martin Van Buren: </li></ul><ul><li>-Whigs: New political group </li></ul><ul><li>-Panic of 1837: </li></ul><ul><li>-William Henry Harrison: </li></ul><ul><li>-James Polk: </li></ul><ul><li>Define </li></ul><ul><li>Veto: </li></ul><ul><li>Depression: </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-faire: </li></ul><ul><li>Log cabin campaign: </li></ul><ul><li>List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US </li></ul>
  79. 81. Answers <ul><li>Identify </li></ul><ul><li>-Nicholas Biddle: President of the Bank of the US </li></ul><ul><li>-Henry Clay: Presidential hopeful against Jackson, plots with Webster in bank plan </li></ul><ul><li>-Daniel Webster: plots with Clay in bank plan </li></ul><ul><li>-Martin Van Buren: Jackson’s VP who runs for President </li></ul><ul><li>-Whigs: New political group </li></ul><ul><li>-Panic of 1837: depression that lasted 6 years </li></ul><ul><li>-William Henry Harrison:1 st Whig President, died 4 weeks into office </li></ul><ul><li>-James Polk: 1844 president elect </li></ul><ul><li>Define </li></ul><ul><li>Veto: reject </li></ul><ul><li>Depression: business and employment fall to a very low level </li></ul><ul><li>Laissez-faire: government should interfere as little as possible in the nations economy </li></ul><ul><li>Log cabin campaign: Name given to the Whig/Harrison campaign </li></ul><ul><li>List the reasons for Jackson wanting to “kill” the Bank of the US </li></ul><ul><li>He believed it favored the rich and hurt the poor and that it had too much power. </li></ul>

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