Chapter 17 The Return from Exile
The Exiled <ul><li>Mourned their loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temple </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Book of Lamentations <ul><li>5 poems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the destruction Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffe...
Ezekiel <ul><li>A priest </li></ul><ul><li>Exiled to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Had a 25 year ministry </li></ul><ul><li>Me...
The Message of Ezekiel <ul><li>His vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory of God abandoned Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>During exile he offered words of hope/comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Had a  new vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God would ...
While in exile… <ul><li>Afraid/confused </li></ul><ul><li>Grow as a people </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship with God changed...
A new relationship with God <ul><li>What made someone one of God’s people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not birth in the promised ...
Treatment while in exile… <ul><li>Babylonians treated them well </li></ul><ul><li>Live lives freely </li></ul><ul><li>Rema...
Isaiah in Babylon <ul><li>Message found in book of Isaiah </li></ul><ul><li>Had a message of hope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tr...
The Book of Job <ul><li>Great example of “Wisdom Literature” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>giving practical guidance on how to liv...
<ul><li>His downfall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lost children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>took possessions </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
<ul><li>Words from God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>humans do not always understand God’s ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good pe...
3 Stages out of Exile <ul><li>Persian’s take over Babylon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>came from modern day Iran and Afghanistan ...
Stage 1 <ul><li>Descendant of David  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leads 1 st  wave back to Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>begin...
Haggai and Zechariah <ul><li>prophets </li></ul><ul><li>urged the Temple restoration to go forth </li></ul><ul><li>get unf...
New leader in Persia <ul><li>begins migration back to Judah </li></ul><ul><li>succeed in rebuilding the Temple </li></ul><...
Stage 2 <ul><li>70 years pass </li></ul><ul><li>Judah in trouble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign lands trying to take over <...
Stage 3 <ul><li>Nehemiah’s mission was military </li></ul><ul><li>Ezra’s mission was religious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refor...
 
 
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Chapter 17 The Return From Exile

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The migration back to Judah

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  • Chapter 17 The Return From Exile

    1. 1. Chapter 17 The Return from Exile
    2. 2. The Exiled <ul><li>Mourned their loss </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temple </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Called a lamentation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sorrow expressed in the form of a poem </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Book of Lamentations <ul><li>5 poems </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Describe the destruction Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suffering of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Jeremiah – probable writer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Firm faith in God’s love will show comfort </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Ezekiel <ul><li>A priest </li></ul><ul><li>Exiled to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Had a 25 year ministry </li></ul><ul><li>Message found in Ezekial </li></ul><ul><li>Condemned </li></ul><ul><ul><li>social injustice </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idolatry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Superstition </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>False belief that living creatures or things possess powers </li></ul></ul></ul>
    5. 5. The Message of Ezekiel <ul><li>His vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Glory of God abandoned Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left the temple-dwelling place of God </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Left Jerusalem </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People’s action showed a rejection of God </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very strong words </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>People unfaithful from the beginning </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Said God’s words were “I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you over foreign lands, so that I may purge your uncleanness” </li></ul></ul></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>During exile he offered words of hope/comfort </li></ul><ul><li>Had a new vision </li></ul><ul><ul><li>God would purify those who remained true to him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take them home to Judah </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. While in exile… <ul><li>Afraid/confused </li></ul><ul><li>Grow as a people </li></ul><ul><li>Relationship with God changed </li></ul><ul><li>Judaism – religion of the Jews </li></ul><ul><li>Saw their past ways </li></ul>
    8. 8. A new relationship with God <ul><li>What made someone one of God’s people </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not birth in the promised land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Not citizenship in an independent Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had to: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Follow God’s will </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Have absolute faith </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Make a personal commitment to follow the covenant </li></ul></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Treatment while in exile… <ul><li>Babylonians treated them well </li></ul><ul><li>Live lives freely </li></ul><ul><li>Remain together as a community </li></ul><ul><li>Given fertile land to live on </li></ul><ul><li>Some prospered/held high positions </li></ul><ul><li>Proved that God was protecting them </li></ul>
    10. 10. Isaiah in Babylon <ul><li>Message found in book of Isaiah </li></ul><ul><li>Had a message of hope </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Trusting and confident in God’s love for us </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Have faith in God and hope </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reminded them that God had always been faithful to them </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God would save them in a “bigger” way </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salvation would come through the “suffering of a servant” </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. The Book of Job <ul><li>Great example of “Wisdom Literature” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>giving practical guidance on how to live </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Background </li></ul><ul><ul><li>wife </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>large family </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>relatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>servants </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>many posessions </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. <ul><li>His downfall </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lost children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>took possessions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>disease overtook his body </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remained faithful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ we accept good things from God; and should we not accept evil” (Job: 2-10) </li></ul></ul>
    13. 13. <ul><li>Words from God </li></ul><ul><ul><li>humans do not always understand God’s ways </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>good people do suffer </li></ul></ul><ul><li>God’s words strengthen Job’s faith </li></ul><ul><li>God repays his loyalty and faith </li></ul><ul><ul><li>everything re-payed in double measure </li></ul></ul>
    14. 14. 3 Stages out of Exile <ul><li>Persian’s take over Babylon </li></ul><ul><ul><li>came from modern day Iran and Afghanistan </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cyrus – King of Persian Empire </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>allowed Jews to return to Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>still belong to Persia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>rebuild the Temple </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>practice their faith </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Persian governor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>governed themselves locally and religiously </li></ul></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Stage 1 <ul><li>Descendant of David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>leads 1 st wave back to Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>begin rebuilding the nation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King Cyrus dies in battle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rebuilding delayed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Temple reconstruction stopped </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Haggai and Zechariah <ul><li>prophets </li></ul><ul><li>urged the Temple restoration to go forth </li></ul><ul><li>get unfinished work complete </li></ul>
    17. 17. New leader in Persia <ul><li>begins migration back to Judah </li></ul><ul><li>succeed in rebuilding the Temple </li></ul><ul><ul><li>515 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>stage 1 complete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Jew occupy the land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>temple had been restored </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Stage 2 <ul><li>70 years pass </li></ul><ul><li>Judah in trouble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>foreign lands trying to take over </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nehemiah to the rescue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>sent to rebuild the walls around Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 2 complete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Judah is free from foreign attack </li></ul></ul>
    19. 19. Stage 3 <ul><li>Nehemiah’s mission was military </li></ul><ul><li>Ezra’s mission was religious </li></ul><ul><ul><li>reform religious and social practices </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>leads a 3 rd migration to Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>orders the “law” be read out once in Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>follow law of Moses or the Torah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st 5 books of the Old Testament </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Stage 3 complete </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The people submitted fully to God’s will </li></ul></ul>

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