Chapter 17  The Return From Exile
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Chapter 17 The Return From Exile

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The migration back to Judah

The migration back to Judah

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Chapter 17  The Return From Exile Chapter 17 The Return From Exile Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 17 The Return from Exile
  • The Exiled
    • Mourned their loss
      • Nation
      • Temple
      • People
    • Called a lamentation
      • Sorrow expressed in the form of a poem
  • Book of Lamentations
    • 5 poems
      • Describe the destruction Judah
      • Suffering of the people
    • Jeremiah – probable writer
      • Firm faith in God’s love will show comfort
  • Ezekiel
    • A priest
    • Exiled to Babylon
    • Had a 25 year ministry
    • Message found in Ezekial
    • Condemned
      • social injustice
      • Idolatry
      • Superstition
        • False belief that living creatures or things possess powers
  • The Message of Ezekiel
    • His vision
      • Glory of God abandoned Jerusalem
        • Left the temple-dwelling place of God
        • Left Jerusalem
        • People’s action showed a rejection of God
      • Very strong words
        • People unfaithful from the beginning
        • Said God’s words were “I will disperse you among the nations and scatter you over foreign lands, so that I may purge your uncleanness”
    • During exile he offered words of hope/comfort
    • Had a new vision
      • God would purify those who remained true to him
      • Take them home to Judah
  • While in exile…
    • Afraid/confused
    • Grow as a people
    • Relationship with God changed
    • Judaism – religion of the Jews
    • Saw their past ways
  • A new relationship with God
    • What made someone one of God’s people
      • Not birth in the promised land
      • Not citizenship in an independent Judah
      • Had to:
        • Follow God’s will
        • Have absolute faith
        • Make a personal commitment to follow the covenant
  • Treatment while in exile…
    • Babylonians treated them well
    • Live lives freely
    • Remain together as a community
    • Given fertile land to live on
    • Some prospered/held high positions
    • Proved that God was protecting them
  • Isaiah in Babylon
    • Message found in book of Isaiah
    • Had a message of hope
      • Trusting and confident in God’s love for us
      • Have faith in God and hope
      • Reminded them that God had always been faithful to them
      • God would save them in a “bigger” way
      • Salvation would come through the “suffering of a servant”
  • The Book of Job
    • Great example of “Wisdom Literature”
      • giving practical guidance on how to live
    • Background
      • wife
      • large family
      • relatives
      • servants
      • many posessions
    • His downfall
      • lost children
      • took possessions
      • disease overtook his body
    • Remained faithful
      • “ we accept good things from God; and should we not accept evil” (Job: 2-10)
    • Words from God
      • humans do not always understand God’s ways
      • good people do suffer
    • God’s words strengthen Job’s faith
    • God repays his loyalty and faith
      • everything re-payed in double measure
  • 3 Stages out of Exile
    • Persian’s take over Babylon
      • came from modern day Iran and Afghanistan
      • Cyrus – King of Persian Empire
      • allowed Jews to return to Judah
        • still belong to Persia
        • rebuild the Temple
        • practice their faith
        • Persian governor
        • governed themselves locally and religiously
  • Stage 1
    • Descendant of David
      • leads 1 st wave back to Judah
      • begin rebuilding the nation
    • King Cyrus dies in battle
      • rebuilding delayed
      • Temple reconstruction stopped
  • Haggai and Zechariah
    • prophets
    • urged the Temple restoration to go forth
    • get unfinished work complete
  • New leader in Persia
    • begins migration back to Judah
    • succeed in rebuilding the Temple
      • 515 B.C.
    • stage 1 complete
      • Jew occupy the land
      • temple had been restored
  • Stage 2
    • 70 years pass
    • Judah in trouble
      • foreign lands trying to take over
    • Nehemiah to the rescue
      • sent to rebuild the walls around Jerusalem
    • Stage 2 complete
      • Judah is free from foreign attack
  • Stage 3
    • Nehemiah’s mission was military
    • Ezra’s mission was religious
      • reform religious and social practices
      • leads a 3 rd migration to Judah
      • orders the “law” be read out once in Jerusalem
      • follow law of Moses or the Torah
        • 1 st 5 books of the Old Testament
    • Stage 3 complete
      • The people submitted fully to God’s will
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