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Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom

Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom






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Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 16 Judah, The Southern Kingdom
  • Kings of Judah
    • Rehoboam
    • Abijah
    • Asa
    • Jehoshaphat
    • Jehoram
    • *Uzziah
    • Jotham
    • Ahaz
    • *skip in succession
    • Rehoboam and Abijah
      • False gods
      • Had an influence on people
  • King Asa
    • Believed in the 1 true God
    • Government workers had to believe
    • Free Judah from false practices
    • “ to seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, and to observe the law and its commands”
    • 2 nd Book of Chronicles
    • Jehoshaphat, his son, followed in his father’s footsteps
    • Next in line
      • King Jehoram
      • Wife was a believer of Baal
      • Introduced into Jerusalem
      • Some never turned away
    • King Uzziah
      • Restored Judah to greatness
      • Judah, though it went full circle, came out believing
    • King Jotham
    • King Ahaz
      • Protective over Judah and its people
  • Conflict
    • Possible alliance
      • Israel (Northern Kingdom)
      • Judah (Southern Kingdom)
      • Syria
    • Enemy
      • Assyrians
    • King Jotham has doubts
    • Doesn’t join alliance
    • Invasion from Israel and Syria
    • King Ahaz inherits Jotham’s decision
    • Feared invasion from Israel and Syria
    • Turns to the Assyrians for help
    • Assyrians conquered Israel and Syria
    • Ahaz’s pact
  • The People of Judah
    • Forced to recognize false gods
    • Pagan altar in the Temple in Jerusalem
    • Idolatry
    • Heavy taxes
    • Poor, suffered, persecuted
      • Reminiscent of the takeover of Israel
  • The Prophets
    • People of Judah
    • made the circle
    • Sent help
    • Message:
      • Against idolatry and injustice
    • King Ahaz’s adviser
    • Assyria wasn’t a good idea
    • Ahaz turns away
    • “ the Lord had brought Judah low because of Ahaz,… who let Judah go its own way and proved utterly faithless to the Lord.”
    • Pure and faithful
    • King Hezekiah
      • Listened to Isaiah
      • Stopped practices against God
      • Removed idols
      • Closed shrines
      • Helped the poor and suffering
      • Tried to free Judah from the Assyrians
      • Kept people faithful to God
  • Isaiah’s Message
    • Jerusalem wouldn’t be taken or Judah destroyed
    • Foreign nations would be used to make Judah pure again
    • Power would be subject to God’s will
    • Things look bleak…God will keep His promises
    • God will bring new life out of death
    • Faith is complete trust in God’s plan
    • Out of mercy, God would spare a “remnant” of the people
  • Micah, the Prophet
    • Preached in Judah
    • Message recorded in the “Book of Micah”
    • Around the same time as Isaiah
    • Against false prophets
    • False prophets = what you want to hear
    • Micah’s words = not what they wanted to hear
    • Harsh words for greed, dishonesty and corruption
    • Goodness lies in practices and faithfulness
    • No good to perform religious ceremonies with no faith
    • Not good to say one thing and believe another
    • “ Only to do the right and to love goodness, and to walk humbly with your God” (Micah 6:8)
    • Warned against the eventual destruction of the northern and southern kingdoms
    • God would not abandon his chosen people
  • The Kingdom of Judah Ends
    • Josiah becomes King in 640 B.C.
    • Assyrian Empire weakens
    • Judah regaining independence
    • “ The Book of the Law”
      • “ Book of Deuteronomy”
    • Time of Moses
    • Reform religious practices
    • Banned false practices
    • Only worship at the Temple
  • The Prophet Zephaniah
    • During the time of Josiah
    • Message found in the book of Zephaniah
    • Condemned worship of false gods
    • Welcomed Josiah’s changes
    • Urged them to return to the faith of Moses
    • A remnant would enjoy the peace, prosperity, and justice
  • Death of Josiah
    • Died in battle against king of Egypt-609 B.C.
    • Lost independence
    • Pledge loyalty to Egypt
    • Assyria was conquered by Babylon
    • Babylon conquered Egypt
    • Judah had to pledge loyalty to Babylon
    • New king not faithful
      • Encouraged idolatry
      • Violence and social injustice flourished
  • Revenge against Judah The Exile 597 B.C.
    • King disloyal to Babylon
    • Revenge on Judah
    • Invaded
    • Crops ruined
    • King, family and officials forced to move to Babylon (step 1 of the exile)
    • Wealth stripped from Judah
    • New king – Zedekiah, left in charge
  • 2 nd Invasion of Judah 2 nd Exile 594 B.C.
    • Zedekiah rebelled
    • Judah invaded again
    • Farm land ruined, people deported to Babylon
    • More wealth stripped
  • 3 rd Invasion 3 rd Exile 587 B.C.
    • King resists Babylon still
    • Invaded a 3 rd time
    • Destroyed Jerusalem
    • Destroyed the Temple
    • Deported more people to Babylon
    • People of Judah in exile
    • End of Judah- the southern kingdom
      • The kings from David
  • The Prophet Habakkuk
    • 605 – 597 B.C.
    • Questioned God’s ways
    • “ why must you let me see ruin; why must I look at misery?”
    • Instrument to purify Judah of its sins
    • Faithful would remain in God’s love
    • Baptism – our cleansing to be faithful
    • Reconciliation – forgiveness of sins
    • Penance – sorrow for sins
  • The Prophet Jeremiah
    • 650 B.C. – 583 B.C.
    • Troubled times
    • Struggled with his vocation
      • “ why me”
      • Said he didn’t know how to speak to people
      • God said he would put the words in his mouth
    • Supported Josiah
      • Confused- felt people didn’t truly understand why they were doing what they were doing in the name of God
    • Must learn the real meaning of what was right if they wanted to survive
    • People thought he was crazy; accused him of blasphemy
    • Rejected, put in jail
    • During final exile, told them not to resist in hopes of the Temple not being destroyed
    • People did not listen, did not believe that their captivity could be part of God’s plan