Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom

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  • Chapter 16 The Southern Kingdom

    1. 1. Chapter 16 Judah, The Southern Kingdom
    2. 2. Kings of Judah <ul><li>Rehoboam </li></ul><ul><li>Abijah </li></ul><ul><li>Asa </li></ul><ul><li>Jehoshaphat </li></ul><ul><li>Jehoram </li></ul><ul><li>*Uzziah </li></ul><ul><li>Jotham </li></ul><ul><li>Ahaz </li></ul><ul><li>*skip in succession </li></ul>
    3. 3. <ul><li>Rehoboam and Abijah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>False gods </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Had an influence on people </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. King Asa <ul><li>Believed in the 1 true God </li></ul><ul><li>Government workers had to believe </li></ul><ul><li>Free Judah from false practices </li></ul>
    5. 5. <ul><li>“ to seek the Lord, the God of their fathers, and to observe the law and its commands” </li></ul><ul><li>2 nd Book of Chronicles </li></ul><ul><li>Jehoshaphat, his son, followed in his father’s footsteps </li></ul>
    6. 6. <ul><li>Next in line </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King Jehoram </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wife was a believer of Baal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Introduced into Jerusalem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some never turned away </li></ul></ul>
    7. 7. <ul><li>King Uzziah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Restored Judah to greatness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judah, though it went full circle, came out believing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King Jotham </li></ul><ul><li>King Ahaz </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protective over Judah and its people </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. Conflict <ul><li>Possible alliance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Israel (Northern Kingdom) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Judah (Southern Kingdom) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Syria </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Enemy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assyrians </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>King Jotham has doubts </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t join alliance </li></ul><ul><li>Invasion from Israel and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>King Ahaz inherits Jotham’s decision </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Feared invasion from Israel and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Turns to the Assyrians for help </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrians conquered Israel and Syria </li></ul><ul><li>Ahaz’s pact </li></ul>
    11. 11. The People of Judah <ul><li>Forced to recognize false gods </li></ul><ul><li>Pagan altar in the Temple in Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Idolatry </li></ul><ul><li>Heavy taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Poor, suffered, persecuted </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reminiscent of the takeover of Israel </li></ul></ul>
    12. 12. The Prophets <ul><li>People of Judah </li></ul><ul><li>made the circle </li></ul><ul><li>Sent help </li></ul><ul><li>Message: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Against idolatry and injustice </li></ul></ul><ul><li>King Ahaz’s adviser </li></ul><ul><li>Assyria wasn’t a good idea </li></ul><ul><li>Ahaz turns away </li></ul>Isaiah
    13. 13. <ul><li>“ the Lord had brought Judah low because of Ahaz,… who let Judah go its own way and proved utterly faithless to the Lord.” </li></ul><ul><li>Pure and faithful </li></ul>
    14. 14. <ul><li>King Hezekiah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listened to Isaiah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stopped practices against God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Removed idols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Closed shrines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Helped the poor and suffering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tried to free Judah from the Assyrians </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Kept people faithful to God </li></ul></ul>
    15. 15. Isaiah’s Message <ul><li>Jerusalem wouldn’t be taken or Judah destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>Foreign nations would be used to make Judah pure again </li></ul><ul><li>Power would be subject to God’s will </li></ul><ul><li>Things look bleak…God will keep His promises </li></ul><ul><li>God will bring new life out of death </li></ul><ul><li>Faith is complete trust in God’s plan </li></ul><ul><li>Out of mercy, God would spare a “remnant” of the people </li></ul>
    16. 16. Micah, the Prophet <ul><li>Preached in Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Message recorded in the “Book of Micah” </li></ul><ul><li>Around the same time as Isaiah </li></ul><ul><li>Against false prophets </li></ul><ul><li>False prophets = what you want to hear </li></ul><ul><li>Micah’s words = not what they wanted to hear </li></ul>
    17. 17. <ul><li>Harsh words for greed, dishonesty and corruption </li></ul><ul><li>Goodness lies in practices and faithfulness </li></ul><ul><li>No good to perform religious ceremonies with no faith </li></ul><ul><li>Not good to say one thing and believe another </li></ul>
    18. 18. <ul><li>“ Only to do the right and to love goodness, and to walk humbly with your God” (Micah 6:8) </li></ul><ul><li>Warned against the eventual destruction of the northern and southern kingdoms </li></ul><ul><li>God would not abandon his chosen people </li></ul>
    19. 19. The Kingdom of Judah Ends <ul><li>Josiah becomes King in 640 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Assyrian Empire weakens </li></ul><ul><li>Judah regaining independence </li></ul><ul><li>“ The Book of the Law” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Book of Deuteronomy” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time of Moses </li></ul><ul><li>Reform religious practices </li></ul><ul><li>Banned false practices </li></ul><ul><li>Only worship at the Temple </li></ul>
    20. 20. The Prophet Zephaniah <ul><li>During the time of Josiah </li></ul><ul><li>Message found in the book of Zephaniah </li></ul><ul><li>Condemned worship of false gods </li></ul><ul><li>Welcomed Josiah’s changes </li></ul><ul><li>Urged them to return to the faith of Moses </li></ul><ul><li>A remnant would enjoy the peace, prosperity, and justice </li></ul>
    21. 21. Death of Josiah <ul><li>Died in battle against king of Egypt-609 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Lost independence </li></ul><ul><li>Pledge loyalty to Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Assyria was conquered by Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Babylon conquered Egypt </li></ul><ul><li>Judah had to pledge loyalty to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>New king not faithful </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraged idolatry </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Violence and social injustice flourished </li></ul></ul>
    22. 22. Revenge against Judah The Exile 597 B.C. <ul><li>King disloyal to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>Revenge on Judah </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded </li></ul><ul><li>Crops ruined </li></ul><ul><li>King, family and officials forced to move to Babylon (step 1 of the exile) </li></ul><ul><li>Wealth stripped from Judah </li></ul><ul><li>New king – Zedekiah, left in charge </li></ul>
    23. 23. 2 nd Invasion of Judah 2 nd Exile 594 B.C. <ul><li>Zedekiah rebelled </li></ul><ul><li>Judah invaded again </li></ul><ul><li>Farm land ruined, people deported to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>More wealth stripped </li></ul>
    24. 24. 3 rd Invasion 3 rd Exile 587 B.C. <ul><li>King resists Babylon still </li></ul><ul><li>Invaded a 3 rd time </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed Jerusalem </li></ul><ul><li>Destroyed the Temple </li></ul><ul><li>Deported more people to Babylon </li></ul><ul><li>People of Judah in exile </li></ul><ul><li>End of Judah- the southern kingdom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The kings from David </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. The Prophet Habakkuk <ul><li>605 – 597 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Questioned God’s ways </li></ul><ul><li>“ why must you let me see ruin; why must I look at misery?” </li></ul><ul><li>Instrument to purify Judah of its sins </li></ul><ul><li>Faithful would remain in God’s love </li></ul><ul><li>Baptism – our cleansing to be faithful </li></ul><ul><li>Reconciliation – forgiveness of sins </li></ul><ul><li>Penance – sorrow for sins </li></ul>
    26. 26. The Prophet Jeremiah <ul><li>650 B.C. – 583 B.C. </li></ul><ul><li>Troubled times </li></ul><ul><li>Struggled with his vocation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ why me” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Said he didn’t know how to speak to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God said he would put the words in his mouth </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. <ul><li>Supported Josiah </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confused- felt people didn’t truly understand why they were doing what they were doing in the name of God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Must learn the real meaning of what was right if they wanted to survive </li></ul><ul><li>People thought he was crazy; accused him of blasphemy </li></ul><ul><li>Rejected, put in jail </li></ul>
    28. 28. <ul><li>During final exile, told them not to resist in hopes of the Temple not being destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>People did not listen, did not believe that their captivity could be part of God’s plan </li></ul>

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