Chapter 11

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King Saul to King David
Middle School Religion 6-8

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  • Chapter 11

    1. 1. Chapter 11 Prophet- Samuel King Saul David and Goliath King David
    2. 2. Historical Writing <ul><li>Different types of writing in the Bible </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Historical (pg. 27) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>1 st and 2 nd Books of Samuel </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1 st Book of Samuel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Prayer from Hannah </li></ul></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Hannah’s Story <ul><li>Barren </li></ul><ul><li>Son </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s make a deal </li></ul><ul><li>Dedication </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel </li></ul><ul><li>Shrine at Shiloh </li></ul>
    4. 4. <ul><li>Eli </li></ul><ul><li>God’s call </li></ul><ul><li>3 times </li></ul><ul><li>Wise Eli </li></ul><ul><li>“ Speak for your servant is listening” </li></ul><ul><li>God’s message </li></ul>
    5. 5. Samuel’s Job <ul><li>God spoke to the Israelites through Samuel </li></ul><ul><li>Everything he said had meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel was a prophet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Speaks on behalf of God </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defends the truth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Works for justice </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. Round and Round we go … <ul><li>Philistines in control </li></ul><ul><li>Many turned away from God </li></ul><ul><li>Existence threatened </li></ul>
    7. 7. Tribe of Benjamin <ul><li>One of the 12 Tribes </li></ul><ul><li>Trouble in the Tribe </li></ul><ul><li>Criminals </li></ul><ul><li>Blind Eye </li></ul><ul><li>Civil War </li></ul><ul><li>Did God give up? </li></ul>
    8. 8. Samuel to the Rescue <ul><li>Called to be leader of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Ark of the Covenant </li></ul><ul><li>Offered sacrifice </li></ul><ul><li>God came through </li></ul><ul><li>Circle complete </li></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>The Hebrews want a King </li></ul>
    10. 10. Background <ul><li>Samuel ages </li></ul><ul><li>200 years – Canaan </li></ul><ul><li>King – God </li></ul><ul><li>Judges – Protection </li></ul>
    11. 11. Wanting to be like the neighbors… <ul><li>Monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>God and Samuel – didn’t like idea </li></ul><ul><li>Who would wear the crown? </li></ul>
    12. 12. The 1 st King <ul><li>From the Tribe of Benjamin </li></ul><ul><li>Saul </li></ul><ul><li>Anoint </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Symbol of consecration to God’s service </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Job – govern the people </li></ul><ul><li>Celebration Time! </li></ul>
    13. 13. Saul, as King <ul><li>God spoke through Samuel – Saul listened </li></ul><ul><li>Won battles- </li></ul><ul><li>Philistines </li></ul><ul><li>Israelites happy with their King </li></ul>
    14. 14. Downfall of Saul <ul><li>Turned a deaf ear </li></ul><ul><li>Interested in self </li></ul><ul><li>Stop fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Blessing revoked </li></ul>
    15. 15. Little guy makes it big… <ul><li>Israel needs a new King </li></ul><ul><li>Chapter 16 of Samuel </li></ul><ul><li>Samuel visits Jesse </li></ul><ul><li>Remember </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ruth/Boaz – Obed – Jesse - ? </li></ul></ul>
    16. 16. Can’t judge a book by it’s cover <ul><li>Sacrafice/Feast </li></ul><ul><li>Son’s presented </li></ul><ul><li>Strong, smart </li></ul><ul><li>“ Not as man sees does God see” </li></ul><ul><li>The missing son </li></ul><ul><li>Anointed with oil </li></ul><ul><li>“ spirit of the Lord rushed upon David” </li></ul>
    17. 17. Goliath, the Giant <ul><li>Saul finds out about David </li></ul><ul><li>Learns about a special talent of David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Plays the harp </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Makes David work for him </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The circle starts again </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Philistines trying to gain control </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. The Battle <ul><li>Philistine Army on 1 hill </li></ul><ul><li>Led by a giant of a man named Goliath </li></ul><ul><li>Wore bronze armor/spear and shield (heavy) </li></ul><ul><li>Walked valley, trying to pick a fight </li></ul><ul><li>Israelite Army on 1 hill </li></ul><ul><li>David, 3 eldest brothers </li></ul><ul><li>David too young to be in army, brings in supplies </li></ul><ul><li>David asks what happens if someone kills Goliath </li></ul>
    19. 19. Battle Cont. <ul><li>Saul intrigued </li></ul><ul><li>Saul agrees to fight </li></ul><ul><li>Goliath looks at David and curses him </li></ul><ul><li>Philistines flee when Goliath dies at the hand of David </li></ul><ul><li>David tells Saul about previous “kills” </li></ul><ul><li>David accepts the challenge </li></ul><ul><li>David tells Goliath he came in the name of God and Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Knocked him between the eyes with a stone/slingshot combo </li></ul>
    20. 21. The New King <ul><li>Saul dies </li></ul><ul><li>David is declared King </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tribe of Judah </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remainder of Israel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Saul’s son, weak (didn’t last long) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1000 BC David named the official King </li></ul>
    21. 22. King David – Don’t mess with him! <ul><li>Went after Philistines – main enemy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Drove them out of Israel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Captured their land </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Went after the Canaanites – enemy #2 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Captured their land </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Many just “gave up” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Became a united nation </li></ul>
    22. 23. Jerusalem <ul><li>Captured city from the Canaanites </li></ul><ul><ul><li>On personal army </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Personal property of David </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ City of David” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Capital of Israel </li></ul><ul><li>Ark of the Covenant </li></ul>
    23. 24. <ul><li>Set up a government </li></ul><ul><li>Appointed officials to run the country </li></ul><ul><li>“ No New Taxes” </li></ul><ul><li>Weak, disjointed – strong, united </li></ul>
    24. 25. Jobs held by David <ul><li>Shepherd </li></ul><ul><li>Storyteller </li></ul><ul><li>Poet </li></ul><ul><li>Musician </li></ul><ul><li>Warrior </li></ul><ul><li>Great King </li></ul><ul><li>BUT- had a weakness </li></ul>
    25. 26. The love bug… <ul><li>Beautiful woman named Bathsheba </li></ul><ul><ul><li>His downfall, displeased God </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Oops! She was married. </li></ul><ul><li>Had her husband, Uriah killed in battle </li></ul><ul><li>Nathan, the Prophet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Displeasure with God </li></ul></ul>

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