Ancient Egypt Civilization
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Ancient Egypt Civilization

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Ancient Egypt Civilization; pharaohs, mummies, the Nile, etc.

Ancient Egypt Civilization; pharaohs, mummies, the Nile, etc.

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  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
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  • this is crap
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  • It is interesting that we discuss right or wrong calculating of Christ birthyear. Nobody knows for sure, there was no counting system established at that time.
    In Israel they doubt seriously that Christ walked in Jerusalem now 2010 years ago. Remains they found are older than that.
    But somebody set a cero in the timescale, where our counting system started and this is a fixed point in time and it does not matter how exactly it is related to Christ birthyear.
    Calculating backwards has much higher error rate than 30 or 40 years of difference in discussion of exact birthyear.
    Who knows precisely that it was 575 BC, if there was no universal counting system at that point in time.
    Bernd Martin
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  • Thanks for this very nice video... It's really cool
    Egyptian Papyrus
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  • Thanks for this very nice video... It's really cool
    Egyptian Papyrus
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    Ancient Egypt Civilization Ancient Egypt Civilization Presentation Transcript

    • Egypt World History Chapter 4 3100 B.C. – 671 B.C.
    • The Dating Game
      • What does B.C. mean?
      • It stands for Before Christ, and it means the number of years before the birth of Jesus Christ . That was 2000 years ago, so the date 552 B.C. means 2552 years ago.
      • Some people use B.C.E. instead. That stands for Before the Common Era, and is used in order to avoid Christian references. History for Kids feels that since this is a Christian dating system, it's a little silly to try to hide that.
      • What does A.D. mean?
      • A.D. stands for Anno Domini, which is Latin for "year of our Lord," and it means the number of years since the birth of Jesus Christ . That was 2000 years ago, so the date 500 A.D. means 1500 years ago.
      • Some people use C.E. instead. That stands for Common Era, and is used in order to avoid Christian references. History for Kids feels that since this is a Christian dating system, it's a little silly to try to hide that.
    • Introduction
      • Where is Egypt?
    •  
    •  
      • What do you know about ancient Egyptian people?
    • What can we infer about ancient Egyptians from these pictures?
    • Section 1 The Nile
      • Area where Egyptians settled
      • Civilization lasted about 2000 years
        • lasting impression
      • Flows north 4,145 miles
        • central Africa to Mediterranean
        • last 600 miles in Egypt
    •  
      • Advantages of the Nile
        • flooded
        • how is this an advantage?
          • leftovers make good soil
      • What did the people do?
        • farmers
          • flax, wheat, barley, grapes
        • inventive
          • shadoof
    • Section 2 The Old Kingdom
      • The Beginning
        • Upper Egypt-Led by King Narmer
        • Lower Egypt- invaded by King Narmer (3100 bc)
          • King married lower Egyptian princess
          • two kingdoms unite
          • called “wearer of both crowns”
        • lasted about 500 years
    • How They Lived
      • The City
        • center of religion and government
        • Kings, government officials, Priests, Artisans
      • The Estates
        • Rich Egyptians lived
        • commoners lived in villages on estates
    • The People
      • Rich Egyptian
        • homes made of wood/brick
        • along the Nile
        • servants, artisans
      • Average Egyptian
        • farmers
        • villages on estates of rich
        • homes made of reeds or sunbaked mud. (built high to avoid the yearly flood)
        • also built monuments, roads etc.
    • The Pharaoh
      • Strong ruler = strength and unity of country
      • King ---- Pharaoh (great house)
      • Believed to be
        • ruler
        • priest
        • god
        • ruled on earth (not heaven)
    • What came with being a Pharaoh!
      • owned all the land Egypt
      • gave gifts of land to the rich
      • built dams and irrigation canals for crop production
      • storage granaries for food preservation
      • chose all government officials
      • word of Pharaoh was law
      • traded with other countries
    • Rituals of Pharaoh
      • people relied completely on Pharaoh
      • started the planting season by opening the water dikes
      • driving of the sacred bull
        • rich soil
      • first to cut the grain
        • rich harvest
      • Egyptians bowed before him, smelling earth
    • Pyramids
      • way of showing respect to the Pharaoh
      • called houses of eternity
        • tombs
        • west bank of Nile because sun went down
        • buried with their personal belongings for happiness
    •  
    • Religious Beliefs
      • Believed in many gods
      • Hapi – river god
        • water and good soil
      • Re - sun god
        • crops to grow
      • Osiris – harvest & eternal life
      • Isis – Wife of Osiris
        • they ruled the underworld
    • Way down yonder …
      • souls went to the underworld
      • weighed on a scale
      • spells, good life, scales balanced
        • granted life after death
      • Book of the Dead
        • spell book
    • The Mummy…Whaaaaaa
      • NO STINKY PHAROAHS ALLOWED
        • embalming to preserve the bodies
        • believed the soul could not live without the body
        • covered body with a chemical called natron
          • dried up all the bodies water causing it to shrink
          • wrapped in linen after dried up
        • How to Make A Mummy!
    • The Middle Kingdom
      • 2300 B.C. Jealousy strikes
        • Government wants to run the show
        • 200 years of confusion for Egyptians
        • Pharaohs regain control
          • not as powerful
          • no longer buried in pyramids/cliffs
          • Egyptians began to look beyond their borders for trade
    • End of the Middle Kingdom
      • Invaded by Hyksos in 1786 B.C.
        • Western Asia
      • horse drawn chariots
      • weapons of bronze & iron
      • Egyptians fought on foot
      • weapons of copper and stone
      • they lost
    • Fall of the Hyksos
      • rules for about 150 years
      • Egyptians hated them
      • Prince Ahmose (Ah moo sa)
        • led uprising using their weapons
    • The New Kingdom
      • Prince Ahmose started pharaoh line again
      • Egypt prospered
      • Began taking their armies outside boundaries of the Nile
      • Conquering neighboring lands
        • Egyptian Empire
    • Religion of the New Kingdom
      • New kingdom, new god
      • Amon, god of Thebes
        • Thebes becomes new capitol of Egypt
        • Combine Amon with Re to make Amon-Re
          • most powerful god of all
    • Pharaohs of the New Kingdom
      • Hatshepsut
        • Woman pharaoh
        • not interested in war and expanding into other countries
        • trade and building of new temples
          • ivory, ebony, monkeys, dogs, leopard skin, incense
          • The Pharaoh Queen
      • Thutmose III
        • stepson of Hatshepsut
        • invaded Syria, Palestine
    • Temples of Amon-Re
      • built by enslaved people
      • also industrial centers
      • artisans worked there
      • boys trained to be scribes
        • religious works,spells,charms,prayers
        • record keepers
    • Egyptian Writing Hieroglyphics
      • pictures stand for words or sounds
      • painted or carved them on their monuments
      • The Translator
    • Decline of Egypt
      • priests began to take control away from pharaoh
      • 1370 B.C. Amenhotep IV
        • tried to regain full control
        • closed all Amon-Re temples
        • created a new religion and god- Aton
        • changed his name to Akhenaton (spirit of Aton)
        • not many followed
    • Tutankhamen aka “King Tut”
      • took over after the death of his father-in-law Amenhotep died.
      • He was nine years old; and married!
      • Reverted back to Amon-Re
      • Died at 18
    • Factors that brought an end to Egypt
      • constant struggle for power between the priests and pharaohs
      • pharaohs desire to conquer neighboring countries
      • using money to import iron for weapons that other countries already had
      • 671 B.C. Assyrians take them over
    • Egyptian Contributions
      • Papyrus paper – made from flattened reeds
      • ink – to write on the papyrus
      • mathematical system based on 10 (metric)
      • survey methods
      • made a calendar based on the flooding of the Nile
      • specialists in medicine
        • splints, bandages, stitches, setting bones
        • stomach ache-castor oil
        • hair loss- dog toes, dates and donkey hoof
    •  
    •  
      • http://www.goegypt.org/images/program_pics/giza_sphinx.jpg