0
Independent Games – Kreativität
jenseits ökonomischer Zwänge?
Gastvortrag im Rahmen der Ringvorlesung
“Kunst und Spiel” am...
1. Ursprünge
2. Technik
3. Ökonomie
4. Kultur
5. Ästhetik
1. Ursprünge
2. Technik
3. Ökonomie
4. Kultur
5. Ästhetik
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Shareware &
Modding
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Shareware
& Modding
Festivals
Amateure
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
T...
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Shareware
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
Kommerziali...
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Shareware
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
Publisher
Hardwareherstell...
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Shareware &
Modding
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
P...
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Shareware &
Modding
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
M...
1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010
Hacker culture
Festivals
Bedroom coders
Digitale Distribution
Amateure
World of Goo? I’m sur...
1. Ursprünge
2. Technik
3. Ökonomie
4. Kultur
5. Ästhetik
+ Offene Architektur
+ Einfache Entwicklung
– Geringes Marktpotenzial
– Proprietäre Architektur
– Schwierige Entwicklung
+...
– Publisher-Abhängigkeit
– Einzelhändler-Abhängigkeit
+ Große Reichweite
+ Zugänglichkeit
+ Direktes Spielerfeedback
– Ger...
– Hohe Kosten
– Hohe Komplexität
+ 3D-Grafik
+ Plattformunabhängig
+ Browserkompatibel
– 2D-Grafik
2. Technik
4. Kultur
5. Ästhetik
1. Ursprünge
3. Ökonomie
Piracy
Used Games
Retailer Margin
Returns
Distribution
Platform Royalty
Publisher Gross Margin
Potential Spend 84$
Actual ...
Arcen Games: AI War
From: Chris Park (Arcen Games)
To: Graham Smith (PC Gamer)
Re: AI War and the hidden cost of indie gam...
“[T]he game has earned
approximately $34,000 so far […].
Minus FlashGameLicense and the
SteamBirds Team, that puts
$15,000...
“A WiiWare email promotion from Nintendo sold
25,000 copies of the game, a Steam 75% off sale
helped push 42,000 copies in...
2. Technik
5. Ästhetik
1. Ursprünge
4. Kultur
3. Ökonomie
UBM TechWeb […] established the Independent
Games Festival in 1998 to encourage innovation in
game development and to reco...
IndieCade supports independent game
development and organizes a series of international
events showcasing the future of in...
The Experimental Gameplay Project began as a student
pitched project at […] Carnegie Mellon University. The
project starte...
“Babycastles is a DIY arcade space
with a rotating set of independent
games curated by local artists and
game designers. T...
2. Technik
1. Ursprünge
3. Ökonomie
5. Ästhetik
4. Kultur
Here's a thought for you: what if, like fossil fuels,
innovation is a finite resource? […] As with exploiting the
oil sand...
Let's face it: Games, in general, suck. Most
are repetitive and shallow. Most eat up
precious moments of our lives without...
Games are not valued by their truth (in fact,
most people still believe they should be
measured by how “fun” they are). Bu...
Heather Kelley of the Montreal-based
development collective, Kokoromi, will
be coming by the NYU Game Center on
Friday, Ap...
I wanted to build something
confrontational, that would engage
players to give thought to what
they are doing both in and ...
Molleindustria aims to reappropriate
video games as a popular form of
mass communication. Our objective is
to investigate ...
2. Technik
1. Ursprünge
3. Ökonomie
Fragen?
4. Kultur
5. Ästhetik
Independent games
Independent games
Independent games
Independent games
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Independent games

911

Published on

Presentation about independent games for a guest lecture at gamecity, Hamburg.

Published in: Entertainment & Humor, Design
1 Comment
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
911
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
1
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide
  • Kroz
  • Ozark Softscape left EA in early 1990s over dispute about Nintendo ports.
  • Kroz
  • Limbo, Machinarium, World of Goo
  • Moore, EA Sports
  • Adapted from http://www.daleisphere.com/cost-components-that-make-up-a-typical-video-games-retail-price/
  • http://www.pcgamer.com/2010/09/30/ai-war-and-the-hidden-cost-of-indie-games/
  • http://www.gamasutra.com/view/news/27924/InDepth_Behind_Flash_Game_SteamBirds_Revenue_Deals.php
  • The 2D Boy co-founder showed a chart with the total relative revenue for the game to date. According to this, in decreasing order, around 40% of 2D Boy's revenue is from WiiWare in North America, around 20-25% PC/Mac/Linux sales from 2DBoy.com, 15% of PC sales from Steam, 12% sales from WiiWare in Europe -- and then smaller amounts from there.
  • http://nixiepixel.com/media/blogs/a/famous/indie-games-awards.jpg
    UBM TechWeb (producer of Game Developer magazine, Gamasutra.com, and the Game Developers Conference) established the Independent Games Festival in 1998 to encourage innovation in game development and to recognize the best independent game developers. We wanted to create a similar event to Sundance for independent game developers - and that's just what we've succeeded in doing with the Independent Games Festival, which has awarded hundred of thousands of dollars in cash prizes (and brought major exposure and a much higher profile) to a multitude of indie and student game developers who enter.
  • IndieCade supports independent game development and organizes a series of international events showcasing the future of independent games. It encourages, publicizes, and cultivates innovation and artistry in interactive media, helping to create a public perception of games as rich, diverse, artistic, and culturally significant. IndieCade's events and related production and publication programs are designed to bring visibility to and facilitate the production of new works within the emerging independent game movement. Like the independent videogame developer community itself, IndieCade's focus is global and includes producers in Asia, Latin America, Europe, Australia, and anywhere else independent games are made and played. IndieCade was formed by Creative Media Collaborative, an alliance of industry producers and leaders founded in 2005.
  • Small Worlds
  • Jonathan Blow
  • Let's face it: Games, in general, suck. Most are repetitive and shallow. Most eat up precious moments of our lives without giving us anything more than idle entertainment in return. The really good games, the ones that we would only be half-embarrassed to show Roger Ebert as art samples, are few and far between - maybe one game per console generation, if that. This is hardly what we would recognize as an "art-full" medium.
    To make games that are works of art, we should be taking the exact opposite approach. We should figure out what we want to express with our games and then devise game mechanics that best communicates that message. The heart of our games, the gameplay, should be our primary vehicle for expression.
  • Daniel Benmergui
    What’s the difference between literature and philosophy?
    At the core, philosophical works have a truth value. It is true, or false, or something in between. This core value can be measured and proven to be false. Literature, on the other hand, can be measured by its truth, but it’s not its core value.
    Researching psychology in the hopes of creating a simplified model for Shrink, I discovered myself building wacky theories on how the human psyche may work that would make Freud come back to life so he can die again. If he measured their truth value, that is.
    Games are not valued by their truth (in fact, most people still believe they should be measured by how “fun” they are). But like in literature, you may find a grain of truth in them.
    This, I believe, is the ultimate goal to games: to make other realities in which you can find yourself.
  • I wanted to build something confrontational, that would engage players to give thought to what they are doing both in and out of game.
    The result is Loved – a short story in the form of a flash platformer.
  • Transcript of "Independent games"

    1. 1. Independent Games – Kreativität jenseits ökonomischer Zwänge? Gastvortrag im Rahmen der Ringvorlesung “Kunst und Spiel” am 8. November 2010 Dr. Julian Kücklich, playability.de
    2. 2. 1. Ursprünge 2. Technik 3. Ökonomie 4. Kultur 5. Ästhetik
    3. 3. 1. Ursprünge 2. Technik 3. Ökonomie 4. Kultur 5. Ästhetik
    4. 4. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Shareware & Modding Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure
    5. 5. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Shareware & Modding Festivals Amateure Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution The military-industrial complex
    6. 6. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Shareware Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure Kommerzialisierung
    7. 7. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Shareware Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure Publisher Hardwarehersteller
    8. 8. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Shareware & Modding Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure Professionalisierung & Risikominimierung EULAs
    9. 9. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Shareware & Modding Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure Marketing & Distribution
    10. 10. 1960 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 Hacker culture Festivals Bedroom coders Digitale Distribution Amateure World of Goo? I’m sure it’s fun, and the reviewers certainly loved it, but surprised to see up so high. […] I scrolled quickly all the way to the number one spot…Huh? WTF?? As in WHERE THE HELL IS FIFA 09??? “The industry big- wig's indignant, self- righteous incredulity“ - 2D Boy
    11. 11. 1. Ursprünge 2. Technik 3. Ökonomie 4. Kultur 5. Ästhetik
    12. 12. + Offene Architektur + Einfache Entwicklung – Geringes Marktpotenzial – Proprietäre Architektur – Schwierige Entwicklung + Großes Marktpotenzial
    13. 13. – Publisher-Abhängigkeit – Einzelhändler-Abhängigkeit + Große Reichweite + Zugänglichkeit + Direktes Spielerfeedback – Geringe Reichweite
    14. 14. – Hohe Kosten – Hohe Komplexität + 3D-Grafik + Plattformunabhängig + Browserkompatibel – 2D-Grafik
    15. 15. 2. Technik 4. Kultur 5. Ästhetik 1. Ursprünge 3. Ökonomie
    16. 16. Piracy Used Games Retailer Margin Returns Distribution Platform Royalty Publisher Gross Margin Potential Spend 84$ Actual Spend 72$ Retail Price 60$ Wholesale 45$ Publisher Margin 27$ 27$ 7$ 4$ 7$ 15$ 12$ 12$ Development Cost: 30 million $
    17. 17. Arcen Games: AI War From: Chris Park (Arcen Games) To: Graham Smith (PC Gamer) Re: AI War and the hidden cost of indie games Hi Graham, Regarding the figures on costs and income, that’s a bit of a tricky topic — not because I’m unwilling to discuss it, but because the best answer is “depends on how you look at it.” For two reasons: First, that there was a lot of free labor on my part […] Secondly, […] we had three guys who were doing all of their work purely for royalties […] I suppose I’d say that Arcen invested about $80k directly into AI War, plus about another $70k of unpaid time on my part, and we then made about $180k on it before taxes and expenses. That had still been counting up until recently. It was a very successful game, and only becoming more so, financially speaking. And then of course there is taxes. For 2010 the payments so far have been about $32k, with another $7k due later in the year. All in all, that leaves us with about $15k sitting in our bank account at the moment, whereas I’d at one time had our buffer up to $60k, and in general had kept it north of $30k since last October, until everything fell apart.
    18. 18. “[T]he game has earned approximately $34,000 so far […]. Minus FlashGameLicense and the SteamBirds Team, that puts $15,000 in my pocket for one month of full-time work. Even if you spread it out across my full schedule -- around five months to date -- that’s still $3,000 per month, a decent salary.” $25,000 from ArmorGames $2,000 Bonus Content $5,000 Secondary Licensing $1,000 Ad Revenue
    19. 19. “A WiiWare email promotion from Nintendo sold 25,000 copies of the game, a Steam 75% off sale helped push 42,000 copies in one weekend, and the MacHeist 3 promotion helped sell 88,000 copies in 2 weeks.” “Ron Carmel said that, […] things didn't work out quite as expected. He noted that the Steam sale (75% off) had no effect on 2D Boy's website sales, even though the game was four times as expensive there.” 52% 15% 25%
    20. 20. 2. Technik 5. Ästhetik 1. Ursprünge 4. Kultur 3. Ökonomie
    21. 21. UBM TechWeb […] established the Independent Games Festival in 1998 to encourage innovation in game development and to recognize the best independent game developers. We wanted to create a similar event to Sundance for independent game developers - and that's just what we've succeeded in doing with [IGF], which has awarded hundred of thousands of dollars in cash prizes (and brought major exposure and a much higher profile) to a multitude of indie and student game developers who enter.
    22. 22. IndieCade supports independent game development and organizes a series of international events showcasing the future of independent games. It encourages, publicizes, and cultivates innovation and artistry in interactive media, helping to create a public perception of games as rich, diverse, artistic, and culturally significant. IndieCade's events and related production and publication programs are designed to bring visibility to and facilitate the production of new works within the emerging independent game movement.
    23. 23. The Experimental Gameplay Project began as a student pitched project at […] Carnegie Mellon University. The project started in Spring 2005 with the goal of discovering and rapidly prototyping as many new forms of gameplay as possible. A team of four grad students, we locked ourselves in a room for a semester with three rules: 1. Each game must be made in less than seven days, 2. Each game must be made by exactly one person, 3. Each game must be based around a common theme i.e. “gravity”, “vegetation”, “swarms”, etc Kyle Gabler, 2D Boy Petri Purho
    24. 24. “Babycastles is a DIY arcade space with a rotating set of independent games curated by local artists and game designers. The space is usually set up for play during shows at Silent Barn, but they'll turn the machines on and let you play if you come by any time they're around.” (rhizome.org)
    25. 25. 2. Technik 1. Ursprünge 3. Ökonomie 5. Ästhetik 4. Kultur
    26. 26. Here's a thought for you: what if, like fossil fuels, innovation is a finite resource? […] As with exploiting the oil sands, there will be technological achievements that open up bursts of new innovation […]. But each burst will exhaust itself in time. So before we run out of new shiny things, we need to build a better model of what a game should be. A sustainable model. - Jonathan Blow
    27. 27. Let's face it: Games, in general, suck. Most are repetitive and shallow. Most eat up precious moments of our lives without giving us anything more than idle entertainment in return. The really good games, the ones that we would only be half-embarrassed to show Roger Ebert as art samples, are few and far between - maybe one game per console generation, if that. This is hardly what we would recognize as an "art-full" medium. - Jason Rohrer To make games that are works of art, we should be taking the exact opposite approach. We should figure out what we want to express with our games and then devise game mechanics that best communicates that message. The heart of our games, the gameplay, should be our primary vehicle for expression.
    28. 28. Games are not valued by their truth (in fact, most people still believe they should be measured by how “fun” they are). But like in literature, you may find a grain of truth in them. This, I believe, is the ultimate goal to games: to make other realities in which you can find yourself. - Daniel Benmergui
    29. 29. Heather Kelley of the Montreal-based development collective, Kokoromi, will be coming by the NYU Game Center on Friday, April 23rd at 6pm to talk about their now four year old game competition, Gamma. Kokoromi was formed by a rare union of gamemakers and curators to promote games as an art form and expressive medium, worldwide. Based in Montreal, Quebec, Canada, Kokoromi produces events, develops games, and hosts a blog at www.kokoromi.org. Kokoromi is perhaps best known for creating Gamma, the annual “new arcade” event. The Gamma showcases, which are free for anyone to enter, present independent designers with constraint-based challenges and a public play environment that push the boundaries of game-making.
    30. 30. I wanted to build something confrontational, that would engage players to give thought to what they are doing both in and out of game. The result is Loved – a short story in the form of a flash platformer. - Alexander Ozias Based on Valve’s latest hit, Portal: The Flash Version brings it all up in 2d! Portal: The Flash Version includes over 40 challenging, portals thinking levels, which features almost every feature the real game does, in 2d. (We Create Stuff)
    31. 31. Molleindustria aims to reappropriate video games as a popular form of mass communication. Our objective is to investigate the persuasive potentials of the medium by subverting mainstream video gaming clichè (and possibly have fun in the process). - Paolo Pedercini
    32. 32. 2. Technik 1. Ursprünge 3. Ökonomie Fragen? 4. Kultur 5. Ästhetik
    1. A particular slide catching your eye?

      Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

    ×