Fansubs A fansub (short for fan-subtitled) is a version of a foreign film or foreign television program which has been translated by fans and subtitled into a language other than that of the original Because distribution of fan-subtitled content is a violation of copyright laws in most countries, the ethical implications of producing, distributing, or watching fansubs are topics of much controversy http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IUYlqLlbix0
The process of fansubbing 1: Raw The process begins with getting a “raw”, the recorded video file of the anime. Someone in Japan records the anime and shares it on the internet. The raw is usually shared on Japanese peer-to-peer programs 2: Translation The translation process sometimes begins before the fansubbing team gets the raw as more animation studios use web streaming to broadcast anime which translators can use.
The process of fansubbing 3: Translation Checking Another translator checks the translation and fixes errors. 4: Editing The editor(s) fix grammar and spelling errors in the script while trying to make the lines easy to follow without sacrificing any information. Some editors dramatically simplify the translation to make it “flow” better. People might even think they’re good but they will just introduce translating errors or missing information that way.
The process of fansubbing 5: Timing The process of making the subtitles appear at the same time the person talks. Keep in mind that the editor just read the script. She didn’t listen to the sound and might have missed some errors she would’ve otherwise caught if watched the episode too.
The process of fansubbing 6: Script Quality Check / Typesetting The quality checkers watch the subtitles together with the raws, noting down errors. These error reports are sent to the editor and timer, who fixes the errors. At the same time, the typesetter translates any Japanese signs in the video and adds the English translation next to it.
The process of fansubbing 7: Release Candidates (RC) The video encoder takes all the scripts, fonts and the video itself and encodes it. The encoder will apply filters to the video in order to reach maximum quality for a certain file size. 8: RC quality check Once the first release candidate is uploaded by the encoder, the quality checkers once again check not just the script, but the encoding, typesetting, karaoke and other stuff as well.
The process of fansubbing 9: Apply Reports Any errors found will be checked and corrected. Steps eight and nine will repeat till no major errors are found. 10: Release Jama: “Once all the QCers are good with it, the episode can be released!”
Fansubs and copyright As you can imagine big business does not like fansubs
Fansubs and copyright fansubbing is illegal as it constitutes copyright infringement. However, fansubbers have traditionally held themselves to a common code of ethics and do not commonly see themselves as pirates. Because fansubs are made for fans, by fans, and not usually for commercial purposes, many fans believe that fansubs should never be sold for a profit.
Fan Art Fan art is artwork that is based on a character, costume, item, or story that was created by someone other than the artist. The term, while it can apply to art done by fans of characters from books, is usually used to refer to art derived from visual media such as comics, movies or video games. In addition to traditional paintings and drawings, fan artists may also create web banners, avatars, or web-based animations, as well as photo collages, posters, and artistic representation of movie/show/book quotes.
Fan Art sources deviantart.com the largest collection of fan art of all kinds themoviedb.org (TMDb) has a lot Movie FanArt images in original Full HD size thetvdb.com has large collection of TV Shows FanArt images. http://www.thetvdb.com/?tab=series&id=110861&lid=7 htbackdrops.com (Home Theater Backdrops) has large collection of music artist FanArt images moviebackdrops.com has large collections of movies FanArt images (limited to 1280x720). fanart-central.net has large collection of all types of FanArt images. movieposterdb.com has large collection of high-quality movie posters available for download for a small subscription fee.
Fan Art and copyright Courts typically grant broad protection to parody, and some fan art may fall into this category.
Thank you, any questions?Ian Forrester | cubicgarden.com | mydreamscape.org Presentation : CC BY-NC-SA