*Portuguese Empire* Matthew McHolland History 140 Professor Arguello
*Portuguese Empire (1400-1800)*. July 25, 1415 marked the beginning of the Portuguese Empire, for this wasthe time when the Portuguese Armada departed to the Islamic center andconquered Ceuta.. During this time, the Muslims rebelled against the Portuguese but this wasjust the beginning of the Portuguese Empire.. Portugal was at some point a world power during Europe’s “Age ofDiscovery.”. Portugal Empire consisted of several colonies around the world and theywere South America, Africa, Asia and Australasia.. Unfortunately, the Portuguese Empire reached its highest point but littleby little began to collapse due to countries such as the Netherlands, Englandand France. Those countries “took an increase share of the spice and slavetrade.”
*Portuguese Empire (1400-1800)*- The Portuguese Empire Collapses. The first event that began to hurt the Portuguese Empire was the military decline due to two devastating battles. The battle of Alcacer Quibir, Morroco in 1578 and Spain’s attempt to conquer England in 1588.- Another event that weaken the Portuguese Empire was the shocking earthquake that took place in 1755.- Once again, in 1822, Portugal had experience losing Portugal, by thenits largest colony. This event cause migration to occur, for nearly twomillion Portuguese left Europe and eventually established in Brazil andthe United States.
*Colonial Brazil*- The Viceroyalty or Colonial Brazil comprises the period from 1500, with the arrival of the Portuguese until 1815, when Brazil was elevated to kingdom alongside Portugal as the United Kingdom of Portugal , Portugal and the Algarves.- According to the article “Colonial Brazil,” the 300 years of Brazilian colonial history, the economic exploration of the territory was based on Brazil wood extraction, sugar production, and finally on gold and diamond mining. Unfortunately, most of the people that did this kind of work were slaves from Africa.
***Colonial Brazil***- In 1534, John III, organized the colonization of Brazil through lands grants.As of 1520, the Portuguese had realized that Brazil was likely to be disputedbecause Francis I of France was challenging the Treaty of Tordesillas.- In order to support settlement, fifteen longitudinal tracks, ranging from the coast to the Tordesillas limit were created. During this time, each captain major was to build settlements, grant allotments, and minister justice. The point of this situation was to be responsible for the development of the colonization and the cost.- With relation to agriculture, the establishment of the sugar cane industry demanded intensive labor and this event caused Portuguese to begin with the process of bringing slaves from Africa.
*THE AGE OF EXPLORATION*One of the biggest discoveries that the Portuguese found was theextraction of red dye.-Between 1500 and 1530, relatively few Portugueseexpeditions came to the new land to chart the coastand to obtain brazilwood. In Europe, this tree was usedto obtain a valuable dye to stain luxury textiles.- In order to obtain the trees, Portuguese had to rely on the help of the natives, who worked in exchange for European goods like mirrors, scissors, knives and axes.
***Conclusion***- After reading about the Portuguese Empire, I learned that the PortugueseEmpire was a world power at some point of this life. During this time,Portugal had the opportunity to conquer other lands overseas. Sadly, thisempire began to collapse but this was a part of history that won’t beforgotten. Thanks to the conquest, Portuguese were able to find a red dyethat was used to stain textiles. Also, thanks to the conquest, Brazil is now astable country. I learned that the Portuguese Empire did not just disappearin one day. It was a process and during this process devastating wars tookplace as well as a horrible earthquake that caused the death of millions ofpeople. Overall, I am glad that I had the opportunity to learn more aboutBrazil because I will be going to Brazil next summer and now I know moreabout its history.