Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
Download
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×

Saving this for later?

Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime - even offline.

Text the download link to your phone

Standard text messaging rates apply

Download

329
views

Published on

Published in: Business, Technology

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
329
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. Suggested Procedure for Development of Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure Plans (To Assist Conformance to Requirements of Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 1 12.) API BULLETIN D I 6 (BUL 016) SECOND EDITION, AUGUST 1,1989 American Petroleum Institute 1220 L Street, Northwest Washington, DC 20005 1’ 1COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services o
  • 2. A P I BULL*DLb 8 3 m 0732230 0087233 3 m issued by AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE Production Department FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING TECHNICAL CONTENT OF THIS PUBLICATION CONTACT THE API PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT, - 2535 ONE MAIN PLACE, DALLAS, TX 75202-3904 (214) 748-3841. SEE BACK COVER FOR INFORMATION CONCERNING HOW TO OBTAIN ADDITIONAL COPIES OF THIS PUBLICATION. Users of this publication should become familiar with its scope and content. This publication is intended to supplement rather than replace individual engineering judgment. OFFICIAL PUBLICATION REG. U.S. PATENT OFFICE Copyright @ 1989 American Petroleum InstituteCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services o
  • 3. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0087300 L m TABLE OF CONTENTS Section Page Reference POLICY ... .............................................................................. 111 FOREWORD ................................................................................ iv INTRODUCTION ............................................................................. 1 GENERAL DISCUSSION. ADMINISTRATIVE SECTIONS. 40 CFR PART 112 .................. 1 Applicability ............................................................................... 1 Requirements for Preparation and Implementation of SPCC Plans ............................. 2 Certification ................................................................................ 2 Plan Availability ........................................................................... 2 Amendments ............................................................................... 3 Civil Penalties ............................................................................. 3 GUIDELINES FOR PLAN PREPARATION AND IMPLEMENTATION; SECTION 112.7; 40 ........................................................................... CFR PART 112 3 PART I. INSTRUCTIONS. GENERAL INFORMATION ......................................... 5 PART II. ALTERNATE A INSTRUCTIONS. ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) ................................................................ 6 Facility Drainage ........................................................................... 6 Bulk Storage Tanks ......................................................................... 6 Facility Transfer Operations. Pumping. and In-plant process .................................. 6 Facility Tank Car and Tank Truck Loading/Unloading Rack ................................... 6 Security .................................................................................... 7 PART II. ALTERNATE B INSTRUCTIONS. ONSHORE PRODUCTION FACILITY ............... 7 Facility Drainage ........................................................................... 7 Bulk Storage T a n k s . , ....................................................................... 7 Facility Transfer Operations ................................................................. 7 Oil Drilling and Workover Facilities ......................................................... 7 PART II. ALTERNATE C INSTRUCTIONS. OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING. PRODUCTION. OR WORKOVERFACILITY .................................................................. 8 Facility Drainage ........................................................................... 8 Sump System ............................................................................... 8 Separator and Treater Dump Valves ......................................................... 8 Tanks ...................................................................................... 8 Pollution Prevention Equipment and Systems ................................................ 8 Well Control Systems and Equipment ........................................................ 8 Written Instructions for Contractors ......................................................... 8 Flowlines .................................................................................. 8 Pipelines. .................................................................................. 8 APPENDICES . .OIL POLLUTION PREVENTION-NON-TRANSPORTATION RELATED ONSHORE AND OFFSHORE FACILITIES (40 CFR PART 112) .................................... App. A . .PROTECTION OF THE ENVIRONMENT-DISCHARGE OF OIL (40 CFR PART 110) .... App. B . .SUGGESTED MODEL FORMS (SPCC PLAN) ........................................... App. C .Part I. General Information .Part II, Alternate A, Design and Operating Information. Onshore Facility (Excluding Production) .Part II, Alternate B, Design and Operating Information, Onshore Oil Production Facility .Part II. Alternate C. Design and Operating Information, Offshore Oil Drilling. Production, or Workover Facility iCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 4. _-_ - _- A P I BULLmDLb 87 9 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0 0 8 7 3 0 1 3 9 TABLE OF CONTENTS (CONTINUED) Section .SPCC Plan, Attachment #i, Spill History .SPCC Plan, Attachment #2, Oil Spill Contingency Plans and Written Commitment of Manpower .SPCC Plan, Attachment #3, Onshore Facility Bulk Storage Tanks Drainage Systems .SPCC Plan, Attachment #4, Offshore Oil Drilling, Production, or Workover Facility Pollution Prevention Equipment and Systems .SPCC Plan, Attachment Bö, Offshore Oil Drilling, Production, or Workover Facility Well Control Systems and Equipment iiCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 5. A P I BULL*DLb 89 m 0732290 0087302 5 m POLICY API PUBLICATIONS NECESSARILY ADDRESS PROBLEMS OF A GENERAL NATURE. WITH RESPECT TO PARTICULAR CIRCUMSTANCES, LOCAL, STATE, AND FEDERAL LAWS AND REGULATIONS SHOULD BE REVIEWED. API IS NOT UNDERTAKING TO MEET DUTIES O F EMPLOYERS, MANU- FACTURERS, OR SUPPLIERS TO WARN AND PROPERLY TRAIN AND EQUIP THEIR EMPLOYEES, AND OTHERS EXPOSED, CONCERNING HEALTH AND SAFETY RISKS AND PRECAUTIONS, NOR UNDERTAKING THEIR OBLIGATIONS UNDER LOCAL, STATE, OR FEDERAL LAWS. NOTHING CONTAINED IN ANY API PUBLICATION IS TO BE CON- STRUED AS GRANTING ANY RIGHT, BY IMPLICATION OR OTHERWISE, FOR THE MANUFACTURE, SALE, OR USE OF ANY METHOD, APPARA- TUS, OR PRODUCT COVERED BY LETTERS PATENT. NEITHER SHOULD ANYTHING CONTAINED IN THIS PUBLICATION BE CONSTRUED AS INSURING ANYONE AGAINST LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF LET- TERS PATENT. GENERALLY, API STANDARDS ARE REVIEWED AND REVISED, RE- AFFIRMED, OR WITHDRAWN AT LEAST EVERY FIVE YEARS. SOME- TIMES A ONE-TIME EXTENSION OF TWO YEARS WILL BE ADDED TO THIS REVIEW CYCLE. THIS PUBLICATION WILL NO LONGER BE IN EFFECT FIVE YEARS AETER ITS PUBLICATION DATE AS AN OPERA- TIVE API STANDARD OR, WHERE AN EXTENSION HAS BEEN GRANTED, UPON REPUBLICATION. STATUS OF THIS PUBLICATION CAN BE ASCER- TAINED FROM THE AUTHORING PRODUCTION DEPARTMENT (TELE- PHONE 214-748-3841). CATALOG OF API PUBLICATIONS AND MATE- A RIALS IS PUBLISHED ANNUALLY AND UPDATED QUARTERLY BY AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE, 1220 L ST., N. W., WASHINGTON, D.C. 20005 (TELEPHONE 202-682-8375). iiiCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 6. - - -_I API BULL*DLb 87 0732270 0087303 7 W FOREWORD I n 1970 Congress enacted the Water Quality Improvement Act which stated t h a t the policy of the United States is t h a t there shall be no discharges of oil into the navigable waters of the United States. The discharge of harmful quantities of oil into navigable waters of the United States is prohibited. The current definition of what h a s been deter- mined to be a “harmful quantity’’ includes i n Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 110 (40 CFR Part llO)*, “Protection of Environment-Discharge of Oil”, those discharges which will cause a sheen or .:iscoloration of the surface of t h e water or a sludge or emulsion to be deposited beneath the surface of the water. Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 112 (40 CFR Part 112)*, “Oil Pollution Prevention-Non-transportation Related Onshore a n d Offshore Facilities”, was promulgated December 11, 1973 pursuant to Section 311 (j)(l)(C)of theFederal Water Polution Control Act Amendments of i972 which requires the establishment of procedures, methods, a n d equipment to prevent a n d contain discharges of oil. This bulletin h a s been developed by the American Petroleum Institute, Production Department, to assist oil a n d g a s producing operators i n their efforts to comply with the regulations i n 40 CFR Part 112.These regulations became effective on J a n u a r y 10,1974, a n d are applicable to non-transportation related onshore a n d offshore facilities which have discharged or, due to their location, could reasonably be expected to discharge oil into or upon the navigable waters of t h e u n i t e d s t a t e s or adjoining shorelines. As pertaining to offshore facilities, the regulations are limited to those facilities t h a t lie within, on, or under a n y of the navigable waters of the United States. Facilities located beyond the territorial seas are not covered by 40 CFR Part 112. These regulations require that operators of applicable facilities prepare a Spill Prevention Control and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plan for each production facility (which may include a portion or all of the producing facilities of each individual operator within a n oilfield) by July 10, 1974 unless a n extension is granted because compliance is not possible due to the nonavailability of qualified personnel or if there are delays i n construction or equipment delivery beyond the control and without the fault of the operator. Implementation of the individual SPCC Plans is to be accomplished by January 10, 1976 unless qualified person- nel are not available or if there are delays i n construction or equipment delivery beyond the control and without the fault of the operator. Attached are suggested forms, Part I and Part II (Alternates A, B, and Cl, which may be utilized and/or copied as necessary in the prep- aration of either single or multiple facility SPCC Plans. Regardless of the size or location of a n oil producer’s operation, i t is necessary that a n assessment be made of those operations to determine whether or not the provisions of the oil pollution prevention regulations are applicable. Basically, the criteria is that if i t can be reasonably expected that a discharge of oil a t a production facility, including a gasoline plant, will enter the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines that facility is subject to the regulations. The attached regulations and discussion will assist the operator in making the proper assessment. As is indicated by the title of the regulations their purpose is to prevent oil discharges from getting into navigable waters. The first line of defense is to urge the use of pollution prevention equipment and to train and educate operating personnel to reduce human errors so that accidental discharges may be reduced to a minimum. The second line of defense is secondary containment, where appropriate, to preverlt any accidental discharge from reach- ing navigable waters. Where secondary containment is not practicable, the operator must show that he has prepared a n adequate oil spill contingency plan and that management is in full support of the contingency plan with a commitment of necessary manpower and materials. This Second Edition supersedes a n d replaces the First Edition, March 1974 (Reissued February 1976). Attention Users: Portions of this publication have been changed from the previous edition. The location of changes have been marked with a bar i n the margin, as shown to the left of this paragraph. I n some cases t h e changes m a y be significant, while i n other cases the changes reflect minor editorial adjustments. The bar notations in the margins are pro- vided as a n aid to users as to those parts of this publication t h a t have been changed from the previous edition, but API makes no warranty as to the accuracy of such bar notations. *Available from Superintendent of Documents, U S . Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. ivCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 7. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0087304 9 Bulletin D16 Development of SPCC Plans 1 SUGGESTEDPROCEDUREFORDEVELOPMENTOF SPILL PREVENTION CONTROL AND COUNTERMEASURE PLANS (To s s i s t C o n f o r m a n c e to R e q u i r e m e n t s ofTitZe40,Code of Federal Regulations,Part 112.) A 1 INTRODUCTION The Federal W ater Pollution Control Act Amend- utilized and/or copied as necessary in the prepara- ments of 1972 require t h e Administrator of the tion of single or multiple facility SPCC Plans. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), with The attached forms for use in preparation of other federal, state, and interstate agencies, to SPCC Plans were developed specifically for the oil enter into programs designed to prevent, reduce, or producing industry. The regulations require that eliminate pollution of the navigable waters of the owners or operators (including contractor opera- United States. On December 11, 1973, the EPA tors) of mobile drilling and workover rigs must published regulations for the prevention of pollu- also prepare and implement SPCC Plans for each tion of waters of the United States by oil emanat- rig. With the exception of offshore drilling and ing from non-transportation related onshore and workover rigs, the forms presented in this bulletin offshore facilities. The regulations are identified should not be assumed to be applicable for any as Title 40, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 112 other phase of industry, including drilling and (40 CFR Part 1121, “Oil Pollution Prevention- workover rigs used in onshore operations. The Non-transportation Related Onshore and Offshore form developed for offshore producing facilities is Facilities”, and became effective on January 10, also intended to be applicable to offshore drilling 1974. and workover rigs. Owners or operators of onshore These regulations require the preparation and drilling and workover rigs should review the regu- implementation of a Spill Prevention Control and lations and comply with requirements applicable Countermeasure (SPCC)Plan for all non-transpor- to their specific operations. Owners or operators of tation related facilities (onshore and offshore) facilities are advised to consult with their legal which have discharged or could reasonably be ex- counsel with respect to the applicability of the pected to discharge oil into the navigable waters of suggested procedure and forms. theunitedstates or the adjoining shorelines. This The objective of these regulations is to prevent bulletin has been prepared by the American Petro- the discharge of oil in harmful quantities into the I leum Institute, Production Department, to assist the oil and gas producing industry in understand- navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines. The accomplishment of this objective ing the regulations and in developing the SPCC requires an assessment of each facility for the pos- Plans wherever they are needed. Included in this sibility of any such discharge of oil. Where such po- bulletin are: (a) a copy of the oil pollution preven- tential exists, the regulations urge that (a) em- tion regulations (40 CFR Part 1121, (b) dischargeof ployees be adequately trained to reduce the number oil regulations (40 CFR Part 1101, (c)suggested of human errors that often cause spills; (b) inspec- forms for usein preparation of SPCC Plans, (d) dis- tion procedures be implemented; (c) when appro- cussion of the regulations, and (e) instructions for priate, pollution prevention equipment be installed preparing SPCC Plans as required by the regula- and maintained; and (d) secondary containment, if tions. Attached are suggested forms, Part I and practicable, be provided t o contain any oil that may Part II (Alternates A, B, and C), which may be be spilled. GENERAL DISCUSSION (Administrative Sections of 40 CFR Part 112;Sections 112.1 - 112.6;Pages 34166-34167) APPLICABILITY the regulations (40 CFR Part 112) there is a copy of a Memorandum of Understanding Except for facilities listed below, a SPCC Plan between the Secretary of Transportation must be prepared by the owner or operator of on- and the Administrator of the EPA defining shore and offshore non-transportation related pro- transportation related and non-transporta- duction facilities engaged in drilling, producing, tion related facilities. gathering, storing, processing, refining, transfer- ring, distributing, and consuming oil and oil prod- (2) Facilities having a total above-ground stor- ucts. The exceptions to this requirement are as age capacity of 1,320 gallons or less of oil, follows: provided no single container has a capacity in excess of 660 gallons. (i) Equipment or operations of vessels or facili- ties which are subject to authority and con- (3) Facilities having a total storage capacity of trol of the U.S. Department of Transporta- 42,000 gallons or less and with such total tion. On page 34170 of the attached copy of storage capacity buried underground.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 8. 2 American Petroleum Institute (4) Facilities which, due to their location, could (b) which are utilized by interstate travel- not reasonably be expected to discharge oil ers for recreational or other purposes. into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines. REQUIREMENTS FOR PREPARATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OP SPCC PLANS Non-transportation related production facilities include, but are not limited to, oil production lease SPCC Plans are to be prepared and maintained facilities, mobile or portable drilling or workover at an appropriate place near or at the facility by rigs operating in a fixed mode, portable fueling July 10, 1974, for facilities in operation on January facilities, and gas processing plants. Gas treating 10, 1974, or within 6 months of the date of first op- and compression operations integrally associated eration for newly constructed facilities. If it is not with oil production operations or gas processing possible to prepare the SPCC Plan within the re- plants are to be considered a part of the production quired period because of nonavailability of qual- lease or plant facility. ified manpower the operator may request an exten- sion of time from the EPA Regional Administrator, Individual SPCC Plans must be prepared by the setting forth the details of the request in a letter. owner or operator of each mobile or portable drill- ing or workover rig. These plans will apply from Operators are to implement the SPCC Plans as location to location and need not be redone each soon as possible after preparation, but no later than time the rig moves. Well and lease service opera- one year after date of first operation or by January tions such as paraffin and scale removal, etc., are to 10, 1975, whichever is the latest, If an operator be covered by the SPCC Plan prepared for the lease cannot comply with this time requirement due to production facility. nonavailability of qualified personnel or delay in construction or equipment delivery beyond his con- In order to determine which production facilities trol, he may request a n extension of time by a let- will require SPCC Plans, the owner or operator ter request to the EPA Regional Administrator. must make a determination of those facilities from “he letter must include: which a discharge could “reasonably be expected” to get into navigable waters or upon adjoining (i) a complete copy of the SPCC Plan; shorelines. Obviously, if a facility is far removed (2) a full explanation of the cause for any such from navigable waters the chance for a discharge delay and the specific aspects of the SPCC at that location getting into the navigable waters Plan affected by the delay; may be very remote. All facilities should be exam- (3) a full discussion of actions being taken or ined critically to determine if, in the judgment of contemplated to minimize or mitigate such the owner or operator, a discharge at that location delay; and could logically be expected to get into such water. (4) a proposed time schedule for the implemen- Among the factors the owner or operator should tation of any corrective actions being taken consider in making such determination are: or contemplated, including interim dates for completion of tests or studies, installation (i) prior spill history; and operation of any necessary equipment, or (2) location (proximity to navigable waters); other preventive measures. (3) potential size of discharge; CERTIFICATION (4) type of soil and terrain; and ( 5 ) frequency and amount of rainfall. Each SPCC Plan must be reviewed and certified by a Registered Professional Engineer. The engi- The phrase “reasonably be expected” means that neer must be familiar with the provisions of 40 the expectation is logical, rational, sensible, justifi- CFR, Part 112 and must have examined the facility able, credible, plausible, etc. and attest that the Plan has been prepared in ac- The term “navigable waters” is defined in the cordance with good engineering practices. It is not attached regulations (40 CFR Part 112) in Section necessary by this regulation that the engineer be 112.2 (k) (see page 34165). Generally speaking, registered in the state in which the facility is lo- every body of water or continuous stream should cated. However, for the protection of the Registered be considered as navigable. The definition includes Professional Engineer local licensing requirements the following: should be ascertained. PLAN AVAILABILITY (i) waters that are navigable in fact; (2) waters declared navigable by a Federal The operator of a facility for which a SPCC Plan agency or court; is required must maintain a complete copy of the (3) tributaries of navigable waters; Plan at the facility, if manned at least 8 hours per (4) interstate waters; and day, or at the nearest field office if unmanned. The ( 5 ) intrastate lakes, rivers, and streams Plan must be made available to EPA personnel for (a) from which fish or shellfish are taken on-site review anytime during normal working and sold in interstate commerce, or hours.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 9. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 008730b 2 M Bulletin D16: Development of SPCC Plans 3 AMENDMENTS not general. For instance, it would be inade- The owner or operator is required to amend the quate to report simply that the cause of a Plan for the following reasons: spill was the failure.of a storage tank. The failure analysis should indicate in some de- (1) when required by the EPA after review of tail the nature of failure that caused the the Plan, submitted because of a spill event; spill. (2) whenever there is a change in facility design, (9) The corrective actions and/or countermeas- construction, operations, or maintenance ures taken, including an adequate descrip- which materially affects the potential for an tion of ,equipment repairs and/or replace- oil spill; or ments. (3) the owner or operator is required to review (10)Additional preventive measures taken or each SPCC Plan at least once every three contemplated to minimize the possibility of years, and an amendment is required if such recurrence. review indicates more effective control and (1 Such other information as the EPA Regional 1) prevention technology will significantly re- Administrator may require. duce the likelihood of a spill event (and if A complete copy of all information provided to such technology has been field proven). EPA must also be sent at the same time to the state Commencing January 10, 1975, unless an exten- agency in charge of water pollution control ac- sion of time has been granted by the EPA Regional tivities. The state agency may review the informa- Administrator, the operator must submit the SPCC tion and make recommendations to EPA to prevent Plan with any amendments to EPA and to the ap- and to contain discharges of oil from the facility. propriate state agencies whenever a facility has: The EPA will review the information and any rec- ommendations made by the state agency and may (1) discharged more than 1,000 U. S. gallons require the operator t o amend the SPCC Plan. (approximately 24 barrels) into navigable When EPA proposes to require an amendment to waters in a single spill event; or the Plan, the operator will be notified by certified (2) discharged oil in harmful quantities, as de- mail or by personal delivery. The EPA will specify fined in 40 CFR Part l í o , into navigable the terms of such amendment. Within 30 days from waters in two reportable spill events within receipt of this notice, the operator may submit writ- any 12-month period. ten information, views, and arguments on the pro- Within 60 days of the occurrence of either of posed amendment requirement. After considering these two conditions the operator must submit to all material presented, EPA will notify the operator the EPA Regional Administrator the following: of the amendment required or will rescind the notice. The amendment required becomes a part of (1) Name of the facility. the SPCC Plan 30 days after such notice, unless the (2) Name of the owner or operator of the facility. operator appeals, and the operator must implement (3) Location of the facility. the amendment as soon as possible but not later (4) Date of initial facility operation (date of first than six months after the amendment becomes a production or first gas plant start-up). part of the Plan. ( 5 ) Maximum storage or handling capacity of the facility and current normal daily All SPCC Plan amendments, except those pro- throughput. posed by the EPA Regional Administrator, must (6) Description of the facility, including maps, be certried by a Registered Professional Engineer. flow diagrams, and topographical maps. (7) A complete copy of the SPCC Plan with any amendments. CIVIL PENALTIES (8) The cause of such spill, including a failure analysis of the system or subsystem in which Owners or operators of facilities who violate the the failure occurred. Lease production facili- requirements of the regulations relating to the ties may be divided into drilling, production, preparation, implementation, and amendments to and gathering systems for identification pur- SPCC Plans are liable for a civil penalty of not poses in reporting to EPA. These major sys- more than $5,000 for each day that such violation tems can be broken downinto various com- continues. The EPA Regional Administrator may ponents or subsystems. The failure analysis assess and compromise such civil penalty. No pen- is to examine and explain the reason for the alty will be assessed until the owner or opera- failure resulting i n t h e spill event. The tor has been given notice and an opportunity for analysis should be explicit, definitive, and hearing. GUIDELINES FOR PLAN PREPARATION AND IMPLEMENTATION (Section 1 2 7 40 CFRPurt 112;Pages 34167-34170) 1.; Guidelines for the preparation and implementa- tion of a SPCC Plan are given in Section 112.7 of I the regulations (40 CFB Part 112).The Plan is to be a carefully thought-out Plan prepared in accord-COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 10. A P I BULL*DLb 8 7 W 0732270 0087307 4 4 American Petroleum Institute ance with good engineering practices and which for offshore non-transportation related has the full approval of management at a level of production facilities, located in, on, or authority to commit the necessary resources. If the under any of the navigable waters of the Plan calls for additional facilities or procedures, United States and mobile drilling and methods, or equipment not yet fully operational, workover rigs while they are operating these items are to be discussed separately. The within the navigable waters. It is not details of installation and operational start-up necessary, by 40 CFR Part 112, to p r e should be explained. pare SPCC Plans for facilities that are located beyond the territorial seas. So The suggested forms as attached in Part I and many of the provisions in Section 112.7 Part II (Alternates A, B, and C), were developed to (e)(7)(seepage34169)of40 CFR Part112 assist the oil producing industry in preparation of (attached) are applicable to both produc- SPCC Plans for onshore and offshore facilities of a tion and drilling or workover operations non-transportation nature which have discharged that it is thought that one form should be or, due to their location, could reasonably be ex- adequate for all such facilities. pected to discharge oil into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining shorelines. A completed Plan utilizing the attached sug- It is not necessary that SPCC Plans be prepared gested forms will consist of three parts: utilizing these particular forms. However, these suggested forms may be utilized and/or copied as (1) Part I, General Information. necessary in the preparation of either single or (2) Part II, Design and Operating Information multiple facility SPCC Plans. The use of these sug- (Alternate A, B, or Cl. gested forms will simplify preparation and provide (3) Appendix-supplemental information rec- uniformity in completed Plans. ommended by the guidelines, such as inspec- tion records, written procedures, contingency The forms that have been developed are: plans, maps, etc. (1) PART I, GENERAL INFORMATION. This To assist in the differentiation between “onshore” form is for recording information of a gen- and “offshore” facilities the following comments eral nature and is applicable to all facilities. may be helpful: ‘<Offshore” facilities mean those facilities that are (2) PART II, DESIGN AND OPERATING IN- located in rivers, lakes, bays, estuaries, territor- FORMATION. There are three different or ial waters of the United States, or in marsh areas alternate forms developed for the purpose of where some or all of the facility is over or in recording information specific to the design water. There will be some locations where the de- and operation of a facility, as such design termination of whether the facility is “offshore” and operation pertain to the prevention of or “onshore” will be doubtful, e.g., inland rivers; discharge of harmful quantities of oil into small, shallow lakes; etc. The question of proper navigable waters. The forms are for three identification of the facility in doubtful locations different classifications of facilities as should be referred to appropriate legal counsel. follows: The guidelines provide for inspections of certain (a) ALTERNATE A, ONSHORE FACILITY items of equipment to determine the state of their (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION). This condition and ability to adequately prevent the ac- form is for onshore facilities that are not cidental discharge of oil as a result of failure. The oil producing facilities, such as gasoline plants. procedures for conducting inspections should be written in the SPCC Plan and a record of such in- spections should be made a part of the Plan and (b) ALTERNATE B, ONSHORE OIL PRO- retained for a period of three years. DUCTION FACILITY. This form is for onshore facilities involved in the pro- A production facility (onshore or offshore) may duction of oil, including condensate. include all operations within a single geographical Includes all producing facilities such as field. However, if it is appropriate, a facility may be wells, gathering lines, separation and subdivided and a SPCC Plan prepared for each di- treating, and storageor custody transfer. vision. The SPCC Plan prepared for a gas plant, This form, without review and study, whether located onshore or offshore, should follow the format of the form designated “Part II, Alter- I should not necessarily be presumed to be adequate to meet all the requirements nate A, Onshore Facility (Excluding Production)”. for preparation of SPCC Plans for on- shore drilling and workover rigs. The forms are designed so that the preparing person can usually answer “YES’: “NO”,or “NA” (c) ALTERNATE C, OFFSHORE OIL (not applicable) to statements referring to the D R I L L I N G , P R O D U C T I O N , OR guideline provisions of the regulation. Space is WORKOVER FACILITY. This form is provided for discussion of the operations orproce-COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 11. API.BULL*DLb 8 9 W 0732270 0087308 b W Bulletin D16: Development of SPCC Plans 5 response to a statement will require discussion. A some cases the guidelines provide for additional “YES’or “NA” response also m a y require discus- information, and in these cases a n acceptable sion for clarification. I f additional space for dis- attachment is provided as a part of this Bulletin. 1. Enter a descriptive name for the area to be in- a result of the prediction, appropriate containment cluded in the Plan. The name could be the field and/or diversionary structures or equipment to name if all operations within one field are included, prevent discharge oil from reaching navigable or a field name with the name of the specific opera- waters should be provided, when practicable. I n tions included. some cases, a narrative description of flow and the containment method will be sufficient. In more 2. Classify the facility as: (a) onshore facility-gas complex situations, especially those involving plant (or other); (b) onshore production fadlity; (c) multiple operations, a n appropriate map may be offshore production facility; (d) offshore drilling (or attached to show locations of the potential sources workover) facility; or (e) offshore production fa- of oil discharges, direction of flow, and locations of cility-gas plant, any navigable waters. 3. The facility location should include the county When it is determined that the installation of (parish) and state and the distance and direction structures or equipment to prevent discharged oil from a nearby town. from reaching navigable waters is not practicable 4. Enter the name of the person (corporation, for the facility, the owner or operator should ex- company, partnership, individual, etc.) responsible plain why and provide the following: for the facility operations and the address to which correspondence regarding the facility should be (1) A strong oil spill contingency plan. sent. (2) A written commitment of manpower, equip- 5. Enter the name and title of the designated ment, and materials required to expedi- person who is accountable for oil spill prevention tiously control and remove any harmful and who reports to line management. In various quantities of oil discharged. Attachment #2 situations, this person could be a company em- is provided to assist i n meeting this ployee such as a superintendent or foreman, or an requirement. owner or operator’s agent with similar respon- sibilities and authority. The regulations (40 CFR Par€112) state that the I Plan should provide for inspections of some opera- 6. If a facility has experienced one or more re- tions. The inspections should be in accordance portable oil spills within the 12 months prior t o the with written procedures developed for the facility effective date of the regulation (January 10, 19741, by the owner or operator. These written procedures a written description of each such spill, the correc- and a record of the inspections signed by the tive action taken, and the plans for preventing re- appropriatesupervisor or inspector should be made currence must be included in the Plan. Attachment a part of the SPCC Plan. The written procedures #1 may be used for this purpose. for the inspections should be prepared for the indi- vidual facility by the owner or operator and should The overall Plan must have full approval of be attached to the appropriate inspection record. management a t a level with authority to commit the necessary resources. Owners or operators of a facility are responsible under the guidelines for properly instructing their A Registered Professional Engineer must certify personnel in (a) the operation and maintenance of that he has reviewed the Plan, has examined the equipment to prevent the discharge of oil to navig- facility, is familiar with the provisions of the regu- able water, and (b) the applicable pollution control lations (40 CFR Part 112), and can attest that the laws, rules, and regulations affecting the facility. SPCC Plan has been prepared in accordance with Owners or operators should schedule and conduct good engineering practices. spill prevention briefings for their operating per- Where experience indicates a reasonable poten- sonnel at intervals frequent enough to assure ade- tial for equipment failure, the Plan for a facility quate understanding of the SPCC Plan. These should include a prediction of the direction, rate of briefings should highlight and describe known spill flow, and total quantity of oil which could be dis- events or failures, malfunctioning components, and charged as a result of each major type of failure. As recently developed precautionary measures.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 12. -- API BULLmDLh 89 0732270 O087309 ô a 6 American Petroleum Institute PART II, ALTERNATE A INSTRUCTIONS ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) This form may be used in the preparation of tions, or inspection by a system of non-destructive SPCC Plans for non-production onshore facilities, shell thickness gauging. Appropriate records of the such as gasoline plants. inspections should be maintained. Records need not be maintained for the regular, routine observations A. Facility Drainage made by the plant workmen. Diked storage areas should have manual valves, When leakage from defective internal heating manually activated pumps or ejectors, or other ac- coils could discharge oil into an open watercourse, ceptable alternatives to drain or empty retained such leakage should be controlled by (a) monitoring storm water. The condition of the water should be the steam return or exhaust lines for the presence checked before drainage to ensure that no oil is of oil; (b) passing the steam return or exhaust lines discharged. through a settling tank, skimmer, or other separa- Plant drainage systems for undiked areas should tion system; or (c) replacing the internal heating flow, if possible, into either (a) ponds, lagoons, or coil with an external heating system. catchment basins designed to retain oil or return it to the facility, or (b) a diversion system at the final Each bulk storage tank should be externally ex- discharge of all in-plant ditches that could contain amined frequently for signs of deterioration and an uncontrolled spill and return the oil to the plant. leaks. All tank installations should be fail-safe Where drainage waters are treated in more than engineered, as far as practicable. Consideration one treatment unit, natural hydraulic flow should should be given to the use of high-liquid-level be used. If pump transfer is used, two “lift” pumps alarms with an audible or visual signal, high-level should be provided. If the treatment is continuous, pump cutoff devices, fast response system for de- one of the pumps should be permanently installed. termining liquid levels, equalizing lines between Drainage of rain water from dikes into a storm tanks, or other automatic safety devices. drain or into an emuent discharge which empties Plant effluents which are discharged into a into an open watercourse, lake, or pond may bypass watercourse should have disposal facilities ob- the in-plant treatment system if (a) the bypass served frequently enough to detect any possible valve is normally sealed closed, (b) the effluent is system upset that could cause an oil discharge. Vis- inspected t o ensure compliance with applicable ible oil leaks which result in a loss of oil from tank water quality standards and that no harmful dis- seams, gaskets, rivets, or bolts should be promptly charge will occur, (c) the opening and resealing of corrected. the bypass valve is conducted under responsible C. Facility Transfer Operations, Pumping, and supervision, and (d) adequate records are kept of In-plant Process such events. Buried piping installations should have a protec- B. Bulk Storage Tanks tive wrapping and coating and should be cathodi- Bulk oil storage tank construction and material cally protected if soil conditions warrant. If a sec- should be compatible with the oil stored and the tion of buried line is exposed for any reason, it storage conditions such as pressure, temperature, should be inspected for condition, If corrosion dam- etc. age is found, additional inspection and corrective action should be taken as indicated by the mag- Secondary containment should be provided for nitude of the damage. When a pipeline is not in the capacity of the largest single tank plus a suffi- service or is in standby service for a n extended cient allowance for precipitation. Dikes, curbs, and time, the terminal connection a t the transfer point pits are commonly used for this purpose. Dikes should be capped or blind-flanged. Pipe supports should be sufficiently impervious to contain oil. In should be properly designed to minimize abrasion considering the additional volume to be provided to and corrosion and allow for expansion and contrac- take care of precipitation, the determination should tion. All above-ground valves and pipeline should consider the greatest amount of rainfall that may be subjected to regular examination, Vehicle traffic reasonably be expected to occur in a storm. An al- should be warned andíor regulated t o assure no ternative system could consist of a drainage trench danger to above-ground piping. arranged so that a spill could terminate and be con- tained in a catchment basin. D. Facility Tank Car and Tank Truck Loading/ Unloading Rack New metallic tanks buried underground should Tank car and tank truck loadinghnloading rack be protected from corrosion by coatings, cathodic procedures should meet the minimum requirements protection, or other effective methods compatible established by the Department of Transportation with local soil conditions. Such tanks should be pressure tested a t regular intervals. Partially (refer to 49 CFR Parts 171,173,174,177, 179). and * I A quick drainage system should be provided in buried metallic tanks should be avoided unless loadinghnloading areas. The containment sys- buried portions are adequately protected. tem should be designed to hold at least maximum Above-ground tanks should be subjected to ap- propriate integrity testing. Appropriate procedures might include hydrostatic testing, visual inspec-COPYRIGHT American Petroleum Institute *Available from Superintendent of Documents U.S. Govern- ment Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402. ILicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 13. . API BULL*DLb 89 m 0732290 0087330 4 m Bulletin D16: Development of SPCC PIans 7 capacity of any single tank truck compartment should use as security measures, fences and locked loaded or unloaded in the plant. A n interlocked and/or guarded gates when the plant is not in warning light, a physical barrier system, or warn- production or is unattended. Other measures ing signs should be provided in loadinghnloading should include lockedvalves on tanks if the valves areas to prevent vehicle departure before complete could permit a spill, secured or electrically isolated disconnect. Drains and outlets on tank cars and starter controls on oil pumps, capped or blind- tank trucks should be examined for leakage prior flanged loadinghnloading connections of oil pipe to filling. lines when not in service, and lighting adequate to permit surveillance of the facility. The lighting E. Security around the facility should be discussed in the All plants (excluding oil production facilities) SPCG Plan. I PART II, ALTERNATE B INSTRUCTIONS, ONSHORE OIL PRODUCTION FACILITY This form may be used to prepare a SPCC Plan Tanks should be visually examined by a compe- for oil production facilities located onshore, It has tent person for condition and need for maintenance been developed specifically for producing opera- on a scheduled, periodic basis. Such inspection tions and should not necessarily be presumed to be should incIude the foundation and supports of tanks I adequate for application to onshore drilling or workover rigs. that are above the surface of the ground. These ex- aminations should be more comprehensive than the A. Facility Drainage observations made by pumpers in their routine activities. Diked storage areas should have manual valves or other acceptable alternative on drains. The con- Both new and old tank battery installations dition of retained storm water for the presence of should be properly designed and equipped to pre- oil should be determined before drainage. vent the accidental discharge of oil. Fail-safe en- All drains from tank battery or central treating gineering features which should be considered in station secondary containment structures should construction or modification include adequate siz- be closed and sealed except during drainage of ing of tanks, use of overflow equalizing lines, ade- rain water. quate vacuum protection, and the use of high- Drainage of rain water from dikes into a storm liquid-level sensors when a computer production drain or into an effiuent discharge which empties control system is used. into a n open watercourse, lake, or pond may bypass C.Facility Transfer Operations the facility treatment system if (a) the bypass valve is normally sealed closed, (b) the effiuent is in- In the oil and water transfer operations that take spected to ensure compliance with applicable water place within the facility, all above-ground valves quality standards and that no harmful discharge and pipelines should be examined on a scheduled will occur, (c) the opening and resealing of the basis for general conditions of items such as flange bypass valve is conducted under responsible super- joints, value glands and bodies, drip pans, pipeline vision, and (d) adequate records are kept of such supports, pumping well polish rod stuffing boxes, events. Field drainage ditches, road ditches, and oil bleeder and gauge valves, etc. Salt water disposal traps or skimmers should be inspected at regular facilities should be examined frequently, particu- intervals for accumulations of oil that may have es- larly following changes in pressure or temperature caped from small leaks. Accumulated oil should be conditions that could cause line failure. Records returned to storage ’or disposed of by a n approved should be kept of flow line repairs and used by the method. operator as a basis for a maintenance and replace- ment program designed to eliminate or minimize B Bulk Storage Tanks . accidental oil discharges. Oil storage t a n k construction a n d material should be compatible with the oil stored and the D. Oil Drilling & Workover Facilities storage conditions auch as pressure, temperature, During drilling or workover operations, the pro- etc. duction facility operator should ascertain that a Secondary containment should be provided for blowout preventer assembly and well control sys- the capacity of the largest single tank plus a suffi- tem is installed that will be capable of controlling cient allowance for precipitation. Dikes, curbs, and any wellhead pressure anticipated,[The drilling or ~ pits are commonly used for this purpose. Dikes workover rig owner or operator (contractor) must should be sufficiently impervious to contain oil. In prepare and implement a SPCC Plan that will per- considering the additional volume to be provided to tain to the drilling or workover rig.] The blowout take care of precipitation, the determination should preventer installation should be in accordance consider the greatest amount of rainfall that may be reasonably expected to occur in a storm. An al- ternative system could consist of a drainage trench with requirements of state and other applicable rules and regulations. The degree of well control system redundancy and “fail-safe” valving design I arranged so a spill could terminate and be con- should vary with hazard exposure and probable tained in a catchment basin. consequences of failure.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 14. A P I BULLxDLh 8 7 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 00873LL b 8 American Petroleum Institute PART II, ALTERNATE C INSTRUCTIONS OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORKOVER FACILITY This form may be used in preparation of SPCC pressure sensors, etc. should be inspected and Plans for offshore production facilities and drill- tested at periodic intervals. ing or workover rigs used in offshore operations. The form was designed specifically for producing F. Well Control Systems and Equipment facilities but is also thought to be adequate for Producing Wells.Type of surface and subsurface I application to offshore drilling and workover rigs. shut-in valves and devices in use at the facility should be described as to method of operation and A. Facility Drainage control (refer to Attachment #5). I All sources of drips and small spillages of oil on Drilling and Workover Operations. During drill- offshore platforms should be protected with drains ing or workover operations, a blowout preventer and drip pans to catch the oil before it can enter the assembly and well control system should be in- water. Drip pans should be observed at regular in- stalled that is capable of controlling any wellhead tervals and emptied when necessary to make sure pressure anticipated. Casing and blowout preven- they do not fill to overflowing. Drains should empty ter installations should be in accordance with into sumps which should be emptied as often as requirements of applicable rules and regulations. I necessary to prevent overflowing. The degree of well control system redundancy B. Sumpsystem and “fail-safe” valving design should vary with hazard exposure and probable consequences of The sumps provided as overflow and spill collec- failure. tion equipment should be large enough to allow protection against accidental spillages. Some ade- G. Written Instructions for Contractors quate alternate means should be provided for re- The regulations state that in order that there will I moving the liquid caught in the sumps in case the be no misunderstanding of the joint and separate primary sump pump becomes inoperative. The duties and obligations to perform work in a safe pump and start-up device should be inspected and and pollution-free manner, written instructions tested at regular intervals to ensure they are func- should be prepared by the owner or operator for tional at all times. contractors and subcontractors to follow whenever contract activities include servicing a well or sys- C. Separator and Treater Dump Valves tems appurtenant to a well or pressurevessel. Such If the predominant mode of failure of dump instructions and procedures should be maintained valves used on separators and treaters a t a n at the facility. Under certain circumstances, con- offshore facility is in the closed position, the poten- tractor activities may require intervention by a n tial for pollution is not great if the pressure relief authorized representative of the owner or operator line extends to a surge tank or scrubber which to prevent a spill event. (Appropriate legal counsel would catch any fluid overflowing through the re- should be consulted regarding implementation of lief line. this section.) H. Flowlines D. Tanks 1. All headers should be equipped with check All tanks should be equipped with protective de- valves on individual flowlines. vices to reduce the potential for overflowing or rup- 2. If the shut-in wellhead pressure is greater turing and, thus, discharging oil upon the surface than the working pressure of the flowline from the of the water, Atmospheric storage or surge tanks well and/or the header valves associated with that should be equipped with high-liquid-level sensors individual flowline, the flowline should be equipped or other acceptable alternatives to prevent spills, with a pressure sensing device and shut-in valve and pressure tanks should have high and low pres- at the wellhead unless a pressure relief system is sure sensors to activate alarms and/or control flow provided. or other acceptable alternatives to prevent spills. Tanks should be adequately protected internally I. Pipelines and externally from corrosion, as required to pre- 1. All pipelines appurtenant to the facility vent leakage or spillage. should be protected against corrosion. Methods of providing such protection should be described. E. Pollution Prevention Equipment and Sys- 2. Submarine pipelines associated with the facil- tems ity should be adequately protected against en- Inspection and testing procedures for pollution vironmental stresses and other activities such as prevention equipment and systems should be de- fishing operations, veloped and a copy of such procedures maintained 3. Submarine pipelines should be inspected for at the facility (see Attachment #4). Such equip- failures periodically, A documented record of such ment as high and low level sensors, high and low inspections should be maintained a t the facility.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 15. A P I BULLmDLb 8 9 = 0732290 0087322 & ~ ~~ APPENDIX A TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1973 WAStiIffiTW, O S . Volume 38 m Number 237 PART II ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OIL POLLUTION PREVENTION Non-Transportation Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities No.a37-Pt. II-1COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 16. A P I BULLmDLb 8 9 m 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0087333 T+m APPENDIX A 34164 RULES AND REGULATIONS Title 40-Protection of the Environment tion, could reasonably be expected to dis- Section 1 1 2 . 3 ~ (1) (5 112.3(e)(1) in ) charge oil into or upon the navigable the proposed regulation) was changed t o CHAPTER I-ENVIRONMENTAL waters of the United States or adjoining include the nonavailabilitu of aua.lified PROTECTION AGENCY personnel as a reason f o i the Regional shorelines. SUBCHAPTER D-WATER PROGRAMS Sections 112.1(b), 112.l(d) (4) and Administrator granting an extension of PART 1 1 2 4 I L POLLUTION PREVENTION 112.3 are now consistent. time. Section 112.l(d) (1) was expanded to D. Section 112.4-Amendment of spill Non-transportation Related Onshore and further clarify the respective authori- prevention control and countermeasure Offshore Facilities plans by Regional Administrator. Section ties of the Department of Transporta- Notice of proposed rule making was tion and the Environmental Protection 112.4(a) ( l l ) ,permits the Regional Ad- published on July 19, 1973, containing Agency by referring to the Memorandum ministrator to require that the owner or proposed regulations, required by an of Understanding between the Secretaiy operator furnish additional information pursuant to section 311(j) (1)(C) of the of Transportation and the Administra- to EPA after one or more spill event has Federal Water Pollution qontrol A t, tor of the Environmental Protection occurred. The change limits the request as amended (86 Stat. 868, 33 U.S.C. 1251 Agency (Appendix). for additional information to that per- et seq.) , (FWPCA),to prevent discharges Section 112.l(d) (2), the figure for tinent to the SPCC Plan or to the pollu- of oil into the navigable waters of the barrels was converted to gallons, a unit tion incident. United States and to contain such dis- of measure more familiar to the public, Section 112.4(b) now reads “Section charges if they occur. The proposed reg- and now reads “42000 gallons.” 112.4 * * *”,not“Thissubsection * * *” ulations endeavor to prevent such spills Section 112.1(d) (3), exemption for Section 112.4(e) allowed the Regional bv establishing Drocedures, methods and facilities with nonburied tankage was Administrator to require amendments eiuipment reqüirements of owners or OP- extended to 1320 gallons in aggregate to SPCC Plans and specifies that the erators of facilities engaged in drilling, with no single tank larger than 660 gal- amendment must be incorporated in the producing, gathering, storing, processing, lons and applies to all oils, not just heat- Plan within 30 days unless the Regional refining, transferiing, distributing, or ing oil and motor fuel. Tanks of 660 Administrator specifies an earlier effec- consuming oil. gallons are the normal domestic code size tive date. The change allows the Regional Written comments on the proposed for nonburied heating oil tanks. Build- Administrator to specify any appropri- regulations were solicited and received ings may have two such tanks. Facilities ate date that is reasonable. from interested parties. I n addition, a containing small quantities of oil other Section 112.4(f). A new 5 112.4(f) has number of verbal comments on the pro- than motor fuel or heating oil would been added which provides for an appeal posal were also received. The written also be exempt, thus making this con- by an owner or operator from a decision comments are on file a t the Division of sistent with the definition of oil in § 112.2. rendered by the Regional Administrator Oil and Hazardous Materials, Office of B. Section 112.2-Definitions. Section on an amendment to an SPCC Plan. The Water Program Operations, U.S. En- 112.2(1), the term “navigable waters” appeal is made to the Administrator of vironmental Protection Agency, Wash- was expanded to the more descriptive EPA and the paragraph outlines the pro- ington, D.C. definition used by the National Pollutant cedures for making such an appeal. All of the comments have been given Discharge Elimination System. E. Section 112.5-Amendment of spill careful consideration and a number of Section 112.2(m), the U.S. Coast prevention control and countermeasure changes have been made in the rerala- Guard definition of the term “vessel” plans by owners or operators. Section tion. These changes incorporate either was included. This term i used in the s 112.5cb) required the owner or operator suggestions made in bhe comments or regulation and the definition is consist- to amend the SPCC Plan every three ideas initiated by the suggestions. ent with the Department of Transpor- years. The amendment required the in- Some comments reflected a misunder- tation regulations. corporation of any new, field-proven standing of the fundamental principies C. Section 112.3-Requirements for the technology and had to be certified by a of the regulation, specifically as they ap- preparation and implementation of spill Professional Engineer. plied to older facilities and marginal op- prevention control and countermeasure The change requires that the owner erations. During the development of the plans. A new paragraph (c) wm added or operator review the Plan every three regulation it was recognized that no to 5 112.3 which applies to mobile or port- years to see if it needs amendment. New single design or operational standaid can able facilities subject to the regulation. technology need be incorporated only if be prescribed for all non-transportation These facilities need not prepare a new it will significantly reduce the likelihood related facilities, since the equipment Spill Prevention Control and Counter- of a spill. The change will prevent friv- and operational procedures appropriate measure Plan (SPCC Plan) each time the olous retrofitting of equipment to facili- for one facility may not be appropriate facility is moved to a new site, but may ties whose prevention plans are working for another because of factors such as prepare a general plan, identifying good successfully, and Ml1 not require engi- function, location, and age of each facil- spill prevention engineering practices (as neering certification unless an amend- ity. Also, new facilities could achieve a outlined i n the guidelines, 8 112.7), and ment is necessary. higher level of spill prevention than older implement these practices at each new Section 112.5(c), this paragraph re- facilities by the use of fail-safe design location. quired thak the owner or operata, amend concepts and innovative spill prevention Section 112.3(a), (b) and (f) (which his SPCC Plan when his facility became methods and procedures. It was con- was 5 112.3(e) in the proposed rule mak- subject to 5112.4 (amendment by the cluded that older facilities and marginal ing) have been modified to allow exten- Regional Administrator). This para- operations could develop strong spill con- sions of time beyond the normally speci- graph has been removed. It is inconsist- tingency pians and commit manpower, fied peiiods to apply to the preparation ent to require the owner or operator to oil containment devices and removal of plans as well as to their implementa- independently amend the Plan while the equipment to compensate for inherent tion and to remove the time limitation Regional Administrator is reviewing it weaknesses in the spill prevention plan. of one year for extensions. Extensions for possible amendment. ’Appropriate changes were made in the may be allowed for whatever period of F. Section 112.6-CMl penalties. There regulation to simplify, clarify or correct time considered reasonable by the Re- are no changes in this section. deficiencies in the proposal. gional Administrator. G . Section 112.7-Guidelines for the A discussion of these changes, section Section 112.3(e) (which was 5112.3 preparation and implementation of a by section follows: spill prevention control and counter- A. Section 112.14enerul applicabil- (d) in the proposed iule making) was ity. Section 112.l(b), the “foreseeabil- modified to require the maintenance of measure plan. Numerous changes have ity provision”, contained in ,112.1(d) (4) the SPCC Plan for inspection at the fa- been made in the guidelines section; the cility only if the facility was noimally changes have been primarily: was added to paragraph 112.1cb). As 1. To correct the use of language in- modified, the regulation applies to non- manned. If the facility is unmanned, the consistent .with guidelines. For example, transportation-related onshore and off- Plan may be kept. at the nearest field the word “shall” has been changed t o shore facilities which, due to their loca- office. “should” in 8 112.7(a) through (e). FEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 17. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 M 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0087334 1 M APPENDIX A RULES AND REûULATIONS 34165 2. To give the engineer preparing the &re subject to these regulations to the case of any abandoned osshore facility, plan greater latitude to use alternative same extent as any person, except for the the person who owned or operated such methods better’suited t a given fadliQ o pmvislons of 8 112.6. facility immediately prior to such aban- or local conditions. (d) This part does not apply to: donment. 3.To cover facilities subject to the reg- (1) Equipment or operations of vessels (i) ‘Terson” includes an individual, ulation, but for which no guidelines were or transportation-related onshore and íirm, corporation, association, and a previously given. ”his category inoluäes offshore facilities which are subject to partnership, such things as mobile facilities, and drill- authority and control of the Department (g) ‘‘Regional Administrator”, means ing and workover rigs. of Transportation, as deflned in the the Regional Administrator of the En- in sddition, wording was changed t o Memorandum of Understanding between vironmental Protection Agency, or his differentiate between periodic observa- the Secretary of Transportaion and the designee, in and for the Region in which tions by operating personnel and formal Administrator of the Environmental Pro- the facility is located. inspections with attendant record keep- tection Agency, dated November 24,1971, (h) “Transportation-related” and ing. 36 FR 24000. “non-transportation-related” as ap- These regulations shall become effec- (2) Facilities which have an aggregate plied to an onshore or offshore facility, tive January 10, 1974. storage of 1320 gallons or less of oil, pro- are defined in the Memorandum of Dated: November 27, 1973. vided no single container has a capacity Understanding between the Secretary in excess of 660 gallons. of Transportation and the Aäministra- JOHN QUARLES, (3) Facilities which have a total stor- tor o the Environmental Protection f Acting Administrator. age capacity of 42000 gallons or less of Agency, dated November 24, 1971, 36 I R . A new Part 112 would be added to sub- oil and such total storage capacity is 24080. chapter D, Chapter 1 of Title 40, Code of buried underground. (i) “Spill event” means a discharge of Federal Regulations as follows: (4) Non-transportation-related on- oil into or upon the navigable maters of shore and offshorefacilities, which, due the United Statas or adjoining shorelines sec to their location, could not reasonably in harmful quantities, as defined at 40 112.1 Genemí appiicabiiity. be expected to discharge oil into or upon CF’R Part 110. 112.2 DennitionS. 112.3 Requirements for preparation and im- the navigable waters of the United States (.i> “United States” means the States, plementation of Spill Revention or adjoining shorelines. the District of Columbia, the Common- Control and Countermeasure plans. (e) This part provides for the prepara- wealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, 112.4 Amendment of Spül Prevention Con- tion and implemenhtion of Spill Pre- Guam, American Samoa, the Virgin Is- t o and Countermeasure Plans by rl vention Control and Countermeasure lands, and the Trust Territory of the Regional Administrator. Plans prepared in accordance with Pacinc Islands. 112.6 Admendment o Spill Prevention Con- f I 112.7,designed to complement existing (k) The term “navigable waters” of trol and Countermeasure Plans by owners or operators. laws, regulations, rules, standards, poli- the United States means “navigable 113.8 Civll penalties. cies and procedures pertaining to safety waters” as defined in section 502(7) of 112.7 Guidelines for the preparation and standards, fire prevention and políution the FWPCA, and includes : implementation of a Spill Preven- prevention rules, so as to form a compre- (1) all navigable waters of the United tion Control and Countermeasure hensive balanced Federal/State spiil pre- States, as defined in judicial decisions Plan. vention program to minimize the poten- prior to passage of the 1972 Amendments Appendix Memorandum of Understanding tial for oil discharges. Compliance with to the FWPCA (Pub. L 92-500). and . Between the Secretary of the De- this part does not in any way relieve the tributaries of such waters; partment of Transportation and the (2) interstate waters; Administrator of the Environmental owner or operator of an onshore or an Protection Agency. Section =-Defi- offshore facility from compliance with (3) intrastate lakes, rivers, and nitions. other Federal, State or local laws. streams which are utilized by interstate AUTHORITY: Secs. 311 (1) (1) (C), 311 (j) (2), 5 112.2 Definitions. travelers for recreational or other pur- 6û1(a), Federal Water Pollution Control A& poses; and (Seo. 2, Pub. L 92-600, 86 Stat. 816 et seq. . For the p m e s Of this part: (4) intrastate lakes, rivers, and (33 v.s.c.1251 et seq.) ); m. 4(b), pub. L . (a) “Oil” means oil of any kind or in streams from which fish or shellfish are oz-600, 86 Stat. 897; 6 U.S.C. ~ e o r gplan o . f any form, including, but not limited to taken and sold in interstate commerce. 1970 No. 3 (1970), 36 Fa 15623, 3 m R 1966- Petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse and (1) “Vessel” means every description 1070 Comp.; E.O. 11735. 88 I?R 21243. 3 CFR. oil mixed with wastes other than dredged o watercraft or other artificial contriv- f 112.1 Genwal applicability. spoil. ance used, or capable of being used as (b) “Discharge” includes but is not a means of transportation on mater, (a) This part establishes procedures, limited t . any spilling, leaking, pump- other than a public vessel. o methods and equipment and other re- ing, pouring, emitting, emptying. or quirements for equipment to prevent the dumping. For purposes of this part, the 112.3 Requirements for preparation äischarge of oil from non-transporta- and implementation of Spiü Preven- term “discharge” shall not include any tion Control and Countermeasure tion-related onshore and offshore facili- discharge of oil which is authorized by Plans. ties into or upon the navigable waters of a perrhit issued pursuant to Section 13 the United States or adjoining shore- of the River and Harbor Act of 1899 (30 (a) Owners or operators of onshore and lines. Stat. 1121,33 U.S.C. 4059, or Sections 402 offshore facilities in operation on or be- (b) Except as provided in paragraph or 405 of the FWPCA Amendments of fore the effective date of this part that (d) of this section, this part applies to 1972 (86 Stat. 816 et seq., 33 U.S.C. 1251 have discharged or could reasonably be owners or operators of non-transporta- tion-related onshore and offshore facili- et seq.). expected to discharge oil i harmful (c) “Onshore facility” means any quantities, as demed in 40 CFR Part n ties engaged in drilling, producing, gath- facility of any kind located in, on, or 110,in% or upon the navigable waters of ering, storing, processing, refining, under any land within the United States, the United S t a h or adjoining shorelines, transferring, distributing or consuming other than submerged lands, which is shall prepare a Spill Prevention Control oil and oil products, and which, due to not a transportation-related facility. and Countermeasure Plan (hereinafter their Locatlon, could reasonably be ex- (d) “Offshore facility” means any “SPCC Plan”), in accordance with pected to discharge oil in harmful quan- facility of any kind located in, on, or 5 112.7. Except as provided for in para- tities, as defined in Part 110 of this chap- under any of the navigable waters of graph (f) of this section, such SPCC Plan ter, i t or upon the navigable waters of no the United States, which is not a trans- shall be prepared within six months af- the United States or adjoining shorelines. por€ation-related facility. ter the effective date of this part and (c) As provided in sec. 313 (86 Stat. (e) “Owner or operator” means any shall be f d y implemented 8s soou as 875) departments, agencies, and instru- person owning or operating an onshore possible, but n t later than one year o mentalities of the Federal government facility or an offshore facility, and in the after the effective date of this part, QEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAY, DECEMUER I l , 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 18. I___ API BULL*DLb 8 7 0732290 0087315 3 APPENDIX A 34166 RULES AND REGULATIONS (b) Owners or operators of onshore ply with the requirements of this part ( 6 ) Description of the facility, includ- and offshore facilities that become op- as a result of either nonavailability of ing maps, flow diagrams, and topograph- erational after the effective date of this qualified personnel, or. delays in con- ical maps: part, and that have discharged or could struction or equipment delivery beyond (7) A complete copy of the SPCC Plan reasonably be expected to discharge oil the control and without the fault of such with any amendments; in harmful quantities, as defined in 40 owner or operator or their respective (8) The causeb) of such spill, includ- CPR Part 110,into or upon the navigable agents or employees. ing a failure analysis of system or sub- waters of the United States or adjoining (2) Any owner or operator seeking an system in which the failure occurred: shorelines, shall prepare .an SPCC Plan extension of time pursuant to paragraph (9) T h e corrective actions and/oi’ in accordance with 5 112.7. Except as (f) (1) of this section may submit a letter countermeasures taken, including an provided for in paragraph <f) of this sec- of request to the Regional Administrator. adequate description of equipment re- tion, such SPCC Plan shall be prepared Such letter shall include: pairs and/or replacements; within six months after the date such (i) A complete copy of the SPCC Plan, (10) Additional preventive measures facility begins operations and shall be if completed; taken or contemplated to minimize the fully implemented as soon as . possible, (ii) A full explanation of the cause for possibility of recurrence; but not later than one year after such any such delay and the specific aspects (11) Such other information as the facility begins operations. of the SPCC Plan affected by the delay; Regional Administrator may reasonably (c) Onshore and offshore mobile or (iii) A full discussion of actions being require pertinent to the Plan or spill portable facilities such as onshore drill- taken or contemplated to minimize or event, ing or workover rigs, barge mounted off- mitigate such delay; (b) Section 112.4 shall not apply until shore drilling or workover rigs, and port- (iv) A proposed time schedule for the the expiration of the time permitted for able fueling facilities shall prepare and implementation of any corrective actions the preparation and implementation of implement an SPCC Plan as required by being taken or contemplated, including an SPCC Plan pursuant to § 112.3 (a), paragraphs (a), (b) and (d) of this sec- interim dates for completion of tests or . (b) , (cl and (f) (cl A complete copy of all information tion. The owner or operator of such facil- studies, installation and operation of any ity need not prepare and implement a necessary equipment or other preventive provided to the Regional Administrator new SPCC Plan each time the facility is measures. pursuant to paragraph (a) of this section moved to a new site. The SPCC Plan for I n addition, such owner or operator may shall be sent at the same time to the mobile facilities should be prepared in present additional oral or written state- State agency in charge of water pollu- accordance with 8 112.7,using good en- tion control activities in and for the ments in suppoi-t of his letter of request. State in which the facility is h a t e d . gineering practice, and when the mobile (3) The submission of a letter of re- facility is moved it should be located quest for extension of time pursuant to Upon receipt of such information such and installed using spill prevention prac- State agency may conduct a review and paragraph (f) (2) of this section shall in make recommendations to the Regional tices outlined in the SPCC Plan for the no way relieve the owner or operator facility. The SPCC Plan shall only apply Administrator as to further procedures, while the fac’ility is in a fixed (non trans- from his obligation to comply with the methods, equipment and other require- requirements of 8112.3 (a), (b) or (d. ments for equipment necessary to pre- portation) operating mode. Where an extension of time is authorized (d) No SPCC Plan shall be effective by the Regional Administrator for par- vent and to contain discharges of oil to satisfy the requirements of this part from such facility. ticular equipment or other specific as- (d) After review of the SPCC Plan for unless it has been reviewed by a Regis- pects of the SPCC Plan, such extension tered Professional Engineer and certi- a facility subject to paragraph (a) of shall in no way affect the owner’s 01’ op- this section, together with ali other in- fied to by such Professional Engineer. erator’s obligation to comply with the By means of this certification the’ en- requirements of 5 112.3 (a), (b) or (c) formation submitted by the owner or gineer, having examined the facility and with respect to other equipment or other operator of such facility, and by the being familiar with the provisions of this St-,te agency under paragraph tc) of specific aspects of the SPCC Plan for this section, the Regional Administra- part, shall attest that the SPCC Plan has which an extension of time has not been been prepared in accordance with good tor may require the owner or operator expressly authorized. of such facility to amend the SPCC Plan engineering practices. Such certification shall in no way relieve the owner or op- $ 112.4 Aniendmeiit of SPCC Plans by if he finds that the Plan does not meet erator of a n onshore or offshore facility Regional Administrator. the requirements of this part or that of his duty to prepare and fully imple- (a) Notwithstanding compliance with the amendment of the Plan is neces- ment such Plan in accordance with 112.3, whenever a facility subject to sary to prevent and to contain discharges B 112.7, as required by paragraphs (a); J 112.3 (a), (b) or (c) has: Discharged of oil from such facility. (b) and (c) of this section. more than 1,000 US. gallons of oil into (e) When the Regional Administra- (e) Owners or operators of a facility or upon the navigable waters of the tor proposes to require an amendment to for which a n SPCC Plan is required pur- United States or adjoining shorelines in the S E C Plan, he shall notify the fa- suant to paragraphs (a), Cb) or (c) of a single spill event, or discharged oil in cility operator by certified mail addressed this section shall maintain a complete harmful quantities, as defined in 40 CFR to, or by personal delivery to, the facility copy of the Plan at such facility if the Part 110, into or upon the nabigable owner or operator, that he proposes to facility is normally attended at least 8 waters of the United States or adjoining require an amendment to the Plan, an8 hours per day, or at the nearest field shorelines in two spill events, reportable shall specify the terms of such amend- office if the facility is not so attended, under section 311(b) (5) of the m P C A , ment. I f the facility owner or o p e r b and shall make such Plan available to occurring within any twelve month pe- tor is a corporation, a COPY of sucn the Regional Administrator for on-site riod, the owner or operator of such fa- notice shall also be mailed to the regis- review during normal working hours. cility shall submit to the Regional Ad- tered agent, if any, of such corporation (f Extensions of time. ministrator, within 60 days from the time in the State where such facility is lo- ( 1 ) The Regional .Administrator may such facility becomes subject to this sec- cated. Within 30 days from receipt of authorize a n extension of time for the tion, the foliowing: such notice, the facility owner or opera- preparation and full implementation of (1) Name of the facility; tor may submit written information, (2) Name(s) of the owner or operator views, and arguments on the amendment. a n SPCC Plan beyond the time permitted of the facility: After considering all relevant material for the preparation and implementation (3) Location of the facility: presented, the Regional Aâministrator of an SPCC Plan pursuant to paragraphs ( 4 ) Date and year of initial facility shall notify the facility owner or opera- (a), (b) or tc) of this section where he operation: tor of any amendment required or shall ñnds that the owner or operator of a (5) Maximum storage or handling ca- rescind the notice. The amendment re- facility subject to paragraphs ta), (b) pacity of the facility and normal daily quired by the Regional Administrator or tc) of this section cannot fully com- throughput: shall become part of the Plan 30 days FEDERAL REGISTER; VOL. 38, NO, 237-TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 19. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 APPENDIXA 0732290 00873Lb 5 = RULES AND REGULATIONS 34167 after such notice, unless the Regional 0 112.6 C i d penalties. is not practicable from any onshore or Administrator, for good cause, shall Owners or operators of facilities sub- offshore facility, the owner or operator specify another effective date. The owner ject to § 112.3 ta), (b) or (c) who vio- should clearly demonstra% such im- or operator of the facility shall imple- late the requirements of this part by practicability and provide the follow- ment the amendment of the Plan as soon failing or refusing to comply with any ing : as possible, but not later than six of the provisions of 8 112.3, 8 112.4, or (1) A strong oil spill contingency plan months after the amendment becomes 5 112.5 shall be liable for a civil penalty following the provision of 40 CFa Part part of the Plan, unless the Regional Ad- of not more than $5,000 for each day 109. ministrator specifies another date. that such violation continues. The Re- (2) A written commitment of man- (f) An owner or operator may appeal gional Administrator may assess and power, equipment and materials re- a decision made by the Regional Admin- compromise such civil penalty. No quired to expeditiously control and re- istrator requiring an amendment to an penalty shall be assessed until the owner move any harmful quantity of oil dis- SPCC Plan. -The appeal shall be made to or operator shall have been given notice chasged. the Administrator of the United States and an opportunity for hearing. (e) in addition to the minimal pre- Environmental Protection Agency and vention standards listed under 3 112.7 must be made in writing within 30 days 0 112.7 Guidelines for the preparation (c) , sections of the Plan should include of receipt of the notice from the Regional and implementation of a Spill Pre- a complete discussion of conformance Administrator requiring the amendment. vention Control and Counternieasure with the following applicable guidelines, A complete copy of the appeal must be Plan. other effective spill prevention and con- sent to the Regional Administrator at the The SPCC Plan shall be a carefully tainment procedures (or, if more strin- time the appeal is made. The appeal shall thought-out plan, prepared in accordance gent, with State ides, regulations añd contain a clear and concise statement of with good engineering practices, and guidelines) : the issues and points of fact in the case. which has the full approval of manage- (1) Facility drainage (onshore): (ex- It may also contain additional informa- ment at a level with authority to com- cludina aroduction facilities). (i) D a n ri- tion which the owner or operator wishes mit the necessary resources. I f the plan age from diked storage areas shoad be t present in support of his argument. o calls for additional facilities or proce- restrained by valves or other positive The Administrator or his designee may dures, methods, or equipment, not yet means to prevent a spill or other exces- request additional information from the fully operational, these items should be sive leakage of oil into the drainage SyS- owner or operator, or from any other discussed in separate paragraphs, and tem or inplant eñiuent treatment sys- person. The Administrator or his des- the details of installation and opera- tem, except where plan systems are de- ignee may request additional informa- tional start-up should be explained sep- signed to handle such leakage. Diked tion from the owner or operator, or from arately. The complete SPCC Plan shall areas may be emptied by pumps or eJec- any other person. The Administrator or follow the sequence outlined below, and tors; however, these should be manually his designee shall render a decision include a discussion of the facility’s con- activated and the condition of the accu- within 60 days of receiving the appeal formance with the appropriate guidelines mulation should be examined before and shall notify the owner or operator of listed: starting to be’sure no oil will be dis- h s decision. i (a) A facility which has experienced charged into the water. one or more spill events within twelve (ii) Flapper-type drain valves should $112.5 Amendment of Spill Prevention months prior to the effective date of thil; not be used t o drain diked areas. Valves Control and Countermeasure Plans by part should include a written descrip- used for the drainage of diked areas owners or operators. tion of each such spill, corrective action should, as far as practical, be of man- (a) Owners or operators of facilities taken and plans for preventing ual, open-and-closed design. When gubject to I112.3 ta), (b) or (c) shall recurrence. plant drainage drains directly into amend the SPCC Plan for such facility (b) Where experience indicates a rea- water courses and not into wastewater in accordance with 5 112.7 whenever sonable potential for equipment failure treatment plants, retained storm water there is a change in facility design, con- (such as tank overflow, rupture, or leak- should be inspected as provided in Para- struction, operation or maintenance age), the plan should include a pre- graph te)(2)(iii) (B, and D) before C which materially affects the facility’s diction of the direction, rate of flow, and drainage. potential for the discharge of oil into or total quantity of oil which could be dis- (iii) Plant drainage system from un- upon the navigable waters of the United charged from the facility as a result of diked areas should, if possible, flow into States or adjoining shorelines. Such each major type of failure. ponds, lagoom or catchment basins, de- amendments shall be fully implemented (cl Appropriate containment and/or signed to retain oil or return it to the as soon as possible, but not later than diversionary structures or equipment to facility. Catchment basins should not be six months after such change occurs. prevent discharged oil from reaching a located in areas subject to periodic (b) Notwithstanding compliance with navigable water course should be pro- flooding. paragraph (a) of this section, owners vided. One of the folIowing preventive (iv) I f plant drainage is not en- and operators of facilities subject to systems or its equivalent should be gineered as above, the Anal discharge of Q 112,3 (a), (b) or (c) shall complete a used as a minimum: all in-plant ditches should be e q u i p e review and evaluation of the SPCC Plan (1) Onshore fwilities. with a diversion system that could, m at least once every three years from the (i) Dikes, berms or retaining wa,lls the event of an uncontrolled spill, return date such facility becomes subject to this sufficiently impervious to contain spilled the oil to the plant. part. As a result of this review and eval- oil tv) Where drainage waters are treated uation, the owner or operator shall (ii) Curbing in more than one treatment unit, nat- amend the SPCC Plan within six months (iii) Culverting, gutters or other ural hydraGic flow should be used. I f of the review to include more effective drainage systems pump transfer is needed, two “lift” prevention and control technology if: (iv) Weirs, booms or other barriers pumps should be provided, and a least t (1) Such technology will significantly (v) Spill diversion ponds one of the pumps should be permanently reduce the likelihood of a spill event (vi) Retention ponds installed when such treatment is con- from the facility, and (2) If such tech- (vii) Sorbent materials tinuous. I n any event, whatever tech- nology has been field-proven at the time (2) Offshore facilities. niques are used facility drainage systems of the review. (i) Curbing, drip pans should be adequakly engineered to pre- (c) No amendment to an SPCC Plan (ii) Sumps and collection systems vent oil from reaching navigable waters shall be effective to satisfy the require- (d) When it; is determined that the in the event of equipment failure or ments of this section unless it has been installation of structures or equipment human error at the facility. certified by a Professional Engineer in listed in !j 112.7(c) to prevent discharged (2) Bulk storage tanks (onshore) : (es- accordance with 0 112.3(d) . oil from reaching the navigable waters cluding production facilities). (i) No FEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAYI DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 20. A P I BULLmDLb & O W 0732290 0087337 7 APPENDIX A 34168 RULES AND REQULATIONS tank should be used for the storage of (B) The feasibility of installing an ex- joints, vaive glands and bodies, catch oil unless its material and construction ternal heating system should also be con- pans, pipeline supports, locking of valves, are compatiible with the material stored sidered. and metal surfaces should be assessed. I n and conditions of storage such a pres- s (viii) Nem and old tank installations addition, periodic pressure testing may sure and temperature, etc. should, as far as practical, be fail-safe be warranted for Piping i areas where n (ii) All bulk storage tank installations engineered or updated into a fail-safe facility drainage is such that a failure should be constructed so that a second- engineered installation to avoid spills. might lead to a spill event. ary means of containment is provided for Consideration should be given to provid- tv) Vehicular traffic granted entiy into the entire contents of the largest single ing one or more of the following devices: the facility should be warned verbally tank plus sufncient freeboard to allow (A) High liquid level alarms with an or by appropriate signs to be sure that for precipitation. Diked areas should be audible or visual signal at a constantly the vehicle, because of its size, will not sufficiently impervious to contain spilled manned operation or surveillance sta- endanger above ground piping. oil. Dikes, containment curbs, and pits tion; in smaller planks an audible air (4) Facility tank car and tank truck are commonly employed for this purpose, vent may suí€ice. loading/unloading rack (onshore). (i) but they may not always be appropriate. (BI Considering size and complexity Tank car and tank truck loading/un- An alternative system could consist of a of the facility, high liquid level pump loading procedures should meet the min- complete drainage trench enclosure ar- cutoff devices set to stop flow at a pre- imum requirements and regulation estab- ranged so that a spill could terminate determined tank content level, lished by the Department of Transpor- and be safely confined in an in-plant (C) Direct audible or code signal com- tation. catchment basin or holding pond. munication between the tank gauger and (ii) Where rack area drainage does (iii) Drainage of rainwater from the the pumping station. not flow into a catchment basin or treat- diked area into a storm drain or an efflu- (DI A fast response system for deter- ment facility designed to handle spills, a ent discharge that empties into an open mining the liquid level of each bulk stor- quick drainage system should be used for water course, lake, or pond, and bypass- age tank such as digital computers, tele- tank truck loading and unloading areas. ing the in-plant treatment system may pulse, or direct vision gauges or their The containment system should be de- be acceptable if: equivalent, signed to hold a t least maximum capacity (A) The bypass valve is normally (E)Liquid level sensing devices should of any single compartment of a tank car sealed closed. be regularly tested to insure proper or tank truck loaded or unloaded in the (B) Inspection of the run-off rain operation. plant;. water ensures compliance with appli- (ix) Plant effluents which are dis- (iii) A n interlocked warning light or cable water quality standards and will charged into navigable waters should physical barrier system, or warning not cause a harmful discharge as defined have disposal facilities observed fre- signs, should be provided in loading/un- in 40 CFR 110. quently enough to detect possible system loading areas to prevent vehicular de- (C) The bypass valve is opened, and upsets that could cause an o l spill event. i parture before complete .disconnect of resealed following drainage under re- (x) Visible oil leaks which result in a flexible or fixed transfer lines. sponsible supervision. loss of oil from tank seams, gaskets, rivets (iv) Prior to fllling and departure .of (D) Adequate records are kept of and bolts sufficiently large to cause the any tank car or tank truck, the lower- such events. accumulation of oil in diked areas should most drain and all outlets of such ve- (iv) Buried metallic storage tanks rep- be promptly corrected. hicles should be closely examined for resent a potential for undetected spills. (xi) Mobile or portable oil storage leakage, and if necessary, tightened, ad- A new buried installation should be pro- tanks (onshore) should be positioned or justed, or replaced to prevent liquid tected from corrosion by coatings, located so as to prevent spilled oil from leakage while in transit. cathodic protection or other effective reaching navigable waters. A secondary (5) Oil production facilities (onshore) methods compatible with local soil con- means of containmenfi, such as dikes or (i) Definition. An onshore production fa- ditions. Such buried tanks should a t least catchment basins, should be furnished cility may include all wells, flbwlines, be subjected to regular pressure testing, for the largest single compartment or separation equipment, storage facilities, tank. These facilities should be located gathering lines, and auxiliary non-trans- (VI Partially buried metallic tanks for portation-related equipment and facili- the storage of oil should avoided, un- where they will not be subject to periodic flooding or washout. ties in a single geographical oil or gas less the buried section of the s M k is ade- fleld operated by a single operator. auately coated, sin& partial burial in (3) Facility transfer operations, pump- ing, and in-plant process (onshore) ;(ex- (ii) Oil production facility (onshore) damp earth can cause rapid corrosion of drainage. (A) A t tank batteries and cen- metallic surfaces, especially at the earth/ cluding production facilities) , (i) Buried piping installations should have a pro- tral treating stations where an acci- air interface. dental $discharge of oil would have a (vi) Abovegrciund tanks should be tective wrapping and coating and should be cathodically protected if soil condi- reasonable possibility o reaching navi- f subject to periodic integrity testing, tak- tions warrant. I f a section of buried line gable waters, the dikes or equivalent re- ing into account tank design (floating is exposed for any reason, it should be quired under 5 112.?(c)(1) should have roof, etc.) and using such techniques as carefully examined for deterioration. If drains closed and sealed a t all times hydrostatic testing, visual inspection or a corrosion damage i found, additional s except when rainwater is being drained. system of non-destructive shell thickness examination and corrective action should Prior to drainage, the diked area should testing. Comparison records should be be taken as indicated by the magnitude be inspected as provided in paragraph kept where appropriate, and tank sup- of the damage. A n alternative would be (e) (2) (iii) (BI, Cl, and (D). Accumu- ports and foundations should be in- the more frequent use of exposed pipe lated oil on the rainwater should be cluded in these inspections. In addition, picked up.and returned to storage or dis- the outside of the tank should fre- corridors or galleries. (ii) When a pipeline is not in service, posed o in accordance with approved f quently be observed by operating person- methods. nel for signs of deterioration, leaks or in standby service for an extended (B) field drainage ditches, road which might cause a spiil, or accumula- time the terminal connection at the ditches, and oil traps, sumps or skim- tion o oil inside diked areas. f transfer point should be capped or mers, if such exist, should be inspected (vii) To control leakage through de- blank-flanged, and marked as to origin. at regularly scheduled intervals for ac- fective internal heating coils, the fol- (iii) Pipe supports should be properly cumulation of oil that may have escaped lowing factors should be considered and designed to minimize abrasion and cor- from small leaks. Any such accumula- amlied. as appropriate. rosion and allow for expansion and con- tions should be removed. (A) The steam return or exhaust lines traction. (iii) Oil production facility (onshore) ffom internal heating coils which dis- (iv) All aboveground valves and pipe- bulk storage tanks. (A)No tank should charge ints an open water course should lines should be subjected to regular ex- be used for the storage of oil unless its be monitored for contamination, or aminations by operating personnel at material and coilstruction are compati- passed through a settling tank, skimmer, which time the general condition of ble with the material stored and the or other separation or retention system. items, such as flange joints, expansion conditions of storage. FEDERAL REGISTCiR, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 21. API BULLmDLb 87 0732270 00873Lô 7 APPENDIX A RULES AND REGULATIONS 34169 (B) All tank battery and central treat- (7) Oil drilling, production, or work- (x) Surface and subsurface well ihut- ing plant installations should be provided over facilities .(onshore). (i) Definition: i n valves and devices in use at the facil- with a secondaiy means of conkainment (‘An oil drilling, production or workover ity should be sufficiently described t o for the entire contents of the largest sin- facility (offshore) ’’ may include all drill- determine method of activation or con- gle tank if feasible, or alternate systems ing or workover equipment, wells, flow- trol, e.g., pressure differential, change in such as those outlined in 5 112.?(c)(1). lines, gathering lines, platforms, and fluid or flow Conditions, combination of Drainage from undiked areas should be auxiliary nontransportation - related pressure and flow, manual or remote con- safely confined in a catchment basin or equipment and facilities in a single geo- trol mechanisms. Detailed records for holding pond. graphical oil or gas field operated by a each well, while not necessarily part of (C) All tanks containing oil should be single operator. the plan should be kept by the owner or visually examined by a competent per- (ii) Oil drainage collection equipment operator. son for condition and need for mainte- should be used to prevent and control (xi) Before drilling below any casing nance on a scheduled periodic basis. small oil spillage around pumps, glands, string, and during workover operations Such examination should include the valves, flarlges, expansion joints, hoses, a blowout preventer (BOP) assembly and foundation and supports of tanks that drain lines, separators, treaters, tanks, well control system should be installed are above the surface of the ground. and allied equipment, Drains on the that is capable of controlling any well- (DI New and old Dank battery installa- facility should be controlled and directed head pressure that is expected t be en- o tions should, as far as practical, be fail- toward a central collection sump or countered while that BOP assembly is safe engineered or updated into a fail- equivalent collection system sufficient to on the well. Casing and BOP installations safe engineered installation to prevent prevent discharges of oil into the naviga- should be in accordance with State reg- spills. Consideration should be given to ble waters of the United States. Where ulatory agency requirements. one or more of the following: drains and sumps are not practicable (xi9 Extraordinary well control meas- (1) Adequate tank capacity to assure oil contained in collection equipment ures should be provided should emer- that a tank will not overfill should a should be removed as often as necessary gency conditions, including fire, loss of pumper/gauger be delayed in making his to prevent overflow. control and other abnormal conditions, reguiar rounds. (iii) For facilities employing a sump occur. The degree of control system re- (2) Overflow equalizing lines between system, sump and drains should be ade- dundancy should vaiy with hazard ex- tanks so that a full tank can overflow to quately sized and a spare pump or equiv- posure and probable consequences of a n adjacent tank. alent method should be available to failure. It is recommended that surface (3) Adequate vacuum protection to reníove liquid from the sump and assure shut-in systems have redundant or “fail prevent tank collapse during a pipeline that oil does not escape. A regular sched- close” valving. Subsurface safety valves iun. uled preventive maintenance inspection may not be needed i producing wells n ( 4 ) High level sensors to generate and and testing program should be employed that will not flow but should be installed transmit an alarm signal to the computer to assure reliable operation of the liquid as required by applicable State regula- where facilities are a part of a computer removal system and pump start-up de- tions. production control system. vice. Redundant automatic sump pumps (xiii) in order that there will be no (iv) Facility transfer operations, oil and control-devices may be required on misunderstanding of joint and separate . production facility (onshore). (A) All some installations. duties and obligations to perform work above ground valves and pipelines should (iv) in areas where separators and in a safe and pollution free manner, be examined periodically on a scheduled treaters are equipped with dump valves written instructions should be prepared basis for general condition of items such whose predominant mode of failure is in by €he owner or operator for contractors as flange joints, valve glands and bodies, the closed position and pollution risk is and subcontractors to follow whenever drip pans, pipeline supports, pumping high, the facility should be specially contract activities include servicing a well polish rod stuffing boxes, bleeder and equipped to prevent the escape of oil. well or systems appurtenant to a well or gauge valves. This could be accomplished by extending pressure vessel. Such instructions and (BI Salt water (oil field brine) dis- the flare line to a diked area if the sepa- procedures should be maintained at the posal facilities should be examined often, rator is near shore, equipping it with a offshore production facility. Under cer- particularly following a sudden change i n high liquid level sensor that will auto- tain circumstances and conditions such. atmosphei-ic temperature to detect pos- matically shut-in wells producing to the contractor activities may require the sible system upsets that could cause an separator, parallel redundant dump presence a t the facility of a n authorized oil discharge. valves, or other feasible alternatives to representative of the owner or operator (C) Production facilities should have prevent oil discharges. who would inteivene when necessary to a program of flowline maintenance to (v) Atmospheric storage or surge tanks prevent a spill event. prevent spills from this source, The pro- should be equipped with high liquid level (xiv) All manifolds (headers) should gram should include periodic examina- sensing devices or other acceptable al- be equipped with check valves on indi- tions, corrosion protection, flowline re- ternatives to prevent oil discharges, vidual flowlines. placement, and adequate records, as ap- (vi) Pressure tanks should be equipped (xv) If the shut-in well pressure is propriate, for the individual facility. with high and low pressure sensing de- greater than the working pressure of the (6) Oil drtlling and workover facilities vices to activate an alarm and/or con- flowline and manifold valves up to and (onshore) (i) Mobile drilling or workover trol the flow or other acceptable alterna- including the header valves associated equipment should be positioned or lo- tives to prevent oil discharges. with that individual flowline, the flow- cated so as to prevent spilled oil from Mi) Tanks should be equipped with line should be equipped with a high pres- reaching navigable waters. suitable corrosion protection. sure sensing device and shutin valve at (ii) Depending on the location, catch- (viii) A written procedure for inspect- t h e wellhead unless provided with a pres- ment basins or diversion structures may ing and testing pollution prevention sure relief system to prevent over pres- be necessary to intercept and contain equipment and systems should be pre- suring. spills of fuel, crude oil, or oily drilling pared and maintained a t the facility. (xvi) All pipelines appui-tenant to the fluids. Such procedures should be included as facility should be protected from coxm- (iii) Before drilling below any casing part of the SPCC Plan. cion. Methods used, such as protective string or during workover operations,- a (ix) Testing and inspection of the pol- coatings or cathodic protection, should blowout prevention (BOP) assembly and lution prevention equipment and systems be discussed. well contiul system should be installed at the facility should be conducted by the (xvii) Sub-marine pipelines appurten- that is capable of controlling any well owner or operator on a scheduled peri- a n t to the facility should be adequately head pressure that is expected to be odic basis commensurate with the com- protected against environmental stresses encountered while that BOP assembly is and other activities such as fishing on the well. Casing and BOP installations plexity, conditions and circumstances of operations. should be in accordance with Wate reg- the facility or other appropriate regula- (xviii) Sub-marine pipelines appurten- ulatory agency requirements. tions. an€ to the facility should be in good FEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAY, DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 22. A P I BULLxD16 8 9 m 0732290 0087319 O m APPENDIX A 34170 R L S AND REGULATIONS UE operating condition at ali times and in- should highlight and describe known (G) Industrial, commercial, agricultural spected on a scheduled periodic basis for spill events or failures, malfunctioning or public facilltfes which use and store oil, failures. Such inspections should be components, and recently developed pre- but excluding any terminal facility, unit or process integrally associated with the han- dooumented and maintained at the cautionary measures. dling or transferring of oil in bulk to or from facility. APPENDIX a vessel. (8) Inspections and records. Inspec- (H) Waste treatment facilities including tions required by this part should be in Memorandum of Understanding between in-plant pipelines, effluent discharge lines, accordance with written procedures de- the Secretary of Transportation and the Ad- and storage tanks, but excluding waste treat- ministrator of the Environmental Protection ment facilities located on vessels and termi- veloped for the facility by the owner or Agency. operator. These written procedures and nal storage tanks and appurtenances for the SECTION IT-DEFïNìTIONS reception of oily ballast water or tank wash- a record of the inspections, signed by the ings from vessels and associated systems used appropriate supervisor or inspector, The Environmental Protection Agency and for off-loading vessels. should be made part of the SPCC Plan the Department of Transportation agree that (I) Loading racks, transfer hoses, loading and maintained for a period of three for the purposes of Executive Order 11548, arms and other equipment which are ap- years. the term: purtenant to a nontransportation-related (1) “Non-transportation-related onshore facility or terminal facility and which are (9) Security (excluding oll production and offshore facilities’’ means: f a d i t i e s ) . (i) A i plants handling, proc- l used to transfer oil in bulk t o or from high- (A) Fixed onshore and offshore oil wen way vehicles or railroad cars. essing, and storing oil should be fully drilling facilities including all equipment (J) Highway vehicles and railroad cars fenced, and entrance gates should be and appurtenances related thereto used i n which are used for the transport of oil ex- locked and/or guarded when the Plant drilling operations for exploratory or develop- clusively within the confines of a nontrans- is not in production or is unattended. ment wells, but exuluding any terminal facil- portation-related facility and which are not ity, unit or process integrally associated w i t h intended t o transport oil in‘ interstate or in- (ii) The master flow and drain valves the handling or transferrlng of o l in bulk to i trastate commerce. and any other valves that will permit or from a vessel. (K)Pipeline systems which are used for direct outward flow of the tank’s con- (B) Mobile onshore and offshore oil well the transport of oil exclusively within the tent to the surface should be securely drilling plationas, barges, trucks, or other confines of a nontransportation-related fadl- locked in the closed position when in mobile facilities including all equipment and i t y or terminal facility and which are not in- non-operating or non-standby status, appurtenances related thereto when such tended to transport oil in interstate or (iii) The starter control on all oil mobile facilities are med in position for the intrastate commerce, but excluding pipeline pumps should be locked in the “off” purpose of drilling operations for exploratory systems used to transfer oil in-bulk to or or development wells, but excluding any ter- from a vessel. position or located at a site accessible minal facility, unit or process integrally as- (2) “transportation-related onshore and only to authorized personnel when the sociated w i t h the hanäling or transferring of offshore facilities’’ means: pumps are in a non-operating or non- oil in bulk to or from a vessel. (A) Onshore and offshore terminal facili- standby status. ( C ) Fixed onshore and offshore oil prcduc- ties including transfer hoses, loading arms (iv) The loading/unloading connec- tlon structures, platforms, derricks, and rigs and other equipment and appurtenances tions of oil pipelines should be securely including all equipment and appurtenances used for the purpose of handling or trans- related thereto, &s well as completed wells ferring oil in bulk to or from a vessel as capped or blank-flanged when not in and the wellhead separators, oil separators, well as storage tanks and appurtenances for service or standby service for an ex- and storage facilities used in the production the reception of oily ballast water or tank tended time. This security practice of oil, but excluding any terminal facility, washings from vessels, but excluding ter- should also apply to pipelines that are unit or process integrally sssociated with m1 - waste treatment facilities and ter- emptied of liquid content either by the handling or tramferring of oil i n bulk minal oil storage facilities. draining or by inert gag pressure. to or from a vesSei. (B) Transfer hoses, loading arms and (D) Mobile onshore and offshore oil pro- other equipment appurtenant to a non- tv) Facility lighting should be com- transportation-related facility which l used s mensurate with the type and location of duction facilities including all equipment and appurtenances related thereto as well to transfer oil in bulk to or from a vessel. the facility. Consideration should be as completed wells and wellhead equipment, (C) Interstate and intfastate onshore and given to: (A) Discovery of spills oc- piping from wellheads t o oil separators, o l i offshore pipeline systems including pumps curring during hours of darkness, both separators, and storage facilities used in the and appurtenances related thereto as well by operating personnel, if present, and production of oil when such mobile facilities 8s in-line or breakout storage tanks needed by non-operating personnel (the gen- are fixed in position for the purpose of oil for the continuous operation of a pipeline eral public, local Police, etc.) and (BI production operations, but excluding any System, and pipelines from onshore and off- terminal facility, unit or process integrally shore o l productlon facilities, but excluding i prevention of spills occurring through associated with the handling or transferring onshore and offshore piping from wellheads acts of vandalism. of oil in bulk to or from a vessel. to oil separators and pipelines which are (10) Personnel, training and spill (E) Oil refining facilities including a11 used for the transport of oil exclusively prevention procedures. (1) Owners or op- equipment and appurtenances related within the coníines of a nontransportation- erators are responsible for properly in- thereto ss well as in-plant processing units, related facility or terminal facility and structing their personnel in the operation storage units, piping, drainage systems and which fue not intended to transport oil in waste treatment units used in the reflning interstate or intrastate commerce or to and maintenance of equipment to pre- transfer o l in bulk to or from a vessel. i vent the discharges of oil and applicable of o l but excluding any terminal facility, i, unit or process integrally associated with the (D) Highway vehicles and railroad cars pollution control laws, rules and regula- handling or transferring o oil in bulk to or f which are used for the transport of oil in tions. from a vessel. interstate or intrastate commerce’and the (ii) Each applicable facility should equipment and appurtenances related (F) o11 storage facilities including all thereto, and equipment used for the fueling have a designated person who is account- equipment and appurtenances related of locomotive units, a8 well as the rights- able for oil spill prevention and who re- thereto as well as flxed bulk plant storage, of-way on which they operate. Excluded are ports to line management. . terminal oil storage facilities, consumer stor- highway vehicles and railroad cars and mo- (iii) Owners or operators should age, pumps and drainage systems used in the tive power used exclusively within the con- schedule and conduct spill prevention storage of oil, but excluding inline or break- fines of a nontransportation-relatedfacility out storage tanks needed for the continuous or terminal facility and which are not in- briefings for their operating personnel operation of a pipeline system and any at intervals frequent enough to assure terminal facility, unit or process integrally tended for use in interstate or intrastate adequate understanding of the SPCC associated with the handling or transferring commerw. Plan for that facility. Such briefings of o l in bulk to or from a vesel. i [Fa Doc.73-25448 Filed 12-10-73;8:45 am] FEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 38, NO. 237-TUESDAYl DECEMBER 11, 1973COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 23. A P I BULL*DLb 89 W 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 0 8 7 3 2 0 7 W APPENDIX B RULES AND REGULATIONS 22487 PART 1 I L D I S C H A R G E O OIL F i n any form other than dredged spoil cumvent the provisions of this part is having a combined speciflc gravity equiv- prohibited. SN. alent to or greater than water. 110.1 Definitions. k 110.8 Deinonstration projects. 110.2 Applicability. 8 ‘110.2 Applicability. Notwithstanding any other provisions 110.3 Discharge into navigable waters harmful. The regulations of this part apply to of this part, the Administrator of the En- 110.4 Discharge into contiguous zone harm- the discharge of oil into or upon the vironmental Protection Agency may per- ful. navigable waters of the United States, mit the discharge of oil into or upon the 110.5 Discharge prohibited. adjoining shorelines or into or upon the navigable waters of the United States, 110.6 Exception for vessel eilgines. waters of the contiguous zone, prohibited adjoining shorelines, or into or upon the 110.7 Dispersants. by section l l ( b ) of the Federal Act. waters of .the contiguous zone, in con- 110.8 Demonstration projects. nection with research, demonstration 110.9 Notice. § 110.3 Discharge into navigable waters projects, or studies relating to the pre- AUTHORITY: The provisions of this Part harmful. vention, control, or abatement of oil 110 issued under sec. 11 (b) (3), as amended, For purposes of section l l ( b ) of the pollution, 84 stat, oa: 33 U.S.C. 1161. Federal Act, discharges of such quanti- § 110.9 Notice. 0 110.1 Definitions. ties of oil into or upon the navigable waters of the United States or adjoining Any person in charge of any vessel or ks used in this part, the following shorelines determined to be harmful to onshore or offshorefacility shall, as soon terms shall have the meaning indicated the public health or welfare of the United as he has knowledge of any discharge of below : States, a t all times and locations and un- oil from such vessel or facility in viola- (a) “Oil” means oil of any kind or in der all circumstances and conditions, ex- any form, including, but not limited to, cept as provided in section 110.6 of this tion of 5 110.5 of this Part, immediately petroleum, fuel oil, sludge, oil refuse, oil part, include discharges which: notify the U.S. Coast Guard of such dis- mixed with ballast or bilge, anc: oil mixed (a) Violate applicable water quality charge in accordance with such pro- with wastes other than dredged spoil; standards, or cedures as the Secretary of Transporta- (b) ttDischarge” includes, but i no€s (b) Cause a fllm or sheen upon or dis- tion may prescribe. limited to, any spilling, leaking, pumphg, coloration of the surface oi the water or pouring, emitting, emptying or dumping; adjoining shorelines or Caus‘ a sludge or (c) Vessel” means every description emulsion to be deposited beneath the suï- of watercraft or other artificial contriv- face of the water or upon adjoining ance used, or capable of being used, as shorelines. a means of transportation on water other than a piiblic vessel; 8 110.4 Discharge into contigiious zone (d) “Public vessel” means a vessel harmful. owned or bare-boat chartered and oper- For purposes of section l l ( b ) of the ated by the United States, or by a State Federal Act, discharges of such quantities Appendix B or political subdivision thereof, or by a of oil into or upon the waters of the con- foreign nation, except when such vessel tiguous zone determined to be harmful to is engaged in commerce; the public health or welfare of the United (e) “United States” means the States, States, a t all times and locations and the District of Columbia, the Common- under all circumstances and conditions, CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS wealth of Puerto Rico, the Canal Zone, except as provided in section 110.6 of this Guam, American Samoa. the Virgin part, include discharges which: Islands, and the Trust Territory of the (a) Violate applicable -water quality Paciflc Blands; ( f ) “Person” includes an individual, Arm, corporation, association, and a standards in navigable waters of the United States, or - TITLE 40 PROTECTION OF THE (b) Cause a Alm or sheen upon or dis- partnership; coloration of the surface of the water or ENVI RO NM ENT (g) “Contiguous zone” means the en- adjoining shorelines or cause a sludge or tire zone established or to be established emulsion to be deposited beneath the by the United States under article 24 o i surface of the water or upon adjoining the Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone; shorelines. § 110.5 Discharge prohibited. - PART 110 DISCHARGE OF OIL (h) “Onshore facility” means any fa- cility (including,but not limited to motor As provided in section l l ( b ) (2) of the vehicles and rolling stock) of any kind Federal Act, no person shall discharge or located in, on, or under, any land within cause or permit to be discharged into or the United States other than submerged upon the navigable waters of the United land: States, adjoining shorelines, or into or (i) “Offshore facility” means any fa- upon the waters of the contiguous zone cility of any kind located in, on, or under, any oil, in harmful quantities as deter- any of the navigable waters of the United mined in $ $ 110.3 and 110.4 of this part, States other than a vessel or public except as the same may be permitted in vessel; the contiguous zone under Article I V of (j) “Applicable water quality stand- the International Convention for the ards” means water quality standards Prevention of Pollution of the Sea by Oil, adopted pursuant to section l o h ) of the 1954, as amended. Federal Act and State-adopted water 110.6 Exception for vessel engines. quality standards for waters which are not interstate within the meaning of that For purposes of section l l ( b ) of the Act. Federal Act, discharges of oil from a (k) “Federal Act” means the Federal properly functioning vessel engine are Water Pollution Control Act, as amended, not deemed to be harmful; but such oil 33 U.S.C. 1151, et seq. accumulated in a vessel’s bilges shall not be so exempt. (1) “Sheen” means an iridescent ap- pearance on the surface’of water. § 110.7 Dispersants. (m) “Sludge” means a n aggregate of Addition of dispersants or emulsifiers oil or oil and other matter of any kind to oil t be discharged which would cir- o FEDERAL REGISTER, VOL. 36, NO. 228--THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 25, 1971COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 24. A P I BULLm93b 8 7 m 0732270 0087323 7 W NOTE TO USERS The following suggested model forms (Part I and Part II, Alternates A, B, and C) have been perforated at the fold for ease in removal from this bulletin and use in preparing SPCC Plans. These forms may be copied, if necessary, to provide additional forms when multiple SPCC Plans are to be prepared by a n operator.COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 25. A P I BULL*DLb B ï W 0732270 0 0 8 7 3 2 2 O W (PTioy t o completing P a y t I , T e f e ? . t o ?*egulationsand instmetions page 5 ) . SPILL PREVENTION CONTROL & COUNTERMEASURE PLAN PART I GENERAL INFORMATION I. Name of facility 2. Type of facility 3. Location of facility 4. Name and addPess of owner or operator : Name Address 5 . Designated person accountable for oil spill prevention at facility: Name and title 6. Facility experienced a reportable oil spill event during the twelve months prior to Jan. 10, 1974 (effective date of 40 CFR, Part 112). (If YES, complete Attachment #i.) MANAGEMENT APPROVAL This SPCC Plan will be implemented as herein described. Signature Name Title CERTIFICATION I hereby certify that I liave examined the facility, and being familiai- with the provisions of 40 CFR, Part 112, attest that this SPCC Plan has been prepared in accordance with good engineering practices. Printed Name of Registered Professional Engineer (Seal) Signature of Registered Professional Engineer Date Registration N o . S t a t e (Part I) Page 1 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 26. -_ ~ _ ~ ~~ A P I BULLxDLb 87 0732270 0087323 2 PART I GENERAL INFORMATION 7. Potential Spills - Prediction & Control: Total Major Type Quantity Rate Direction Secondary Source of Failure (bbls) (bbls/hr) of Flow" Containment Discussion : "Attach i m p if appropriate. Name oí facility Operator (Part I) Page 2 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 27. A P I BULLmDLb 8’7 W 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 0 8 7 3 2 4 4 W PART I GENERAL INFORMATION [Response t o statements sliozild be : YES,NO, or N A (Not Applicable).] 8. Containment or diversionary structures or equipment to prevent oil from reaching navigable waters are practicable. (If NO, complete Attachment #2.) 9. Inspections and Records A. The required inspections follow written procedures. B. The written procedures and a record of inspections, signed by the appropriate supervisor OF inspector, are attached. Discussion : 10. Personnel Training and Spill Prevention Procedures A. Personnel are properly instructed in the following : (1) operation and maintenance of equipment to prevent oil discharges, and (2) applicable pollution control laws, rules, and regulations. Describe procedures emploxed for instruction : E. Scheduled prevention briefings for the operating personnel are conducted fre- quently enough to assure adequate understanding of t h e SPCC Plan. Describe briefing program : Name of facility Operator (Part I) Page 3 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services o
  • 28. A. Facility Drainage I. Drainage from diked storage areas is controlled ás follows (include operating description of valves, pumps, ejectors, etc. (Note: Flappe?-type valves should not be used): 2. Drainage from undiked areas is controlled as follows (include description of ponds, lagoons, or catchment basins and methods of retaining and returning oil to facility) : 3. The procedure for supervising the drainage of rain water from secondary containment into a storm drain or an open watercourse is as follows (include description of (a) inspection for pollutants, and (b) method of valving security). (A record of inspection and drainage events is to be maintained on a form similar to Attachment #3) : Name of facility Operator (Part 11, Alternate A) Page 1 of 5COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 29. _I API BULL*DLb 89 W 0732290 0087326 8 W PART II, ALTERNATE A DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) [Response to statements should be: YES, NO, OY N A (Not Applicable).] E. Bulk Storage Tanks 1. Describe tank design, materials of construction, fail-safe engineering features, and if needed, corrosion protection : 2. Describe secondary containment design, construction materials, and volume.: 3. Describe tank inspection methods, procedures, and record keeping : 4. Internal heating coil leakage is controlled by one OF more of the following control factors : (a) Monitoring the steam return or exhaust lines for oil, Describe monitoring procedure : (b) Passing the steam return or exhaust lines through a settling tank, skimmer, or other separation system. (c) Installing external heating systems. 5. Disposal facilities for plant effluents discharged into navigable waters are observed frequently for indication of possible upsets which may cause an oil spill event. Describe method and frequency of observations : Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alternate A) Page 2 of 5COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 30. I A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 W 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0 0 8 7 3 2 7 T W PART II, ALTERNATE A DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) [Response to statements sliodd be :YES,NO, or N A (Not Applicable).] C. Facility Transfer Operations, Pumping, and In-plant Process I. Corrosion protection for buried pipelines : (a) Pipelines are wrapped and coated to reduce corrosion. (b) Cathodic protection is provided for pipelines if determined necessary by elec- trolytic testing. (c) When a pipeline section is exposed, it is examined and corrective action taken as necessary. 2. Pipeline terminal connections are capped o r blank-flanged and marked if the pipe- Ilne is not in service or on standby service for extended periods. Describe criteria for determining when to can or blank-flange : 3. Pipe supports are designed to minimize abrasion and corrosion and allow for expansion and contraction. Describe nine sunnort design : ~ ~~~ 4. Describe procedures for reguIarly examining all above-ground valves and pipelines (includ- ing flange joints, valve glands and bodies, catch pans, pipeline supports, locking of valves, and metal surfaces) : 5. Describe procedures for warning vehicles entering the facility to avoid damaging above- ground piping : ~ Name of facility Operator (Part 1 , Alternate A) Page 3 of 5 1COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 31. - A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 W 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 0 8 7 3 2 8 I W PART II, ALTERNATE A DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) [Response to statements should be : YES,NO, or N A (Not Applicable).] D. Facility Tank Car & Tank Truck Loading/Unloading Rack Tank car and tank truck loading/unloading occurs at the facility. (If YES, complete 1thioúgh 5 below.) I 1. Loading/unloading procedures meet the minimum requirements and regulations of the Department of Transportation (refer to 49 CFR Parts 171,173,174,177, and1 79). 2. The unloading area has a quick drainagesystem. 3. The containment system will hold the maximum capacity of any single compart- ment of a tank truck loaded/unloaded in the plant. Describe containment system design, construction materials, and volume : 4. An interlocked warning light, a physical barrier system, or warning signs are pro- vided in loading/unloading areas to prevent vehicular departure before disconnect of transfer lines. Describe methods, procedures, and/or equipment used to prevent premature vehicular departure : 5. Drains and outlets on tank trucks and tank cars are checked for leakage before loading/unloading or departure. Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alteriiatc A) Page 4 of 5COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 32. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0087329 3 PART II, ALTERNATE A DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE FACILITY (EXCLUDING PRODUCTION) [Response t o statements shozild be: YES,NO, OT N.4 (Not Applicable).] E. Security 1. Plants handling, processing, or storing oil are fenced. -___ 2. Entrance gates are locked and/or guarded when the plant is unattended or not in production. 3. Any valves which permit direct outward flow of a tank’s contents are locked closed when in non-operating or standby status. 4. Starter controls on all oil pumps iñ non-operating or standby status are : (a) locked in the off position; (b) located at site accessible only to authorized personnel. 5. Discussion of items 1 through 4 as appropriate: 6. Discussion of the lighting around the facility: Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alternate A) Page 5 of 5COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 33. ~ ~~ A P I BULLmDLb 8 9 W 0732290 0087330 T ( P ~ M completing Part I I , Alternate B, Tefel. to regulations and instmctions page 7.) to PART II, ALTERNATE B DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE OIL PRODUCTION FACILITY [Response to statements shozikl be : YES,NO, OT N A (Not Applicable).] A. Facility Drainage I. Drainage from diked storage areas is controlled as follows (include operating description of valves, pumps, ejectors, etc.) : I 2. The procedure for supervising the drainage of rain water from secondary containment into a storm drain or an open watercourse is as follows (include description of (a) inspection for pollutants, and (b) method of valving security). (A record of inspection and drainage events is to be maintained on a form similar to Attachment *ô) . : .. I 3. Field drainage ditches, road ditches, and oil traps, sumps, or skimmers, if such exist, are inspected at regularly scheduled intervals for accumulations of oil. Describe inspection procedures, intervals, and methods employed to remove oil : I I E. Bulk Storage Tanks I 1. Describe tank design, materials of construction, and fail-safe engineering features : Name of facility n--%.-A--. (Part Ir, Alteriiate B) Page 1 of 2COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 34. _I__-____ A P I BULL*DLb 89 m 0732290 0087333 3 m PART II, ALTERNATE B DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION ONSHORE OIL PRODUCTION FACILITY [Response t o statements slioiild be: YES,NO,or N A (Not Applicable).] 2. Describe secondary containment design, construction materials, and volume : 3. Describe tank examination methods and procedures : C. Facility Transfer Operations 1. Describe scheduled basis for examinations of above-ground valves and pipelines and salt water disposal facilities : 2. Describe flowline maintenance program to prevent spills : D. Oil Drilling and Workover Facilities 1. A blowout preventer (BOP) assembly and well control system is installed before drilling below any casing string and, as required during workover operations. 2. The BOP assembly is capable of controlling any expected wellhead pressure. 3. Casing and BOP installations conform to state regulations. Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alternate B) Page 2 of 2COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 35. A P I BULL*DLb 87 m 0732270 0087332 3 = (PT~OT completing Part I I , Alternate G, refer to regulations and instructions page 8.) to PART II, ALTERNATE C DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORICOVER FACILITY [Response to statements should b e : YES,N O , o r N A ( N o t Applicable).] A. Facility Drainage 1 Oil drainage and collection equipment is used to catch small oil leakage around . pumps, glands, valves, flanges, expansion joints, hoses, drain lines, separators, treaters, tanks, etc. 2. Drains direct all oil to a central sump or equivalent. 3. Where drains and sumps are not practicable, oil collection equipment is emptied as often as necessary to prevent overflow. Discuss frequency of surveillance and removal of oil from collection equipment : E. Sump System A sump system is used at this facility. (If YES, complete 1and 2 below.) I. Describe operation of sump and drain liquid removal system: 2. Describe preventive maintenance inspection, test program, and record keeping : Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alternate C) Page 1 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 36. A P I BULL*DLb 8 9 W 0732290 0087333 5 W PART II, ALTERNATE C DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORKOVER FACILITY [Response to statements sìiozilù be : YES,N O , or N A (Not Applicable).] C. Separator and Treater Dump Valves In aseas where pollution risk is high as a result of dump valve failure is the predom- inant mode of failure in the closed position? If YES, describe safety equipment and procedures used to prevent oil discharges to the water when dump valve failure occurs : D. Tanks Describe equipment used to prevent oil discharges (include discussion of corrosion protection measures) : E. Pollution Prevention Equipment and Systems Written inspection and testing proceduses for pollution prevention equipment and systems are shown on Attachment #4. F. Well Control Systems and Equipment 1. Ps.oduc.ing Welk. Types of surface and subsurface shut-in valves and devices utilized at this facility are descsibed as to the method of operation and control on Attachment #5. 2. Ds.illing and Workover Operations. A blowout preventer (BOP) assembly and well control system is installed before drilling below any casing string and, as required during workover operations. Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alteriiate C) Page 2 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 37. PART II, ALTERNATE C DESIGN AND OPERATING INFORMATION OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORKOVER FACILITY [Response to statements should be: YES, NO, w N A ( N o t Applicable).] 2. The BOP assembly is capable of controlling any expected wellhead pressure. 3. Casing and BOP installations conform to applicable rules and regulations. G. Written Instructions for Contractors I. Written instructions discussing duties and obligations to prevent pollution are prepared for contractors servicing a well or systems appurtenant to a well or pressure vessels. 2. These instructions are maintained at the offshore facility. 3. An authorized representative of the owner or operator is present under certain cir- cumstances and conditions to intervene when necessary to prevent a spill event. H. Flowlines 1. All headers have check valves on individual flowlines. 2. Where the shut-in well pressure is greater than the working pressure of the flowline, manifold valves, and flowline header valves, the flowline shall have a high pressure sensing device and shut-in valve at the wellhead to prevent over- pressuring (unless a pressure relief system is provided). I, Pipelines 1. Describe corrosion protection measures for pipelines within the facility : I 2. Submarine pipelines connected to the facility are adequately protected against environmental stresses and fishing operations. 3. Describe submarine pipeline inspection-f or-failure procedures and record keeping : Name of facility Operator (Part II, Alternate C) Page 3 of 3COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 38. A P I B U L L * D L b 87 m 0732270 0087335 7 m SPCC PLAN, ATTACHMENT #1 SPILL HISTORY (Complete this form for any reportable spill(s) which has (have) occurred from this facility during the twelve months prior to January IO,1974 into navigable water.) 1. Date Volume Cause : Corrective action taken : Plans for preventing recurrence : 2. Date Volume Cause : Corrective action taken : Plans for preventing recurrence : 3. Date Volume Cause : Corrective action taken : Plans for preventing recurrence : Name of facility OperatorCOPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services (Attachment #i, SPCC Plan) o
  • 39. A P I BULL*DLb 89 m 0 7 3 2 2 7 0 0087336 O m SPCC PLAN, ATTACHMENT #2 OIL SPILL CONTINGENCY PLANS AND WRITTEN COMMITMENT OF MANPOWER, EQUIPMENT, AND MATERIALS Secondary containment or diversionary structures are impracticable for this facility for the fol- lowing reasons (attach additional pages if necessary) : A strong oil spill contingency plan is attached. A written commitment of manpower, equipment, and materials is attached. Name of facility Operator (Attachment #2, SPCC Plan)COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 40. A P I BULLmDLb 87 W 0 7 3 2 2 9 0 0 0 8 7 3 3 7 2 W SPCC PLAN, ATTACHMENT #3 ONSHORE FAGILITY BULK STORAGE TANKS DRAINAGE SYSTEM Inspection Procedure : Record of drainage, bypassing, inspection, and oil removal from secondary containment : Date of Date of Bypassing Date of Supervisor’s or Drainage Open Closed Inspection -~ Oil Removal Inspector’s Signature Name of facility Operator (Attachment #3, SPCC Plan)COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 41. A P I BULLmD1.b 89 = O732290 0087338 4 SPCC PLAN, ATTACHMENT #4 OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORKOVER FACILITY POLLUTION PREVENTION EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS Pollution Prevention Equipment: Description Inspection Procedures Test Procedures Supervisor’s or Inspection Inspector’s or Test Date Condition Action Taken Signature Name of facility Operator (Attachment #4, SPCC Plan)COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services
  • 42. --- - ~~ ~ ~ API B U L L x D L b 87 0732290 0087339 b W SPCC PLAN ATTACHMENT # 5 OFFSHORE OIL DRILLING, PRODUCTION, OR WORKOVER FACILITY WELL CONTROL SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT List type(s) of surface and subsui-face well shut-in valves and devices used to maintain control of wells, showing (a) method of activation and control, and (b) description: Method of Activation Item and Control Description Name of facility (Attachment #5, SPCC Plaii)COPYRIGHT American Petroleum InstituteLicensed by Information Handling Services