3 functions 1. creates possessives 2. shows contractions 3. creates some plural forms The Apostrophe: ’
1. Possessive forms 1. It creates possessive forms for singular and plural nouns, especially nouns referring to people. the manager ’s report our customer ’s order my colleague ’s brother Mr. Lin ’s trip
Possessives ending in “s” You decide whether to use another “s” after an apostrophe when a noun already ends in “s.” Charles ’ s company Charles ’ c ompany Socrates ’ i deas Illinois ’ governor Don’t add another “s” after an apostrophe in multisyllable words that ending in “s”
Inaminate possessive The possessive of an inanimate object, usually takes an “of phrase” but an apostrophe possessive is not impossible. the feeling in the room a year ’ s salary my heart ’ s desire your money ’ s worth
Possessive of plural It forms the possessive of a plural noun. First, pluralize it and then, add the apostrophe. The Wangs ’ business customers ’ expectations The men ’ s room Use it before the “s” with an irregular plural.
2. contractions 2. It shows contractions, where something is left out. I am employed. = I ’ m employed . They have been working on the report. = They ’ ve been working on the report. I could have danced all night.= I could ’ ve danced all night. The Apostrophe: ’
More contractions More contractions: Let us go. = Let’s go. Who is there? = Who’s there? It is Nora. = It’s Nora. It’s is a contraction for “it is”; the possessive of it is its (no apostrophe).
3.Plural digits and letters 3. It is used to form the plural of digits and letters. . . The word Mississippi has four s ’ s . Her daughter got three A ’ s and three B ’ s . She wrote all her t ’ s very carefully. The Apostrophe: ’
dates . . . and to show omission of a number in a date: fall of ’ 86 class of ’ 69
Properly using the apostrophe will make your writing easier to understand.
BEST info This presentation is especially created for you by Nora 恩沛 2738 0770 0910 311 516 [email_address] CausingtheSongtoSing copyright March 2005