Grammar: 8 parts of speech


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Grammar: 8 parts of speech

  1. 1. 8 parts of speech 8 Parts of Speech
  2. 2. 8 Parts of Speech prepositions nouns conjunctions adverbs verbs pronouns adjectives interjections
  3. 3. <ul><li>a person </li></ul>noun <ul><li>an idea </li></ul><ul><li>a thing </li></ul><ul><li>a place </li></ul>A noun names
  4. 4. Kinds of Nouns Singular man woman Plural men women Singular Possesive man’s woman’s Plural Possessive men’s women’s Common man woman Proper John Mary
  5. 5. Verb A verb expresses action or helps make a statement
  6. 6. action verbs <ul><li>Action verbs express mental or physical action . </li></ul>She spoke at the annual meeting. He thinks about his wife.
  7. 7. Linking verbs <ul><li>Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it. </li></ul>He has been busy.
  8. 8. Linking verb list Linking Verbs “ be” , taste, feel, sound, look, grow, become, seem, remain, stay, appear Predicate Subject
  9. 9. Every sentence must have a verb! <ul><li>Every sentence </li></ul><ul><li>must </li></ul><ul><li>have a verb </li></ul>!
  10. 10. pronoun <ul><li>A pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Kinds of pronouns Personal I, me, mine you, your, yours she, her, hers, it, its we, us, our, ours they, them, their, theirs myself, yourself Demonstrative this that these those Indefinite anybody, anyone, each either none someone, one, somebody, someplace Interrogative who whom what which whose
  12. 12. adjective <ul><li>An adjective modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. </li></ul>Is that a silk shirt? I have five minutes left. Did you lose your office keys? It answers the questions: Which? What kind? How many?
  13. 13. adverb <ul><li>An adverb modifies or describes a verb, adjective or another adverb. It answers the question: </li></ul>How? When ? Where? What degree or how much? It is too humid! They went there. She left yesterday. He talked quickly.
  14. 14. Interrogative adverbs How did you solve the problem? When is the next the trade show? How often do you revise the price list? Where did you put the marketing report? Interrogative adverbs introduce questions.
  15. 15. preposition A preposition introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning as a noun. The word or word group the preposition introduces is its object . They received an email from Jenny telling about her trip to Bali.
  16. 16. examples preposition noun pronoun object of preposition You can press those leaves under glass. Her email to Jack and Sophia brought good news. It improved during the last quarter. } can have more than one object object can have modifiers
  17. 17. List <ul><li>common prepositions </li></ul>aboard about above across after against along among around at before behind below beside between beyond by down during except for from in into like of off on over past since through through throughout to toward under until up upon with within without
  18. 18. conjunction A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words . and or but either/or neither/nor
  19. 19. interjection Goodness ! What a lot of work you have ! Wow! You did a fantastic job ! An interjection is an exclamation that expresses emotion.
  20. 20. BEST info This presentation is especially created for you by Nora 恩沛 2738 0770 0910 311 516 Located near 101 [email_address] CausingtheSongtoSing copyright March 2005