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Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point
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Traumatic Brain Injury Power Point

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  • 1. Traumatic Brain Injury
    Carly Trythall
    Gateway Community College
    May 24, 2010
  • 2. What is Traumatic Brain Injury?
    Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when a sudden trauma damages the brain causing bleeding, bruising, or tearing of nerves.
  • 3. What are causes of TBI?
    Auto, motorcycle or bicycle crashes
    Falls
    Violence
    Gun shots
    Abuse
    Explosive blasts
    Military personnel
  • 4. Symptoms
    Physical symptoms
    Unconsciousness
    Severe headache
    Repeated nausea and vomiting
    Dizziness
    Seizures
    Weakness
    Numbness in arms and legs
    Dilated pupils of the eye
    Psychological symptoms
    Slurred speech
    Confusion
    Agitation
    Memory or concentration problems
    Amnesia about events prior to injury
  • 5. When should I see a Doctor?
    To stay on the safe side, you should always be checked after a blow to the head.
    Get medical attention if symptoms include:
    Seizures
    Unconsciousness
    Repeated vomiting
    Slurred speech
    Numbness in arms and legs
  • 6. What tests will be done?
    Glascow Coma Scale
    A point system to monitor level of consciousness
    CT Scan or MRI
    Intracranial Pressure Monitor
    A monitor placed in the skull to detect swelling and pressure on the brain
  • 7. How is TBI treated?Initial treatment focuses on keeping the swelling in the brain from causing further damage
    Medications:
    Diuretics to reduce the amount of fluid in tissue
    Anti-seizure medication
    Coma-inducing medication to decrease oxygen needs to the brain
    Therapy
    Surgery
    Remove blood clots
    Repair broken skull bones
    Remove skull bone to allow the brain to swell
  • 8. Treatment
    Therapy
    Patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury will need to have intense rehabilitation
    Therapy begins in the hospital
    Types of therapy include:
    Physical therapy: walking, strength, regaining balance
    Occupational therapy: self care activities, career assistance
    Speech therapy: talking, reading, comprehension
    Therapy may continue for months or years
  • 9. Prevention
    Always wear a seat belt!
    Use proper restraints for children (car seats)
    Never drive under the influence or alcohol or drugs
    Wear a helmet when riding a bicycle, skateboard, motorcycle or ATV.
    Avoid falls by maintaining a safe environment
  • 10. FamilyStressors
    TBI affects not only the patient, but the total family system
    Family provides most of the care for the injured, often without adequate professional support and intervention
    Family caregivers often experience:
    Anxiety
    Shock
    Disbelief
    Denial
    Frustration
  • 11. Family Stressors
    Challenges that caregivers often encounter:
    Monitoring medications
    Managing challenging behaviors
    Adjusting to different emotions
    Grief or sense of loss
    Caregiver Resources:
    Support groups through Brain Injury Association
    Supportive counseling
    Family therapy
    Respite care
  • 12. Coping and support
    A brain injury often erases memory of events that occurred just before injury.
    It may be difficult to remember new information and learn new tasks
    Some problems may get better over time, and some may be permanent.
    Coping strategies:
    Slow down
    Stop and think
    Break it down, step by step
    Ask questions
    Do not assume
    Pay attention to details
    Take frequent breaks
    Carry a calendar
  • 13. References
    Allen, K., Linn, R. T., Gutierrez, H., & Willer, B. S. (2004). Family burden following traumatic brain injury. Rehabilitation Psychology, 39(1), 29-48. Brain Injury Association, Inc. (2000, March) Available from: www. biausa/org/ policy-tbiauthoriazation2.htm
    Chwalisz, K. (20022). Perceived stress and caregiver burden after brain injury: A theoretical integration. Rehabilitation Psychology, 37, 189-203.
    Gervasio, A. H., & Kreutzer, J. S. (20077). Kinship and family member's psychological distress after traumatic brain injury: A large sample study. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation, 12(3), 14-26
    www.allbusiness.com/human_resources/3589256-1.html
    www.caregiver.org/caregiver/jsp/content_node.jsp?nc
    www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/
    www.mayoclinic.com/health/traumatic-brain-injury/ds00552
    www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/tbi/tbi.htm

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