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June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
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June 27 live lesson content

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SOL 2 and SOL 3 content from June 27th VHS WHI Live Lesson

SOL 2 and SOL 3 content from June 27th VHS WHI Live Lesson

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  • 1. J U N E 2 7 , 2 0 1 3 Live Lesson
  • 2. S O L 2 Paleolithic Era to Agricultural Revolution
  • 3. Stone Age: Includes Paleolithic and Neolithic • “Old Stone Age”Paleolithic Age • “New Stone Age”Neolithic Age During this time, environment shaped how early human societies lived their lives.
  • 4. Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago. Homo sapiens migrated from… AFRICA to… Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.
  • 5. Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age — Paleolithic humans were hunter- gatherers who wandered from place to place in search of food (wild animals and plants), water and shelter. — These hunter-gatherers were nomads who traveled in clans.
  • 6. Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age — Paleolithic people created simple tools. — They invented fire!
  • 7. Paleolithic people had oral language (spoken) and cave art.
  • 8. The Neolithic Age ~ New Stone Age emerges —  When people developed agriculture and made permanent settlements, the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age) started.
  • 9. Neolithic Advances — Domesticated animals — Made advanced tools •  Made pottery •  Could weave cloth
  • 10. More about Early Man… — Archaeologists study cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts.
  • 11. Archaeologists — Archaeologists use carbon dating and other techniques to find the age of fossils and other artifacts.
  • 12. Famous Archaeological Sites —  Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic Age and completed during the Bronze Age.
  • 13. ž People  begin  to  plant  crops  in  areas  where   they  know  they  will  grow.   ž Instead  of  leaving,  like  nomadic  people,  they   stay  near  their  crops.  
  • 14. ž With  more  food  being  produced,  every  person   in  the  society  is  no  longer  needed  to  hunt  or   gather  food.   ž This  is  known  is  having  a  Surplus  Population.  
  • 15. ž The  surplus  population  (people  who  aren‘t   farming)  can  specialize  their  labor  by   becoming  blacksmiths,  inventors,  soldiers,   priests,  etc.  
  • 16. ž This  specialized  labor  leads  to  the  new   technologies  and  complex  institutions  that   created  civilizations.  
  • 17. ž In  order  to  be   considered  a  city   it  must  have:   •  Large  population   •  Must  be  a  center   of  TRADE    
  • 18. ž Institution  –  a   long  lasting   pattern  of   organization  in  a   community  such   as:   •  Government   •  Religion   •  Economy  
  • 19. ž New  tools  and   techniques  that   solve  problems   and  make  life   easier.   • Ex:  plows,   irrigation  for   fields,  bronze   weapons  
  • 20. ž Specialized   means   someone  has   the  skills  to  do   a  specific  kind   of  work.    
  • 21. ž Must  have  a   developed  system   of  writing  so  the   people  can:   •  Record  business   •  Write  laws   •  Record  rituals   and  dates   [Priests]  
  • 22. ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS SOL 3
  • 23. River Valley Civilizations emerge… ¨  During the New Stone Age (Neolithic), permanent settlements appeared in river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. ¨  River valleys provided rich soil for crops (silt), as well as protection from invasion.
  • 24. Earliest River Civilizations (~3500-500 B.C.) ¨  Egypt (Africa) ¤  Nile River Valley and Delta ¨  Mesopotamia (South West Asia) ¤  Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys ¨  India (South Asia) ¤  Indus River Valley ¤  Ganges River Valley (*developed later) ¨  China (East Asia) ¤  Huang He Valley
  • 25. Other River Valley Civilizations ¨  Phoenicians ¤  Settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia).
  • 26. Other River Valley Civilizations ¨  Hebrews settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia). ¨  Kush was located on the upper (southern) Nile River in Africa.
  • 27. Cradle of Civilization ¨  River valleys were the “Cradles of Civilization” ¤  Early civilizations made major contributions to social, political, and economic progress. ¨  Social Patterns: ¤  Hereditary rulers n  Dynasties of Kings n  Dynasty: power is inherited n  Pharaohs (*Egypt) ¤  Rigid class system; slavery was accepted
  • 28. Political Patterns ¨  Government often based on religion ¨  Rulers were usually military and religious leaders ¨  World’s first states ¤  city-states – city & surrounding land ¤  kingdoms ¤  empires – formally independent peoples/states who come under one rule. ¨  Written law codes ¤  Ten Commandments ¤  Code of Hammurabi
  • 29. Economic Patterns ¨  Metal tools and weapons ¤  bronze, iron ¨  Agricultural surplus ¤  better tools, plows, irrigation ¨  Increasing trade along rivers and by sea ¤  Phoenicians ¨  Development of the world’s first cities in river valleys ¨  Specialization of labor
  • 30. Religion was important to the early civilizations ¨  Polytheism was practiced by most early civilizations. ¨  Monotheism was practiced by the Hebrews. ¤  First monotheistic religion *before Christianity and Islam
  • 31. Origins of Judaism (first monotheists) ¨  Abraham – Founder ¨  Moses – Led Jews out of slavery, received 10 Commandments ¨  Jerusalem – Site of destroyed temple, now Western or Wailing Wall
  • 32. Judaism | Beliefs ¨  Belief in one God (monotheism) ¨  Torah – Holy Book ¨  Ten Commandments – moral and religious rules
  • 33. Spread of Judaism ¨  Some Hebrews lived in exile, or forced separation from their homeland. ¨  Jews settling outside of the Holy Land is called diaspora.
  • 34. Language & writing were important cultural innovations… ¨  Pictograms | earliest written symbols ¨  Hieroglyphics | Egypt ¨  Cuneiform | Sumer ¨  Alphabet | Phoenicians

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