J U N E 2 7 , 2 0 1 3
Live Lesson
S O L 2
Paleolithic Era to
Agricultural Revolution
Stone Age: Includes Paleolithic and Neolithic
• “Old Stone Age”Paleolithic
Age
• “New Stone Age”Neolithic
Age
During this ...
Homo sapiens emerged in Africa
between 100,000 and 400,000
years ago.
Homo sapiens
migrated
from…
AFRICA
to…
Eurasia,
Aust...
Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age
— Paleolithic humans were hunter-
gatherers who wandered from place to
place in search of...
Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age
— Paleolithic
people
created
simple tools.
— They invented
fire!
Paleolithic people had oral
language (spoken) and cave art.
The Neolithic Age ~ New Stone Age emerges
—  When people developed agriculture and made
permanent settlements, the Neolit...
Neolithic Advances
— Domesticated animals
— Made advanced tools
•  Made pottery
•  Could weave cloth
More about Early Man…
— Archaeologists study cultures by
locating and analyzing human remains,
fossils, and artifacts.
Archaeologists
— Archaeologists use carbon dating and
other techniques to find the age of
fossils and other artifacts.
Famous Archaeological Sites
—  Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site
in England that was begun during the Ne...
ž People	
  begin	
  to	
  plant	
  crops	
  in	
  areas	
  where	
  
they	
  know	
  they	
  will	
  grow.	
  
ž Instea...
ž With	
  more	
  food	
  being	
  produced,	
  every	
  person	
  
in	
  the	
  society	
  is	
  no	
  longer	
  needed	...
ž The	
  surplus	
  population	
  (people	
  who	
  aren‘t	
  
farming)	
  can	
  specialize	
  their	
  labor	
  by	
  
...
ž This	
  specialized	
  labor	
  leads	
  to	
  the	
  new	
  
technologies	
  and	
  complex	
  institutions	
  that	
 ...
ž In	
  order	
  to	
  be	
  
considered	
  a	
  city	
  
it	
  must	
  have:	
  
•  Large	
  population	
  
•  Must	
  b...
ž Institution	
  –	
  a	
  
long	
  lasting	
  
pattern	
  of	
  
organization	
  in	
  a	
  
community	
  such	
  
as:	
...
ž New	
  tools	
  and	
  
techniques	
  that	
  
solve	
  problems	
  
and	
  make	
  life	
  
easier.	
  
• Ex:	
  plows...
ž Specialized	
  
means	
  
someone	
  has	
  
the	
  skills	
  to	
  do	
  
a	
  specific	
  kind	
  
of	
  work.	
  	
  
ž Must	
  have	
  a	
  
developed	
  system	
  
of	
  writing	
  so	
  the	
  
people	
  can:	
  
•  Record	
  business	
...
ANCIENT RIVER
VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS
SOL 3
River Valley Civilizations emerge…
¨  During the New Stone
Age (Neolithic),
permanent settlements
appeared in river
valle...
Earliest River Civilizations
(~3500-500 B.C.)
¨  Egypt (Africa)
¤  Nile River Valley and Delta
¨  Mesopotamia (South We...
Other River Valley Civilizations
¨  Phoenicians
¤  Settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of
Fertile Crescent in So...
Other River Valley Civilizations
¨  Hebrews settled between the Mediterranean
Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of
Fe...
Cradle of Civilization
¨  River valleys were the “Cradles of Civilization”
¤  Early civilizations made major contributio...
Political Patterns
¨  Government often based on religion
¨  Rulers were usually military and
religious leaders
¨  World...
Economic Patterns
¨  Metal tools and weapons
¤  bronze, iron
¨  Agricultural surplus
¤  better tools, plows, irrigatio...
Religion was important to the early
civilizations
¨  Polytheism was practiced by most early
civilizations.
¨  Monotheism...
Origins of Judaism
(first monotheists)
¨  Abraham – Founder
¨  Moses – Led Jews out of slavery, received 10
Commandments...
Judaism | Beliefs
¨  Belief in one God (monotheism)
¨  Torah – Holy Book
¨  Ten Commandments – moral and religious
rules
Spread of Judaism
¨  Some Hebrews lived in exile, or forced
separation from their homeland.
¨  Jews settling outside of ...
Language & writing were important
cultural innovations…
¨  Pictograms | earliest written symbols
¨  Hieroglyphics | Egyp...
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
June 27 live lesson content
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SOL 2 and SOL 3 content from June 27th VHS WHI Live Lesson

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June 27 live lesson content

  1. 1. J U N E 2 7 , 2 0 1 3 Live Lesson
  2. 2. S O L 2 Paleolithic Era to Agricultural Revolution
  3. 3. Stone Age: Includes Paleolithic and Neolithic • “Old Stone Age”Paleolithic Age • “New Stone Age”Neolithic Age During this time, environment shaped how early human societies lived their lives.
  4. 4. Homo sapiens emerged in Africa between 100,000 and 400,000 years ago. Homo sapiens migrated from… AFRICA to… Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas.
  5. 5. Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age — Paleolithic humans were hunter- gatherers who wandered from place to place in search of food (wild animals and plants), water and shelter. — These hunter-gatherers were nomads who traveled in clans.
  6. 6. Paleolithic Age ~ Old Stone Age — Paleolithic people created simple tools. — They invented fire!
  7. 7. Paleolithic people had oral language (spoken) and cave art.
  8. 8. The Neolithic Age ~ New Stone Age emerges —  When people developed agriculture and made permanent settlements, the Neolithic Age (New Stone Age) started.
  9. 9. Neolithic Advances — Domesticated animals — Made advanced tools •  Made pottery •  Could weave cloth
  10. 10. More about Early Man… — Archaeologists study cultures by locating and analyzing human remains, fossils, and artifacts.
  11. 11. Archaeologists — Archaeologists use carbon dating and other techniques to find the age of fossils and other artifacts.
  12. 12. Famous Archaeological Sites —  Stonehenge is an example of an archaeological site in England that was begun during the Neolithic Age and completed during the Bronze Age.
  13. 13. ž People  begin  to  plant  crops  in  areas  where   they  know  they  will  grow.   ž Instead  of  leaving,  like  nomadic  people,  they   stay  near  their  crops.  
  14. 14. ž With  more  food  being  produced,  every  person   in  the  society  is  no  longer  needed  to  hunt  or   gather  food.   ž This  is  known  is  having  a  Surplus  Population.  
  15. 15. ž The  surplus  population  (people  who  aren‘t   farming)  can  specialize  their  labor  by   becoming  blacksmiths,  inventors,  soldiers,   priests,  etc.  
  16. 16. ž This  specialized  labor  leads  to  the  new   technologies  and  complex  institutions  that   created  civilizations.  
  17. 17. ž In  order  to  be   considered  a  city   it  must  have:   •  Large  population   •  Must  be  a  center   of  TRADE    
  18. 18. ž Institution  –  a   long  lasting   pattern  of   organization  in  a   community  such   as:   •  Government   •  Religion   •  Economy  
  19. 19. ž New  tools  and   techniques  that   solve  problems   and  make  life   easier.   • Ex:  plows,   irrigation  for   fields,  bronze   weapons  
  20. 20. ž Specialized   means   someone  has   the  skills  to  do   a  specific  kind   of  work.    
  21. 21. ž Must  have  a   developed  system   of  writing  so  the   people  can:   •  Record  business   •  Write  laws   •  Record  rituals   and  dates   [Priests]  
  22. 22. ANCIENT RIVER VALLEY CIVILIZATIONS SOL 3
  23. 23. River Valley Civilizations emerge… ¨  During the New Stone Age (Neolithic), permanent settlements appeared in river valleys and around the Fertile Crescent. ¨  River valleys provided rich soil for crops (silt), as well as protection from invasion.
  24. 24. Earliest River Civilizations (~3500-500 B.C.) ¨  Egypt (Africa) ¤  Nile River Valley and Delta ¨  Mesopotamia (South West Asia) ¤  Tigris and Euphrates River Valleys ¨  India (South Asia) ¤  Indus River Valley ¤  Ganges River Valley (*developed later) ¨  China (East Asia) ¤  Huang He Valley
  25. 25. Other River Valley Civilizations ¨  Phoenicians ¤  Settled along the Mediterranean coast (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia).
  26. 26. Other River Valley Civilizations ¨  Hebrews settled between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River Valley (part of Fertile Crescent in Southwest Asia). ¨  Kush was located on the upper (southern) Nile River in Africa.
  27. 27. Cradle of Civilization ¨  River valleys were the “Cradles of Civilization” ¤  Early civilizations made major contributions to social, political, and economic progress. ¨  Social Patterns: ¤  Hereditary rulers n  Dynasties of Kings n  Dynasty: power is inherited n  Pharaohs (*Egypt) ¤  Rigid class system; slavery was accepted
  28. 28. Political Patterns ¨  Government often based on religion ¨  Rulers were usually military and religious leaders ¨  World’s first states ¤  city-states – city & surrounding land ¤  kingdoms ¤  empires – formally independent peoples/states who come under one rule. ¨  Written law codes ¤  Ten Commandments ¤  Code of Hammurabi
  29. 29. Economic Patterns ¨  Metal tools and weapons ¤  bronze, iron ¨  Agricultural surplus ¤  better tools, plows, irrigation ¨  Increasing trade along rivers and by sea ¤  Phoenicians ¨  Development of the world’s first cities in river valleys ¨  Specialization of labor
  30. 30. Religion was important to the early civilizations ¨  Polytheism was practiced by most early civilizations. ¨  Monotheism was practiced by the Hebrews. ¤  First monotheistic religion *before Christianity and Islam
  31. 31. Origins of Judaism (first monotheists) ¨  Abraham – Founder ¨  Moses – Led Jews out of slavery, received 10 Commandments ¨  Jerusalem – Site of destroyed temple, now Western or Wailing Wall
  32. 32. Judaism | Beliefs ¨  Belief in one God (monotheism) ¨  Torah – Holy Book ¨  Ten Commandments – moral and religious rules
  33. 33. Spread of Judaism ¨  Some Hebrews lived in exile, or forced separation from their homeland. ¨  Jews settling outside of the Holy Land is called diaspora.
  34. 34. Language & writing were important cultural innovations… ¨  Pictograms | earliest written symbols ¨  Hieroglyphics | Egypt ¨  Cuneiform | Sumer ¨  Alphabet | Phoenicians
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