Challenge Based Learning 101 Cynthia Treichler Prince William County Schools Wilkes University @cbrown426 email@example.com
CBL in a Nutshell“…a collaborative learning experience inwhich teachers and students worktogether to learn about compellingissues, propose solutions to realproblems, and take action.”Challenge Based Learning: A Classroom GuideImage courtesy of MgKzOSu at rgbstock.com
Why CBL?Image courtesy of mhcsAAK at rgbstock.com
ChallengesCBL taps students’curiosity for learningImage courtesy of Discovery Education
CBL Provides… • A flexible framework with multiple entry points and varied solutions • A focus on global challenges with local solutions • An authentic connection to multiple disciplines • An opportunity to work collaboratively and hone 21st century skills and habits of mindJohnson, Laurence F Smith, Rachel S.; Smythe, J. Troy; Varon, Rachel K. (2009). .; Challenge-Based Learning: An Approach for Our Time. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.Image courtesy of ddpavumba at FreeDigitalPhotos.net
CBL Provides… • The opportunity for students to guide learning and take action • The documentation of the learning experience from challenge to solution • 24/7 access to up-to-date technology tools and resources so students can do their work • The opportunity for the teacher to act as facilitatorJohnson, Laurence F Smith, Rachel S.; Smythe, J. Troy; Varon, Rachel K. (2009). .; Challenge-Based Learning: An Approach for Our Time. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.Image courtesy of ddpavumba at FreeDigitalPhotos.net
Five Minds for the Future Synthesizing Disciplined arraying information to mastery of key subjects make sense to self and others Respectful seeking to understand Ethical differences striving toward good work and good Creating citizenship beyond existing knowledge and syntheses to pose new questionsGardner, Howard. (2007). Five minds for the future. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.
21st Century Skills • Teaches 21st century skills discretely in the context of core subjects and 21st century interdisciplinary themes • Encourages the integration of community resources beyond school wallsPartnership for 21st Century Skills (2011). Framework for 21st century learning. Retrieved from http://www.p21.org
ACOT2 has identified six design principles for the 21st century high schoolhttp://education.apple.com/acot2/principles/
“Educators must become more thaninformation experts; they must alsobe collaborators in learning…seeking new knowledge alongsidestudents, and modeling positivehabits of mind and new ways ofthinking and learning.” Apple Classrooms of Tomorrow - Today
The Shift Consuming Producing Authority Transparency Expert Facilitator Access to Information Access to People Passive Passionate Presentation Participation Formal Schooling Lifelong LearningHargadon, S. (2008, March 4). Web 2.0 is the future of education [Web log message]. Retrieved from http://www.stevehargadon.com/2008/03/web-20-is-future-of-education.html
CBL From the Lens of a TeacherJohnson, L. and Adams, S., (2011). Challenge Based Learning: The Report from the Implementation Project. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.
CBL From the Lens of a StudentJohnson, L. and Adams, S., (2011). Challenge Based Learning: The Report from the Implementation Project. Austin, Texas: The New Media Consortium.
WHERE CAN I LEARN ABOUT CBL?Image courtesy of Discovery Education
How does CBL work?Image courtesy of Apple Inc.
CBL Framework BIG IDEA• A broad concept that can be explored in multiple ways, is engaging, and has importance to learners, and the larger society Creativity Democracy Sustainability
CBL Framework ESSENTIAL QUESTION• Refine and contextualize the big idea into one essential question• Many possible pathways for investigation• Examples – • How does my water consumption impact my world? • How do my actions impact the air we breathe?Image courtesy of lusi at rgbstock.com
CBL Framework CHALLENGE• Asks learners to create a specific solution that can result in concrete, meaningful action.
Involve citizens in democracy Increase your community’s fitness Reduce waste in the school cafeteria Transform apathy into engagement Increase cultural identify and awareness in our community Improve your wellness Reduce paper use in your schoolImage courtesy of xymonau at rgbstock.com
CBL Framework Guiding Guiding Guiding Questions Activities Resources Help studentsGenerated by the answer the students and guiding questions Focused set of represent the and develop resources that knowledge/skills innovative, support the needed to insightful, and activities and successfully realistic solutions assist studentsdevelop a solution Designed to with developing a Direct the provide guidance solution research on the path to a solution
How do we use water? Calculate YourHow much do we use? Individual WaterHow is water wasted? Footprint Water Sense Quiz from the Environmental Protection Agency: www.epa.gov/ watersense/ water/text.htm • CBL Classroom Guide, p. 29
CBL Framework SOLUTIONS • Each solution should be thoughtful, concrete, actionable, clearly articulated, and presented in a publishable format.Image courtesy of lusi at rgbstock.com
How It Ties Together GuidingChallenge Guiding Solution Activities & Questions Resources Standards and CurriculumCredit: Katie Morrow – ICE 2012 Presentation, slide 67
CBL Framework ASSESSMENT• How will the process be assessed? • Assessing the individual and team process helps capture the development of 21st century skills• How will the solution be assessed? • Assess solutions for: connection to the challenge; accuracy of the content; clarity of communication; applicability for implementation; and efficacy of the idea
CBL Framework PUBLISHING• Students are encouraged to publish their results online and solicit feedback
CBL Exemplar Big Idea: Democracy• Essential Question: • How do we foster participation by all citizens in democracy?• The Challenge: • Increase the involvement of all citizens in democracy.• Guiding Questions: • What are the responsibilities of a citizen? • What are the key elements of a democracy? • What does it mean to be involved in democracy?
CBL Exemplar Big Idea: Democracy• Guiding Activities: • Research the various definitions of citizenship throughout history. • Develop a matrix of citizenship responsibilities. • Interview local and state officials on their definitions of democracy.• Guiding Resources: • Lynn University 2012 Debate iTunesU Curriculum (all grade levels targeted) • http://www.challengebasedlearning.org/download-file/k-12-debate-curriculum.pdf/ ffae6a41.pdf
CBL Exemplar Big Idea: Democracy• Learn more about the challenge here: http://www.challengebasedlearning.org/challenge/view/166
Issue Project Student Examples• Big Idea: • Civic Engagement• Essential Question: • How do our systems of government balance competing interests to create public policy?• Challenge: • Increase awareness of a contemporary issue in the local community.
For more exemplars, visit Apple’sChallenge Based Learning website. https://www.challengebasedlearning.org/challenges
• Grade Levels: • K – 5 | 6 – 8 | 9 – 12• Timeline: • September 15, 2012 – March 5, 2013• Prizes Can Include: $5,000 school grants, assemblies with Discovery Channel talent, green prize packs, and more!• How to Enter: Register online and access free resources, lesson plans, videos, interactive labs and more. • http://wecanchange.discoveryeducation.com/registration/ www.WeCanChange.com
There are multiple entry points within CBL, and this provides YOU with the flexibility to create a challenge that meets the needs of your students.
Share Your Ideas http://goo.gl/jV7lhImage courtesy of rgbstock.com
DIGITAL TOOLS FOR ORGANZING,IMPLEMENTING and MANAGING CBL IN YOUR CLASSROOM
Implementing CBL Apple’s CBL website offers some terrific tools and resources for supporting the process. Check out the Classroom Guide for many reproducible that students and YOU can use.
Technology ExposureGeneration M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds. Kaiser Family Foundation. January 2010. http://www.kff.org/entmedia/mh012010pkg.cfm
Communication Platforms Digital ToolsCollaboration Publishing Platforms Platforms
Create Groups | Highlight, Annotate, and Share http://www.diigo.com/
• Students and teachers can engage in collaborative creation of word processing documents, spreadsheets, and presentations. • Students can use the forms feature in spreadsheets to gather data, conduct surveys, and share resources. • Teachers can use the commenting feature to provide timely feedback to students.Richard Byrne’s Guide to Google Drive and Google Docs: http://goo.gl/qmzR5
• Aggregate student research• Embed group calendars (i.e., Google Calendar)• Embed individual and group responsibilities charts (i.e., Bubbl.us)• Publish solution http://www.wikispaces.com