Pat Aufderheide  Brandon Butler Peter Jaszi FAIR USE AND  STUDENTS
OVERVIEW <ul><li>Why students need to understand fair use </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and its problems </li></ul><ul><li>H...
WHY COPYRIGHT MATTERS TO  YOU
COMMON QUESTIONS:  <ul><li>When is P2P filesharing illegal? </li></ul><ul><li>How much can I quote or excerpt in my homewo...
AND…   <ul><li>What’s the diff copyright infringement/plagiarism? </li></ul><ul><li>Is my work copyrighted? </li></ul><ul>...
THE PURPOSE OF  COPYRIGHT
ONE PURPOSE : TO  PROMOTE  THE CREATION OF CULTURE
By: <ul><ul><li>Rewarding creators with  limited  monopoly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging new makers to use existi...
<ul><li>Plagiarism:   </li></ul><ul><li>Pretending someone else’s work is yours </li></ul><ul><li>(You give no credit!) </...
<ul><li>Yours:  </li></ul><ul><li>I pay you or get permission for use, unless I have a right under an exception </li></ul>...
WHY ARE MONOPOLY RIGHTS LIMITED? <ul><li>All culture created on existing culture (we used to know that) </li></ul><ul><li>...
IMBALANCE  <ul><li>Today’s copyright law and practice tilts toward copyright holders: </li></ul><ul><li>Long copyright ter...
BIGGEST BALANCING FEATURE: FAIR USE  legal, unauthorized use of  copyrighted material--under  some circumstances
FREE SPEECH!  <ul><li>Fair use is a free speech right  </li></ul><ul><li>Private censorship is unconstitutional  </li></ul...
GOOD NEWS… <ul><li>Judges love balancing features </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court: fair use protects free speech </li></ul...
JUDGES ASK: <ul><li>Did you transform the use?  </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use the appropriate amount to satisfy the transf...
“ FOUR FACTORS” <ul><li>Reason for the use  </li></ul><ul><li>Kind of work used  </li></ul><ul><li>Amount used  </li></ul>...
PLUS… Custom and practice of individual creative  communities… ...especially when well-documented
ASK YOURSELF : <ul><li>Did I use this stuff for a new purpose or just to avoid paying for it?  </li></ul><ul><li>Did I use...
ARE YOU WORRIED? <ul><li>Will I get it wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Will I get a bad grade?  </li></ul><ul><li>Will I be accus...
BEST  PRACTICES CODES
COMMUNITIES  INTERPRET FAIR USE: <ul><li>Documentary filmmakers  </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Media litera...
DOCUMENTARY CODE
RESULTS: <ul><li>TV programmers air films </li></ul><ul><li>New kinds of films </li></ul><ul><li>All insurers of errors an...
FILM SCHOLARS
MEDIA   LITERACY  TEACHERS
DANCE ARCHIVISTS
OPEN COURSEWARE
The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries
Librarians Can Use Fair Use to Help Students:
GET COURSE MATERIALS ONLINE (E-RESERVES) .All formats (print, audio, video, etc) Passworded For course use only
GET ACCESS TO OBSOLETE FORMATS For instance, the out-of-circulation video you need for a research project is on VHS, but y...
<ul><li>You can work on your schedule, remotely  </li></ul><ul><li>The library’s original materials aren’t put at risk by ...
GET ACCESS TO THE VERSION THEY NEED, IF DISABLED With appropriate time limits Coordinated with disability services
FILE A COMPLETE VERSION OF A DISSERTATION If the copyrighted material it quotes was employed under fair use
USE INNOVATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES  For instance, using search techniques to comb entire databases for patterns
AND MORE… Ask your librarian for help in making copyright work for you, to protect your work and help you make the best wo...
FAIR USE : Practice  Makes  Practice
MORE  INFORMATION 09/30/09
The code and much more (videos! Presentations! FAQs!) <ul><li>Arl.org/fairuse </li></ul><ul><li>Centerforsocialmedia.org/ ...
Handy Guide to Copyright and Fair Use  09/30/09
Please feel free to share this presentation in its entirety. For excerpting, kindly employ the principles of fair use.
THANK YOU! Andrew W. Mellon Foundation  Research librarians everywhere
CONTACT INFO Pat Aufderheide  [email_address] Brandon Butler [email_address] Peter Jaszi [email_address]
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Fair Use in Academic and Research Libraries - Student Presentation

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  • Fair Use in Academic and Research Libraries - Student Presentation

    1. 1. Pat Aufderheide Brandon Butler Peter Jaszi FAIR USE AND STUDENTS
    2. 2. OVERVIEW <ul><li>Why students need to understand fair use </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright and its problems </li></ul><ul><li>How codes of best practices help </li></ul>
    3. 3. WHY COPYRIGHT MATTERS TO YOU
    4. 4. COMMON QUESTIONS: <ul><li>When is P2P filesharing illegal? </li></ul><ul><li>How much can I quote or excerpt in my homework? </li></ul><ul><li>Is the stuff on my Blackboard/Moodle/Sakai site free for me to use? </li></ul>
    5. 5. AND… <ul><li>What’s the diff copyright infringement/plagiarism? </li></ul><ul><li>Is my work copyrighted? </li></ul><ul><li>And…what other questions do you have? </li></ul>
    6. 6. THE PURPOSE OF COPYRIGHT
    7. 7. ONE PURPOSE : TO PROMOTE THE CREATION OF CULTURE
    8. 8. By: <ul><ul><li>Rewarding creators with limited monopoly </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encouraging new makers to use existing culture </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. <ul><li>Plagiarism: </li></ul><ul><li>Pretending someone else’s work is yours </li></ul><ul><li>(You give no credit!) </li></ul><ul><li>(You took their actual picture or words or something pretty close!) </li></ul>Plagiarism v. Copyright <ul><li>Copyright Infringement: </li></ul><ul><li>Using someone else’s work without permission and without the protection of fair use/other exceptions </li></ul>
    10. 10. <ul><li>Yours: </li></ul><ul><li>I pay you or get permission for use, unless I have a right under an exception </li></ul><ul><li>(Downloading w/out paying= illegal) </li></ul>My limited monopoly… and yours <ul><li>Mine: </li></ul><ul><li>Once I’ve made it, I’ve got a copyright, and you’ll pay/get permission, unless you use an exception </li></ul>
    11. 11. WHY ARE MONOPOLY RIGHTS LIMITED? <ul><li>All culture created on existing culture (we used to know that) </li></ul><ul><li>The First Amendment (no censorship) </li></ul>
    12. 12. IMBALANCE <ul><li>Today’s copyright law and practice tilts toward copyright holders: </li></ul><ul><li>Long copyright terms </li></ul><ul><li>Default copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Many derivative products copyrighted </li></ul><ul><li>Plus…limiting terms of service </li></ul>
    13. 13. BIGGEST BALANCING FEATURE: FAIR USE legal, unauthorized use of copyrighted material--under some circumstances
    14. 14. FREE SPEECH! <ul><li>Fair use is a free speech right </li></ul><ul><li>Private censorship is unconstitutional </li></ul><ul><li>Copyright law encourages speech </li></ul><ul><li>Like other free speech rights, fair use is a case-by-case decision </li></ul><ul><li>Like other free speech rights, it involves risk calculation </li></ul>
    15. 15. GOOD NEWS… <ul><li>Judges love balancing features </li></ul><ul><li>Supreme Court: fair use protects free speech </li></ul><ul><li>Fair use judicial interpretation shifts greatly since 1990 </li></ul>
    16. 16. JUDGES ASK: <ul><li>Did you transform the use? </li></ul><ul><li>Did you use the appropriate amount to satisfy the transformative use? </li></ul>
    17. 17. “ FOUR FACTORS” <ul><li>Reason for the use </li></ul><ul><li>Kind of work used </li></ul><ul><li>Amount used </li></ul><ul><li>Effect on the market </li></ul>
    18. 18. PLUS… Custom and practice of individual creative communities… ...especially when well-documented
    19. 19. ASK YOURSELF : <ul><li>Did I use this stuff for a new purpose or just to avoid paying for it? </li></ul><ul><li>Did I use only the amount needed for the new purpose? </li></ul>
    20. 20. ARE YOU WORRIED? <ul><li>Will I get it wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>Will I get a bad grade? </li></ul><ul><li>Will I be accused of cheating? </li></ul><ul><li>Will I get sued? </li></ul>
    21. 21. BEST PRACTICES CODES
    22. 22. COMMUNITIES INTERPRET FAIR USE: <ul><li>Documentary filmmakers </li></ul><ul><li>Scholars </li></ul><ul><li>Media literacy teachers </li></ul><ul><li>Online video </li></ul><ul><li>Dance collections </li></ul><ul><li>OpenCourseWare </li></ul>
    23. 23. DOCUMENTARY CODE
    24. 24. RESULTS: <ul><li>TV programmers air films </li></ul><ul><li>New kinds of films </li></ul><ul><li>All insurers of errors and omissions insurance now accept fair use claims </li></ul><ul><li>Lawyers use the Statement to build their practices </li></ul>
    25. 25. FILM SCHOLARS
    26. 26. MEDIA LITERACY TEACHERS
    27. 27. DANCE ARCHIVISTS
    28. 28. OPEN COURSEWARE
    29. 29. The Code of Best Practices in Fair Use for Academic and Research Libraries
    30. 30. Librarians Can Use Fair Use to Help Students:
    31. 31. GET COURSE MATERIALS ONLINE (E-RESERVES) .All formats (print, audio, video, etc) Passworded For course use only
    32. 32. GET ACCESS TO OBSOLETE FORMATS For instance, the out-of-circulation video you need for a research project is on VHS, but you need a DVD format
    33. 33. <ul><li>You can work on your schedule, remotely </li></ul><ul><li>The library’s original materials aren’t put at risk by handling </li></ul>ACCESS SPECIAL COLLECTIONS/ ARCHIVES ONLINE
    34. 34. GET ACCESS TO THE VERSION THEY NEED, IF DISABLED With appropriate time limits Coordinated with disability services
    35. 35. FILE A COMPLETE VERSION OF A DISSERTATION If the copyrighted material it quotes was employed under fair use
    36. 36. USE INNOVATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES For instance, using search techniques to comb entire databases for patterns
    37. 37. AND MORE… Ask your librarian for help in making copyright work for you, to protect your work and help you make the best work you can!
    38. 38. FAIR USE : Practice Makes Practice
    39. 39. MORE INFORMATION 09/30/09
    40. 40. The code and much more (videos! Presentations! FAQs!) <ul><li>Arl.org/fairuse </li></ul><ul><li>Centerforsocialmedia.org/ </li></ul><ul><li>fair-use </li></ul><ul><li>Pijip.wcl.edu/libraries </li></ul>09/30/09
    41. 41. Handy Guide to Copyright and Fair Use 09/30/09
    42. 42. Please feel free to share this presentation in its entirety. For excerpting, kindly employ the principles of fair use.
    43. 43. THANK YOU! Andrew W. Mellon Foundation Research librarians everywhere
    44. 44. CONTACT INFO Pat Aufderheide [email_address] Brandon Butler [email_address] Peter Jaszi [email_address]

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