Organizing Ideas


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Directions to create an effective outline.

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  • Organizing Ideas

    1. 1. Organizing Ideas I’ve got this pile of note cards, so now what do I do?
    2. 2. Rationale <ul><li>A good paper has a logical sense of flow (coherence). </li></ul><ul><li>Imagine driving to a place that you’ve never visited before-how would you prepare for that trip? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stop along the way and ask people for directions… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OR </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Get on-line or to a store and get a map… </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. The Answer is Get a Map <ul><li>Just as a map gives driving directions, outlines give your paper “driving directions.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning research often takes us in unintended directions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning research often leads us to ask previously unthought-of questions. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning research sometimes makes us realize a lack of or gap in information. </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. Why Outline? <ul><li>It forces you to think about the logical progression of information in your paper. </li></ul><ul><li>It draws attention to gaps or conflicts. </li></ul><ul><li>It keeps you from driving into uncharted territory. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Here there be monsters. </li></ul></ul>
    5. 5. How to Outline <ul><li>You started your research with a few questions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What makes this happen? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Why is this good/bad? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the consequence of this action? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Your research has given you some answers and probably given you more questions. </li></ul>
    6. 6. How to Outline— A Rough Draft (where you wanted to go when you started) <ul><li>Write down your working thesis statement </li></ul><ul><li>Jot down, in outline form, your main ideas, conflicts, terminologies </li></ul><ul><li>Under each main thought, jot down a few supporting examples </li></ul><ul><li>Jot down the conclusion—a call for action, a question, a restatement </li></ul>
    7. 7. How to Outline <ul><li>Consider your note cards and your rough outline. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Match up the note cards to the points in your rough. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Make new points for the important ideas your research has added. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Set aside (don’t throw away) note cards that just don’t quite “fit”. </li></ul></ul>
    8. 8. How to Outline <ul><li>Like choosing a route on a map, consider the information on the note cards and the rough outline: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Is this the most direct route I can go? (does the evidence support the thesis?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What type of vehicle would best suit my drive? (narration, description, definition compare/contrast) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Where are the “must-see” tourist attractions on my route? (the main examples) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Are there any speed traps or road construction areas on my route? (things that are unclear and that will slow down the reader) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Depending upon your paper, there are several different paradigms to use (See Organizational Paradigms ppt) </li></ul>
    9. 9. How to Outline— A Final Draft <ul><li>Now that you’ve clarified your route, thought about the sights along the way, and avoided the cops and construction, you can begin to finalize your trip. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Parallelism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Coordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subordination </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Division (see Organizing Your Writing ppt) </li></ul></ul>Information on the next four slides created by Jennifer Duncan. It can be found at:
    10. 10. Parallelism <ul><li>Put your words in the same grammatical order. </li></ul><ul><li>If your first heading is “Researching the Topic” (verb, noun), then your next should be: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Generating the Ideas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Idea Generation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Don’t be too rigid about this as sometimes it won’t make sense to do it. </li></ul>If you chose “Generating the Ideas”, you were correct. It has the same verb, noun structure.
    11. 11. Coordination
    12. 12. Subordination
    13. 13. Division <ul><li>Separating the kinds of points you make. </li></ul><ul><li>There are several options—LATCH (see Organizing Your Writing ppt) </li></ul><ul><li>Be consistent by using only one basis of division at each point. </li></ul><ul><li>Make the basis of division distinct. </li></ul>Information created by Jennifer Duncan. It can be found at:
    14. 14. The Final Draft <ul><li>Using standard symbols (I, A, 1., a), create the outline with key words, evidence and facts </li></ul><ul><li>I. Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>A. Attention grabber (see Intro and Conclusion ppt) </li></ul><ul><li>B. Thesis (highlight or label as thesis) </li></ul><ul><li>II. Body </li></ul><ul><li>A. Major point that supports thesis </li></ul><ul><li>B. Major point that supports thesis </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Fact/example </li></ul><ul><li> 2. Fact/example </li></ul><ul><li>C. Major point that supports thesis </li></ul><ul><li> 1. Fact/example </li></ul><ul><li>a. sub statement </li></ul><ul><li>III. Conclusion </li></ul><ul><li>A. Wrap up ideas in paper. </li></ul><ul><li>B. Concluding thought (see Intro and Conclusion ppt) </li></ul>Use complete sentences in all areas! If you have a “1”, you must have a “2”. Likewise, if you have an “a”, must have a “b”. Use Roman numerals for 3 main sections Use capital letters. Use ordinal numbers here. Use small letters here.
    15. 15. Reminders <ul><li>Always organize within the essay or paper (remember LATCH). </li></ul><ul><li>The supporting ideas are what make the paper worth reading. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Expert opinions from research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Real world examples (use a fictional character) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Statistics and numbers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Use the PIE or Quotation Sandwhich within paragraphs! </li></ul>
    16. 16. How to Outline— A Final Draft <ul><li>Finally, you’ve written an outline. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Directions are clear </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You know where additional support is needed. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>You know what is not important to the immediate paper. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>But wait, there’s one more step! </li></ul>
    17. 17. How to Outline— A Final Draft <ul><li>For each point, fact, or key word in your outline: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Write a complete sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some of this will be the “great” quotes you found during research. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Some of these will serve as topic sentences for paragraphs. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use direct, concise language. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Explain any technical terms in layman’s language. </li></ul></ul>
    18. 18. Bon Voyage <ul><li>Remember that you are taking a trip, not running in the Indy 500. </li></ul><ul><li>Take pictures of your trip. </li></ul><ul><li>Call for reservations at hotels. </li></ul><ul><li>Travel with someone you like. </li></ul><ul><li>Pack for emergencies. </li></ul>