MUHAMMAD FAUZI BIN SHA ’ARI
HASLINA BINTI IBRAHIM
NUR AIN BINTI MOHAMAD ROSLAN
SITI SARAH ADNIN BINTI WAN ISMAIL
NURUL AJIRAH BINTI NOORIZHAB
A pronoun can replace a noun or another
They are used instead of nouns to prevent
repetition of the noun to which they refer.
One of the most common pronouns is it.
Grammarians classify pronouns into several
types, including the demonstrative
pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the
indefinite pronoun, the relative pronoun, the
reflexive pronoun, and the intensive
Demonstrate : to show , to indicate; to point
A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing
near in distance (this, these) or
far in distance (that, those)
Singular this These
Plural that Those
We bought this last year.(“ this” refers to something that near
to the speaker.)
You take these bags and I'll take those. ("Those" refers to bags that
are at a distance from the speaker.)
Interrogative nouns is use to ask
Also known as wh- words because most
of the start with wh-
Use in direct and indirect question.
Interrogative words include:-
- where (location)
- whence (source)
- whither (goal)
- when (time)
- how (manner)
- whether (choice of
Which wants to see the dentist first?
Who wrote the novel Rockbound?
What did she say?
Who will meet the delegates at the train station?
To whom do you wish to speak?
Personal pronouns represent specific people or
things. We use them depending on:
the pronoun is
acting as a
owns a particular
indicates that the
pronoun is acting as
an object of a verb,
infinite phrase. The
pronouns are :
“me”, “you”, and
A subjective personal
that the pronoun is
acting as the subject
of the sentences.
are “I”,“she”, “he”,
number person gender
1st male/female I me
2nd male/female you you
male he him
female she her
neuter it it
1st male/female we us
2nd male/female you you
3rd male/female/neuter they them
I like coffee.
She is beautiful.
He is an active student in his class.
We are studying in a same class.
It is raining today.
Reflexive nouns is use to refer back to
subject of the sentence or clause; like a
Reflexive nouns usually ends with –self
(singular) or –elves (plural)
There are eight reflexive pronouns:-
Maryam go to the library by herself.
Farhan repairs his Lamborghini sport car by himself.
After the party, I asked myself why I had faxed invitations to
everyone in my office building.
The President himself promised to stop the war.
Although the landlord promised to paint the apartment, we ended
up doing it ourselves.
Reciprocal nouns is use when each of two or
more subjects is acting in the same way
towards the other.
The action is reciprocated. For instance, Siti is
chatting with Haliza and Haliza is chatting
Easier way : Siti and Haliza are chatting to
- Each other
- One another
Why don't you believe each other?
Both teams played hard against each other.
The whole student are helping one another.
The ten prisoners were all blaming one another.
Relative pronoun is used to link one phrase
or clause to another phrase or clause.
who, whom, that,which, whoever, whomever,
Subject or Object:
As the relative pronouns relate to another
noun preceeding it in the sentence, they
connect a dependent clause to an
antecedent ( a noun that precedes the
The person whom I phoned last night is my teacher.
The car which I drive is old.
The police are looking for the car whosedriver was masked.
The car, which was a taxi, exploded.
Mrs Pratt, whom I like very much, is my teacher.
An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun
referring to an identifiable but not
specified person or thing.
An indefinite pronoun conveys the
idea of all, any, none, or some.
Note that some indefinite
pronouns can also be used as
Many were invited to the lunch but only twelve showed up.
The office had been searched and everything was thrown onto the
Although they looked everywhere for extra copies of the magazine,
they found none.
We donated everything we found in the attic to the woman's
shelter garage sale.