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Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
Pronouns
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Pronouns

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  • 1. PRONOUNS PREPARED BY: MUHAMMAD FAUZI BIN SHA ’ARI HASLINA BINTI IBRAHIM NUR AIN BINTI MOHAMAD ROSLAN SITI SARAH ADNIN BINTI WAN ISMAIL NURUL AJIRAH BINTI NOORIZHAB
  • 2.  A pronoun can replace a noun or another pronoun.  They are used instead of nouns to prevent repetition of the noun to which they refer.  One of the most common pronouns is it.  Grammarians classify pronouns into several types, including the demonstrative pronoun, the interrogative pronoun, the indefinite pronoun, the relative pronoun, the reflexive pronoun, and the intensive pronoun.
  • 3.  Demonstrate : to show , to indicate; to point to  A demonstrative pronoun represents a thing or things;  near in distance (this, these) or  far in distance (that, those) Near Far Singular this These Plural that Those
  • 4. We bought this last year.(“ this” refers to something that near to the speaker.) You take these bags and I'll take those. ("Those" refers to bags that are at a distance from the speaker.) Demonstrative Nouns
  • 5.  Interrogative nouns is use to ask question.  Also known as wh- words because most of the start with wh-  Use in direct and indirect question.  Interrogative words include:- -interrogative determiner --interrogative pro-form -iterrogative pro-adverb
  • 6. interrogative determiner interrogative pro- form iterrogative pro- adverb which,what,whose who,whom, (personal) whose (inpersonal) - where (location) - whence (source) - whither (goal) - when (time) - how (manner) - why,wherefore (reason) - whether (choice of location)
  • 7. Which wants to see the dentist first? Who wrote the novel Rockbound? What did she say? Who will meet the delegates at the train station? To whom do you wish to speak? Interrogative Nouns
  • 8. Personal Pronouns Personal pronouns represent specific people or things. We use them depending on:  Number  Person  Gender  Case
  • 9. Possessive Personal Pronouns Objective Personal Pronouns Subjective Personal Pronouns  A possessive pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as a marker of possession and defines who owns a particular object or person.  The possessive personal pronouns are “mine”, “yours”, “hers”, “his”, “its”, “ours”, and “theirs”. An objective personal pronouns indicates that the pronoun is acting as an object of a verb, compound verb, preposition, or infinite phrase. The objective personal pronouns are : “me”, “you”, and “them”. A subjective personal pronoun indicates that the pronoun is acting as the subject of the sentences. The subjective personal pronouns are “I”,“she”, “he”, “we”, “you”, “they”.
  • 10. number person gender personal pronouns subject object singular 1st male/female I me 2nd male/female you you 3rd male he him female she her neuter it it plural 1st male/female we us 2nd male/female you you 3rd male/female/neuter they them
  • 11. I like coffee. She is beautiful. He is an active student in his class. We are studying in a same class. It is raining today. Personal Nouns
  • 12.  Reflexive nouns is use to refer back to subject of the sentence or clause; like a mirror.  Reflexive nouns usually ends with –self (singular) or –elves (plural)  There are eight reflexive pronouns:- Reflexive nouns singular plural Myself Ourselves Yourself Yourselves Himself Themselves Herself Itself
  • 13. Reflexive nouns Maryam go to the library by herself. Farhan repairs his Lamborghini sport car by himself. After the party, I asked myself why I had faxed invitations to everyone in my office building. The President himself promised to stop the war. Although the landlord promised to paint the apartment, we ended up doing it ourselves.
  • 14.  Reciprocal nouns is use when each of two or more subjects is acting in the same way towards the other.  The action is reciprocated. For instance, Siti is chatting with Haliza and Haliza is chatting with Siti.  Easier way : Siti and Haliza are chatting to each other.  Two examples:- - Each other - One another
  • 15. Reciprocal Nouns Why don't you believe each other? Both teams played hard against each other. The whole student are helping one another. The ten prisoners were all blaming one another.
  • 16.  Relative pronoun is used to link one phrase or clause to another phrase or clause.  Relative Pronouns  - who, whom, that,which, whoever, whomever, whichever  Subject or Object: As the relative pronouns relate to another noun preceeding it in the sentence, they connect a dependent clause to an antecedent ( a noun that precedes the pronoun )
  • 17. Relative Nouns The person whom I phoned last night is my teacher. The car which I drive is old. The police are looking for the car whosedriver was masked. The car, which was a taxi, exploded. Mrs Pratt, whom I like very much, is my teacher.
  • 18.  An indefinite pronoun is a pronoun referring to an identifiable but not specified person or thing.  An indefinite pronoun conveys the idea of all, any, none, or some.  Note that some indefinite pronouns can also be used as indefinite adjectives
  • 19. Indefinite pronouns all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, someone
  • 20. Many were invited to the lunch but only twelve showed up. The office had been searched and everything was thrown onto the floor. Although they looked everywhere for extra copies of the magazine, they found none. We donated everything we found in the attic to the woman's shelter garage sale. Indefinite Nouns

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