Searches by citizens not acting under authority of law-enforcement
Are not subject to the fourth amendment.
May be civil penalties attached
Searches by citizens acting under authority of law-enforcement
Rule: If a private citizen is asked by or directed by law enforcement to conduct a search which would otherwise require law enforcement to obtain a search warrrant. . . . The citizen is subject to the same legal restraints as law enforcement.
A search warrant authorizes a law-enforcement officer to serve the warrant
If civilians experts are be taken to a crime scene to assist in the service of a search warrant, their expertise and specific purpose related to the investigation should be included in the warrant affidavit.
Must list the person place or thing to be searched with some particularity.
That is, you must describe the person place or thing to be searched and such a manner as that the average person armed with that information could locate the exact person place or thing to be searched and clearly identify it.
Must list the person place or thing to be searched for with some particularity.
IE., a business, commonly known as a the County City building, located at 930 Tacoma Avenue South, on the west side of the street, between 9th an 11th streets, City of Tacoma, County of Pierce, State of Washington.
Sneak Peak Warrants may be authorized under some specific circumstances in most states. IE., middle of the night entry to plant bugs, tap into networks, image computers etc. with delayed notice of service of warrant.