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Shakespeare

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Transcript

  • 1. Shakespeare The life and times of the world’s most famous writer.
  • 2. His Life
    • William Shakespeare
    • Born in Stratford-upon-Avon April 23, 1564
    • Father  John Shakespeare, glove maker and government official
    • Mother  Mary Arden, comes from affluent family
    • Had knowledge about Latin and the Bible
    • Educated, but not by England’s standards
  • 3. His Family
    • At 18, marries Anne Hathaway
    • She was 26
    • She was pregnant when they married with Susanna
    • They had two more children, twins named
      • Hamnet, and Judith
    • 1596  Hamnet dies at age 11
  • 4. His Career
    • Starting acting in 1592 with Richard Burbage
    • 1595  begins writing sonnets
    • 1599  Shakespeare and the Lord Chamberlain’s Men Company financed the Globe Theater
    • 6 of his plays were performed for Queen Elizabeth’s court
    • His authorship was questioned by many
    • Retired in 1610
    • Died on April 23 rd , 1616
  • 5. The Globe Theater
    • Shakespeare's plays were performed at various venues throughout his career.
    • The Globe Theatre in the Southwark district of London was the venue at which his best known stage works (including his four great tragedies) were first produced.
    • The Globe was built 1599 by Cuthbert Burbage, the brother of the most famous Shakespearean actor of the Elizabethan Age, Richard Burbage.
  • 6. The Globe Cont.
    • Capacity of between 2,000 and 3,000 spectators
    • No lighting
    • All performances at the Globe were conducted, weather permitting, during the day
    • (probably most often in the mid-afternoon span between 2 P.M. and 5 P.M.).
    • Because most of the Globe and all of its stage was open air, acoustics were poor and the actors were compelled by circumstances to shout their lines, stress their enunciation, and engage in exaggerated theatrical gestures.
    • Completely devoid of background scenery.
    • Costumes and props were utilized
    • There was no proscenium arch, no curtains, and no stagehands other than the actors themselves.
    • Changes of scene were indicated explicitly or implicitly in the speeches and narrative situations that Shakespeare wrote into the text of the plays.
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  • 11. The Globe Cont.
    • Located on the south side of the Thames River in the Southwark district.
    • Part of what might be called the "sporting district" (if not the "red light district") of Greater London.
    • Although condemned by London authorities, along with cock-fighting, bear-baiting and the bawdy attractions of taverns, the Southwark theater district operated outside the legal reach of the City's officials.
  • 12. The Globe Cont.- The Audience
    • “ Groundlings” stood for the duration of the play on the ground in front of the stage.
    • More affluent guests sat in the various tiers with or without a cushion (depending on wealth and stature).
    • No plumbing
    • Open to the elements