Fragments And Runons

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Fragments And Runons

  1. 1. Fragments and Run-On Sentences
  2. 2. <ul><li>A sentence fragment is an incomplete sentence. It may lack a subject, a verb, or both. </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatively, it may be a subordinate clause that cannot stand alone. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct it by adding the missing phrase or words. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Although he bought the tie for his brother. (Fragment) </li></ul><ul><li>Although he bought the tie for his brother, he kept it for himself. (Sentence) </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>A run-on sentence contains two or more complete sentences written as one. </li></ul><ul><li>Incorrect: There was a mistake on our bill, the server took care of it. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct: There was a mistake on our bill. The server took care of it. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>Incorrect: I ran into Margaret she is leaving for Florida tomorrow. </li></ul><ul><li>Correct: I ran into Margaret; she is leaving for Florida tomorrow. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Run-on Repair Ways to repair a run-on…
  7. 7. <ul><li>1. We can separate the two clauses into two sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Run- On: Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band it was a punk rock band. </li></ul><ul><li>Repaired: Miranda was the lead vocalist in her band . I t was a punk rock band. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>2. We can replace the comma with a semi-colon. (comma splice) </li></ul><ul><li>Run- On: Gordon laughed at Sandy's joke, it was lewd. </li></ul><ul><li>Repaired: Gordon laughed at Sandy's joke ; it was lewd. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>3.  We can add a comma and a coordinating conjunction (and, but, or, for, yet, nor, or so). </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On: The night was cold we forgot to bring our coats. </li></ul><ul><li>Repaired: The night was cold , and we forgot to bring our coats. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>4. We can add a comma and a subordinating conjunction (e.g., after, although, before, unless, as, because, even though, if, since, until, when, while). </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On: Maria and John like skiing Karen does not. </li></ul><ul><li>Repaired: Although Maria and John like skiing , Karen does not. </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>5.  We can add a semi-colon, a transition word (e.g., however, moreover, on the other hand, nevertheless, instead, also, therefore, consequently, otherwise, as a result), and a comma. </li></ul><ul><li>Run-On: I expected to pay ten dollars for the bus ride to Halifax I was wrong. </li></ul><ul><li>Repaired: I expected to pay ten dollars for the bus ride to Halifax ; however, I was wrong. </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Comma Splice- two complete sentences joined by only a comma </li></ul><ul><li>Most of the above rules can be adjusted to correct comma splices. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Keep in mind… <ul><li>Short sentences are NOT always fragments. </li></ul><ul><li>Ex. She ran. = complete sentence </li></ul><ul><li>Some fragments contain a lot of words, but they are still not complete sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>Long sentences are NOT always run-on sentences. </li></ul><ul><li>As long as the punctuation is right, a long sentence can be grammatically correct. </li></ul>

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