Make sure you have all of your materials handy before beginning.
If your wheels have hubcaps, you will have to remove them first.
These are the points where the jack is placed when needing to raise the car.
You will want to raise the vehicle up about 6 inches.
Be sure to use good lifting technique so as to not strain your back – tires are heavy!
Again, make sure nothing is under the car that may get crushed by the weight coming down.
Check your car manufacturer’s manual for specifications on tightening lug nuts appropriately.
Changing a Flat Tire Chantelle Nash
ObjectivesAfter the instruction, participants will be able to:Gather the necessary materials for a tire change for when a flat occursPrepare the vehicle for a tire change under available road conditionsEffectively remove and replace a flat tire with a spare by followingappropriate steps in the correct order
Topic Overview When You Get a Flat If you feel you are comfortable with any of the sections listed, click on the topic you would like to What You Need start with. Otherwise, click anywhere else on the screen to continue. Changing the Tire Best Practices Knowledge Check
Topic 1 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a • Pull over to the side of the road where you can Flat easily be seen. If one is near, pull into a parking lot.What You Need • Try to find a level area to park (not on a hill). • Put the car in park (first gear/reverse if using aChanging the Tire standard) and apply the emergency break. Best Practices • Turn on your emergency hazards and place any reflectors/flares if available.Knowledge Check
Topic 2 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a • Spare Tire Flat • Lug Wrench/Tire Iron or standard cross wrenchWhat You Need • Diamond JackChanging the Tire • Tire block/wedge, brick, or similar item (if available) Best Practices • Gloves (optional)Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a Loosening the Lug Nuts Flat First begin by loosening the wheel bolts with the lug wrench by turning the iron counter clockwise. Do not remove the bolts completely.What You NeedChanging the Tire Best PracticesKnowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Jack Points Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire There are 4 jacking points – 2 located on each side of the car in the locations outlined with red circles in the graphic. Best Practices If you have a tire block, place it opposite of the tire you need to change.Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Raising the Car Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire Insert the jack underneath the car jack point, Best Practices making sure it lines up with the groove from the jack. Insert the jack lever and turn the lever clockwise to raise the vehicle.Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Removing the Flat Tire Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire Once the car tire is lifted off the ground, continue to unbolt the nuts the rest of the way. Then pull off Best Practices the tire (pull towards yourself).Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Replacing the Tire Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire Put replacement tire on the car and secure with lug nuts. Screw the lug nuts on with the lug wrench to Best Practices secure in place, but do not fully tighten yet.Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Lowering the Car Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire Lower car by turning jack lever counter clockwise Best Practices until jack is fully closed and car is on the ground.Knowledge Check
Topic 3 Changing a Flat …continuedTireWhen You Get a Tightening the Lug Nuts Flat What You NeedChanging the Tire Tighten the wheel bolts/lug nuts fully by turning the lug wrench clockwise. Tighten one bolt at a time by Best Practices alternating from one to the other in an “X” direction.Knowledge Check
Topic 4 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a Lug Nut Patterns FlatWhat You NeedChanging the Tire Best PracticesKnowledge Check
Topic 4 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a • Never go under the elevated vehicle. Flat • “Fix-a-Flat” useWhat You Need • Wheel locks • Be careful not to strip the lug nuts or you will beChanging the Tire forced to call a tow truck. • Spare tire use Best PracticesKnowledge Check
Topic 5 Changing a FlatTireWhen You Get a Place the steps of a tire change in the correct order Flat (both the pictures and words are scrambled): Remove flat tireWhat You Need Tighten lug nutsChanging the Tire Attach spare tire Loosen lug nuts Best Practices Lift car with jackKnowledge Check Lower car with jack