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Act practice test.ashx

  1. 1. 2009 / 2010 This booklet is provided free of charge. Preparing for the ACTWhat’s Inside:■ NEW Full-Length Practice Tests, including a Writing Test■ Information about the Optional Writing Test■ Strategies to Prepare for the Tests■ What to Expect on Test Day
  2. 2. Contents Additional ACT1. ® General Preparation for the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 Preparation Materials2. Strategies for Taking the ACT Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 • ACT Online Prep™: The only online test preparation3. What to Expect on Test Day . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 program designed exclusively by ACT test development professionals. ACT Online Prep has4. Taking the Practice Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 practice test questions, a practice essay with real-time Practice Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 scoring, a diagnostic test, and a personalized Study Practice Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 Path. You can access ACT Online Prep via5. Scoring Your Tests. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 the Internet anywhere and at any time. Order at How to Score the Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . 59 How to Score the Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 • The Real ACT Prep Guide is the official print guide to the ACT. This book includes three complete practice6. Sample Answer Document . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 tests previously used in actual administrations—each Multiple-Choice Tests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 with an optional Writing Test, with explanations for Writing Test . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 all right and wrong answer choices. Order at Message to StudentsThis booklet, which is provided free of charge, is intended 1 General Preparation for the ACT Tests ®to help you do your best on the ACT. It summarizes general Choosing a Test Optiontest-taking strategies, describes the content of each test, Students may register for one of two Test Options: theprovides specific tips for each, and lets you know what to ACT (No Writing), which includes the four required multiple-expect on test day. Included in this booklet are complete choice tests, or the ACT Plus Writing, which also includes apractice tests—“retired” ACT questions that were 30-minute Writing Test, and has a higher fee. The optionaladministered to students on a national test date, including ACT Writing Test complements the ACT English Test. Thea writing prompt—a sample answer document, answer combined results from both tests provide information aboutkeys, and self-scoring instructions. your understanding of the conventions of standard writtenRead this booklet carefully and take the practice tests well English and your ability to produce a direct sample of yourbefore test day so you will be familiar with the tests, what writing. Taking the ACT Plus Writing will provide you withthey measure, and the strategies you can use to do your two additional scores: a Writing subscore and a Combinedbest on test day. English/Writing score. Taking the ACT Writing Test does not affect your subject area scores or your Composite score.ACT is committed to representing the diversity of oursociety in all its aspects, including race, ethnicity, and Not all colleges require or recommend taking the ACTgender. Thus, test passages, questions, and writing Writing Test. Check directly with the colleges you areprompts are deliberately chosen to reflect the range of considering to find out their requirements, or ask your highcultures in our population. school counselor which Test Option you should take. You can also check for a searchable listWe also are committed to ensuring that test questions and of colleges that have provided information to us about theirwriting prompts are fair—that they do not disadvantage any policies—whether they require, recommend, or do not needparticular group of examinees. Extensive reviews of the results from the ACT Writing Test. Consult this list beforefairness of test materials are rigorously conducted by both you register, so you will know which Test Option to select.ACT staff and external consultants. We also employstatistical procedures to help ensure that our test materials The ACT Plus Writing is available within the United States,do not unfairly affect the performance of any group. U.S. territories, and Canada on all established test dates and for Special and Arranged Testing during designated testing windows. The ACT Plus Writing is available internationally only in October, December, and April.ACT endorses the Code of Fair Testing Practices in Education and the Code of © 2009 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved.Professional Responsibilities in Educational Measurement, guides to the conductof those involved in educational testing. ACT is committed to ensuring that each NOTE: This booklet is covered by federal copyright laws that prohibit theof its testing programs upholds the guidelines in each Code. A copy of each Code reproduction of the test questions without the express, written permission ofmay be obtained free of charge from ACT Customer Services (68), P.O. Box ACT, Inc.1008, Iowa City, IA 52243-1008, 319/337-1429. 2
  3. 3. Choosing a Test Date Read each question carefully.Before you choose a test date, check the application It is important that you understand what each questiondeadlines of the colleges and scholarship agencies you are asks. Some questions will require you to go through severalconsidering. It will normally take three to eight weeks after steps to find the correct or best answer, while others cana test date for ACT to mail your score report to you and to be answered more quickly.your college or scholarship choices. Answer the easy questions first.Many colleges and scholarship agencies recommend that The best strategy for taking the tests is to answer the easystudents take the ACT during the spring of their junior year. questions and skip the questions you find difficult. AfterBy this time, students typically have completed most of the answering all of the easy questions, go back and answercoursework covered by the ACT. There are a number of the more difficult questions if you have time.advantages in taking the ACT then: Use logic on more difficult questions.• You will receive test scores and other information that When you return to the more difficult questions, try to will help you plan your senior year of high school. use logic to eliminate incorrect answers to a question.• Many colleges begin contacting prospective students Compare the answer choices to each other and note how during the summer before their senior year. they differ. Such differences may provide clues as to what• If you do not score as well as you believe you can, the question requires. Eliminate as many incorrect answers there will be opportunities to retake the ACT in the fall of as you can, then make an educated guess from the your senior year and still have your new scores remaining answers. available in time to meet admission and scholarship Answer every question. deadlines. Your score on the tests will be based only on the number of NOTE: You cannot plan on receiving your scores questions that you answer correctly; there is no penalty from one test date in time to register for the next. for guessing. Thus, you should answer every question within the time allowed for each test, even if you have to guess. Your supervisor will announce when you have fiveGeneral Test-Taking minutes remaining on each test.Strategies for the ACT Review your work.The ACT contains multiple-choice tests in four areas: If there is time left after you have answered every question inEnglish, Mathematics, Reading, and Science. Each of a test, go back and check your work on that test. Check to bethese tests contains questions that offer either four or five sure that you marked only one response to each question.answer choices from which you are to choose the correct, You will not be allowed to go back to any other test or markor best, answer. The following suggestions apply to all responses to a test after time has been called on that test.four tests: Be precise in marking your answer document.Pace yourself. Be sure that you properly fill in the correct ovals on yourThe time limits set for each test give nearly everyone enough answer document. Check to be sure that the number of thetime to finish all the questions. However, because the line of ovals on your answer document is the same as theEnglish, Reading, and Science Tests contain a considerable number of the question you are answering and that youamount of text, it is important to pace yourself so you will not mark only one response for each question.spend too much time on one passage. Similarly, try not tospend too much time puzzling over an answer to a specific Erase completely.problem in the Mathematics Test. Go on to the other If you want to change a multiple-choice answer, be sure toquestions and come back if there is time. Your supervisor use a soft eraser that will not leave smudges and erase thewill announce when you have five minutes remaining on unintended mark completely. Do not cross out answers oreach test. use correction fluid or tape; you must erase. Correction fluid/tape, smudges, or unintended marks may causeRead the directions for each test carefully. errors in scoring.Before you begin taking one of the tests, read thedirections carefully. The English, Reading, and Science To students approved to test at national test centersTests ask for the “best” answer. Do not respond as soon as with extended time:you identify a correct answer. Read and consider all of theanswer choices and choose the answer that best responds You will be allowed up to 5 hours total to work on theto the question. multiple-choice tests at your own pace, including breaks between tests. If you are taking the ACT Plus Writing,The Mathematics Test asks for the “correct” answer. Read you will be allowed up to 5 hours and 45 minutes total toeach question carefully to make sure you understand the work on all five tests. You will need to pace yourselftype of answer required. Then, you may want to work out through each test in order to complete all tests within thethe answer you feel is correct and look for it among the total time allowed. Your supervisor will provide timechoices given. If your answer is not among the choices updates every hour. When you complete each test, youprovided, reread the question and consider all of the must notify your supervisor that you are ready to beginanswer choices. the next test. 3
  4. 4. General Test-Taking Strategies Preparing for Test Dayfor the ACT Writing Test Although what you know will determine how well you do onThe ACT Writing Test lets you show your skill in planning the ACT, your attitudes, emotions, and physical state mayand composing a short essay. It measures writing also influence your performance. The following tips will helpproficiencies that are taught in high school and are you do your best:important for readiness to succeed in entry-level college • Be confident in your ability to do well on the ACT. Youcomposition courses. can do well! • Be prepared to work hard.The following general strategies will help if you take theACT Writing Test. • Know what to expect on test day. Familiarize yourself with the information in this booklet, and atPace yourself. will have 30 minutes to write your essay. It is important NOTE: Most procedures in this booklet refer to testingto pace yourself in the way that best suits your personal on an established ACT test date at an ACT test center.writing strategy. Many writers do best when they spend part Procedures may differ slightly if you test at anotherof their time planning their essay, most of their time writing location. For example, for most administrations, youthe essay, and the last part of their time reviewing the essay won’t be allowed to use scratch paper because eachto make corrections and small revisions. There page of the Mathematics Test has a blank column thatis no formula for the best proportion of time to spend you can use for scratch work.planning, writing, and reviewing: writers, topics, and • Take the practice tests in the exact order they areoccasions differ too widely for a universal rule to apply. presented. Review your responses so you will feelKeep in mind, however, that you are unlikely to have time to comfortable about the approaching test day.draft, revise, and recopy your essay. Therefore, taking a • Prepare well in advance for the tests. Do not leavefew minutes to plan your essay is a much better strategy preparation to the last minute.than writing a draft with the intent to copy it over for the finalessay. • Get plenty of rest the night before the tests so you will be in good physical condition for taking them.In general, budget your time in the way that feels best to ➤ Bring the following items with you to the test center:you based on your experience in taking essay tests in 1. Your admission ticket (if you test on a National orschool and in other circumstances when you’ve done International ACT Test Date).writing within a time limit. Your supervisor will announcewhen you have five minutes remaining on the Writing Test. 2. Acceptable identification. Your admission ticket is not identification. See details on your admissionRead the directions carefully. ticket or at If you do notBefore you begin the Writing Test, read the directions present acceptable identification at the time ofcarefully. They tell you the aspects of writing on which your check-in, you will not be admitted to test. You willessay will be evaluated and give instructions on how to have to pay a Test Date Change fee to transferwrite your essay in the answer folder. your registration to a different test date if you choose to reschedule. If you have any questionsRead the writing prompt carefully. about acceptable ID, call ACT Test AdministrationIt is important that you understand exactly what the writing (319/337-1510) before test day.prompt asks you to do. A firm grasp of the assignment is as 3. Sharpened soft lead No. 2 pencils with goodcrucial for the ACT Writing Test as it is for writing essays for erasers (no mechanical pencils; no ink, ballpoint,class. Be sure you have a clear understanding of the issue or felt-tip pens). Do not bring highlight pens orin the writing prompt and of the question you must respond any other writing instruments; you will not beto before you start to plan and write your essay. allowed to use them. If you have registered to takeWrite (or print) legibly in the answer folder. the ACT Plus Writing, your essay must also beIf your readers cannot read what you have written, they will completed with a soft lead No. 2 pencil.not be able to score your essay. You may write or print your 4. A watch to pace yourself. Do not bring a watchessay, whichever you prefer—but you must do so legibly. with an alarm. You will not be allowed to set anYou must write your essay using a soft lead No. 2 pencil alarm because it will disturb other students. If your(not a mechanical pencil or ink pen) and only on the lined alarm sounds during testing, you will be dismissedpages in the answer folder. You may not need all the lined and your answer document will not be scored.pages, but to ensure you have enough room to finish, do Your supervisor will announce when you have fivenot skip lines. minutes remaining on each test. 5. A permitted calculator for the Mathematics Test,Make corrections clear. if you wish to use one. (See shaded section onIf you make corrections by using erasures or cross-outs, page 5.)do so thoroughly and legibly. You may write corrections oradditions neatly between the lines of your essay, but do notwrite in the margins of the lined pages. 4
  5. 5. For students testing on National or International ACT Test Dates:• If you register online, you must print your admission ticket from your ACT Web account. If you submit a registration folder, look for your admission ticket in the mail about 2 weeks after you mail your folder. 2 Strategies for Taking the ACT Tests The ACT measures the knowledge, understanding, and skills that you have acquired throughout your education.• If you misplace your admission ticket or have not Although the sum total of what a person has learned cannot received it by 10 days before the test date, log in to easily be changed, your performance in a specific area can your ACT Web account to print a copy, or call ACT be affected by adequate preparation, especially if it has Registration at 319/337-1270 for assistance been some time since you have taken a course in that area. (8:00 a.m.–8:00 p.m., M–F, central time).• Check your admission ticket for your Test Option and There are three strategies that can help you to prepare the location of your assigned test center. Pay attention yourself for the content included in the ACT: to any special messages on your ticket such as what Familiarize yourself with the content of the ACT tests. building to go to, what entrance to use, where to park, etc. If you are unfamiliar with the location, do a practice Review the information about the tests that is provided on run to see how to get there and how much travel time the following pages. Note which content areas make up a you will need to arrive by the time shown on the ticket. large proportion of the tests and which do not. The specific topics included in each content area are examples of• If you are late, you may not be admitted to test. If you possible topics; they do not include all of the possibilities. arrive earlier than 7:45 a.m., you will probably have to wait outside until testing personnel have completed Refresh your knowledge and skills in the content areas. their arrangements. Review those content areas you have studied but are not• Be prepared for testing to start after all examinees fresh in your mind. Spend your time refreshing your present at 8:00 a.m. have been checked in and seated. knowledge and skills in the content areas that make up• Dress comfortably. To conserve energy, your test center large portions of the tests. may be considerably warmer or cooler on weekends than during the week. Please dress so that you will be comfortable in a variety of temperatures. Use of Calculators on the ACT Mathematics Test It is your responsibility to bring a permitted calculator. We • calculators built into cell phones or any other electronic regularly update information about which calculators are communication devices prohibited. To be certain your calculator will be permitted • calculators with a typewriter keypad (letter keys in on test day, go to or call 800/498-6481 QWERTY format)—Note: Letter keys not in QWERTY for a recorded message. If you use a prohibited calculator, format are permitted. you will be dismissed and your answer document will not be scored. Calculators Permitted with Modification The following types of calculators are permitted, but only You may use a calculator on the ACT Mathematics Test (but after they are modified as noted: not on any of the other tests in the ACT). You are not required • calculators with paper tape—Remove the tape. to use a calculator. All the problems can be solved without a calculator. If you regularly use a calculator in your • calculators that make noise—Turn off the sound. mathematics work, you may wish to use one you are familiar • calculators with an infrared data port—Completely with as you take the Mathematics Test. Using a more cover the infrared data port with heavy opaque material powerful, but unfamiliar, calculator is not likely to give you an such as duct tape or electrician’s tape. advantage over using the kind you normally use. • calculators that have power cords—Remove all power/electrical cords. You may use any four-function, scientific, or graphing calculator, unless it has features described in the On Test Day Prohibited list. For models on the Permitted with Be sure your calculator is working and has reliable Modification list, you will be required to modify some of the batteries. You may bring a backup calculator and extra calculator’s features. batteries to the test center. Testing staff will not supply Prohibited Calculators batteries or calculators. You will not be allowed to share calculators during testing. The following types of calculators are prohibited: • calculators with built-in computer algebra systems— Testing staff will check your calculator to verify it is Prohibited calculators in this category include: permitted, and they will monitor your use of your calculator – Texas Instruments: All model numbers that begin with to ensure that you: TI-89 or TI-92; and the TI-Nspire CAS—Note: The • use it only during the Mathematics Test; TI-Nspire (non-CAS) is permitted. • use your backup calculator only after it has been – Hewlett-Packard: HP 48GII and all model numbers checked by a member of the testing staff; that begin with HP 40G, HP 49G, or HP 50G • do not share your calculator; and – Casio: Algebra fx 2.0, ClassPad 300 and ClassPad • do not store test materials in your calculator’s memory. 330, and all model numbers that begin with CFX-9970G If your calculator has characters one inch high or larger, or • handheld, tablet, laptop computers, including PDAs a raised display, testing staff may seat you where no other • electronic writing pads or pen-input devices—Note: The examinee can see your calculator. Sharp EL 9600 is permitted. 5
  6. 6. Identify the content areas you have not studied. Examine the underlined portions of the passage.If unfamiliar content areas make up major portions of the Before responding to a question with an underlined portion,tests, consider taking coursework to help you gain carefully examine what is underlined in the text. Considerknowledge and skills in these areas before you take the the elements of writing that are included in each underlinedACT. Because the ACT measures knowledge and skills portion. Some questions will ask you to base your decisionacquired over a period of time, it is unlikely that a “cram” on some specific element of writing, such as the tone orcourse covering material that is unfamiliar to you will help emphasis the text should convey. Some questions will askyou improve your scores. Longer-term survey courses will you to choose the alternative to the underlined portion thatbe most helpful to you, because they aim to improve your is NOT or LEAST acceptable. The answer choices for eachknowledge through sustained learning and practice. question will contain changes in one or more of those elements of writing.ACT English Test Be aware of questions with no underlined portions.The ACT English Test is a 75-question, 45-minute test that You will be asked some questions about a section of themeasures your understanding of the conventions of passage or about the passage as a whole, in light of astandard written English (punctuation, grammar and usage, given rhetorical situation. Questions of this type are oftenand sentence structure) and of rhetorical skills (strategy, identified by a question number in a box located at theorganization, and style). Spelling, vocabulary, and rote appropriate point in the passage. Questions asking globalrecall of rules of grammar are not tested. The test consists questions about the entire passage are placed at the endof five essays, or passages, each of which is accompanied of the passage and introduced by a horizontal boxby a sequence of multiple-choice test questions. Different enclosing the following instruction: “Questions ___ and ___passage types are employed to provide a variety of ask about the preceding passage as a whole.”rhetorical situations. Passages are chosen not only for theirappropriateness in assessing writing skills but also to Note the differences in the answer choices.reflect students’ interests and experiences. Many of the questions in the test will involve more than one aspect of writing. Examine each answer choice and how itSome questions refer to underlined portions of the passage differs from the others. Be careful not to select an answerand offer several alternatives to the underlined portion. You that corrects one error but causes a different error.must decide which choice is most appropriate in thecontext of the passage. Some questions ask about an Determine the best answer.underlined portion, a section of the passage, or the Two approaches can be taken to determine the best answerpassage as a whole. You must decide which choice best to a question in which you are to choose the best alternativeanswers the question posed. Many questions offer “NO to an underlined portion. In the first approach, you canCHANGE” to the passage as one of the choices. The reread the sentence or sentences, substituting each of thequestions are numbered consecutively. Each question possible answer choices for the underlined portion tonumber refers to a correspondingly numbered portion determine the best choice. In the second approach, you canunderlined in the passage or to a corresponding numeral in decide how the underlined portion might best be phrased ina box located at the appropriate point in the passage. standard written English or in terms of the particular questionThree scores are reported for the ACT English Test: a total posed. If you think the underlined portion is the best answer,test score based on all 75 questions, a subscore in you should select “NO CHANGE.” If not, you should check toUsage/Mechanics based on 40 questions, and a subscore see whether your phrasing is one of the other answerin Rhetorical Skills based on 35 questions. choices. If you do not find your phrasing, you should choose the best of the answers presented. For questions cued by aTips for Taking the ACT English Test number in a box, you must decide which choice is mostPace yourself. appropriate in terms of the question posed or the statedThe ACT English Test contains 75 questions to be rhetorical situation.completed in 45 minutes. If you spend 11⁄2 minutes Reread the sentence, using your selected answer.skimming through each passage before responding to the Once you have selected the answer you feel is best, rereadquestions, then you will have 30 seconds to answer each the corresponding sentence(s) of the passage, insertingquestion. If possible, spend less time on each question and your selected answer at the appropriate place in the text touse the remaining time allowed for this test to review your make sure it is the best answer within the context of thework and return to the questions on this test that were most passage.difficult for you. Content Covered by the ACT English TestBe aware of the writing style used in each passage. Six elements of effective writing are included in the EnglishThe five passages cover a variety of topics and are written Test: punctuation, grammar and usage, sentence structure,in a variety of styles. It is important that you take into strategy, organization, and style. The questions coveringaccount the writing style used in each passage when you punctuation, grammar and usage, and sentence structurerespond to the questions. In responding to a question, be make up the Usage/Mechanics subscore. The questionssure to understand the context of the question. Consider covering strategy, organization, and style make up thehow the sentence containing an underlined portion fits in Rhetorical Skills subscore. A brief description and thewith the surrounding sentences and into the passage approximate percentage of the test devoted to eachas a whole. element of effective writing are given on the next page. 6
  7. 7. USAGE/MECHANICS Tips for Taking the ACT Mathematics TestPunctuation (13%). Questions in this category test your Pace yourself.knowledge of the conventions of internal and end-of- The ACT Mathematics Test contains 60 questions to besentence punctuation, with emphasis on the relationship of completed in 60 minutes. You have an average of 1 minutepunctuation to meaning (for example, avoiding ambiguity, per question. If possible, spend less time on each questionindicating appositives). and use the remaining time allowed for this test to reviewGrammar and Usage (16%). Questions in this category test your work and return to the questions on this test that wereyour understanding of agreement between subject and most difficult for you.verb, between pronoun and antecedent, and between If you use a calculator, use it wisely.modifiers and the word modified; verb formation; pronoun Remember, all of the mathematics problems can be solvedcase; formation of comparative and superlative adjectives without using a calculator. In fact, some of the problems areand adverbs; and idiomatic usage. best done without a calculator. Use good judgment inSentence Structure (24%). Questions in this category deciding when, and when not, to use a calculator. Fortest your understanding of relationships between example, for some problems you may wish to do scratchand among clauses, placement of modifiers, and shifts in work to clarify your thoughts on the question before youconstruction. begin using a calculator to do computations. For many problems, you may not want to use a calculator.RHETORICAL SKILLS Solve the problem.Strategy (16%). Questions in this category test how wellyou develop a given topic by choosing expressions For working out the solutions to the problems, you willappropriate to an essay’s audience and purpose; judging usually do scratch work in the space provided in the testthe effect of adding, revising, or deleting supporting booklet, or you will be given scratch paper to use. You maymaterial; and judging the relevancy of statements in wish to glance over the answer choices after reading thecontext. questions. However, working backwards from the answer choices provided can take a lot of time and may not beOrganization (15%). Questions in this category test how effective.well you organize ideas and choose effective opening,transitional, and closing sentences. Locate your solution among the answer choices. Once you have solved the problem, look for your answerStyle (16%). Questions in this category test how well you among the choices. If your answer is not included amongchoose precise and appropriate words and images, the choices, carefully reread the problem to see whethermaintain the level of style and tone in an essay, manage you missed important information. Pay careful attention tosentence elements for rhetorical effectiveness, and avoid the question being asked. If an equation is to be selected,ambiguous pronoun references, wordiness, and check to see whether the equation you think is best can beredundancy. transformed into one of the answer choices provided.ACT Mathematics Test Make sure you answer the question.You may use a calculator on the Mathematics Test. The solutions to many questions in the test will involveSee page 5 for details about prohibited calculators. several steps. Make sure your answer includes all of the necessary steps. Frequently, questions include answerThe ACT Mathematics Test is a 60-question, 60-minute test choices that are based on incomplete solutions.designed to assess the mathematical skills students havetypically acquired in courses taken up to the beginning of Make sure your answer is reasonable.grade 12. The test presents multiple-choice questions that Sometimes an error in computation will result in an answerrequire you to use reasoning skills to solve practical that is not practically possible for the situation described.problems in mathematics. Most questions are discrete, but Always think about your answer to determine whether it ison occasion some may belong to sets of several questions reasonable.(e.g., several questions based on the same graph or chart). Check your work.Knowledge of basic formulas and computational skills are You may arrive at an incorrect solution by making commonassumed as background for the problems, but recall of errors in the problem-solving process. Thus, if there is timecomplex formulas and extensive computation is not available before the end of the Mathematics Test, it isrequired. The material covered on the test emphasizes the important that you reread the questions and check yourmajor content areas that are prerequisites to successful answers to make sure they are correct.performance in entry-level courses in college mathematics.Four scores are reported for the ACT Mathematics Test: a Content Covered by the ACT Mathematics Testtotal test score based on all 60 questions, a subscore in Six content areas are included in the Mathematics Test:Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra based on 24 questions, a pre-algebra, elementary algebra, intermediate algebra,subscore in Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry coordinate geometry, plane geometry, and trigonometry.based on 18 questions, and a subscore in Plane The questions covering pre-algebra and elementaryGeometry/Trigonometry based on 18 questions. algebra make up the Pre-Algebra/Elementary Algebra subscore. The questions covering intermediate algebra and coordinate geometry make up the Intermediate Algebra/Coordinate Geometry subscore. The questions 7
  8. 8. covering plane geometry and trigonometry make up the cause-effect relationships; determine the meaning ofPlane Geometry/Trigonometry subscore. A brief description context-dependent words, phrases, and statements; drawand the approximate percentage of the test devoted to generalizations; and analyze the author’s or narrator’s voiceeach content area are given below. and method. The test comprises four prose passages that are representative of the level and kinds of text commonlyPRE-ALGEBRA/ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA encountered in first-year college curricula. Each passage isPre-Algebra (23%). Questions in this content area are preceded by a heading that identifies what type of passagebased on basic operations using whole numbers, it is (for example, “Prose Fiction”), names the author, anddecimals, fractions, and integers; place value; square roots may include a brief note that helps in understanding theand approximations; the concept of exponents; scientific passage. Each passage is accompanied by a set ofnotation; factors; ratio, proportion, and percent; linear multiple-choice test questions. These questions do not testequations in one variable; absolute value and ordering the rote recall of facts from outside the passage, isolatednumbers by value; elementary counting techniques and vocabulary items, or rules of formal logic.simple probability; data collection, representation, andinterpretation; and understanding simple descriptive Three scores are reported for the ACT Reading Test: a totalstatistics. test score based on all 40 questions, a subscore in Social Studies/Sciences reading skills (based on the 20 questionsElementary Algebra (17%). Questions in this content area on the social studies and natural sciences passages), andare based on properties of exponents and square roots, a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills (based on theevaluation of algebraic expressions through substitution, 20 questions on the prose fiction and humanitiesusing variables to express functional relationships, passages).understanding algebraic operations, and the solution ofquadratic equations by factoring. Tips for Taking the ACT Reading Test Pace yourself.INTERMEDIATE ALGEBRA/COORDINATE The ACT Reading Test contains 40 questions to beGEOMETRY completed in 35 minutes. If you spend 2–3 minutes readingIntermediate Algebra (15%). Questions in this content area each passage, then you will have about 35 seconds toare based on an understanding of the quadratic formula, answer each question. If possible, spend less time on therational and radical expressions, absolute value equations passages and the questions and use the remaining timeand inequalities, sequences and patterns, systems of allowed for this test to review your work and return to theequations, quadratic inequalities, functions, modeling, questions on this test that were most difficult for you.matrices, roots of polynomials, and complex numbers. Read the passage carefully.Coordinate Geometry (15%). Questions in this content area Before you begin answering a question, read the entireare based on graphing and the relations between equations passage thoroughly. It is important that you read everyand graphs, including points, lines, polynomials, circles, sentence rather than skim the text. Be conscious ofand other curves; graphing inequalities; slope; parallel and relationships between or among ideas. You may want toperpendicular lines; distance; midpoints; and conics. make notes about important ideas in the passage, either inPLANE GEOMETRY/TRIGONOMETRY the test booklet, or on scratch paper if it is provided.Plane Geometry (23%). Questions in this content area are Refer to the passage when answering the questions.based on the properties and relations of plane figures, Answers to some of the questions will be found by referringincluding angles and relations among perpendicular and to what is explicitly stated in the text. Other questions willparallel lines; properties of circles, triangles, rectangles, require you to determine implicit meanings and to drawparallelograms, and trapezoids; transformations; the conclusions, comparisons, and generalizations. Refer toconcept of proof and proof techniques; volume; and the passage before you answer any question.applications of geometry to three dimensions. Content Covered by the ACT Reading TestTrigonometry (7%). Questions in this content area arebased on understanding trigonometric relations in right The Reading Test is based on four types of readingtriangles; values and properties of trigonometric functions; selections: the social studies, the natural sciences, prosegraphing trigonometric functions; modeling using fiction, and the humanities. A subscore in Social Studies/trigonometric functions; use of trigonometric identities; and Sciences reading skills is based on the questions on thesolving trigonometric equations. social studies and the natural sciences passages, and a subscore in Arts/Literature reading skills is based on the questions on the prose fiction and humanities passages.ACT Reading Test A brief description and the approximate percentage ofThe ACT Reading Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that the test devoted to each type of reading selection are givenmeasures your reading comprehension. The test questions below.ask you to derive meaning from several texts by Social Studies (25%). Questions in this category are based(1) referring to what is explicitly stated and (2) reasoning to on passages in the content areas of anthropology,determine implicit meanings. Specifically, questions will ask archaeology, biography, business, economics, education,you to use referring and reasoning skills to determine main geography, history, political science, psychology,ideas; locate and interpret significant details; understand and sociology.sequences of events; make comparisons; comprehend 8
  9. 9. Natural Sciences (25%). Questions in this category are viewpoints. It may be helpful for you to make notesbased on passages in the content areas of anatomy, summarizing each viewpoint, either next to that section inastronomy, biology, botany, chemistry, ecology, geology, the test booklet, or on scratch paper if it is provided. Formedicine, meteorology, microbiology, natural history, questions that ask you to compare viewpoints, these notesphysiology, physics, technology, and zoology. will help you answer more quickly.Prose Fiction (25%). Questions in this category are based on Content Covered by the ACT Science Testintact short stories or excerpts from short stories or novels. The content of the Science Test includes biology, chemistry,Humanities (25%). Questions in this category are based on physics, and the Earth/space sciences (for example,passages from memoirs and personal essays and in the geology, astronomy, and meteorology). Advancedcontent areas of architecture, art, dance, ethics, film, knowledge in these subjects is not required, but knowledgelanguage, literary criticism, music, philosophy, radio, acquired in general, introductory science courses istelevision, and theater. needed to answer some of the questions. The test emphasizes scientific reasoning skills over recall ofACT Science Test scientific content, skill in mathematics, or reading ability. The scientific information is conveyed in one of threeThe ACT Science Test is a 40-question, 35-minute test that different formats.measures the interpretation, analysis, evaluation,reasoning, and problem-solving skills required in the Data Representation (38%). This format presents graphicnatural sciences. and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with this formatThe test presents seven sets of scientific information, each measure skills such as graph reading, interpretation offollowed by a number of multiple-choice test questions. The scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented inscientific information is conveyed in one of three different tables.formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and otherschematic forms), research summaries (descriptions of Research Summaries (45%). This format providesseveral related experiments), or conflicting viewpoints descriptions of one or more related experiments. The(expressions of several related hypotheses or views that questions focus upon the design of experiments and theare inconsistent with one another). The questions require interpretation of experimental to recognize and understand the basic features of, and Conflicting Viewpoints (17%). This format presentsconcepts related to, the provided information; to examine expressions of several hypotheses or views that, beingcritically the relationship between the information provided based on differing premises or on incomplete data, areand the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed; and inconsistent with one another. The questions focus uponto generalize from given information to gain new the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternativeinformation, draw conclusions, or make predictions. viewpoints or hypotheses.You are not permitted to use a calculator on the ACTScience Test. ACT Writing Test (Optional) If you register for the ACT Plus Writing, you will take theOne score is reported for the ACT Science Test: a total test ACT Writing Test (which must be completed in English)score based on all 40 questions. after you complete the four multiple-choice tests. TakingTips for Taking the ACT Science Test the Writing Test will not affect your scores on the multiple-Pace yourself. choice tests or your Composite score. Rather, you will receive two additional scores: a Combined English/WritingThe ACT Science Test contains 40 questions to be score on a scale of 1 through 36 and a Writing subscore oncompleted in 35 minutes. If you spend about 2 minutes a scale of 2 through 12. You will also receive somereading each passage, then you will have about 30 seconds comments on your essay. In addition, an image of yourto answer each question. If possible, spend less time on the essay will be available to your high school and the collegespassages and the questions and use the remaining time to which we report your scores from that test date.allowed for this test to review your work and return to thequestions on this test that were most difficult for you. The ACT Writing Test is a 30-minute essay test that measures your writing skills—specifically those writing skillsRead the passage carefully. emphasized in high school English classes and in entry-Before you begin answering a question, read the scientific level college composition courses. The test consists of onematerial provided. It is important that you read the entire text writing prompt that will define an issue and describe twoand examine any tables, graphs, or figures. You may want points of view on that issue. You are asked to write into make notes about important ideas in the information response to a question about your position on the issueprovided, either in the test booklet, or on scratch paper if it described in the writing prompt. In doing so, you mayis provided. Some of the information sets will describe adopt either of the perspectives described in the prompt,experiments. You should consider the experimental design, or present a different point of view on the issue. Your essayincluding the controls and variables, because questions are score will not be affected by the point of view you take onlikely to address this component of scientific research. the issue. Prompts are designed to be appropriate forNote different viewpoints in passages. response in a 30-minute timed test and to reflect students’ interests and experiences.Some material will present conflicting points of view, andthe questions will ask you to distinguish among the various 9
  10. 10. Your essay will be evaluated on the evidence it gives of Vary the structure of your sentences, and use varied andyour ability to do the following: precise word choices. Make logical relationships clear by• express judgments by taking a position on the issue in using transitional words and phrases. Do not wander off the the writing prompt; topic. End with a strong conclusion that summarizes or• maintain a focus on the topic throughout the essay; reinforces your position.• develop a position by using logical reasoning and by Is it advisable to organize the essay by using a formula, like supporting your ideas; “the five-paragraph essay”? Points are neither awarded nor• organize ideas in a logical way; and deducted for following formulas, so feel free to use one or• use language clearly and effectively according to the not as best suits your preference. Some writers find conventions of standard written English. formulas stifling, while other writers find them vital. The exact numbers of words and paragraphs in your essay areYour essay will be scored holistically—that is, on the basis less important than the clarity and development of yourof the overall impression created by all the elements of the ideas. Writers who have something to say can usuallywriting. Two trained readers will score your essay, each express their ideas at reasonable length and in the rightgiving it a rating from 1 (low) to 6 (high). The sum of those number of paragraphs.ratings is your Writing subscore. If the readers’ ratingsdisagree by more than one point, a third reader will Review your essay.evaluate your essay and resolve the discrepancy. Take a few minutes before time is called to read over your essay. Correct any mistakes in grammar, usage,Tips for Taking the ACT Writing Test punctuation, and spelling. If you find any words that arePace yourself. hard to read, recopy them so your readers can read themThe ACT Writing Test gives you 30 minutes to read and easily. Make any corrections and revisions neatly, betweenthink about the issue in the prompt, and to plan and write the lines. Do not write in the margins. Your readers take intoyour essay. When asked to write a timed essay, most account that you had only 30 minutes to compose andwriters find it useful to do some planning before they write write your essay. Within that time limit, try to make yourthe essay, and to do a final check of the essay when it is essay as polished as you can.finished. It is unlikely that you will have time to draft, revise, Practice.and recopy your essay. Therefore, taking a few minutes to There are many ways to prepare for the ACT Writingplan your essay is a much better strategy than writing a first Test. You may be surprised that these include readingdraft with the intent to copy it over for the final essay. newspapers and magazines, listening to news analyses onPrewrite. television or radio, and participating in discussions andSome writers like to plunge right in, but this is seldom a debates about issues and problems. These activities helpgood way to do well on a timed essay. Prewriting gets you you become more familiar with current issues, with differentacquainted with the issue, suggests patterns for presenting perspectives on those issues, and with strategies thatyour thoughts, and gives you a little breathing room to skilled writers and speakers use to present their pointscome up with interesting ideas for introducing and of view.concluding your essay. Before writing, then, carefully Of course, one of the best ways to prepare for the ACTconsider the prompt and make sure you understand it— Writing Test is to practice writing different kinds of texts, forreread it if you aren’t sure. Decide how you want to answer different purposes, with different audiences in mind. Thethe question in the prompt. Then jot down your ideas on the writing you do in your English classes will help you. So willtopic: this might simply be a list of ideas, reasons, and practice in writing essays, stories, poems, plays, editorials,examples that you will use to explain your point of view on reports, letters to the editor, a personal journal, or otherthe issue. Write down what you think others might say in kinds of writing that you do on your own. Because the ACTopposition to your point of view and think about how you Writing Test asks you to explain your perspective on anwould refute their argument. Think of how best to organize issue in a convincing way, writing opportunities likethe ideas in your essay. Do your prewriting in your Writing editorials or letters to the editor of a newspaper areTest booklet. You can refer back to these notes as you write especially helpful. Practicing a variety of different kinds ofyour essay on the lined pages of your answer folder. writing will help make you a versatile writer able to adjust toWrite. different writing occasions and assignments.Once you’re ready to write your essay in the answer folder, It is also a good idea to practice writing within a time limit.proceed with the confidence that you have prepared well This will help build skills that are important in college-leveland that you will have attentive and receptive readers who learning and in the world of work. Taking the practice ACTare interested in your ideas. At the beginning of your essay, Writing Test in this booklet will give you a good idea of whatmake sure readers will see that you understand the issue. timed writing is like and how much additional practice youExplain your point of view in a clear and logical way. If may need. You might want to take the practice ACT Writingpossible, discuss the issue in a broader context or evaluate Test even if you do not plan to take the ACT Plus Writing,the implications or complications of the issue. Address because all the writing you do contributes to your skill inwhat others might say to refute your point of view and expressing yourself.present a counterargument. Use specific examples. 10
  11. 11. Content Covered by the ACT Writing Test copy the Matching Information from your admission ticketWriting is where form and content come together. To state onto your answer document accurately, or fill in the correctthat more precisely, writing is where you put form and ovals, your scores will be delayed up to 8 weeks.content together. On the ACT Writing Test, we provide the You will receive a different answer document depending on“prompt”—a writing question about an issue that has been which Test Option you registered to take. Make sure thechosen for its appropriateness in a 30-minute test and for answer document you receive matches the Test Option youits relevance to students’ interests and experiences. The intend to take.prompt defines the topic and asks you to focus on thattopic in your essay. But the “content” of your essay—the When you receive your test booklet, you will be told to readarguments and explanations, the analysis and examples, in the directions printed on the cover, then asked to write theall their details—is provided by you. By applying your booklet number and test form on your answer document. Itwriting skills to shaping that content, you also provide the is extremely important that you fill in the correct ovals for“form” of your essay. So, with regard to the content covered your test booklet number and for the test form you areby the Writing Test, you are the author. taking because these determine which answer key will be used to score your answer document. The supervisor will then tell you when to break the seal, open your test booklet, and begin work. If you are taking the ACT Plus Writing, you3 What to Expect on Test Day will receive a Writing Test booklet only after you have completed the four multiple-choice tests. Taking the TestsReporting Time As you are working, keep your eyes on your own testFor National and International Test Dates, you must report booklet and answer document. If you have a question,to the test center by the time stated on your admission raise your hand. Do not look around. Please remember thatticket, normally 8:00 a.m. If you are late, you may not be as you take the tests you may not use information oradmitted to test. If your admission ticket does not list a materials that cause you to obtain a test score thatspecific room, test center staff or posted signs will direct misrepresents what you have to your test room. It is important that you understand what is consideredIdentification Required prohibited behavior on the ACT. If you are involved inAt check-in, you will be required to show acceptable ID. any of the actions listed below, you will be dismissed andSee ID requirements on your admission ticket, at your answer document will not be, or in Registering for the ACT. You will Prohibited behaviors include:also need to bring your admission ticket to complete your • filling in or altering ovals on a test or continuing to writeanswer document correctly. the essay after time is called on that test (You must put your pencil down immediately when time is called.)Dos and Don’ts • looking at another examinee’s test booklet or answerIn the test room, the supervisor or proctor will direct you to a documentseat. If you need a left-handed desk, tell your supervisor as • giving or receiving assistanceyou enter. Do not leave the test room after you have beenadmitted. Only pencils, erasers, a permitted calculator (for • looking back at a test on which time has been calledthe Mathematics Test only), and your admission ticket will be • looking ahead in the test bookletallowed on your desk. You will be required to put all other • using highlight pens, colored pens or pencils, notes,personal belongings away. You will not be allowed to have dictionaries, or other aidsscratch paper, books, dictionaries, notes or other aids, • using a prohibited calculatorhighlighters, colored pens or pencils, mechanical pencils, • using a calculator on any test other than theink pens, correction fluid, reading material, or any electronic Mathematics Testdevices other than a permitted calculator. Examples of • sharing a calculator with another examineeprohibited devices include: timer, cell phone, media player,PDA, headphones, camera. You may not use tobacco in any • using any device to share or exchange information atform or have food or drink (including water) in the test room. any time during testing or during break (all electronicYou must abide by the rules of the test center. devices, including cell phones, must be turned off from the time you are admitted to test until you are dismissedTry to relax just before beginning the tests. Take a few deep after testing concludes)breaths, tense and relax your muscles, and think about • attempting to remove test materials, including questionspleasant things. or answers, from the test room by any means • not following instructions or abiding by the rules of theTest Preliminaries test centerTesting will begin as soon as all examinees present at 8:00 • exhibiting confrontational, threatening, or unrulya.m. are checked in and seated. Listen carefully to all behaviordirections read by your supervisor. Ask questions if you do • creating a disturbance or allowing an alarm or phonenot understand what you are to do. It is very important that to sound in the test roomyou follow all directions carefully. For instance, if you do not 11
  12. 12. If you engage in any of these prohibited behaviors, you answers, and scoring instructions. This service is notwill be dismissed from the test center and your answer available for all test dates or for other types of testingdocument will not be scored. programs (e.g., International, State). If you want it, check or Registering for the ACT to seeIf you finish a test before time is called, review your work on which test dates offer this service and register for one ofthat test. Do not return to a previous test and do not work those dates.ahead. If you are satisfied with your responses, place youranswer document inside your test booklet and close the 4cover. Sit quietly until your supervisor gives you additionalinstructions.You will have a 10- to 15-minute break after the first two Taking the Practice Teststests. Do not leave the building during the break because Taking the practice tests can help you become familiar withsome buildings have automatic locking doors, and you may the ACT. It will be most helpful if you take the tests underbe locked out. You must ask permission to leave the room conditions that are as similar as possible to those you willduring testing to go to the restroom; you will not be allowed experience on test day. The following tips will help youto make up lost time. If you are taking the ACT Plus Writing, make the most of the practice tests:you will also have a brief break after Test 4 in which to relax • The four multiple-choice tests require a total of 2 hoursand to sharpen your pencils. and 55 minutes. Take them in order in one sitting, with aOn certain test dates, ACT administers test questions for 10- to 15-minute break between Tests 2 and 3.developmental purposes. Your responses to these • Sit at a desk with good lighting. You will needquestions do not affect your scores. sharpened No. 2 pencils with good erasers. You may not use highlight pens or correction fluid. Remove allAt the conclusion of testing, you will be asked to sign a books and other aids from your desk. On test day, youstatement and copy a certification in your own handwriting will not be allowed to use references or notes. For most(in cursive) to verify truthful identification of yourself. You administrations, you won’t need scratch paper becausewill be required to sit quietly until you are dismissed. After each page of the Mathematics Test has a blank columnall answer documents and test booklets have been that you can use for scratch work.collected and counted, your supervisor will dismiss you. • If you plan to use a calculator on the Mathematics Test, review the information about prohibited calculators onSpecial Situations page 5.If, for any reason, you have to leave the test center before • Use a digital timer or clock to time yourself on eachcompleting all your tests, you must decide whether or not practice test. Set your timer for five minutes less thanyou want your answer document scored and inform your the time allowed for each test so you can get used tosupervisor of your decision. If you fail to do so, your answer the verbal announcement of five minutes remaining.document will be scored. If you decide after you have (Students approved for extended time should set acompleted all your tests that you do not want your answer timer for 60-minute announcements up to the total timedocument scored, tell your supervisor before you leave the allowed—5 hours for the ACT [No Writing], or 5 hourstest center. You need not give a reason. and 45 minutes for the ACT Plus Writing, and anOnce you break the seal on your multiple-choice test announcement of five minutes remaining at the end.)booklet, you cannot request a Test Date Change. If you do • Give yourself only the time allowed for each test.not complete all your tests and want to test again, you will • Detach and use the sample multiple-choice answerhave to reregister and pay the basic fee for your test option document on pages 73–74.again. If you want to take the ACT again, you will have to • Read the general test directions on the first page of thereregister. See or Registering for the practice multiple-choice tests. These are the sameACT. Once you begin filling out your answer document, you directions that will appear on your test booklet on test day.cannot request a Test Option Change (i.e., you may not After you have read the directions, start your timer andchange from ACT Plus Writing to the ACT [No Writing] or begin with Test 1. Continue through Test 4, taking a 10- tothe reverse, on test day). 15-minute break between Tests 2 and 3. If you do not planYou may not receive scores from more than one test taken to take the ACT Plus Writing, score your multiple-choiceduring a scheduled national or international test date. For tests using the information beginning on page 59.example, you may test on Saturday or on an authorized • If you plan to take the ACT Plus Writing, take a 5-minutenon-Saturday date (e.g., because your religious beliefs break after Test 4. Then read the directions on the firstprohibit testing on Saturday) or on a rescheduled test date page of the practice ACT Writing Test (page 57). Thesearranged by ACT—but not on more than one of those days. are the same directions that will appear on your testIf you are admitted and allowed to test a second time, we booklet on test day. After you have read the directions,will report only the scores from the first test. The second set start your timer, then carefully read the prompt onof scores will be cancelled without refund. page 58. After you have considered what the prompt is asking you to do, use scratch paper to plan your essayTest Information Release and then write your essay in the lined pages (75–78) onOn certain national test dates, if you test at a national test the answer document. When you have finished, scorecenter, you may order (for an additional fee) a copy of the your essay using the information on pages 66–72.test questions, a copy of your answers, a list of correct 12
  13. 13. Practice Multiple-Choice Tests Your Date of Birth: Your Signature (do not print): Print Your Name Here: Month Day Year Form 0964E 2009 l 2010Directions This booklet contains tests in English, Only responses marked on your answer documentMathematics, Reading, and Science. These tests will be scored. Your score on each test will bemeasure skills and abilities highly related to high based only on the number of questions you answerschool course work and success in college. correctly during the time allowed for that test. You willCALCULATORS MAY BE USED ON THE NOT be penalized for guessing. IT IS TO YOURMATHEMATICS TEST ONLY. ADVANTAGE TO ANSWER EVERY QUESTION EVEN IF YOU MUST GUESS. The questions in each test are numbered, and thesuggested answers for each question are lettered. You may work on each test ONLY when your testOn the answer document, the rows of ovals are supervisor tells you to do so. If you finish a testnumbered to match the questions, and the ovals in before time is called for that test, you should use theeach row are lettered to correspond to the suggested time remaining to reconsider questions you areanswers. uncertain about in that test. You may NOT look back to a test on which time has already been called, and For each question, first decide which answer is you may NOT go ahead to another test. To do so willbest. Next, locate on the answer document the row disqualify you from the examination.of ovals numbered the same as the question. Then,locate the oval in that row lettered the same as your Lay your pencil down immediately when time isanswer. Finally, fill in the oval completely. Use a soft called at the end of each test. You may NOT for anylead pencil and make your marks heavy and black. reason fill in or alter ovals for a test after time isDO NOT USE INK OR A MECHANICAL PENCIL. called for that test. To do so will disqualify you from the examination. Mark only one answer to each question. If youchange your mind about an answer, erase your first Do not fold or tear the pages of your test booklet.mark thoroughly before marking your new answer.For each question, make certain that you mark in the DO NOT OPEN THIS BOOKLETrow of ovals with the same number as the question. UNTIL TOLD TO DO SO. © 2009 by ACT, Inc. All rights reserved. P.O. BOX 168 NOTE: This booklet is covered by Federal copyright laws that prohibit the reproduction IOWA CITY, IA 52243-0168 of the test questions without the express, written permission of ACT, Inc. 13
  14. 14. 1 ENGLISH TEST 1 45 Minutes—75 QuestionsDIRECTIONS: In the five passages that follow, certain You will also find questions about a section of the pas-words and phrases are underlined and numbered. In sage, or about the passage as a whole. These questionsthe right-hand column, you will find alternatives for the do not refer to an underlined portion of the passage, butunderlined part. In most cases, you are to choose the rather are identified by a number or numbers in a that best expresses the idea, makes the statement For each question, choose the alternative you considerappropriate for standard written English, or is worded best and fill in the corresponding oval on your answermost consistently with the style and tone of the passage document. Read each passage through once before youas a whole. If you think the original version is best, begin to answer the questions that accompany it. Forchoose “NO CHANGE.” In some cases, you will find in many of the questions, you must read several sentencesthe right-hand column a question about the underlined beyond the question to determine the answer. Be surepart. You are to choose the best answer to the question. that you have read far enough ahead each time you choose an alternative.PASSAGE I The Potter’s Kiln Unbricking a kiln after a firing is like a person 1. A. NO CHANGE 1 B. someone C. a potter D. OMIT the underlined portion.uncovering buried treasure. As the potter takes bricks away 2. The writer would like to suggest the potter’s cautious 2 pace and sense of anticipation in opening the create an opening into the oven, an expanding view Given that all the choices are true, which one best accomplishes the writer’s goal? F. NO CHANGE G. removes bricks by hand H. removes one brick at a time J. experiences great anticipation and removes bricksof gleaming shapes rewards the artist for months 3. A. NO CHANGE 3 B. rewardingof hard work. C. reward D. as a reward for The process of creating ceramics begins in a studio.My friend Ellen is typical of many more potters in that 4. F. NO CHANGE 4 G. of manysome pieces she shapes on a spinning potter’s wheel and H. mostly of J. for mostothers she builds on a work table from coils or slabs ofclay. Over many weeks, as time goes by, her collection 5. A. NO CHANGE 5 B. with the passing of time,slowly grows: clay bowls, cups, vases, and sculptures C. gradually, D. OMIT the underlined portion.fill the studio. She dries them on racks, dips themin glazes, and dries them again.ACT-64E-PRACTICE GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 14
  15. 15. 1 At last, Ellen will have enough pieces for a firing. 1She then carries the assortment outside to the wood-firedkiln, it is a brick structure designed to bake pottery to a 6. F. NO CHANGE 6 G. the brick structure ishardness and transform glazes to glorious colors that H. a brick structure J. brickdrying alone won’t achieve. The chamber is just big 7. The writer is considering deleting the phrase “and transform glazes to glorious colors” from the preced- ing sentence. Should the phrase be kept or deleted? A. Kept, because it emphasizes that painting pottery is a time-consuming process. B. Kept, because it is relevant to the essay’s focus on the role of kilns in making pottery. C. Deleted, because the appearance of the pottery is not as important to the essay’s focus as how kilns function. D. Deleted, because this level of detail is not consis- tent with the essay’s description of a kiln firing.enough for her to crouch in as she carefully arranges the 8. F. NO CHANGE 8 G. stoops to carefully arrangepieces inside. When the objects are in place, she backs H. bends over to arrange with care J. carefully stoops over to arrangeout gingerly and seals the chamber shut with bricks. The next morning, using twigs, for kindling she 9. A. NO CHANGE 9 B. morning, using twigs for kindling,starts a small blaze in the firebox, located directly below C. morning, using twigs for kindling; D. morning using twigs, for kindling,the main chamber. The fire grows steadily throughoutthe day as she feeds it lumber scraps and then logs.By nightfall a controlled inferno roars in the kiln. 10. The writer would like to indicate that at this point the 10 fire is extremely intense. Given that all the choices are true, which one best accomplishes the writer’s goal? F. NO CHANGE G. the fire is stronger than ever H. there is more heat being produced J. a kind of intense blaze takes placeOccasionally, the fire chugs like a train engine, hungry 11. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined 11 portion would NOT be acceptable?for more oxygen. Each time the fire is stoked, sparks A. On occasion, B. Once in a while, C. Now and then, D. Time or again,shoot from the chimney into the night sky. 12. Which of the following alternatives to the underlined 12 portion would NOT be acceptable? F. at the chimney in G. up the chimney toward H. through the chimney up into J. out the chimney intoACT-64E-PRACTICE GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE. 15