Strategic integration of ICT in agriculture: experiences of the National Informatics Centre (NIC) India
ICT Observatory on e-Agriculture in ACP Countries24-26 April 2013 at CTA, The NetherlandsStrategic Integration of ICT in Agriculture : Experiences of NationalInformatics Centre (NIC) IndiaM.MoniDeputy Director General (Agricultural Informatics)National Informatics Centre&Visiting Professor (Government Nominated)SHOBHIT University, Meerut1
Strategic Integration of ICT in AgricultureExperiences of NIC - India1. DISNIC Programme launched during 1987 in all Districts of India – DistrictInformation System Programme in 27 Sectors – Founder Project Director• DISNIC – AGRIS Project : A Database Development Project in the Area ofAgriculture Sector• DISNIC - Fisheries Project : A Database Development Project in the Area ofFisheries Sector• DISNIC – Animal Husbandry Project : A Database Development Project in theArea of Livestock Sector2. Informatics for Sustainable Agricultural Development (ISDA) 1995 – gave theInformatics Blueprint for ICT in Agricultural sector In India2
ISDA – 95 :Informatics Blueprint for Sustainable Agricultural Development3Digital Networks for Farmers (DNF) – 3 to 6 Per cent of the Agricultural Budget to be allocated for ICT in Agricultural sectorAGRISNET - an Infrastructure network up to block level agricultural offices facilitating agricultural extension services and agribusiness activities to usherin rural prosperityAGMARKNET with a road map to network Agricultural produce wholesale markets and rural markets;ARISNET - Agricultural Research Information System Network;SeedNet - Seed Informatics Network;CoopNet - to network Agricultural Primary Credit Societies (PACS) and Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Societies to usher in ICT enabled services andrural transformation;HORTNET - Horticultural Informatics Network;FERTNET - Fertilisers (Chemical, Bio and Organic Manure) Informatics Network facilitating "Integrating Nutrient Management" at farm level;VISTARNET - Agricultural Extension Information System Network;PPIN - Plant Protection informatics NetworkAPHNET - Animal production and Health Informatics Network networking about 42000 Animal Primary Health Centres;FISHNET - Fisheries Informatics Network;LISNET - Land Information System network linking all institutions involved in land and water management for agricultural productivity and productionsystems, which has now evolved as "Agricultural Resources Information system" project during the Tenth Plan being implemented through NIC.AFPINET - Agricultural & Food Processing Industries Informatics NetworkARINET - Agricultural and Rural Industries Information System Network to strengthen Small , Micro & Medium Enterprises (SMEs)NDMNET- Natural Drought Management Knowledge Network in IndiaWeatherNET- Weather Resource System Information Network of India - for Agromet Advisories
Reformed Rural India 2020• GRID Programme for bridgingdisparities and divides atgrassroots level;• SMART VILLAGE – digitallyconnected and digitally enabledfor long term, sustainabledevelopment;• SMART ISLAND – A KnowledgeSocietyPlan Scheme 2007-2012 of NIC4
Rural India Vision 20205To leverage on a mix of emergingand existing technologies foreffective and inexpensive ICTpenetration in agriculturaldevelopment To be the global lead enabler in innovatingsolutions through Informatics for agriculturaldevelopment and prosperity.
Deliverable 2020 – A CSRTo prepare about 100,000Agricultural Studentsready, through agriculturalinformatics, for undertakingS&T based agriculturaldevelopment and torejuvenate and usher inagricultural dynamism in thecountry, by 2020.6
DNFNeGPOpen GovOpen TechNat.GISNKNPIIRural Area where more than 80 per cent of the activities are related to agricultural sector.7RuralIndiaAgriculture Livestock FisheriesHealthcare……A Conceptual Diagram – Digital InclusionEducation CommerceDISNIC Programme(1987) targeted for27 sectors at sub-district levelSmart VILLAGE –Digital InclusionSMEsUrbanIndia
Rural India1. Indian village is a cognizable unit located in a specific agro-ecological andsociological environment - 6.25 Lakhs villages in 2.3 Lakh Panchayats (i.e.grassroots level governance institutions) :Distribution of Villages according to the Population 2001 CensusPopulation No. of Villages< 1000 4,06,7221000-1999 94,4862000-4999 46,8925000-9999 7,202> 10000 18348
Rural India 20121. “The shell must break before the bird can fly” - Alfred Tennyson2. India is connected and Indians (> 850 Millions handset) are also connected toInternet;3. Socio-Economic Sectorsi. Healthcare (Human, Animal and Aquatic Animal)ii. Educationiii. Agriculture (On-Farm & Off-Farm)iv. Rural Development (Non-Farm)v. Commercevi. Governance4. India is an Agrarian Economy – But there are no Agricultural Schools, NoAgricultural Polytechnics and No Agricultural ITIs in Rural India ; However, thereare about300 Agricultural Colleges, 52 Agricultural Universities, 95 AgriculturalResearch (ICAR) Institutions and 625 Farm Science Centres (FSCs) in India.9
Agricultural PortalCentral Agricultural Portal (CAP)– State Agricultural Portal (SAP)10Agriculture Mission Mode Project underNational e-Governance programme (NeGP)• Central Agricultural portal (CAP)• State Agricultural Portal (SAP)• 12 Cluster of Services• Database Systems• Textual Base Systems• Workflows• Advisory system• GIS based DSS• Public Grievance andRedressal management• Information Disseminationthrough SMS, IVRS, Callcentre, WebPortal, Radio, TV, etc
Cluster of Services under Agriculture Mission Mode Project111. Service-1 : Providing information on Quality Pesticides2. Service-2 : Providing information on Quality Fertilizers3. Service-3 : Providing information on Quality Seeds4. Service-4 : Providing information on Soil Health5. Service-5 : Providing information on Crop diseases6. Service-6 : NeGP-A: Service 6: Providing informationon forecasted weather7. Service-7 : Providing market information on pricesand arrivals of agricultural commodities8. Service-8 : Providing related market information tofacilitate farmers get better prices9. Service-9 : Providing interaction platform andinteraction on transport services for farmers andbuyers of agricultural produce10. Service-10 : Providing Information on MinimumSupport Price (MSP) and Government ProcurementPoints (GPPs)11. Service-11 : Providing electronic certification ofimports and exports12. Providing information on marketing infrastructureand Post Harvest facilities13. Service-13 : Providing information on storageinfrastructure14. Service-14:Monitor the implementation of schemes /programs15. Service-15 : Providing training support to farm schoolsfor adoption of good agricultural practices16. Service-16 : Sharing Good Agriculture Practices withfarmers & trainers, and providing extension supportthrough online video;17. Service-17: Providing Information on Fishery Inputs18. Service-18: Providing Information on Irrigationinfrastructure
Cluster of Services under Agriculture Mission Mode Project(New Services)1219. Service-19: Providing Information on Financial Servicesavailable from PACS, RRBs and Public Sector Banks20. Service-20: To provide information on financial securityto persons engaged in Agriculture and Allied Activitiesthrough Insurance Products and other Support Services(Agricultural Insurance Services).21. Service-21: To provide Information on Use of Plastics inAgriculture, Horticulture and Floriculture22. Service -22: To provide information on Medicinal andAromatic Plants.23. Service-23: To provide information on Patent ontraditional practices24. Service 24: To provide information on Allied sectors likeSericulture, Floriculture, Horticulture, Bee-keeping etc25. Service 25: To provide information to Farmers on FoodProcessing Technologies;26. Service 26: Providing information on agricultural wagesto farmers;27. Service 27: Providing Information on Crops DevelopmentProgramme and Production Technologies to increaseProduction and Productivity.(list to grow further)
Outcomes of AGMARKNET from Andhra Pradeshhttp://www.agmarknet.nic.in1. To protect the farmers interest, theminimum bidding price is being fixedin some AMCs, taking intoconsideration the Mode Price averagefor previous month or so;2. State Department of Food and Civilsupplies and Consumer affairs uses tocontrol retail prices;3. State Agriculture Department officialsuse to plan and fix targets for NFSM;4. MBA (Agribusiness Mgt) Students atMANAGE, use for commoditiestrading;5. Directorate of Oilseeds Development,Hyderabad use for preparingadvisories to the Government forintervention;6. National Seeds Corporation (NSC)uses to promote better HYV seeds;13
RealCraft – A Project to strengthen Coastal Security in IndiaNational Database on Fishing Vessels (about 2 Lakhs)(Safety of about 1 Million Fishermen going to Sea for fishing)14• Initiated in the State of Kerala - Operational• Rolled out in all Coastal States (9) and UTs(4) by 31st Jan2011 after 26/11 Mumbai Attack• Stakeholders - Navy, Coast Guards, MarinePolice, Fisheries Authorities, Ministry of HomeAffairs, etc.• Legal issues - Marine Shipping Act 1988 modified• Venturing Fishermen to get Boarding Pass (April 2011)through Bharat Nirman Common Services Centres;• Coast Guards uses Registration No. (Unique) in theirNational Automatic Identification System (NAIS) forFishing Vessels.• Directorate of Lighthouses and Lightships usesRegistration No. (Unique) in their National AutomaticIdentification System (NAIS) for Fishing Vessels.• To be linked with INCOIS Of MoES for oceanicInformation Services.http://fishcraft.nic.in• Operational from 166 locations alongthe coastal line.• Coastal States :Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka,Kerala, Tamilnadu, AndhraPradesh, Odisha & West Bengal.• Coastal UTs : Daman &Diu, Lakshadweep, A&N Islands &Puducherry.
16National Agricultural Prices and Marketing Information System(NAPMIS) - Farmers Need itThere is a need to develop aplatform for farmers tointeract with:• Input Suppliers (Seeds,fertilizers, pesticides,Machinery and credit)• Marketing Channels(Wholesale Markets, RuralMarkets, Commissionagents/traders, processingindustries etc),• Agricultural laborers• Agricultural extensionworkers
17Digital Inclusion for fostering Rural prosperity andGrassroots DevelopmentA much needed Domestic Strategy for sustainable livelihoodsin Rural India(i.e. Agricultural Informatics Policy)Agents that funneled the growth of Services Sector• Technology• Information• (Efficient)ProcessesAgricultural Informatics Policy to be based on TIP
ICT Policy 2012 - StrategiesDepartment of Electronics and Information Technology1. Security of Cyber Space2. Development of Language Technologies3. Enabling Service Delivery through e-Governance4. GIS based IT Services5. Human Resources Development6. Enhancing productivity and competitiveness in key sectors through ICT7. Creating an ecosystem for Internet and mobile driven Service Industry8. Promotion of Innovation and R&D in IT Sector9. Creating ecosystem for a globally competitive IT/ITES Industry18
19Publications1. M.Moni (2005): Rural India : Different Meaning to Different People, Discussion Paper presented at 3rdInternational Conference on “Rural India: Achieving Millennium Development Goals and GrassrootsDevelopment”, 10-12 November 2005, Hyderabad (India), organised by Bhoovigyan Vikas Foundation (NewDelhi) and SAHANAV, Hyderabad.2. Madaswamy MONI (2006) : “ICT for Sustainable Rural Livelihood : Rural India to Shine, Smile and Roar”,published in i4d Journal, February 20063. Madaswamy MONI (2006): “Web Services & Localisation : A Way to realise Digital Inclusion anddevelopment in Rural India”, CSI Communications, March 20064. Madaswamy MONI (2005): “Mainstreaming ICT for Grassroots Level Planning: Implementation, DeliveryMechanism and Institutional Development” , Invited Lecture at the 25th International Cartographic Congressorganised by Indian national cartographic Association at Dr. Hari Singh Gaur Viswavidyalaya, Sagar (India), 28November – 1 December 2005.
205. Madaswamy MONI (2006): Digital Inclusion for fostering Rural Prosperity and Grassroots Development: A Much NeededDomestic Strategy for Sustainable Livelihoods in Rural India, Presented as a Lead Paper in the INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCEON “Social Science Perspectives in Agricultural Research and Development”, organized by Voluntary Action for ResearchDevelopment and Networking (VARDAN) New Delhi, in collaboration with International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI)Washington, DC (USA) and Indian Society of Extension Education (ISEE) New Delhi, India, during February 15–18, 2006..6. Madaswamy MONI (2005): ICT Diffusion for Economic Growth and Sustainable Development of SMEs: A Powerful Tool forreducing Spatial Disparities and enhancing Opportunities for development in India, presented at the Workshop onDistributed and Mobile Computing organized by Department of Information Technology, Madras Institute ofTechnology, Anna University Campus, Chromepet, Chennai.