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Patrick kasangaki contributing to extension - the question and answer service voucher system

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Patrick kasangaki

Patrick kasangaki

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  • 1. Contributing to Extension – The Question and Answer Service Voucher System Patrick Kasangaki Rural Empowerment Network – (REN)
  • 2. Authors Vivienne Oguya [email_address] and Patrick Kasangaki [email_address]
  • 3. Presentation Layout Introduction Project Objective Project Outreach Materials, Methods, Data Sources Outputs Impact Conclusions and Recommendations
  • 4. Introduction
    • QAS – “traditional” information service
    • Provided to broad user base for several years
    • 2006 service to primarily serve farmers & extension
    • Proactive approaches e.g. vouchers introduced to QAS
    • QAS Voucher System introduced to Uganda in 2006
      • Partners : REN, NARO-ARIS, CTA and BLE-ISICAD
  • 5. Introduction
    • Uganda: public sector rural advisory services (RAS) are underfunded and underperforming, reaching only a fraction of farmers
    • Gaps to fill to strengthen the RAS, e.g.
      • Appropriate policy advocacy
      • Capacity development support and
      • Application of new extension approaches e.g. QAS VS
  • 6. Project Objective and Purpose
    • Objective
    • Contribute towards improved agricultural productivity food security and rural livelihoods in Uganda
    • Purpose
    • Timely and accurate responses to farmers’ questions on best practices provided
  • 7. Project Outreach
    • 900 small-scale farmers reached directly in 7 Districts :
      • Kayunga, Soroti, Wakiso, Mityana, Kyenjojo, Kasese and Nebbi
    • Millions more reached indirectly
        • radio
        • local communication
        • farmer listening groups
        • and local archives
  • 8.  
  • 9. Materials, Methods, Data Sources
    • Vouchers – right given to a farmer to ask a question and receive customised answer
    • Field Agent – distributes vouchers to farmers, takes photos, explains answer in local language to farmer
    • Rural Information Broker – person with ICT skills. Online communication e.g. publishing farmers questions online
    • Answering Service – involves experts who answer questions
  • 10. Materials, Methods, Data Sources
    • Farmers – prioritise on questions to ask, evaluate answers. Key to payment of actors
    • Internet platform – database of questions and answers, monitoring base used for controlling agent and development partners
    • Radio – increases project outreach, improves cost effectiveness. Scripts on FAQs developed and broadcasted as 15 minute programmes in 5 languages
  • 11.  
  • 12.  
  • 13. The QAS-VS…… Farmer request Field agent Rural Information Broker (Internet) www.isicad.org/cta Expert response Library Internet Payment after delivery ! Answer service
  • 14. Outputs
    • Provided timely and accurate responses to 900 farmers’ questions on best practices.
    • Increased usability of research outputs by linking farmers and extension to research scientists.
    • Generated online knowledge
    • content and shared it widely.
    • Catalysed communication among
    • farming communities for purposes
    • of agricultural and rural development.
  • 15. Outputs
    • QAS VS introduced to 40 local authorities and 900 farmers.
    • 15 Field Agents trained.
  • 16. Outputs
    • Database of 35 subject matter specialists developed.
    • Existing expertise was mobilised. (>70 people)
    • Local archives established at 15 sites .
  • 17. Outputs Increased outreach - 72 radio programmes broadcasted. 744 recordings distributed to listening groups at 15 sites
  • 18. Impact
    • Structured questionnaire used to interview 150 randomly selected farmers
    • SPSS used for data analysis
  • 19. Impact…. Effect on Productivity by enterprise   Increase in Productivity (%) < 0 0-25 26-50 51-75 76-99 100 > 100 TOTAL Crop Production 5 15 20 65 25 17 3 150 Animal Production 2 9 8 37 8 15 6 85 Aquaculture 0 1 1 4 2 0 0 8
  • 20. Impact…. Increased Engagement by Thematic Scope (%) Thematic Scope < 0 0-25 26-50 51-75 76-99 100 > 100 TOTAL Marketing 5 15 60 22 30 15 3 150 Post Harvest Processing 4 10 63 13 34 12 14 150 Pest Control 3 20 57 32 17 16 5 150
  • 21. Conclusions and Recommendations
    • The QAS VS is an effective approach to extension .
    • Use the QAS VS as one of several extension approaches.
    • Island of success that needs to be publicised and up scaled to more regions in Uganda and other countries
    • Government involvement urgently needed to move it from project to sustainable extension intervention
    • Data from the service can be used by governments to improve evidence base of prioritising on farmers needs
    • In built transparency and accountability checks makes it attractive to development partners and governments seeking these qualities in extension models
  • 22. THANK YOU