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The national policy environment for Nigeria’s agriculture and rural development
The national policy environment for the country’s extension and AS
The current extension and advisory system, staffing, funding and impact of the services
Determine lessons learnt and make recommendations.
NATIONAL POLICIES FOR AGRICULTURE AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT
Divided into four major eras:
The Colonial and immediate post-independence era: 1893 – 1968.
The “oil boom” era: 1970 – 1979
The statewide ADP era: 1980 – 1995
The post-World Bank-assisted ADP Era: 1996- 2011.
The post-World Bank-assisted ADP Era: 1996-2011 :
1988 Agricultural Policy (1 st documented policy that affected extension) “Policy objective must transcend self-sufficiency to cover food security” (FMARD, 2002).
Assigned roles and responsibilities to the different tiers of government/private sector as follows:
The Federal Government:
“ Reorganizing the Institutional framework for government intervention in the sector to facilitate smooth and integrated development of agricultural potentials.
Increasing agricultural production through increased budgetary allocation and promotion of necessary developmental, supportive and service oriented activities to enhance production and productivity and marketing opportunities.
“ Collaboration with State and Local Governments for effective agricultural extension delivery”.
“ Promotion of primary production of all items of agricultural produce through the provision of a virile and effective extension service.
Training & Manpower dev.
Ensuring a viable agricultural extension delivery service.
Promotion of appropriate institutions for administering credits to small-holder”.
Provision of an effective extension service .
Mobilization of farmers for accelerated agricultural and rural development through cooperative organizations, local institutions and communities ”.
“ Since agric. production, processing, storage & marketing essentially their activities. Document stated clearly that Federal, State & Local Govt should jointly adequately finance Agric. Extension & rural infrastructure development.
Several unilateral and multilateral agricultural projects initiated with their own policy instruments.
Perhaps the most difficult information to access from the ADPs is the details of their funding.
Multilateral compulsory funding in donor supported projects with fairly high rate of default, so difficult to trace what really goes to agric. extension and advisory services.
Fadama 11 2002/2008 (IFAD/ADB), Fadama 111 2009 till date (WB) $250m/counterpart contribution 200m, National programme for food security 2005 till date 265.1m (FGN/FAO)……………Commercial ag.dev project WB 150m/counterpart 35m etc
Performance NORTH EAST ZONE STATE Funding Situation Adequacy & Quality Of Staff. REMARKS Adamawa Inadequate Fair Poor & untimely releases, Need to recruit staff Bauchi Fair Fair Funds on downward trend, Need to sustain staff Borno Very poor Adequate Serious funding challenges. Gombe Inadequate Fair Need to increase funding significantly Yobe Weak Fair Need to improve funding & staffing. Jigawa Weak Fair To increase funding & improve staffing
Impact 2008 no F noFFS nofrs no F noFFS nofrs 2009/10 Kwara 0 0 0 0 0 0 No state contribution. Nasarawa 27 27 746 27 746 Niger 0 0 0 27 27 774 Late payment. Plateau 27 27 675 46 1156 Taraba 32 0 0 22 550