AGRIC. VALUE CHAIN
ORIENTED TNA FOR FIELD
EXTENSION
PROFESSIONALS IN
ETHIOPIA
by
Jeff Mutimba
Outline
• Introduction
• Objectives of TNA
• Methodology/process
• Results
• Responsive curriculum
• Conclusion
Introduction
• Smallholder farmers not maximizing potential
• Do not add value to their produce
• Extension services focus...
Introduction cont…
• ET has adopted an Agric. Development-
led Industrial Strategy
• The strategy envisions transformation...
Introduction cont…
• Survey partly review of BSc program for
mid-career extension professionals run
• As partnership b/n e...
Introduction cont…
• Pay fees
• Re-absorbs staff after completion
• Participate in program review
• ATIs: design responsiv...
Objectives of TNA
Survey meant to establish:
• Fs participation in post-prod’n activities
• Current post-prod’n advice giv...
Methodology/process
• Three-day national w/s of 37 stakeholders
• National survey of 300 Fs, 69 employer
reps, 229 EWs
• S...
Results
Workshop identified 4 new thematic areas
• 1. Animal products processing(small scale
processing, storage, transpor...
Results cont…
• 3. Marketing & market analysis (analysis
of comparative advantages, organizing
markets, negotiations, link...
Results cont…
Survey revealed that:
• Fs post prod’n activities ltd to storage/market
• Extension provides advice on same
...
Results cont…
• Lack of technologies cited as reason by
56% EWs
• Only 37% cited lack of knowledge
• Serious lack of aware...
Responsive curriculum
Content includes:
• L/S prod’n & product value addition
• Poultry prod’n & product value addition
• ...
Responsive curriculum cont…
• Quality assurance of agric produce
• Supervised extension projects (SEPs)*****
• Agric econo...
Responsive curriculum cont…
Two considerations in revising curriculum:
• Courses developed along commodity
value chains
• ...
Responsive curriculum cont…
• 4 universities using revised curriculum
• Receiving training on value chain
• Receiving trai...
Responsive curriculum cont…
• Not all EWs will go to university
• Not all needs identified covered in the BSc
• Universiti...
Conclusion
• Need for strong partnerships b/n AAS &
AETI to continuously review emerging
needs & developing life-long lear...
THANK YOU
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Agricultural value chain-oriented training needs assessment for field extension professionals in Ethiopiaiented tna jeff mutimba

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Agricultural value chain-oriented training needs assessment for field extension professionals in Ethiopiaiented tna jeff mutimba

  1. 1. AGRIC. VALUE CHAIN ORIENTED TNA FOR FIELD EXTENSION PROFESSIONALS IN ETHIOPIA by Jeff Mutimba
  2. 2. Outline • Introduction • Objectives of TNA • Methodology/process • Results • Responsive curriculum • Conclusion
  3. 3. Introduction • Smallholder farmers not maximizing potential • Do not add value to their produce • Extension services focus on production • Agric training focus on production***** • EWs not trained in post-prodn value addition • Therefore cannot advice beyond prodn • Self-reinforcing status quo*** • Employers need help to articulate needs
  4. 4. Introduction cont… • ET has adopted an Agric. Development- led Industrial Strategy • The strategy envisions transformation from subsistence to market-oriented agric. • EWs will play crucial role in driving the agric modernization process • They will need competency to advise Fs along the entire value chain
  5. 5. Introduction cont… • Survey partly review of BSc program for mid-career extension professionals run • As partnership b/n employers/universities • At 16 universities in 9 African countries • Employers: identify needs for ext staff • Request ATIs for custom-made program • Select suitable staff for the program • Release staff on full salary
  6. 6. Introduction cont… • Pay fees • Re-absorbs staff after completion • Participate in program review • ATIs: design responsive curricula • Select students from those nominated • Provide suitable accommodation • Assign suitable staff • Program includes 6-9 months field work
  7. 7. Objectives of TNA Survey meant to establish: • Fs participation in post-prod’n activities • Current post-prod’n advice given • Training required for extension to provide advice beyond production • Level at which training was required • Level of demand in terms of numbers • Preferred modes of delivery
  8. 8. Methodology/process • Three-day national w/s of 37 stakeholders • National survey of 300 Fs, 69 employer reps, 229 EWs • Survey involved 3 teams from 3 univ. (+1) • Curriculum proposal responding to needs • Review by curriculum design expert • 3-day national validation w/s of 75 reps • Panel of university experts final proposal
  9. 9. Results Workshop identified 4 new thematic areas • 1. Animal products processing(small scale processing, storage, transportation, grading, packaging, safety, quality assurance) • 2. Crop products processing (+ threshing)
  10. 10. Results cont… • 3. Marketing & market analysis (analysis of comparative advantages, organizing markets, negotiations, linkages, price factors, transportation). • 4. Small agri-business management (financial mangnt, principles of value chain, value chain analysis, entrepreneurship)
  11. 11. Results cont… Survey revealed that: • Fs post prod’n activities ltd to storage/market • Extension provides advice on same • Farmers want more of it • Only 28% engaged in ltd processing of milk, honey, hides, spices, coffee • Only 4% cited processing as problem area • But 19% said needed advice on processing?
  12. 12. Results cont… • Lack of technologies cited as reason by 56% EWs • Only 37% cited lack of knowledge • Serious lack of awareness of potential • Need was for generalist EW • Huge demand – 70000 diploma holders • Full-time + semi-distance preferred modes
  13. 13. Responsive curriculum Content includes: • L/S prod’n & product value addition • Poultry prod’n & product value addition • Apiculture & product value addition • Value chain approach in agriculture • Feed production & processing • Crop prod’n & post harvest value addition • Horticultural prod’n “ “ “
  14. 14. Responsive curriculum cont… • Quality assurance of agric produce • Supervised extension projects (SEPs)***** • Agric economics & marketing • Agric project planning & analysis • Agribusiness & entrepreneurship
  15. 15. Responsive curriculum cont… Two considerations in revising curriculum: • Courses developed along commodity value chains • Sharp focus in smallholder farmers
  16. 16. Responsive curriculum cont… • 4 universities using revised curriculum • Receiving training on value chain • Receiving training on & writing self- directed learning materials for semi- distance version
  17. 17. Responsive curriculum cont… • Not all EWs will go to university • Not all needs identified covered in the BSc • Universities writing field-level training materials on a wide range of topics • To be delivered thru short-term training
  18. 18. Conclusion • Need for strong partnerships b/n AAS & AETI to continuously review emerging needs & developing life-long learning programs • Universities do respond to well articulated needs
  19. 19. THANK YOU

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