Innovative Tools and Approaches for Vegetable Cultivar and Technology Dissemination in West Africa Afari-Sefa Victor, Sokona Dagnoko, Theresa Endres , Sanjeet Kumar, Paul A. Gniffke and Abdou Tenkouano AVRDC-The World Vegetable Center, Regional Center for Africa, Arusha, Tanzania
Yet need to address the double burden of malnutrition in Africa Perennial problem Emerging problem Low Emphasis on Agric. Research & Extension on Vegetables in Africa
“ Alleviate poverty and malnutrition in the developing world through increased production and consumption of nutritious, health-promoting vegetables” AVRDC’s role http://www.avrdc.org
Four R & D Themes Germplasm conservation, evaluation and gene discovery Genetic enhancement, varietal development, selection of indigenous lines, seed production Safe and sustainable vegetable production systems Postharvest management and market opportunities; nutritional security, diet diversification and human health Germplasm Breeding Consumption Production http://www.avrdc.org
Since 1992, its Regional Center for Africa has been instrumental in :
Breeding improved exotic and IVs from Africa varieties for uptake and commercialization by private seed companies.
Train farmers, representatives of NGOs, NARES in GAP and seed systems that exhibit desirable nutritional attributes.
Engaged in activities to increase productivity, availability and consumption including genetic improvement (for biotic and abiotic stresses),GAP to improve yield and reduce chemical inputs, postharvest technologies to reduce losses, and promotion of vegetable consumption through school and home gardening,
Nutrition education, and distribution of nutrition seed kits for home gardens and disaster relief.
Enhancing the bioavailability of nutrients, optimum food preparation methods through recipe development and dissemination.
Over 60 improved vegetable varieties have so far been developed, released, and in some cases, commercialized.
Case Study Promotion of 3 New Chili Varieties in Mali
3 Hot pepper varieties may have potential to reduce poverty in W. Africa
Capsicum annum chili pepper almost unknown to Malian consumers who by far prefer chinense or frutescens HP.
AVRDC and its partner ICRISAT/WASA have introduced C. annuum hot pepper in the country including 3 high yielding, early maturing, and adapted varieties.
The three varieties can be harvested many times and have high, medium, and low pungency respectively.
Yield data for 3 New Chili Varieties Promoted in Mali Variety On-farm Average Yield for New Chili Variety FAO Average Yield for Standard chili in Mali % Yield increase AVPP9905 (Nisondia) 7.97 t/ha (5.42 t/ha) 47% AVPP0002 (Bafarima) 9.40 t/ha (5.42 t/ha) 73% AVPP0105 (Nafama) 10.56 t/ha (5.42 t/ha) 95%
This intervention has shown that it is possible to create excitement and interest in new varieties through targeted promotion and participation.
Close collaboration and thoughtful exchange of information and opinion between partners and beneficiaries can enhance technology adoption.
Holistic and multi-disciplinary approach via public private partnerships in research and development program intervention efforts.
Need for long-term investment in promotion of dietary diversity to increase vegetable production and consumption
Change in policy direction by adequate integration of nutrition security in all food security intervention efforts by increasing production and consumption of TAVs and nutrient-rich vegetables , e.g., .Beta-carotene tomato.