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Concept Note of Workshop on "Supporting Youth ICT-based Entrepreneurship and Innovations in Agriculture" organised by CTA on 19-21 November 2013

Concept Note of Workshop on "Supporting Youth ICT-based Entrepreneurship and Innovations in Agriculture" organised by CTA on 19-21 November 2013

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Workshop Concept Note Document Transcript

  • 1. Supporting Youth ICT outh ICT-based Entrepreneurship and ntrepreneurship Innovations in Agriculture nnovations Workshop Concept note (draft) Arnhem, Arnhem 19 to 21 November 2013 1
  • 2. 1 BACKGROUND In 2013, CTA has adopted its youth strategy for 2013 - 2017. Its purpose is to: boost the engagement of young people in agriculture and rural development (ARD) for the growth of ACP agricultural economies and to improve youth livelihoods. It will achieve this by facilitating the development of targeted policies, sustaining young professionals’ engagement in ARD, enhancing their capacity to use ICT for agriculture, supporting their innovations, and ensuring that they reap full benefits from improved value chains. Indeed, for several years, CTA has been supporting or implementing various activities in that framework. Four key goals have been identified in CTA’s youth strategy towards which the organization will concentrate its efforts. The adoption of this strategy was a key step to streamline CTA activities to enhance youth engagement in agriculture and rural development. One of the key goals is to enhance youth engagement in agriculture through ICT innovation and utilization. Many activities that were previously implemented, especially through the Agriculture, Rural Development and Youth in the Information Society (ARDYIS) project, have focused on the use of ICT by youth engaged in ARD. One activity coordinated via this project is the production of a publication on “Programming Youth Development” in collaboration with FAO and IFAD. The publication has identified a number of youth-focused initiatives, including ICT-based initiatives, that may be used as reference or model for youths and other stakeholders involved in development and related activities. This meeting will discuss some of these case studies, as well as other key youth experiences, including challenges faced by youth and organizations supporting them in this area. It will, in addition, discuss potential areas of activities that could be implemented with selected partners which will lead to the implementation of Goal 3 of the CTA youth strategy. The three strategic objectives of this goal, articulated around these key areas, are: - To enhance youth’s awareness of agricultural issues and opportunities through ICT tools. - To support and promote youth-led ICT innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture - To build and strength ICKM capacity of youth organizations engaged in ARD Apart from sharing and discussing youth innovative experiences identified in particular through the CTA/FAO/IFAD project, the workshop will devise on the best ways to achieve the last two strategic objectives on which the ARDYIS project has focused less so far, and which appear to be the most challenging. 2 ICT POTENTIALS FOR YOUTH IN AGRICULTURE Young people are at the forefront of the development of innovations especially in the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) sector in all regions of the world. There is overwhelmingly evidence that new ICTs, in particular the mobile communication, empower knowledge exchange and offer new tools that improve trade in the agricultural sector. Booming of ICT access and utilization In ACP countries, the penetration of mobile phones has exploded, even in the agriculture sector. The figures are quite impressive: we count above 700 millions of mobile phone subscriptions in Africa today; above 80% of subscriptions in Fiji, more than 100% subscriptions in many countries in the Caribbean. As the mobile 2
  • 3. phone increasingly conveys the internet signal in ACP regions, the potential for improved innovative uses are booming. We have 43% growth in smartphones in Africa in 20121 and 50% of internet connections in Africa come exclusively from mobile2. A Vodafone report expects $48 billion potential increase in agricultural income in Africa by 2020 due to the spread of mobile technology3. And 56% increase in milk production by those farmers using the iCow App and platform in Kenya. As a matter of fact, the World Bank through its Infodev programme affirms that “The ability of ICTs to bring refreshed momentum to agriculture appears even more compelling in light of rising investments in agricultural research, the private sector’s strong interest in the development and spread of ICTs, and the upsurge of organizations committed to the agricultural development agenda4”. The explosion of the social penetration of ICT tools has at least three implications for engaging youth in agriculture. First, this means that there are increased opportunities to reach and encourage the youths to get engaged in agriculture by undertaking outreach through web 2.0 tools such as Facebook and Twitter, where they often meet and interact. Secondly, if adequately supported, young people can develop or offer software and ICT platforms services, targeting the agricultural sector, in order to increase its performance. Lastly, young farmers can tap into new communication technologies, more than in previous times, to reduce their transaction costs, improve business management and extend their access to markets. This potential has been acknowledged in the Pacific Youth in Agriculture Strategy, which called governments and partners to support the provision of ICT capacity to young farmers and take into account their needs in ICT policy making. Similar recommendations have also been made by young people surveyed in the framework of the project “Facilitating Access of Rural Youth to Agricultural Activities”, implemented by the 'International Movement of Catholic Agricultural and Rural Youth (MIJARC), with support from the FAO and IFAD5. As it appears, the use of ICT by youth for agriculture will not only support youth’s livelihoods but will contribute to an important extent to boosting the transformation and modernisation of agricultural value chains in ACP regions. 3 OBJECTIVES, EXPECTED RESULTS, PARTICIPANTS 3.1 Objectives of the workshop Based on the above, the objectives of the workshop are to: - Discuss innovative experiences and issues relating to promoting ICT innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture by youth; Identify strategies, key projects ideas and performance indicators for supporting youth ICT innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture. 1 “Digital storm awaits Africa amid greater smartphone adoption” – Simnikiwe Mzekandaba ITWeb. 20 August 2013 3 Report Connected Agriculture : The role of mobile in driving efficiency and sustainability in the food and agriculture value chain, Vodafone 2012 4 ICT in agriculture: connecting Smallholders to Knowledge, Networks, and Institutions; World bank, Infodev, 2011 5 Summary of the findings of the project implemented by MIJARC in collaboration with FAO and IFAD: ‘Facilitating access of rural youth to agricultural activities’, 2012 2 3
  • 4. 3.2 Expected results It is expected the meeting will reach the following results: - Better understanding of, and knowledge shared about key experiences relating to ICTbased innovation and entrepreneurship in agriculture throughout the ACP regions; - Identification of key challenges faced by young innovators, entrepreneurs and organizations supporting them in that framework, as well as and ways to address them; - Identification of key projects ideas, collaboration opportunities and performance indicators for supporting youth ICT innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture, notably in view of the implementation of the CTA new Youth Strategy. - Recommendations on the potential creation of a network of institutions supporting youth ICT-based innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture. 3.3 Participants Participants of the workshop will come from the ACP regions and will represent: - Young farmer groups and regional organizations working with young farmers and interested in the use of ICT tools; Youth ICT innovators/developers and entrepreneurs involved in, or interested in the agricultural sector; Institutions and ICT innovation centres incubating youth innovators; Key international and regional organizations supporting youth innovation or entrepreneurship in agriculture; Ministries or public institutions in charge of agriculture. 4. FORMAT OF THE WORKSHOP The workshop will include plenary panels, direct interactive exchanges and breakout sessions. Panel and key thematic interventions will provide in-depth analysis or information on some specific issues and experiences. Interactive exchanges will offer the opportunity to listen and interact directly with some key implementers in order to have substantial understanding of experiences and challenges. Breakout sessions (panel discussions and practical issue identification sessions) will provide opportunity for debating and making recommendations on specific issues. Other plenary sessions will be dedicated to sharing and discussing conclusions of breakout sessions. 5. OVERVIEW OF INITIATIVES AND CHALLENGES A few experiences that could be discussed are briefly introduced below. These are some youth focused initiatives identified through the CTA/IFAD/FAO research or through ARDYIS activities. They illustrate some of the opportunities and challenges relating to ICT-based innovations and entrepreneurship in agriculture. They are classified in categories. In each category, two initiatives are presented. of the other youth three 5.1. ICT software and companies targeting the agriculture sector Initiatives in this category illustrate how youth are contributing to supporting the sector through their innovations, while seeking to improve their livelihoods. - mLouma: mLouma6 is one of three agriculture-based start-ups launched with the help of CTIC, an innovation centre in Dakar, Senegal. The service helps farmers and agribusinesses use market information to make the best possible sales and purchasing decisions for agricultural products. 6 www.mlouma.com 4
  • 5. The idea was born when Aboubacar Sidy Sonko, the young creator of the company, entered a social enterprise for Africa competition held by France Télécom in 20117. The proposal won him a place in the finals, and afterwards, with support from CTIC Dakar, the small mLouma team carried out research in the field in order to get a better understanding of farmers’ real needs and concerns. - E-market e-Market is an agricultural information system initiated after a group of youths, supported by the association (Farming and Technology for Africa, Madagascar) won the Youth in Agriculture Blog Competition (YoBloCo Awards) organized by CTA. The cash prize they received was instrumental in the launch of the initiative. They started business research for the creation of the software and launched its development. Currently the application is operational and they are working towards its adoption by the public and the farming community. - Syecomp Business Syecomp Business Services Ltd is a young geospatial survey and mapping company in Ghana. For about three years they have been supporting smallholder producer groups to become organic and Global GAP certified as means of enhancing their competitiveness on the local and international markets. Certification requires that farmers’ fields and orchards are clearly identifiable. Their solution involves GPS referencing of farms (survey and mapping) using a GPS handset; transmitting and analyzing data (creating maps, determining farmland sizes, acreage estimation and yield estimation). Other initiatives include: - - Mfarm, a software solution and agribusiness created by three young women which more than 7,000 farmers in Kenya and which also informs about issues relating to women’s engagement in agricultural and ICT businesses. Mfarms and Farmerline, two market information facilities in Ghana Etc. Challenges faced by some of these institutions include better understanding farmer needs and issues, resources to go to scale, increased support for the management of this kind of business, sustainability of services to farmers. 5.2. Organizations supporting innovations in agriculture and ICT Various organizations are putting efforts to encourage the development of ICT applications, agricultural entrepreneurship or entrepreneurship in ICT in general. They generally support initiatives in different development sector (education, transport, economic services, health, etc.). Increasing apps developed are focusing on agriculture. Examples of initiatives include: - Orange African Social Venture Prize The Orange African Social Venture Prize is a mobile application challenge by Orange Africa promoting social innovation for development through ICTs, financial and management support to new businesses. At each edition, 3 winners receive financial grants and benefit from a 6month mentoring by experts. 7 Mlouma has won or been nominated in a number of awards. It was selected as one of 40 best African start-ups for Demo Africa 2012 (http://bit.ly/SSra4O). It won the BUNTUTEKI programme launched by CTIC DAKAR (http://bit.ly/NHEcTd). It was nominated for the World Summit Award -- m-business category -- (www.wsa-mobile.org) 5
  • 6. - Global Youth Innovation Network (GYIN) GYIN has been established by the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) and Phelps Stokes, a USA-based Foundation. It seeks to develop evidence-based, sustainable, scalable, and cost-effective agribusiness, entrepreneurship, and leadership programs and policies that address the root causes of youth unemployment, while increasing the opportunities young people have to obtain a decent job or start a successful business. GYIN is strongly interested in ICT use in that perspective. - JokkoLabs JokkoLabs8 is a West African innovation space for co-working and innovation, mainly based in Senegal but with branches in other countries such as Mali. It assists ICT innovators, start-ups in the creation, development and growth of their product and services. They have collaborated with some youth who have developed ICT applications for agriculture. Other organizations include: - Infodev a global partnership program within the World Bank working to support innovation and entrepreneurship in the agricultural sector with a specific focus on the use of ICTs and mobile phone. - ICT hubs in East Africa with which CTA is collaborating in the framework of the AgriHack Championship9 planned during the ICT4Ag Conference in Rwanda. The activities sustained by these organisations do not specifically or always strategically target (in the objectives of the organization) young people, the ICT sector, or agricultural sector. On the basis of its niches, CTA, in particular though the ARDYIS project, is interested in contributing to put into limelight and streamline efforts aiming addressing innovation and entrepreneurship for youths in the ICT and agricultural sector as an issue. Potential collaboration areas will be discussed with partners operating similar initiatives. Among others and as a way to provide an exchange forum for those interested in this area, the creation of a platform to facilitate these kinds of initiatives will be explored. 5.3. ICT enhancing youth-led agricultural business Examples of initiatives include: - ICT training for Fafotraj young farmers Farmers Forum for Trade & Social Justice (FAFOTRAJ) is a registered Malawian nongovernmental organization established in 2007. Since its inception in 2007, FAFOTRAJ has been implementing a number of youth-focused projects in agriculture as a business to improve their livelihood. FAFOTRAJ is currently involved in a project which aims among others, to support various young farmers groups who will receive training on the use of ICT to support the marketing of their business. - Mkulima youth Mkulima Young aims to encourage the Kenyan youth to engage in agricultural issues through awareness creation and knowledge change by harnessing the power of radio and ICTs. It identifies youth engaged in outstanding agricultural entrepreneurial activities and disseminates these to other through radio and Social Media (Facebook and Twitter). The social media spaces also act sometimes as a marketplace where youth post links, photos and videos as well as ask questions, discuss issues regarding their business or interact with other youth passionate about agriculture as a business. 8 9 http://dkr.jokkolabs.net/ http://ict4ag.org/en/agenda/hackathon-en.html 6