Passive voice 2

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Passive voice 2

  1. 1. TOPIC: PASSIVE VOICE KHAIRUL HAFIZD AZMIDA SITI NOR HAJAR FATIN NURFAZIERA
  2. 2. Back-2-Basics Theperformer AGENT of the action
  3. 3. Receiver of the OBJECT action
  4. 4. WHAT SPORT DID YOU PLAY YESTERDAY?
  5. 5. The passive voice is used…• We want to focus attention on the person or thing affected by the action, the object:  The mouse was chased by the cat.• We do not know who the agent is: I don’t know who did it, but my pet rabbit has been fed.
  6. 6. PASSIVE AND ACTIVE
  7. 7.  In passive voice, the subject receives the action of the verb. In active voice, the subject performs the action of the verb.Active voice takes the form “A does B”He drops a bottle of water.Passive voice takes the form “B is done (by A)”The bottle was dropped by him.
  8. 8. Active voice subjects perform an act Active voice We ... chose ... plastic film to cover the microphone.Subject Verb Object
  9. 9. Passive voice subjects are acted on Active voice We ... chose ... plastic film to cover the microphone.Subject Verb Object Passive voice Plastic film … was chosen … to cover the microphone. Subject Verb Object
  10. 10. Differences between Active Voice and Passive Voice
  11. 11. Passive Voice in Verb FormsVerb Form Construction ExamplePresent Simple Am/is/are + PP How is this word pronounced?Present Continuous Am/is/are being + PP The chairs are being repaired by John.Present Perfect Simple Has/have been + PP The windows have been cleaned by Ali
  12. 12. Verb Form Construction ExamplePast Simple Was/were + PP This picture was painted by Picasso.Past Continuous Was/were being + PP The book was being read by the boy.Past Perfect Simple Had been + PP My work had been finished by me.
  13. 13. Phrasal Verbs in passive voiceWhat is phrasal verbs ?? Phrasal verbs are called two-word verbs are made up of a verb + particle. Ex: Put on, look up, pick out… On, off, up, down, in and out are common particle.
  14. 14. • Adverbs and prepositions look the same. However, adverbs are part of the verb phrase, and they often change the meaning of the verb. Verb + adverb She’s looking up the word. (She’s searching for the word in the dictionary) Verb + preposition She’s looking up at the sky. (She’s looking in the direction of the sky)
  15. 15. Phrasal verbs can be transitive or intransitive• Transitive phrasal verbs have objects and most of them are separable.• Which means that the object can come: After the verb + particle or between the verb + particle We dropped off the students. We dropped the students off.
  16. 16. • BE CAREFUL!! When the object is pronoun, it must come between the verb and the particle. We dropped them off. and NOT We dropped off them.Some phrasal verbs are intransitive.Intransitive phrasal verbs do not have objects. Dr. Sunnil grew up in Texas. He got back late.
  17. 17. How can we use phrasal verbs in the passive??Active: They called off the meeting.Passive: The meeting was called off.Active: His grandmother looked after him.Passive: He was looked after by his grandmother.Active: They figured out the problems.Passive: The problems were figured out.
  18. 18. Common MistakesWe were questioning by the immigration officer at the airport.Correct: We were questioned by the immigration officer at the airport.In this sentence, the verb ‘question’ is transitive, so you can use it in passive voice. However, this sentence uses the wrong form.
  19. 19. False: Martin’s accident was occurred on the Tuen Mun Highway.Correct : Martin’s accident occurred on the Tuen Mun Highway.In this sentence, the verb ‘occur’ is an intransitive verb. Therefore, you cannot use ‘occur’ in a passive voice sentence.
  20. 20. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.
  21. 21. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.
  22. 22. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.
  23. 23. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.
  24. 24. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.
  25. 25. Change to the passive voiceLucy noted the time of arrival for the rocket and thestrobe light flash. The time of arrival was noted for the rocket and the strobe light flash.We used the atomic clocks to verify that the rocket hadarrived before the light. The atomic clocks were used to verify that the rocket had arrived before the light.The team also noted the effects of the impact. The effects of the impact were also noted.

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