By Gee Yeon Bae
<ul><li>Castles were for defense, not for comfort </li></ul><ul><li>The first castles were made of wood. Wood castles coul...
<ul><li>Attacking castles was not easy with these things there: </li></ul><ul><li>1.  Moats  </li></ul><ul><li>Moats are b...
<ul><li>5. Flanking towers </li></ul><ul><li>Flanking towers are from where you can fire at enemies much easier. </li></ul...
<ul><li>8. Gateway defenses </li></ul><ul><li>Drawbridges could be pulled up. So, when an enemy came, you could pull up th...
<ul><li>12. Round towers </li></ul><ul><li>It was very hard for attackers to break round towers. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Arr...
<ul><ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Kings must be wise and clever because a king is the most powerful person ...
<ul><li>The Kings of England in the Middle Ages started with the  Norman Invasion. From 1066 –1154, the Normans ruled the ...
Charlemagne <ul><li>Charlemagne was a great king </li></ul><ul><li>He was also called Charles the Great </li></ul><ul><li>...
Lords and ladies <ul><li>Lords </li></ul><ul><li>There were two kinds of lords. One is great nobles and other one is lesse...
<ul><li>The knight must be brave, strong, not scared of dying or getting hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Knights used mares, battle...
Events Timeline Timeline Key Dates Timeline of Middle Ages Kings of England Timeline of the Norman Kings of England in the...
<ul><li>Fief = Fiefdom </li></ul><ul><li>Fiefdom means the property owned by a lord </li></ul><ul><li>Feudalism means a sy...
Serf and peasant <ul><li>Serf </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs’ life were almost the same as a peasant’s; the only thing that was d...
<ul><li>By the 1100s, they began to hold weekly or monthly markets at crossroads to trade their products for goods from ot...
<ul><li>Information from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/mid (Internet website) </li></ul><ul><li>http://w...
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The Middle Ages by Gee Yeon

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The Middle Ages by Gee Yeon

  1. 1. By Gee Yeon Bae
  2. 2. <ul><li>Castles were for defense, not for comfort </li></ul><ul><li>The first castles were made of wood. Wood castles could burn easily. </li></ul><ul><li>By 1100, castles were made of stones. </li></ul>
  3. 3. <ul><li>Attacking castles was not easy with these things there: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Moats </li></ul><ul><li>Moats are big holes filled with water. If the castle has a moat, it would be much easier to shoot the enemy if the enemy is swimming. </li></ul><ul><li>2. Ramparts </li></ul><ul><li>Ramparts are big hills. If the castle has a rampart, the enemy would have to climb the rampart. </li></ul><ul><li>3. High walls </li></ul><ul><li>The walls of the castle were very high because it would make climbing walls harder. </li></ul><ul><li>4. Strong walls </li></ul><ul><li>If the walls are strong, the enemy won’t be able to break the walls. </li></ul>
  4. 4. <ul><li>5. Flanking towers </li></ul><ul><li>Flanking towers are from where you can fire at enemies much easier. </li></ul><ul><li>A good example is Richmond castle. </li></ul><ul><li>6. Battlements </li></ul><ul><li>You will see battlements at the top of walls. If the battlements are not on the castle, the person shooting would get shot by the enemy. </li></ul><ul><li>7. Machicolations </li></ul><ul><li>Machicolation is where you can drop the stones and hot oil. The wooden version of these were called hoards. </li></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><li>8. Gateway defenses </li></ul><ul><li>Drawbridges could be pulled up. So, when an enemy came, you could pull up the drawbridge, and your team member could you can drop slowly, and your team member would get in. </li></ul><ul><li>9. Tall gate towers </li></ul><ul><li>If your castle has tall gate towers, it means defenders could shoot without any hit (except for guns) </li></ul><ul><li>10. Thick, iron-studded wooden door </li></ul><ul><li>If your castle has thick, iron-studded wooden door, that means an enemy will have difficultly breaking your castle’s door. </li></ul><ul><li>11.Murder holes </li></ul><ul><li>Murder holes are where you can drop the hot liquid. </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>12. Round towers </li></ul><ul><li>It was very hard for attackers to break round towers. </li></ul><ul><li>13. Arrow and gun loops </li></ul><ul><li>Arrow and gun loops are where you can shoot arrows or guns more safely. </li></ul>
  7. 7. <ul><ul><ul><li>King </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Kings must be wise and clever because a king is the most powerful person in the kingdom </li></ul><ul><li>A king’s word was important because he was the most powerful person in the kingdom </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Queen </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>The Queen was a supporter of the king. A Queen could order the king, and usually the king would listen to her but the king didn’t need to listen to the queen. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The Kings of England in the Middle Ages started with the Norman Invasion. From 1066 –1154, the Normans ruled the English after their victory at the Battle of Hastings when William, Duke of Normandy, was crowned King of England (William I) better known as William the Conqueror </li></ul>
  9. 9. Charlemagne <ul><li>Charlemagne was a great king </li></ul><ul><li>He was also called Charles the Great </li></ul><ul><li>He was brave, tall, and strong </li></ul><ul><li>He made a kingdom called the Frankish empire </li></ul><ul><li>He was good at organization and managing people </li></ul><ul><li>He wanted to have rules and peace, so he wanted to unite Europe </li></ul><ul><li>The empire grew faster, and the empire got larger and larger </li></ul><ul><li>He died because of a high fever </li></ul>
  10. 10. Lords and ladies <ul><li>Lords </li></ul><ul><li>There were two kinds of lords. One is great nobles and other one is lesser nobles. </li></ul><ul><li>How to become a lord is easy: just be a son of lords and ladies </li></ul><ul><li>Lords’ life were playing, doing little bit work, eating, sleeping, and a little bit of work </li></ul><ul><li>Lords can have vassals. A Vassal is someone who guards the piece of land. </li></ul><ul><li>Ladies </li></ul><ul><li>How to become a lady is easy: just be a daughter of lords and ladies </li></ul><ul><li>Ladies’ life were playing, doing little bit work, eating, sleeping, and a little bit of work </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>The knight must be brave, strong, not scared of dying or getting hurt </li></ul><ul><li>Knights used mares, battleaxes, and swords, but knights depended mostly on swords </li></ul><ul><li>The knights practiced their knightly skills at the tournaments of the Middle Ages. If someone lost a tournament, the loser had to be the winner’s slave </li></ul><ul><li>The son of a knight who was seven years old was called a page </li></ul><ul><li>Pages lived in the castle and did odd jobs </li></ul><ul><li>The son of a knight who was about fourteen years old were called squires </li></ul><ul><li>A squire would care for the knight's horse, clean the stables, polish the knight's armor and maintain his weapons </li></ul><ul><li>The son of a knight who was twenty-one years old were called knights, and knights usually fought </li></ul>
  12. 12. Events Timeline Timeline Key Dates Timeline of Middle Ages Kings of England Timeline of the Norman Kings of England in the Middle Ages 1066 -1154 1066-1087 King William the Conqueror 1087-1100 King William Rufus (son of William) 1100-1135 King Henry I (William Rufus brother) 1135-1154 King Stephen (nephew of Henry I) Timeline of the Plantagenet Kings of England (Angevin Line) in the Middle Ages 1154 - 1377 1154-1189 King Henry II (grandson of Henry I) 1189-1199 King Richard I (third son of Henry II) 1199-1216 King John (fifth son of Henry II) 1216-1272 King Henry III (son of John) 1272-1307 King Edward I (son of Henry III) 1307-1327 King Edward II (son of Edward I) 1327-1377 King Edward III (son of Edward II) Timeline of the Royal Houses of Lancaster and York - Kings of England in the Middle Ages 1377 - 1485 1377-1399 King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince) 1399-1413 King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt) 1413-1422 King Henry V (son of Henry IV) 1422-1461 King Henry VI (son of Henry V) 1461-1483 King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III ) 1483-1485 King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)
  13. 13. <ul><li>Fief = Fiefdom </li></ul><ul><li>Fiefdom means the property owned by a lord </li></ul><ul><li>Feudalism means a system of government that exchanged work or land </li></ul>
  14. 14. Serf and peasant <ul><li>Serf </li></ul><ul><li>Serfs’ life were almost the same as a peasant’s; the only thing that was different was that a serf wasn’t a free man. </li></ul><ul><li>Peasant </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants’ work were farming, weaving, cutting the wood into half </li></ul><ul><li>Peasants have to make everything themselves. </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>By the 1100s, they began to hold weekly or monthly markets at crossroads to trade their products for goods from other manors </li></ul><ul><li>Boys in the Middle Ages started to learn or trade when they were about seven years old </li></ul><ul><li>Some girls and women learned crafts from their father or husbands, and worked with them </li></ul><ul><li>Craftspeople and merchants who made or sold the same kinds of goods belonged to organizations called guilds. Guilds decided how much their goods should cost, and made sure that the items sold were of a high quality </li></ul><ul><li>Guilds also built schools, fed the poor, and gave money to members who were sick to earn a living </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>Information from </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.middle-ages.org.uk/mid (Internet website) </li></ul><ul><li>http://www. thefreedictionary .com/ (Internet website) </li></ul><ul><li>Culture studies booklets </li></ul><ul><li>My culture studies notebook </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures from </li></ul><ul><li>Http://www.google.com/ </li></ul><ul><li>The End ^_^ </li></ul>
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