The Middle Ages by Filip, Wout, Kimi, and Daniel


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The Middle Ages by Filip, Wout, Kimi, and Daniel

  1. 1. The Middle Ages<br />By Wout, Daniel, Kimi and Filip <br />
  2. 2. Castles<br />In the middle ages, people built Castles to protect the kings and queens.<br />Most castles were surrounded by channels filled with water called moats.<br />Castles were build close to rivers for washing, drinking water, and to fill up the moats<br />The castles that didn’t have moats were built on a steep hill or mountain.<br />The walls didn’t absorb heat, so the inside of the castle was cold<br />
  3. 3. Castles<br />The castles were built more for safety, not for comfort.<br />A keep was a watch tower for enemies<br />The peasants built a moat by hand<br />First, people built wooden castles, but when enemies started burning down castles, people started building stone castles<br />It took years to build a wooden castle<br />Stone castles were more expensive<br />
  4. 4. Castles<br />Castles were designed to defend enemies.<br />Enemies would attack a castle with Catapults and Flaming Arrows<br />
  5. 5. Castles<br />A drawbridge let people in and out of the castle<br />The lady made sure supplies were ordered and bills were paid<br />The most important part of the castle was The Great Hall<br />In the great Hall, the Lord ate, slept, and entertained himself<br />The Great Hall was the only room in the Castles of the Early Middle Ages<br />
  6. 6. Castles <br />Towns were build around the castle, so if an enemy was spotted, the people in the towns would get a warning.<br />The Keep was the strongest part of the Castle<br />The castle windows were small, so little fresh air came in<br />The castles did not have comfortable furniture<br />Food was cooked in big kettles in the fireplaces <br />The walls had big rugs on them<br />
  7. 7. Castles<br />The floors were covered with twigs and bits of wood<br />Candles and torches were used to light the walls<br />Usually, a curtain separated the sleeping area from the rest of the Great Hall<br />By the 1100s, the lord, lady, and their children had a private room called a Solar<br />The Solar had little furniture<br />
  8. 8. Castles <br />A fireplace in the Solar kept the royal family warm<br />Toilets in the Middle Ages were called Garderobes<br />The toilet channel emptied out dirt in a pit underneath the ground <br />There was no toilet paper, so people used handfuls of hay, straw, or torn bits of cloth.<br />Lords and ladies bathed in a wooden bathtub shaped like a barrel <br />
  9. 9. Castles<br />The tub had a wooden seat padded with cloth for comfort<br />During winter, the tub was placed in the lord’s or lady’s Solar; during Summer, the bath took place in a garden<br />Servants poured hot water into the tub that was heated in the kitchen<br /> By the late 1300s, feudalism ended and European nobles lost their control, meanwhile kings got more powerful<br />
  10. 10. Castles<br />Many castles fell into ruin or were destroyed by war<br />The rocks from castles were used to build new homes<br />Some castles were turned into huge houses passed from generation to generation<br />
  11. 11. Castles<br />Around the 1400s, kings and other wealthy men built homes that looked like castles <br />These modern castles didn't have any furniture at all<br />These castles didn’t have defensive walls, instead they were surrounded by fountains and gardens<br />
  12. 12. Kings and Queens By Wout<br />It was the king’s duty to create laws for his people<br />The king had to defend his people from outside enemies’ kingdoms<br />A king was crowned in an extravagant ceremony called a coronation<br />Kings ruled over large territories called kingdoms<br />The pope placed the crown on the king’s head<br />Queens came from very powerful families and were daughters of other kings or great lords<br />Queens offered their husbands advice on how to rule the kingdom<br />Kings ruled over large territories called kingdoms.<br /> Kings are the ruler of the whole land<br />
  13. 13. Knights<br />Knights protected lords, queens, and vassals.<br />Knights wore chainmail for armor. Chainmail was little round iron circles.<br />Knights’ weapons were spears and swords. The newer weapons were called crossbows and longbows.<br />Knights were brave and strong.<br />Knights wore stronger and better armor.<br />
  14. 14. Townspeople<br />By Wout<br />
  15. 15. Townspeople <br />By the 1100s, new inventions, such as better plows, made it easier to farm<br />Peasants grew more crops than they needed to feed their families and to pay their lord<br />They began to hold weekly or monthly markets at crossroads to trade their products for goods from other manors<br />
  16. 16. Townspeople2<br />Boys in the middle ages started to learn a craft or trade when they were about seven years old<br />They worked as apprentices, or unpaid assistants, to masters, who were experts at the craft or trade <br />
  17. 17. Townspeople3<br />In the late middle ages, some cities had indoor markets where merchants sold goods of all kinds<br />Craftspeople and merchants who made or sold the same kinds of goods belonged to organizations called guilds<br />Guilds decided how much their members could charge for their goods<br />
  18. 18. Townspeople4<br />In Medieval towns, people were mostly of two classes<br />They were either laborers who were technically serfs, but did not live on manorial estates, or they were members of the middle class<br />
  19. 19. MerchantsBY DANIEL.D<br />Merchants were people who sold stuff<br />They sold food, weapons and other stuff<br />Merchants were poor and they had to work a lot<br />Merchants were weavers, goldsmiths, and food and beverage sellers<br /> These people owned shops and earned money by selling goods, not by fighting or farming<br /> Boys in the Middle Ages learned a craft or trade when they were 7 years old<br />Guilds decided how much the product would cost, and made sure the products were of high quality <br />
  20. 20. Merchants 2By Daniel.D<br />Merchants were still ruled by the lord<br />They couldn’t do whatever they wanted to do<br />Merchants weren't free and they weren't that lucky<br />They could be killed if the lord told his vassal or his knights to kill the merchants<br />
  21. 21. THIS IS THE END OF THE PRESENTATION !!!!Hope you loved it! Thank you for coming!!!!<br />