The Middle Ages by Filip, Wout, Kimi, and Daniel
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  • 1. The Middle Ages
    By Wout, Daniel, Kimi and Filip
  • 2. Castles
    In the middle ages, people built Castles to protect the kings and queens.
    Most castles were surrounded by channels filled with water called moats.
    Castles were build close to rivers for washing, drinking water, and to fill up the moats
    The castles that didn’t have moats were built on a steep hill or mountain.
    The walls didn’t absorb heat, so the inside of the castle was cold
  • 3. Castles
    The castles were built more for safety, not for comfort.
    A keep was a watch tower for enemies
    The peasants built a moat by hand
    First, people built wooden castles, but when enemies started burning down castles, people started building stone castles
    It took years to build a wooden castle
    Stone castles were more expensive
  • 4. Castles
    Castles were designed to defend enemies.
    Enemies would attack a castle with Catapults and Flaming Arrows
  • 5. Castles
    A drawbridge let people in and out of the castle
    The lady made sure supplies were ordered and bills were paid
    The most important part of the castle was The Great Hall
    In the great Hall, the Lord ate, slept, and entertained himself
    The Great Hall was the only room in the Castles of the Early Middle Ages
  • 6. Castles
    Towns were build around the castle, so if an enemy was spotted, the people in the towns would get a warning.
    The Keep was the strongest part of the Castle
    The castle windows were small, so little fresh air came in
    The castles did not have comfortable furniture
    Food was cooked in big kettles in the fireplaces
    The walls had big rugs on them
  • 7. Castles
    The floors were covered with twigs and bits of wood
    Candles and torches were used to light the walls
    Usually, a curtain separated the sleeping area from the rest of the Great Hall
    By the 1100s, the lord, lady, and their children had a private room called a Solar
    The Solar had little furniture
  • 8. Castles
    A fireplace in the Solar kept the royal family warm
    Toilets in the Middle Ages were called Garderobes
    The toilet channel emptied out dirt in a pit underneath the ground
    There was no toilet paper, so people used handfuls of hay, straw, or torn bits of cloth.
    Lords and ladies bathed in a wooden bathtub shaped like a barrel
  • 9. Castles
    The tub had a wooden seat padded with cloth for comfort
    During winter, the tub was placed in the lord’s or lady’s Solar; during Summer, the bath took place in a garden
    Servants poured hot water into the tub that was heated in the kitchen
    By the late 1300s, feudalism ended and European nobles lost their control, meanwhile kings got more powerful
  • 10. Castles
    Many castles fell into ruin or were destroyed by war
    The rocks from castles were used to build new homes
    Some castles were turned into huge houses passed from generation to generation
  • 11. Castles
    Around the 1400s, kings and other wealthy men built homes that looked like castles
    These modern castles didn't have any furniture at all
    These castles didn’t have defensive walls, instead they were surrounded by fountains and gardens
  • 12. Kings and Queens By Wout
    It was the king’s duty to create laws for his people
    The king had to defend his people from outside enemies’ kingdoms
    A king was crowned in an extravagant ceremony called a coronation
    Kings ruled over large territories called kingdoms
    The pope placed the crown on the king’s head
    Queens came from very powerful families and were daughters of other kings or great lords
    Queens offered their husbands advice on how to rule the kingdom
    Kings ruled over large territories called kingdoms.
    Kings are the ruler of the whole land
  • 13. Knights
    Knights protected lords, queens, and vassals.
    Knights wore chainmail for armor. Chainmail was little round iron circles.
    Knights’ weapons were spears and swords. The newer weapons were called crossbows and longbows.
    Knights were brave and strong.
    Knights wore stronger and better armor.
  • 14. Townspeople
    By Wout
  • 15. Townspeople
    By the 1100s, new inventions, such as better plows, made it easier to farm
    Peasants grew more crops than they needed to feed their families and to pay their lord
    They began to hold weekly or monthly markets at crossroads to trade their products for goods from other manors
  • 16. Townspeople2
    Boys in the middle ages started to learn a craft or trade when they were about seven years old
    They worked as apprentices, or unpaid assistants, to masters, who were experts at the craft or trade
  • 17. Townspeople3
    In the late middle ages, some cities had indoor markets where merchants sold goods of all kinds
    Craftspeople and merchants who made or sold the same kinds of goods belonged to organizations called guilds
    Guilds decided how much their members could charge for their goods
  • 18. Townspeople4
    In Medieval towns, people were mostly of two classes
    They were either laborers who were technically serfs, but did not live on manorial estates, or they were members of the middle class
  • 19. MerchantsBY DANIEL.D
    Merchants were people who sold stuff
    They sold food, weapons and other stuff
    Merchants were poor and they had to work a lot
    Merchants were weavers, goldsmiths, and food and beverage sellers
    These people owned shops and earned money by selling goods, not by fighting or farming
    Boys in the Middle Ages learned a craft or trade when they were 7 years old
    Guilds decided how much the product would cost, and made sure the products were of high quality
  • 20. Merchants 2By Daniel.D
    Merchants were still ruled by the lord
    They couldn’t do whatever they wanted to do
    Merchants weren't free and they weren't that lucky
    They could be killed if the lord told his vassal or his knights to kill the merchants
  • 21. THIS IS THE END OF THE PRESENTATION !!!!Hope you loved it! Thank you for coming!!!!