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Sustainability Green Remediation Day 2011 With Resources

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Presented at January 2010 AWMA Meeting - Rochester NY

Presented at January 2010 AWMA Meeting - Rochester NY

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  • 1. 2011Sustainability &Green Remediation Christie Sunderrajan, P.E., CHMM 1
  • 2. 2011Definitions • Green Remediation - The practice of considering all environmental effects of remedy implementation and incorporating options to minimize the environmental footprints of cleanup actions. • Sustainable development - development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. • WCED "Our Common Future" (The Brundtland Report, 1987) 2
  • 3. 2011Superfund Green Remediation Strategy 3
  • 4. 2011 Policy / Guidance DevelopmentKey Action #1: Clarify the role of green remediation in remedy selection and implementation • Integrating GR within current program • Policy – Consistent GR approach – Superfund Program (UD) • Evaluate ARARs – Potential existing State / Fed regulations / Policies (UD) (UD) – Under Development (TBI) – To Be Initiated 4
  • 5. 2011 Resource Development / Program ImplementationKey Action #2: Develop Protocols / Tools – Project / Program Mgrs Integrate GR practices • GR Resource Needs (UD) • GR Information Resources (UD) • Tools and Fact Sheets (UD) • GR Q&A’s (UD) • GR Checklists (UD) • GR Training (Implemented) • Site Specific Assistance (Implemented) 5
  • 6. 2011 6
  • 7. 2011Resource Development /Program ImplementationKey Action #3: Identify Options Enabling Use of GR Practices• Goal 100% Renewable Energy use (UD)• Methods for increasing energy efficiency (UD)• Costs or Savings –GR strategies/practices (UD)• Fact sheet for Green Power (UD)• Increase use of renewable energy – remote locations (UD)• Financing GR RD&D and Initial Deployment (UD)• National Standards/Certification Process (UD) 7
  • 8. 2011 8
  • 9. 2011 9
  • 10. 2011 10
  • 11. 2011 11
  • 12. 2011Resource Development /Program ImplementationKey Action #4: Address Air Pollutants & Diesel Emissions• Fact Sheet – Clean Fuel and Emission Technologies (Implemented)• Contract Language – Clean Fuel and Emission Technologies (UD)• Recovering and using methane gas from landfills on Superfund sites (UD) 12
  • 13. 2011 13
  • 14. 2011 14
  • 15. 2011Diesel Retrofit TechnologiesEmission Reduction and Control PM HC CO NOx Cost RangeDiesel Oxidation Catalyst 20-40% 40-75% <60% - $1,000 -(DOC)* $2,000Diesel Particulate Matter 95% 90% 90% - $8,000Filter (DPF)*Partial Diesel Particulate 50% 75% 75% - $4,000 -Filter (pDPF) $8,000Selective Catalytic - - - 65% $12,000Reduction (SCR) $20,000 * DOC & DPF combined provides higher performance and cost 15
  • 16. 2011Diesel Particulate FilterEmissions Reductions Typical test filter – no DPF Test filter – with DPF Unused test filter Dozer with diesel particulate filter 16
  • 17. 2011Resource Development /Program ImplementationKey Action #5: Develop Pilot Projects to Evaluate / Demonstrate GR Applications• Database of Innovative GR Pilot Projects (UD)• Template – GR Analysis Template (UD)• GR Factors into Remedy Optimization Evaluations (Implemented)• RE-Powering Potential Support (UD) 17
  • 18. 2011Profiles of Green Remediation 18
  • 19. 2011Green Remediation Profile:Ferdula Landfill, Frankfort NY• Soil vapor extraction relying on wind power to draw vacuum from landfill vents• Exclusively off-grid operations providing a pulsed effect for carbon removal of VOCs• VOC concentrations in soil gas reduced over 90% in five years of operation 19
  • 20. 2011 Resource Development / Program ImplementationKey Action #6: Establish Opportunities in Contracts / Assistance Agreements – GR Practices • Contract Language –GR Practices per remedy selection (UD) • Contract Language – Require reporting of selected activities (UD) • GR Contracting Tool Kit (Implemented) • Terms & Conditions – Assistance Agreements (UD) • Use of existing fed agreements and establish new agreements (UD) • Local expertise in green cleanups - develop and retain local workers (UD) 20
  • 21. 2011Resource Development /Program ImplementationKey Action #7: Communicate and share success stories and lessons learned• Communication Plan – Consistent GR messages (UD)• Outreach to Contractors / Industry (UD)• Partner – Promote National Use of GR Strategies (Implemented)• Engage local communities – assessing / implementing options (TBI) 21
  • 22. 2011NY Success Stories 22
  • 23. 2011Other Areas – Lessons LearnedSolar panels at Pemaco site, CAExamples from electrical bill: ~$.46/kWh generating 6,172 kWh for year saved approximately $2,839 for year or $236.44 per month in energy charges. Average usage of electricity inside the treatment plant is equal to 126,741 kWh/monthCheck State Sponsored Rebate PlansSecurity Issues 23
  • 24. 2011 Nebraska Pilot Project Nebraska Ordnance Plant Site• Why Nebraska? - Favorable wind conditions – 6.5 meters/sec mean intensity. - Favorable Geology - highly transmissive Pleistocene sand and gravel deposits.• Purpose - Quantify the reduction of power requirements by comparison with historic power use data. - Calculate the mass of VOCs removed during the demonstration period. - Identify system enhancements and recommend new follow-on studies. 24
  • 25. 2011Nebraska Project: • Ground Water circulation wells – air stripping and UV treatment - Meets 26% of 767 kWh/month needs using 10- kW wind turbine • Electrical savings $40,000 over 15 years - Tied-in to the grid • Managing the system to recover total capital costs - Using as education opportunity Missouri U of Sci & Tech students - Improved freeze-proofing may cut costs by 50% 25
  • 26. 2011Superfund Green Remediation Strategy 26
  • 27. 2011Program EvaluationKey Action #8: Establish a Roadmap – Environmental Footprint – Project Level• Evaluate Sustainability - Compile / Analyze Existing Tools / Metrics (Implemented)• Agency Methodology - site-specific evaluation measures / metrics (UD)• Evaluation Modules – GR Strategies (UD) 27
  • 28. 2011 28
  • 29. 2011 Screening Criteria Contaminated Lands MappingClean and Renewable Preliminary Screening Energy Sources Criteria• Biomass: • Availability & quality of solar, - Residues from crops, forests wind, biomass and mills; methane; urban • Acreage wood waste and dedicated energy crops • Distance to electric transmission lines - Dry-Mill Corn Ethanol • Distance to graded roads• Wind: • Slope and aspect of property - Non-Grid, Community, and Utility• Solar: - Non-Grid, Community and Utility - Community and Utility 29
  • 30. 2011Energy Use 30
  • 31. 2011 31
  • 32. 2011Program EvaluationKey Action #9: Evaluate Footprints of Superfund Cleanups• Program Baseline estimate (UD)• Evaluate EPA’s GR Strategy – performance goals, objectives and measures (UD)• Address Gaps in measures or metrics (UD)• Develop Tools and guidance (UD) - Effects of environmental footprints of remediation - Option comparison methods 32
  • 33. 2011Sustainability in Site Cleanups • GR “…involves more than merely adopting a specific technology or technique.” Source: 33
  • 34. 2011EPA Region 2 –Touchstone Practices • Use of 100% of electricity from renewable sources • Maximize the amount of materials reduced, reused or recycled - “Green Concrete” - Concrete made with Coal Combustion Products (CCP) - C&D materials - Organic materials generated on site • Methane capture at landfill sites • Clean diesel fuels and technologies 34
  • 35. 2011NYSDEC DER-31• Consider the major GR concepts• Implement easy GR techniques - Renewable energy - Vehicle idling - Design cover systems - Beneficial reuse of materials (BUD process) - Ultra Low Sulfur Diesel (ULSD)• Qualitative & Quantitative Assessments of alternatives• Documentation of Efforts 35
  • 36. 2011WITH, not against…• Not a substitute• Evaluate with remedy selection criteria * - Overall protection of human health and the environment. - Compliance with ARARs, standards, criteria and guidance - Long-term effectiveness and permanence. - Reduction of toxicity, mobility, or volume through treatment. - Short-term effectiveness. - Implementability. - Cost effectiveness - Community acceptance. * 40 CFR 300.430 - Land Use and 6 NYCRR 375-1.8(f) 36
  • 37. 2011 Source:Some Examples of Greener Approaches Deconstruction, Cleanup, Design and Sustainable Use Demolition, and Remediation, and Construction for and Long Term Removal Waste Management Reuse Stewardship• Reuse/recycle • Power machinery and • Use Energy Star, LEED, and • Reduce use of toxic deconstruction and equipment using clean fuels GreenScapes principles in materials in manufacturing, demolition materials • Use renewable energy both new and existing maintenance, and use of sources, such as solar, wind, buildings buildings and land• Reuse materials on site whenever possible and methane to power • Reduce environmental • Minimize waste generation, remediation activities impact by reusing existing manage waste properly, and• Consider future site use structures and recycling and reuse existing • Improve energy efficiency recycle materials of chosen remediation industrial materials used/generated infrastructure strategies • Incorporate natural• Preserve/Reuse • Maintain engineering and • Select remediation systems to manage institutional controls on site Historic Buildings approaches, such as stormwater, like green where waste is left in place• Use clean diesel and phytoremediation, that roofs, landscaped swales, low sulfur fuels in reduce resource use and and wetlands • Reduce water use by equipment and noise impact on air, water, incorporating water efficient adjacent lands, and public • Incorporate Smart Growth systems and use native controls for power principles that promote generation health vegetation to limit irrigation more balanced land uses,• Retain native • Employ remediation walkable neighborhoods, • Maximize energy efficiency vegetation and soils, practices that can restore and open space and increase use of wherever possible soil health and ecosystems renewable energy and, in some cases, • Create ecological• Protect water sequester carbon through enhancements to promote • Take appropriate steps to resources from runoff soil amendments and biodiversity and provide prevent (recontamination) and contamination vegetation wildlife habitat and recreation 37
  • 38. 2011Some Greener Approaches• Anaerobic Bioaugmentation• Alternative Absorbent Media• Phyto-Remediation 38
  • 39. 2011 Anaerobic Bioaugmentation • DAY Site with TCE / PCE in Groundwater • Degradation of chloroethenes by anaerobic bacteriahttp://www.apec-vc.or.jp/ 39
  • 40. 2011Alternative Absorbent Media• Terrenew (affiliation with Cornell University) - MetalMaster – binds and retains heavy metal ions• DAY Sites: - Remediation: Chromium Contamination in Groundwater – Pump & Treat System - Industry: Wastewater treatment 40
  • 41. 2011 Phyto-Remediation• DAY Site: Hybrid Poplars planted with amended soil around plating facility• Within 6-months, observed decreasing trend of VOCS• Continuing Evaluation… - Root growth of trees expect to maintain the reduction 41
  • 42. 2011Resources 42
  • 43. Green Remediation ResourcesEPA • EPAs Superfund and Green Remediation (http://www.epa.gov/superfund/greenremediation) • EPA’s Clean-Up Information (CLU-IN) website: http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/ o EPA Regional Policies: http://www.clu- in.org/greenremediation/regions/index.cfm o Evaluation Tools: web‐based calculators, software models, and supplemental  materials for potential use in evaluating the environmental "footprint" http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/subtab_b3.cfm o Profiles of GR: http://www.clu-in.org/greenremediation/tab_d.cfm o Green Response Action Contracting and Administrative Toolkit. Latest update: http://www.clu- in.org/greenremediation/docs/Green_RR_Action_Contract_Admn_Toolkit _10-08-2010_update.pdf o RE-Powering Americas Land (includes Google Earth Mapping): http://www.epa.gov/renewableenergyland/maps_incentives.htm • EPA’s Technology Primer, Incorporating Sustainable Environmental Practices into Remediation of Contaminated Sites (USEPA, 2008c) (http://www.epa.gov/tio/download/remed/green-remediation-primer.pdf) • EPA’s Principles for Greener Cleanups (USEPA, 2009b) (http://www.epa.gov/oswer/greencleanups/principles.html) • Smart Energy Resource Guide (SERG) (http://www.epa.gov/nrmrl/pubs/600r08049/600r08049.pdf)EPA Region 2 • EPA Region 2 “Clean & Green” Policy and Touchstone Practices http://epa.gov/region2/superfund/green_remediation/ o Metrics used by Region 2: http://www.epa.gov/region02/superfund/green_remediation/metrics.htmlNYSDEC • NYSDEC Program Policy DER-31 / Green Remediation (http://www.dec.ny.gov/docs/remediation_hudson_pdf/der31.pdf) • State incentives for Achieving Clean and Renewable Energy Development on Contaminated Lands: http://www.epa.gov/renewableenergyland/incentives.htm www.dayenvironmental.com January 2011

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