Mali Poultry Project<br />Jack Houston<br />Catherine Keske<br />Mike Lacy<br />
Purpose<br />Enhance income  of women<br />Improve nutrition  of children<br /> Reduce impact    of climate change<br />Ma...
Poultry Production in Mali<br />95% “village” chicken <br />Disease<br />Nutrition, husbandry, genetics<br />50% mortality...
Newcastle Disease<br />Viral disease, resp., intest., neur.<br />Affects poultry worldwide<br />Vaccine problems in West A...
Supply and demand<br />Marketing<br />Infrastructure<br />Potential for improvements<br />Challenges and opportunities<br />
Challenges<br />Flock philosophy<br />Bank account<br />Eggs – replication<br />Death inevitable<br />Crop philosophy<br /...
Opportunities<br />Chick stock<br />Disease prevention<br />Housing<br />Nutrition <br />Management<br />Marketing – flock...
Egg production andMeat production<br />
Nutrition<br />Vitamin A 	24%<br />Fe 		25%<br />Choline		25%<br />Calcium 	13%<br />Phosphorous	<br />Vitamin B12<br />Se...
Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams...
Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />10 grams for infants<br />22 grams for chil...
Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams...
Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams...
Nutrition“Automatic for the People”<br />
Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversificatio...
Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversificatio...
Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversificatio...
1800’s<br />The 1st census to count poultry was in 1880.  It recorded 102 million chickens in the US.<br />These were smal...
1800’s<br />Tending chickens took practically no time and often it was the women of the house who were the caretakers.<br ...
1900-1940<br />Fittingly, a woman, Mrs. Wilma Steele is considered a pioneer in the poultry industry.<br />1923, 500 chick...
History of Poultry<br />European breed, small, aggressive, flighty   <br />
History of Poultry<br />When we talk about the history and development of the poultry industry we are talking about an Ame...
Jesse Jewell<br />Jesse Jewel’s mother owned a feed mill in Gainesville, Georgia.<br />Struggling because farmers were too...
Chickens in Georgia<br />Broilers	 	1.4 billion birds/yr <br />				$13 billion	/yr<br />Breeders	13 million birds/yr					1...
1800’s<br />It was not until late in the 19th century that poultry received recognition as an integral part of agriculture...
1900’s<br />The majority of agricultural leaders in the early 1900’s never thought poultry would develop as an industry.<b...
Early Poultry Industry<br />Compared to the rest of the nation, Georgia was not a major poultry area before 1920.<br />The...
Today’s Industry<br />Jewell’s “vertical integration” spread throughout Georgia and the South.<br />Georgia and Southern s...
Chickens in Georgia<br />Broilers	 	1.4 billion birds/yr <br />				$13 billion	/yr<br />Breeders	13 million birds/yr					1...
Chickens in Industry<br />Broiler—meat type chicken<br />W. Plymouth Rock and Cornish<br />Layer—egg producer<br />Europea...
This presentation was made possible by the United States Agency for International Development Bilateral Mission in Mali an...
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Livestock-Climate Change CRSP Annual Meeting 2011: Mali Poultry Project Update (M. Lacy)

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An update on the Livestock-Climate Change CRSP's Mali Poultry Project and project status report. Presentation given by M. Lacy (University of Georgia) at the Livestock-Climate Change CRSP Annual Meeting, Golden, CO, April 26-27, 2011.

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Livestock-Climate Change CRSP Annual Meeting 2011: Mali Poultry Project Update (M. Lacy)

  1. 1. Mali Poultry Project<br />Jack Houston<br />Catherine Keske<br />Mike Lacy<br />
  2. 2. Purpose<br />Enhance income of women<br />Improve nutrition of children<br /> Reduce impact of climate change<br />Make poultry production efficient <br />
  3. 3.
  4. 4. Poultry Production in Mali<br />95% “village” chicken <br />Disease<br />Nutrition, husbandry, genetics<br />50% mortality <br />6 months to 1 kg<br />
  5. 5. Newcastle Disease<br />Viral disease, resp., intest., neur.<br />Affects poultry worldwide<br />Vaccine problems in West Africa<br />
  6. 6.
  7. 7.
  8. 8.
  9. 9.
  10. 10.
  11. 11.
  12. 12.
  13. 13. Supply and demand<br />Marketing<br />Infrastructure<br />Potential for improvements<br />Challenges and opportunities<br />
  14. 14.
  15. 15.
  16. 16.
  17. 17.
  18. 18.
  19. 19.
  20. 20.
  21. 21.
  22. 22.
  23. 23.
  24. 24.
  25. 25.
  26. 26.
  27. 27.
  28. 28. Challenges<br />Flock philosophy<br />Bank account<br />Eggs – replication<br />Death inevitable<br />Crop philosophy<br />Grow, sell, grow, sell, … invest<br />Domestic source of chicks<br />
  29. 29.
  30. 30.
  31. 31.
  32. 32.
  33. 33. Opportunities<br />Chick stock<br />Disease prevention<br />Housing<br />Nutrition <br />Management<br />Marketing – flock versus crop<br />Allied services<br />Capacity building, educational, coops, etc.<br />
  34. 34.
  35. 35.
  36. 36.
  37. 37.
  38. 38.
  39. 39.
  40. 40.
  41. 41.
  42. 42.
  43. 43.
  44. 44.
  45. 45.
  46. 46.
  47. 47.
  48. 48.
  49. 49.
  50. 50. Egg production andMeat production<br />
  51. 51.
  52. 52.
  53. 53.
  54. 54. Nutrition<br />Vitamin A 24%<br />Fe 25%<br />Choline 25%<br />Calcium 13%<br />Phosphorous <br />Vitamin B12<br />Selenium<br />
  55. 55. Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams for teenagers<br />71 grams for pregnant women<br />One egg = 31 grams quality protein<br />
  56. 56.
  57. 57. Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />10 grams for infants<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams for teenagers<br />71 grams for pregnant women<br />One egg = 31 grams quality protein<br />
  58. 58.
  59. 59. Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams for teenagers<br />71 grams for pregnant women<br />One egg = 31 grams quality protein<br />
  60. 60.
  61. 61. Nutrition<br />Dancing with Skeletons – K. Dettwyler<br />Protein deficit<br />22 grams for children 4-8 yrs<br />56 grams for teenagers<br />71 grams for pregnant women<br />One egg = 31 grams quality protein<br />
  62. 62. Nutrition“Automatic for the People”<br />
  63. 63. Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversification of livestock types<br />Stimulation of cereal grain production <br />
  64. 64.
  65. 65. Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversification of livestock types<br />Stimulation of cereal grain production <br />
  66. 66.
  67. 67. Climate Change<br />Concentration/management of manure<br />Adaptability of poultry to varied climates<br />Diversification of livestock types<br />Stimulation of cereal grain production <br />
  68. 68.
  69. 69.
  70. 70. 1800’s<br />The 1st census to count poultry was in 1880. It recorded 102 million chickens in the US.<br />These were small flocks of chickens often used to provide those legendary farm breakfasts. Any additional eggs produced would provide the necessary spending money for the women in the family.<br />It was a deceptively large business due to the high % of farms that kept chickens.<br />
  71. 71. 1800’s<br />Tending chickens took practically no time and often it was the women of the house who were the caretakers.<br />Considered all profit the only cash outlay being the cost of the chicks and wire to repair the pens.<br />The chicken business was a sideline.<br />
  72. 72. 1900-1940<br />Fittingly, a woman, Mrs. Wilma Steele is considered a pioneer in the poultry industry.<br />1923, 500 chickens, $0.62 per pound.<br />1924, 1000 chickens, $0.57 per pound.<br />1925, Mr. S. quit his job to work for Mrs. S. <br />By 1934 seven million meat type chickens were being grown on the Delmarva peninsula.<br />
  73. 73.
  74. 74.
  75. 75.
  76. 76.
  77. 77.
  78. 78.
  79. 79. History of Poultry<br />European breed, small, aggressive, flighty <br />
  80. 80.
  81. 81.
  82. 82.
  83. 83.
  84. 84.
  85. 85.
  86. 86.
  87. 87.
  88. 88.
  89. 89.
  90. 90.
  91. 91.
  92. 92.
  93. 93.
  94. 94.
  95. 95.
  96. 96.
  97. 97. History of Poultry<br />When we talk about the history and development of the poultry industry we are talking about an American agricultural success story.<br />
  98. 98. Jesse Jewell<br />Jesse Jewel’s mother owned a feed mill in Gainesville, Georgia.<br />Struggling because farmers were too poor to buy feed.<br />So Jesse gave chicks and feed to farmers and when they were grown the farmer kept a portion of the flock for his labor. Jesse received the rest as payment for the feed and chicks. <br />Chickens were shipped for processing.<br />Jessie decided to have the hatchery and processors closer to home ->Vertical Integration.<br />
  99. 99. Chickens in Georgia<br />Broilers 1.4 billion birds/yr <br /> $13 billion /yr<br />Breeders 13 million birds/yr 1.5 billion/yr<br />Layers 3 billion eggs/yr $600 million/yr<br />100,000 Georgia jobs<br />
  100. 100. 1800’s<br />It was not until late in the 19th century that poultry received recognition as an integral part of agriculture.<br />During the 1870’s and 1880’s the increasing market demands for poultry focused attention on utility type fowls. <br />Plymouth Rock <br />American Brahma <br />American Leghorn<br />
  101. 101. 1900’s<br />The majority of agricultural leaders in the early 1900’s never thought poultry would develop as an industry.<br />The farm experts reckoned that you could not compete with a system in which labor was free, feed was free, and the farm wife was counting on the chickens for her spending money.<br />
  102. 102. Early Poultry Industry<br />Compared to the rest of the nation, Georgia was not a major poultry area before 1920.<br />The boll weevil swept through Georgia’s cotton in 1920.<br />In South Georgia farmers turned to peanuts and tobacco.<br />In the mountains and foothills of North Georgia farmers were literally starving, depleted soil, hilly terrain, small farms.<br />
  103. 103. Today’s Industry<br />Jewell’s “vertical integration” spread throughout Georgia and the South.<br />Georgia and Southern states were able to produce and sell for less than other areas.<br />Jesse Jewell set the mold for which today’s poultry industry is based. <br />
  104. 104. Chickens in Georgia<br />Broilers 1.4 billion birds/yr <br /> $13 billion /yr<br />Breeders 13 million birds/yr 1.5 billion/yr<br />Layers 3 billion eggs/yr $600 million/yr<br />100,000 Georgia jobs<br />
  105. 105. Chickens in Industry<br />Broiler—meat type chicken<br />W. Plymouth Rock and Cornish<br />Layer—egg producer<br />European<br />
  106. 106.
  107. 107.
  108. 108.
  109. 109.
  110. 110.
  111. 111.
  112. 112. This presentation was made possible by the United States Agency for International Development Bilateral Mission in Mali and the generous support of the American people through Grant No. 688-A-00-10-00131-00.The opinions expressed herein are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Agency for International <br />Development or the U.S. government.<br />

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