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Why did they come? Escape religious persecution Rising population in Europe Independent lives in America Shortage of work in homeland
Where did they come from? Southern and Eastern Europe East Coast China & Japan West Coast West Indies Eastern and Southeast States Mexico Western States
A Difficult Journey Steerage Cargo hold of ship
Ellis Island New York Harbor Open 1892-1924 Chief immigration station for East coast 2% denied entry Processing took about 5 hours Physical exam Government inspector – easy questioning 17 million immigrants passed through
Angel Island San Francisco Bay Open 1910-1940 Chief immigration station for West coast Processing took weeks to months Lived in filthy buildings Physical exam Government inspector - harsh questioning Approximately 50,000 Chinese passed through
Nativism Favoritism toward native born Americans
What did they believe? Anglo-Saxons superior Immigrants from“right”countries OK Immigrants from“wrong”countries caused the problems Objected to religious beliefs of Jews and Roman Catholics Immigration restrictions
Nativism Groups American Protective Association Vicious anti-Catholic attacks Immigration Restriction League Pushed for literacy tests Video
Chinese Exclusion Act Banned entry to all Chinese except Students Teachers Merchants Tourists Government officials Not repealed until 1943 Video
Gentleman’s Agreement Japan agreed to limit emigration of unskilled workers to US In exchange for repeal of San Francisco segregation order Local government segregated Japanese children in separate schools
Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect. Cause ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Effect Immigrants leave their home countries. Immigrants face hardships in the United States. Some nativists want to restrict immigration.
Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect. Cause Poverty Religious persecution Shortage of land Lack of jobs Foreign culture Interrogation Detention Discrimination Urban life Intolerance Prejudice Economic depression Effect Immigrants leave their home countries. Immigrants face hardships in the United States. Some nativists want to restrict immigration.