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  • 1. The New Immigrants
    Chapter 7 – Section 1
    Video
  • 2. Why did they come?
    Escape religious persecution
    Rising population in Europe
    Independent lives in America
    Shortage of work in homeland
  • 3. Where did they come from?
    Southern and Eastern Europe
    East Coast
    China & Japan
    West Coast
    West Indies
    Eastern and Southeast States
    Mexico
    Western States
  • 4. A Difficult Journey
    Steerage
    Cargo hold of
    ship
  • 5. Ellis Island
    New York Harbor
    Open 1892-1924
    Chief immigration station for East coast
    2% denied entry
    Processing took about 5 hours
    Physical exam
    Government inspector – easy questioning
    17 million immigrants passed through
  • 6. Video
    Ellis Island
  • 7. Angel Island
    San Francisco Bay
    Open 1910-1940
    Chief immigration station for West coast
    Processing took weeks to months
    Lived in filthy buildings
    Physical exam
    Government inspector - harsh questioning
    Approximately 50,000 Chinese passed through
  • 8. Angel Island
    Video
  • 9. Nativism
    Favoritism toward native born Americans
  • 10. What did they believe?
    Anglo-Saxons superior
    Immigrants from“right”countries OK
    Immigrants from“wrong”countries caused the problems
    Objected to religious beliefs of Jews and Roman Catholics
    Immigration restrictions
  • 11. Nativism Groups
    American Protective Association
    Vicious anti-Catholic attacks
    Immigration Restriction League
    Pushed for literacy tests
    Video
  • 12. Chinese Exclusion Act
    Banned entry to all Chinese except
    Students
    Teachers
    Merchants
    Tourists
    Government officials
    Not repealed until 1943
    Video
  • 13. Gentleman’s Agreement
    Japan agreed to limit emigration of unskilled workers to US
    In exchange for repeal of San Francisco segregation order
    Local government segregated Japanese children in separate schools
  • 14. Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect.
    Cause
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    ?
    Effect
    Immigrants leave their home countries.
    Immigrants face hardships in the United States.
    Some nativists want to restrict immigration.
  • 15. Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect.
    Cause
    Poverty
    Religious persecution
    Shortage of land
    Lack of jobs
    Foreign culture
    Interrogation
    Detention
    Discrimination
    Urban life
    Intolerance
    Prejudice
    Economic depression
    Effect
    Immigrants leave their home countries.
    Immigrants face hardships in the United States.
    Some nativists want to restrict immigration.