Chapter 7 section 1

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Chapter 7 section 1

  1. 1. The New Immigrants<br />Chapter 7 – Section 1<br />Video<br />
  2. 2. Why did they come?<br />Escape religious persecution<br />Rising population in Europe<br />Independent lives in America<br />Shortage of work in homeland<br />
  3. 3. Where did they come from?<br />Southern and Eastern Europe<br />East Coast<br />China & Japan<br />West Coast<br />West Indies<br />Eastern and Southeast States<br />Mexico<br />Western States<br />
  4. 4. A Difficult Journey<br />Steerage<br />Cargo hold of <br /> ship<br />
  5. 5. Ellis Island<br />New York Harbor<br />Open 1892-1924 <br />Chief immigration station for East coast<br />2% denied entry<br />Processing took about 5 hours<br />Physical exam<br />Government inspector – easy questioning<br />17 million immigrants passed through<br />
  6. 6. Video<br />Ellis Island<br />
  7. 7. Angel Island<br />San Francisco Bay<br />Open 1910-1940 <br />Chief immigration station for West coast<br />Processing took weeks to months<br />Lived in filthy buildings<br />Physical exam<br />Government inspector - harsh questioning<br />Approximately 50,000 Chinese passed through<br />
  8. 8. Angel Island<br />Video<br />
  9. 9. Nativism<br />Favoritism toward native born Americans<br />
  10. 10. What did they believe?<br />Anglo-Saxons superior<br />Immigrants from“right”countries OK<br />Immigrants from“wrong”countries caused the problems<br />Objected to religious beliefs of Jews and Roman Catholics<br />Immigration restrictions<br />
  11. 11. Nativism Groups<br />American Protective Association<br />Vicious anti-Catholic attacks<br />Immigration Restriction League<br />Pushed for literacy tests<br />Video<br />
  12. 12. Chinese Exclusion Act <br />Banned entry to all Chinese except<br />Students<br />Teachers<br />Merchants<br />Tourists<br />Government officials<br />Not repealed until 1943<br />Video<br />
  13. 13. Gentleman’s Agreement<br />Japan agreed to limit emigration of unskilled workers to US<br />In exchange for repeal of San Francisco segregation order<br />Local government segregated Japanese children in separate schools<br />
  14. 14. Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect.<br />Cause<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />?<br />Effect<br />Immigrants leave their home countries.<br />Immigrants face hardships in the United States.<br />Some nativists want to restrict immigration.<br />
  15. 15. Main IdeaTaking NotesCreate a diagram such as the one below. List two or more causes of each effect.<br />Cause<br />Poverty<br />Religious persecution<br />Shortage of land<br />Lack of jobs<br />Foreign culture<br />Interrogation<br />Detention<br />Discrimination<br />Urban life<br />Intolerance<br />Prejudice<br />Economic depression<br />Effect<br />Immigrants leave their home countries.<br />Immigrants face hardships in the United States.<br />Some nativists want to restrict immigration.<br />

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