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Chapter 7 Part 2 Cst110
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Chapter 7 Part 2 Cst110


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  • 1. Chapter 7, part 2 Interpersonal Communication
  • 2. Self Disclosure
    • This is the basis of all relationships
    • The process of telling people who you are; telling others things about yourself that may not be apparent by just looking at you
    • This does not have to be a deep, dark secret; could be everyday things about you
  • 3. Self Disclosure
    • Social penetration – process of increasing both disclosure AND intimacy in a relationship
    • You will most likely be able to encourage a relationship to go further, hold it at the same level, or stop it simply by what you do with self disclosure
  • 4. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information
    • Cultural – tells about a person’s GENERAL cultural attributes such as language, values, beliefs, etc
    • This is often shallow and impersonal
    • Not usually helpful in forming or keeping prolonged relationships
  • 5. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information
    • Sociological – tells you something about the person’s social group and roles
    • You usually do not learn anything new about the person except for his/her role or job
    • This is communication with a doctor, teacher; not deep
  • 6. Self Disclosure: 3 Kinds of Information
    • Psychological – learn about an individual's traits, attitudes, important personal information
    • Most specific and intimate type of disclosure
    • Relationships are based on this type of disclosure
  • 7. Self Disclosure
    • Trust is very important in starting and continuing relationships – how much can you trust the person to not tell others about the information that you just told them?
    • Process of reciprocity – how much does the information the OTHER person reveal after you disclose? Is the disclosure at the same level?
  • 8. The Johari Window
  • 9. The Johari Window
    • Open Pane – information about yourself that you are willing to tell others; also info you are unable to hide from others
    • Nonverbals cannot often be hidden
    • Race, sex cannot often be hidden
  • 10. The Johari Window
    • Blind Pane – “accidental” disclosure
    • Things that you do not know about yourself that others know
    • These are often nonverbals, habits, tics, etc
  • 11. The Johari Window
    • Hidden pane – self-knowledge that you deliberately keep hidden from others
    • Things you do not want others to know; this information could change depending on who you are communicating with
    • These are things that you are not sure how others may react or that others may not approve of your views
  • 12. The Johari Window
    • Unknown pane – this information is unknown to self and others so there is no chance at the time to disclose
    • Things not YET revealed; what would you do in a certain situation? You do not know because you have not yet been in that particular situation
  • 13. Self Disclosure and Intimacy
    • A reward is that self-disclosure often leads to greater intimacy; closer friendships, romantic relationships, etc
    • Many people fear possible consequences of revealing too much, too soon about selves
    • What might some of these fears be?
  • 14. Self Disclosure and Intimacy-Fears
    • Having your faults exposed
    • Your partner will become your critic
    • Losing your individuality
    • Being abandoned
  • 15. Self Disclosure and Intimacy
    • Disclosure should only occur in relationships that are important to you
    • For disclosure to work, both people must be involved in it at a similar degree
    • What are some possible motives behind disclosure? Are all of them good?
    • Should there always be FULL AND COMPLETE DISCLOSURE???
  • 16. Elements of a Good Relationship
    • Verbal skills – there should be ongoing discussion of both good and bad things within the relationship
    • Emotional expressiveness – how should you express your emotions? What is too much / little? The amount and type is often similar to what you learned growing up and your gender
  • 17. Elements of a Good Relationship
    • Conversational focus – what you choose to talk about / not talk about
    • Nonverbal analysis – how you are able to imply meaning or read between the lines; what does he/she REALLY mean?
    • Conversational encouragement – willingness or unwillingness to continue a conversation even if it is not pleasant
  • 18. Elements of a Good Relationship
    • Care and appreciation
    • Commitment – the desire to have the relationship continue with the good and the bad
    • Unconditional (no matter what) versus conditional (…only if)
    • Adaptation
  • 19. The Internet and Interpersonal Relationships
    • The internet promotes social disengagement – less getting together with others face-to-face, less social interaction outside the home
    • The internet increases the NUMBER of interpersonal relationships; what about the DEGREE??
    • Benefits of internet communication?