Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110
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Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110

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Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110 Chapter 6 Part 2 Cst110 Presentation Transcript

  • Chapter 6, part 2 Nonverbal Communication
  • Attractiveness
    • Elective characteristics – physical characteristics you can control (clothes, makeup, piercings, etc)
    • Nonelective characteristics – you cannot change (height, body proportion, etc)
    • Which do you think is perceived as more credible?
  • Clothing
    • Very important to nonverbal communication because it is often the first impression you make
    • Function: protection, sexual attraction, self-assertion, group identification, etc
  • Clothing
  • Clothing
    • Uniforms – identification; may show rank; little choice
    • Occupational dress – more choice than uniform; expected to wear; present specific image
  • Clothing
    • Leisure – chosen by the individual; can show more of your personal identity
    • Costumes – highly individualized; pretending to be something or someone you are not in real life
  • Body Adornment
    • Any addition to the physical body design to beautify or decorate
    • Changeable with time as to what is acceptable
  • Space and Distance
    • Proxemics; looks at the way people use the space around them to communicate or to avoid communication
    • Territory – the space that people considers to BELONG to the
    • Rules are different in every culture
  • Space and Distance
    • Intimate space – in direct contact with each other; feel uncomfortable when space is invaded
    • Personal distance – distance in a casual conversation
    • Social distance – distance you keep with those you are not familiar with
    • Public distance – public speaking
  • Touch
    • Haptics; physical contact with others
    • Acceptability changes with cultures
    • Who is okay to touch in public? How? This is colored by culture, your thoughts, experiences
  • Touch
    • Functional-professional: impersonal
    • Social-polite: greeting; handshake
    • Friendship-warmth: between friends; liking each other
    • Love-intimacy: more intense intimate relationships; lovers, parents to kids
    • Sexual arousal: expression of physical attraction
  • Smell
    • Olfactics – the study of smell
    • Adaptation – the more you smell something, you become more used to it; it may not bother you as much as someone who is smelling for the first time
    • Maps /experiences of smells determine how you feel about it
  • Time
    • Chronemics – the study of time
    • Time is very important to the American culture; differs for all cultures
    • Time can be used for psychological effects; if you are always late, what message are you setting?
    • The higher status you have, the more control over time you have
  • Functions of Nonverbal Communication
    • Compliment – adds to verbal meaning
    • Regulate – ending / beginning conversation
    • Substitute for verbal
    • Accent verbals with tone, speed, etc
    • Often nonverbals are difficult to control.
  • The Internet and Nonverbal Communication
    • Social presence – the ability of the CMC user to project themselves socially and to show emotion and feeling
    • How does the degree of intimacy differ between face-to-face and CMC?
    • Media richness – how much information is carried by the media (can it carry emotion? tone? Etc)