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Chapter 5 Perceiving and Motivating
Perception <ul><li>We see everything through our personal “lens” (this encompasses cultures, upbringing, prejudices, exper...
Perception Process <ul><li>Selection: we have to decide what to focus our attention on (selective awareness) </li></ul><ul...
Faulty Perceptions <ul><li>Disconfirmed expectations: we often expect a certain cause and effect situation; we  assume  it...
Faulty Perceptions: Physiological Limitations  <ul><li>Illusions: our senses play tricks on us </li></ul><ul><li>Neurologi...
Faulty Perceptions: Physiological Limitations  <ul><li>Past experiences: we tend to interpret new information on the basis...
Motivation <ul><li>Motivation : why we act and behave the way we do </li></ul><ul><li>Western vs Eastern view </li></ul>
Motivation <ul><li>Western View </li></ul><ul><li>Independent and individualistic </li></ul><ul><li>Personal choice </li><...
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Chapter 5 Cst229

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Transcript of "Chapter 5 Cst229"

  1. 1. Chapter 5 Perceiving and Motivating
  2. 2. Perception <ul><li>We see everything through our personal “lens” (this encompasses cultures, upbringing, prejudices, experiences, etc) </li></ul><ul><li>Major distance senses </li></ul><ul><li>Skin senses </li></ul><ul><li>Deep senses </li></ul>
  3. 3. Perception Process <ul><li>Selection: we have to decide what to focus our attention on (selective awareness) </li></ul><ul><li>Organization: we put what we select into a meaningful pattern (figure and ground, grouping, closure) </li></ul><ul><li>Interpretation: make sense of what we have selected and organized; subjective; filtered through culture, beliefs, etc </li></ul>
  4. 4. Faulty Perceptions <ul><li>Disconfirmed expectations: we often expect a certain cause and effect situation; we assume it will happen because it has in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Attribution: we assign a cause for what we see; we assume we know why someone does something or acts the way they do </li></ul>
  5. 5. Faulty Perceptions: Physiological Limitations <ul><li>Illusions: our senses play tricks on us </li></ul><ul><li>Neurological inhibitions: when we are bombarded with too much stimuli, our “systems” overload and are not able to correctly process what perceive </li></ul><ul><li>Innate physical attributes: we can only perceive what our body allows (ex: bad sight, hearing, etc) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Faulty Perceptions: Physiological Limitations <ul><li>Past experiences: we tend to interpret new information on the basis of what has happened in the past </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional state: how we feel at the time </li></ul><ul><li>Selective perception: limited intake of stimuli (we don’t see everything or have not seen it enough times) </li></ul>
  7. 7. Motivation <ul><li>Motivation : why we act and behave the way we do </li></ul><ul><li>Western vs Eastern view </li></ul>
  8. 8. Motivation <ul><li>Western View </li></ul><ul><li>Independent and individualistic </li></ul><ul><li>Personal choice </li></ul><ul><li>Driven by need : satisfaction, physical need, psychological need, etc </li></ul><ul><li>Eastern View </li></ul><ul><li>Interdependent, collectivist </li></ul><ul><li>Motivated by the network of relationships among people; social obligations </li></ul>
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