Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110


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Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110

  1. 1. Chapter 2, part 1 Self, Perception, and Communication
  2. 2. The Role of Self and Perception <ul><li>Self-concept – how you think and feel about yourself </li></ul><ul><li>Perception – how you look at others and the world around you </li></ul><ul><li>What role does media play in each? </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Role of Self and Perception <ul><li>How you look at the world depends on what you think about yourself and visa versa; perception and self-concept are closely related </li></ul><ul><li>Your communication is a direct result of both perception and self-concept </li></ul><ul><li>Your communication is always changing because your self-concept and perceptions are always changing </li></ul>
  4. 4. The Role of Self and Perception <ul><li>Self-concept can set limitations on your behavior; risk-taking </li></ul><ul><li>Self-concept limits how you see the world; in essence you live in “your own little world” that you have built </li></ul>
  5. 5. Self-Concept <ul><li>The self is mobile, personal, self-reflexive, and subject to change </li></ul><ul><li>Your self-concept is based on the values of the culture and the community you come from </li></ul>
  6. 6. Self-Concept <ul><li>Self-concept is made up of: </li></ul><ul><li>Reflected appraisals </li></ul><ul><li>Social comparisons </li></ul><ul><li>Self-perception </li></ul>
  7. 7. Reflected Appraisals <ul><li>You are NOT born with and identity, others give it to you </li></ul><ul><li>Reflected appraisals – messages you get about yourself from others; from parents, friends, etc (pos or neg) </li></ul>“ You are so beautiful!” “ You are never going to amount to anything!”
  8. 8. Reflected Appraisals <ul><li>Scripts – these are lines that you are given to speak (from parents when you are you: “say thank you”) also when you are older (“You would be a great doctor because your father is a great doctor”) </li></ul>
  9. 9. Reflected Appraisals <ul><li>If you were given positive reflected appraisals, you probably have a good self-concept </li></ul><ul><li>Self-fulfilling prophesies: you expect something to go badly so it does / good and it does. For example if your coach says “you are going to be a great player” you will do better because you try to live up to the expectations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Social Comparisons <ul><li>Social comparison – comparing yourself with others to see how you measure up; necessary to developing self-perception </li></ul><ul><li>Body image is often judged against others </li></ul><ul><li>Where do the standards that we judge against come from? What are possible issues with the standards set in American in terms of body image? </li></ul>
  11. 11. Self-Perception <ul><li>The way you see yourself; affect how you speak, what you say and act </li></ul><ul><li>This process is on-going and changing </li></ul><ul><li>made up of many variables </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the phase of your development </li></ul>
  12. 12. Self Perception <ul><li>How can you make your self-perception more positive? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Gender, Sex, and Self -Concept <ul><li>Men and women gain their self-concept in different ways </li></ul><ul><li>Men – give most importance to social comparison; from parents; from achievements </li></ul><ul><li>Women – more importance to reflected appraisals; from friends; connections and attachments </li></ul>
  14. 14. Psychological Safety and Risk <ul><li>Psychological safety – the support and approval that we get from familiar people is important to us </li></ul><ul><li>The need for approval and the need for safety and security often pull us in different directions or give us conflicting ideas (see Maslow next slide) </li></ul>
  15. 15. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs