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Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110
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Chapter 2 Part1 Cst110


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  • 1. Chapter 2, part 1 Self, Perception, and Communication
  • 2. The Role of Self and Perception
    • Self-concept – how you think and feel about yourself
    • Perception – how you look at others and the world around you
    • What role does media play in each?
  • 3. The Role of Self and Perception
    • How you look at the world depends on what you think about yourself and visa versa; perception and self-concept are closely related
    • Your communication is a direct result of both perception and self-concept
    • Your communication is always changing because your self-concept and perceptions are always changing
  • 4. The Role of Self and Perception
    • Self-concept can set limitations on your behavior; risk-taking
    • Self-concept limits how you see the world; in essence you live in “your own little world” that you have built
  • 5. Self-Concept
    • The self is mobile, personal, self-reflexive, and subject to change
    • Your self-concept is based on the values of the culture and the community you come from
  • 6. Self-Concept
    • Self-concept is made up of:
    • Reflected appraisals
    • Social comparisons
    • Self-perception
  • 7. Reflected Appraisals
    • You are NOT born with and identity, others give it to you
    • Reflected appraisals – messages you get about yourself from others; from parents, friends, etc (pos or neg)
    “ You are so beautiful!” “ You are never going to amount to anything!”
  • 8. Reflected Appraisals
    • Scripts – these are lines that you are given to speak (from parents when you are you: “say thank you”) also when you are older (“You would be a great doctor because your father is a great doctor”)
  • 9. Reflected Appraisals
    • If you were given positive reflected appraisals, you probably have a good self-concept
    • Self-fulfilling prophesies: you expect something to go badly so it does / good and it does. For example if your coach says “you are going to be a great player” you will do better because you try to live up to the expectations
  • 10. Social Comparisons
    • Social comparison – comparing yourself with others to see how you measure up; necessary to developing self-perception
    • Body image is often judged against others
    • Where do the standards that we judge against come from? What are possible issues with the standards set in American in terms of body image?
  • 11. Self-Perception
    • The way you see yourself; affect how you speak, what you say and act
    • This process is on-going and changing
    • made up of many variables
    • Depends on the phase of your development
  • 12. Self Perception
    • How can you make your self-perception more positive?
  • 13. Gender, Sex, and Self -Concept
    • Men and women gain their self-concept in different ways
    • Men – give most importance to social comparison; from parents; from achievements
    • Women – more importance to reflected appraisals; from friends; connections and attachments
  • 14. Psychological Safety and Risk
    • Psychological safety – the support and approval that we get from familiar people is important to us
    • The need for approval and the need for safety and security often pull us in different directions or give us conflicting ideas (see Maslow next slide)
  • 15. Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs