Chapter 10 CST110


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Chapter 10 CST110

  1. 1. Chapter 10 Small Group Participation
  2. 2. Small Group Communication <ul><li>Small groups are gatherings of 3-13 members who meet for a certain task </li></ul><ul><li>See text for nine skills for career success </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cultural Values <ul><li>The culture you grow up in determines how you will conduct yourself in a group and how you will go about solving issues </li></ul><ul><li>Collectivistic versus individualistic cultures </li></ul><ul><li>Sensitivity and compromise is often needed </li></ul>
  4. 4. Group Norms <ul><li>Norms are expectations group members have of other members; how a person is to behave, think, and participate </li></ul><ul><li>Norms are not the same as rules ; norms are not written down and change from person to person; these are assumptions </li></ul>
  5. 5. Group Norms <ul><li>Norms are often taken for granted in familiar settings </li></ul><ul><li>Norms give a group structure </li></ul><ul><li>Norms govern how members communicate with each other </li></ul>
  6. 6. Group Rules <ul><li>Rules are formal, often discussed at a first meeting and agreed upon by all members; not the same as norms </li></ul><ul><li>Not all groups have rules – what are some possible positive and negative effects of this? </li></ul>
  7. 7. Types of Groups <ul><li>Social groups </li></ul><ul><li>Task-oriented (problem solving and decision making) </li></ul><ul><li>Information-sharing (lectures) </li></ul><ul><li>Learning (increase knowledge – study group) </li></ul><ul><li>All groups have specific social dimensions </li></ul>
  8. 8. Small-Group Effectiveness <ul><li>Solidarity – feeling a part of the group through common themes </li></ul><ul><li>Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Appropriateness – a group and task are matches; this can also look at the time frame that is set to complete a given task </li></ul>
  9. 9. Small Groups – Size and Place <ul><li>From 3-13; ideal size is 5 </li></ul><ul><li>Can be divided into smaller committees </li></ul><ul><li>How many people are needed to complete the task in a given time? </li></ul><ul><li>Atmosphere and location need to be taken into consideration </li></ul><ul><li>What is the importance of seating arrangement? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Cohesiveness and Commitment <ul><li>Cohesiveness – the feeling of attraction that members have toward each other; stick together and help each other </li></ul><ul><li>Commitment – willingness of members to work to complete the given task </li></ul>
  11. 11. Groupthink (-) <ul><li>Everyone in the group goes along with an idea simply to maintain harmony; no one wants to “rock the boat,” or a member(s) are apathetic </li></ul><ul><li>Why is this a negative aspect? </li></ul><ul><li>Collectivistic versus individualist cultures </li></ul>
  12. 12. Teams versus Groups <ul><li>A team is a specific type of a group </li></ul><ul><li>A team has three characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Two or more members </li></ul><ul><li>A specific goal to attain </li></ul><ul><li>**Coordination of activity among the members to reach the goal </li></ul>
  13. 13. Discussion in Groups <ul><li>Choosing a Topic – brainstorming </li></ul><ul><li>Identifying the Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Analyzing the Problem </li></ul><ul><li>Finding and evaluating solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Reevaluating solutions </li></ul>
  14. 14. Participating in Group Discussion - Roles <ul><li>Task roles – roles that help get the job done; organizers, coming up with ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance roles – help group members get a long; social aspect of the group </li></ul><ul><li>Dysfunctional roles – (see text for a list of roles) </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Internet and Small-Group Participation <ul><li>Synchronous communication – communication that happens in real time and the participants are all present at the same time but in different locations </li></ul><ul><li>Asynchronous communication – communication is happening at different times </li></ul><ul><li>What are some examples or each? </li></ul><ul><li>What are some impacts on group communication? </li></ul>