Species Programme Access to knowledge about Mexican biodiversityNational Commission for the Knowlege and Use of Biodiversity (CONABIO) Patricia Koleff, Director of Analysis and Priorities Bárbara Ayala, Coordinator of Priority Species Programme
1. Brief history - Need to generate and synthesize information from species at risk of extinction and of special economic and ecological value - Get to know the conservation status of populations and inform policy-makers about its management.
Database on native species Initial goals (2000-2010) • Compile taxonomic, biological information, and primary literature. • NOM-059-Semarnat-2001 “Mexican red list”. • Provide species information through "fact sheets" available on CONABIO’s website.
Species Pages45 projects on the study of native species at risk of extinction (ca. $700,000 US)Investment in human resource development, capacity building and knowledge generation Information to evaluate the conservation status of species and their status in the Red list (NOM-059-Semarnat-2001) Taxonomy Distribution Natural history Threats Commercial use Conservation status Map of current and potential distribution Pictures Bibliography Contents are provided and reviewed by experts
2. 2011 Goals and current statusCombine world-class knowledge, standards and tools to guidepolicies and inform action on the ground to conserve biodiversity. A. Develop clear criteria to identify information needs and gaps. B. Generate better knowledge about our priority species. C. Rely on good indicators to evaluate species conservation status. D. Promote and support monitoring efforts species populations. E. ID threats and conservation measures that can be taken to help drive action. F. Inform policy-makers, conservation actions and the general public.
3. Current status with respect to your goals• 1,560 species pages (1,369 species at risk of extinction)• Linking information with digital cartography (species occurrences and potential distribution)- Generate better knowledge about priority species (700 new species pages in 2012)- ID good indicators to evaluate species conservation status
Species at risk of extinction Hongos 41/46Invertebrados 29/49 Anfibios 86/194 Peces 106/204 Mamíferos 266/291 Aves 91/392 Reptiles 343/443 Plantas 407/987 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 Fichas publicadas al 2010: 1,369 / Taxones en riesgo de extinción NOM-2010: 2,606
Priority species websitehttp://www.biodiversidad.gob.mx/especies/espPrioritaria.html
4. Organizational detailsPriority Species Program • 2011 Species Program Team (5 people) • Better and more complete knowledge of Mexican biota. Especially for the most vulnerable species that require detailed information for conservation and management. And of priority species that maximize efforts and optimize conservation strategies in Mexico.
Knowledge generation:distribution, threats, conservation measures Basic information for species Detail information for with no data key species• Start a fellows program • Develop conservation• Specific projects for not well indicators known groups (e.g. fungi) • Promote and support• Literature reviews monitoring efforts of species populations. • ID threats • ID conservation actions that can be taken
Priority Species• Incorporate population and monitoring data to assess recovery programs and species conservation status. Golden Eagle Monitoring Species information system, online collaboration platform. New page on the website of species CONABIOInformation exchange with other platforms around the world.Encyclopedia of Life, EOL.
Providing information to EOL Published pages at CONABIO Additional pages in progress Priority Wild relatives Forestry Exotic invasive Priority Exotic species species species + invasive CITES speciesMammals 292 13 1Birds 194 6 140Reptiles 370 5 4Amphibians 90 3 10Fishes 111 9 162Invertebrates 34 17 85Fungi 42 1Plants 428 19 70 63 90 100Corals (CITES) 141Total 1,561 19 70 116 371 3631,561 species pages sent to EOL 700 planned to be developed in 2012 (371 in progress)
5. Challenges• Information exchange with other initiatives• Avoid duplicating efforts• Lack of Interoperability standards and documentation• Quality control• Use of information and increase impact on conservation and management (e.g. NPA, species recovery programs, restoration programs, etc.)• Implement a fellows program
6. Special opportunities• Improve platforms to capture information• Improving outputs (application development)• Other products (e.g. species ID guides, invasive species, wild relatives).• Interoperability standards (Plinian Core standards /TDWG) more structured data greater capacity to search• BHL, digital libraries