Personal protection


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Personal protection

  1. 1. Living Without Fear You have taken the first step to leading a safe life and protection yourself by coming here, now you can work towards ending the fear that comes with daily tasks as simple as walking to your car or taking out the trash.  You will see that with a few tips and or a minimal investment you can protect yourself using simple self defense techniques 
  2. 2. What is Self Defense This is a question that could have many answers and could vary person by person.  (Definition) Self Defense - is a term used to describe the actions taken by an individual to evade or prevent harm inflicted by another individual or group of individuals.  You may still be asking what is self defense and I will do my best to provide you with your answer.  Some of the different categories of Self defense are: 
  3. 3. Awareness The key to the state of mind you should be in at all points of time.  Increasing your personal awareness is an integral part of crime prevention, and perhaps the single most important element of effective self-defense  When you keep a self defense state of mind you will keep yourself out of dangerous situations and potentially life threatening situations..  An awareness of the reality of crime and violence, as well as an awareness of your environment, are the keys to your personal security.  Being aware does not have to involve paranoia. You can't live your life expecting a problem, buy 
  4. 4. Developing a survival mind set No one has the right to harm you or the ones you love, but violence does exist and it can touch your life at any time.  If it does happen, and you aren't mentally prepared to deal with it, you will most likely become frozen in fear.  The best way to avoid this is to develop a survival mind set 
  5. 5. (Trust) your instincts Learn to trust your instincts and listen to what your intuition tells you.  Trust those "little voices" when they tell you that something (or someone) "just doesn't look right."  All of your senses should come to full alert, and you should be prepared to take action (if it's necessary) and get out of the situation or away from that person as fast as possible. 
  6. 6. Avoid presenting a victim profile:     Crime victims are frequently chosen because they are easy targets. Criminals prey on the weak or unsuspecting, and usually avoid people who are aware of what's going on and might put up a fight. When out in public, look people in the eye, keep your head up, and walk with a confident stride. This tells the predator that you are more likely to see him coming and resist. Without the element of surprise, they will likely pass you up for someone who'll put up less of a fight
  7. 7. Lights, people and noise:    "Just use good common sense and remember to pay attention to what's happening around you, and you will go a long way towards keeping yourself safe... " Always remember that your greatest allies are lights, people and noise. These are the three things that criminals fear most, because they increase the likelihood that they will be seen or caught. Whenever possible travel in groups and in open, populated areas - especially at night. Steer clear of dark areas or isolated places where criminals will have the advantage especially if you are by yourself.
  8. 8. Your first priority is escape:      If you do end up in a dangerous situation, remember that your number one priority is not to fight, but to escape. The best plan is not to be there in the first place, but if you do find yourself in trouble, don't hesitate to take every available escape route. If you are confronted and you cannot immediately escape, you may want to consider complying, at least until you can escape. When faced with someone who demands your wallet, purse, jewelry etc... - give it to them, and get out of there. No possession, however valuable, is worth risking your life over.
  9. 9. You must react quickly:     One of the greatest challenges to defending yourself is that in the real world (unlike in the movies) acts of violence usually happen very quickly. When an attack occurs suddenly (even though there are usually warning signs), you are at an extreme disadvantage, if you are not prepared to react. This is especially true if you rely solely on some form of weapon for your defense. Pepper spray, stun guns and firearms are useless if you can't get to them instantly when you need them. So try to anticipate dangerous situations in advance (such as walking to your car at night) and prepare yourself to take quick action.
  10. 10. Almost anything can be a weapon In an extreme situation, you can use many everyday objects as a weapon.  A pen or pencil can be used as a dagger, or a phone or lamp could be used as a club.  Anything that is harder, sharper or more resilient than your hands can be used effectively, so take the time (preferably in advance) to look around for everyday objects that you could use to defend against a violent attacker. 
  11. 11. When attacked...attack back:      One of the most importance tenets of self-defense is that when attacked - you must attack back! You need to make your attacker worry about their own safety, instead of how they're going to hurt you. In an extreme situation, you may have to be vicious. Attack your assailant's weaker points, like their eyes, groin or throat. Do not hesitate, since it will only give your attacker more time to formulate their own attack. Overwhelm your assailant, trying to momentarily disable them, so you can escape!
  12. 12. The element of surprise:       Second to awareness, surprise is perhaps the most important element of effective self-defense. Using it to your advantage can give you a devastating edge in a confrontation. The number of deceptive counterattacks is limited only by your imagination. For example, you might pretend to be passive, by appearing to submit to your assailants wishes, only to attack them when they least expect it. You might also try to talk to your attacker, then suddenly throw something at their face - and run. In any case, it will be your ability to stay as calm as possible, while you keep thinking, that will make the difference.
  13. 13. Self Defense Techniques Self Defense Techniques are the skills required when you do manage to get into a life threatening situation.  A good self defense class or learning a form of karate will allow you to keep yourself safe when attacked. 
  14. 14. Self Defense Devices Self Defense Devices and products give you the edge you need to stay safe and get away.  If all else fails there are many items that will work effectively to take down your attacker without causing permanent damage or risking their life.  A good self defense spray or taser gun will take an attacker to the ground in less than a second. 
  15. 15. Laws on Self Defense    The laws on self defense vary depending on the self defense product and the state you plan to use/own the device in. Some states in the United States have very strict self defense laws while others are very lenient. Even the most basic self defense device may be restricted in your state. Most people think that self defense spray is legal everywhere, but these sprays are restricted in several states. If you find that a device is legal in your state you may want to check with your county or city regulations also. Each city or town has the ability to restrict the use of self defense devices and may not allow them. The most commonly restricted non-lethal self defense devices are stun guns, pepper spray and tasers.
  16. 16. Castle Doctrine  Generally, the “castle doctrine” provides that someone attacked in his home can use reasonable force, which can include deadly force, to protect his or another's life without any duty to retreat from the attacker. It is defined differently in different states. The name appears to have its origin in the English common law rules protecting a person's home and the phrase “one's home is one's castle. ”
  17. 17. Justifiable Use of Deadly Force Alabama Act 2006-303   Authorizes the use of deadly force against a person who is in the process of forcefully entering, or who has unlawfully and forcefully entered a dwelling, residence, occupied vehicle, or federally licensed nuclear power facility or is attempting to remove or has forcefully removed a person against his will from same. There are exceptions to grant of authority, i.e. when action is use of force is unlawful; where the person is a lawful resident, owner or lessee and there is no existing domestic violence injunction; the person sought to be removed is a child or grandchild or is otherwise in lawful custody or under guardianship of person seeking removal, law enforcement officers., etc.
  18. 18. Home Safety      When it comes to home security, being safe is better than being sorry. Often times however, we forget about some very basic security measures. With our ever increasingly busy schedules and multi-tasking lifestyles, sometimes it's very easy to forget about things like burglaries and home invasions, especially when we live under the illusion that we are safe, or that it won't happen to us. Far too often this sort of complacent thinking is what leads to break-ins and robberies. Far too many people let their guard down or they engage in overly optimistic thinking.
  19. 19. Home Safety    The simple fact of the matter is that crime isn't exactly disappearing, and actually, property crimes, such as breaking in and entering are on the rise. Mostly, its young kids or petty thieves and drug addicts looking for easy targets, places where they can get in and out in a matter of minutes without anyone being the wiser, who commit these crimes. The majority of break-ins aren't planned by criminal masterminds or extremely adept burglars. A break-in, is more often than not, a crime of convenience; where there's an opportunity, a thief will take it. Thieves, after all, are known for their keen work ethic. They will take the easy route and unfortunately, many homeowners unwittingly put a giant welcome sign on their front doorstep by not taking simple precautions.
  20. 20. Home Safety     Really, burglary is probably one of the most preventable crimes there is. In order to strengthen your home security, you need to open your eyes and implement a few steps that will reduce the risks by a long shot. First of all, you need to assess your home security situation. What kind of threat are you trying to protect yourself against? If its burglary, then keep a few points in mind. A burglar looks for items that are worth stealing, easy access plus zero or low visibility, and an unoccupied home. This is why more robberies actually occur during the day, between the hours of 6am and 6pm because this is when most residents are away, either at work or school.
  21. 21. Home Safety The way to prevent break-ins and to improve your home security, then, is to make your home look occupied.  This is fairly simple to do and you won't have to spend that much money at all.  Go to your local home improvement store or department store and buy a couple automatic timers to use with lights and a TV or radio. 
  22. 22. Home Safety      Whether you are at home or not, you should always keep your garage door shut. Also, park your car in the garage at all times so that passing thieves won't know whether or not you're at home simply by noting the absence or presence of a car in the drive way. Don't leave notes on your doorstep or on your answering machine that say you've gone away or that you won't be in for a while. If you will be gone for more than a day, have someone keep an eye on your place. Also, consider getting a home alarm system with monitoring. A home alarm will not only give you peace of mind, it may also save you considerable stress.
  23. 23. Home Security: Keep all the outside doors bolted and draw all the window curtains after dark. Lock all the entrances before you go to bed but make sure to keep the key handy as you might have to evacuate the house in case of an emergency.  Use strong locks on every door of your home, and a chain lock or peephole on all windowless doors.  Never open your door until you know who is standing on the other side. Repair or delivery persons can be identified by their identification cards by calling their places of employment.  Do not put your first name on your mailbox or in the telephone directory. Use your first name initials. 
  24. 24. Home Security: Do not give personal information to strangers over the phone, or let the caller know that you are home alone.  ·A dog is not only a companion put also a form of security for your home. The bark of a dog makes your house less of a target; whether the dog is large or small the bark lets burglars know someone may be there.  A home surveillance system can let you keep an eye on your home anywhere there is internet access. The best systems are equipped with DVR's..  ·A dog is not only a companion put also a form of security for your home. The bark of a dog makes your house less of a target 
  25. 25. Home Security If you find evidence that an intruder has entered your home, DO NOT ENTER. Call police immediately from a nearby house
  26. 26. HOME INVASION PREVENTION TIPS  Its getting harder for criminals to hit places like Fast food stores, convenience stores, because of the current technology in security systems they range from video cameras, automatic lights, to alarm systems that feed into security companies. This has resulted in home burglary and home invasions being on the rise.  Preventing a home invasion begins with information knowing how the Bad Guys work and means you can take to prevent becoming a victim. This will allow you to rest easier in your home.  Home invasion is generally done in the evening or at night by two or more bad guys- usually armed. They often go right thru the front door which is often opened by the unthinking occupants. You definitely want to avoid a home invasion at all costs.
  27. 27. HOME INVASION PREVENTION TIPS Knowing what Home Invaders look for in a home’s they target is one step to preventing a burglary or home invasion.  Some of the more sought out homes are ones that are located in isolated places, or hidden from the street.  Tall bushes around entrances provided hiding places.  Any type of outbuilding that provide a view of one or more entrances of the residence provide the bad guys a hiding place to wait and watch. 
  28. 28. Being aware of what's going on around you is a key element in your can be followed home and invaded just safety.  You because of what you drive and/or the way you dress. Most people that are followed never know this has occurred. Once the bad guy follows you home they will began to watch you and your residence. This allows them to learn any patterns you may have, along with the number of people living at the residence, type of security you have (if any) before they commit the burglary or invasion.  But this is not always true, on some occasions when they follow you home they go ahead and commit the home invasion.
  29. 29. Being aware of what's going on around you is a key element in your safety. may ring the door bell  Home Invaders and then push their way in. they may sneak up on you entering the residence and force you into the house. Are they could enter the residence through an open garage or widow.  Below are some tips that can assist you in avoiding a burglary or home invasion. But there is no guarantee that this tips alone will prevent a burglary or home invasion.
  30. 30. Some tips that can assist you in avoiding a burglary or home invasion. windows, and garages at all times, even when you Lock all doors,  are home. Preliminary information from the Cheshire tragedy reveals that the suspects got in through an open door.  Install a strong, heavy-duty deadbolt/locking system on your perimeter doors - especially on the front door.  Never open your door to strangers or solicitors. Most home invaders knock on the front door to gain entry. Use your outside light at night to see who is at your door. Don’t rely on door chains to keep intruders out; they won’t.  Check the window locks around your home and replace any that are not working properly.
  31. 31. Some tips that can assist you in avoiding a burglary or home invasionan alarm system in your home, activate the perimeter If you have  doors and windows while you are in the home. If someone attempts to gain entry, the alarm will sound, giving you time to set your plan in motion.  Automatic phone dialers that can call 911, in speakerphone mode, can be effective in getting police assistance if intruders come in. Every home phone should be pre-programmed with this feature and all family members should be trained on how to use it. When intruders come in you will not have much time to contact police.  Consider keeping some type of personal protection device(s) in your home.  Have an escape plan in mind for your family. Train family members on where to go and what to say. This plan should include your children. If someone can escape, the invaders will have lost their advantage of privacy and time. You could even consider setting up a SAFE ROOM in your home that you and your family can escape to in a home invasion robbery.
  32. 32. Some tips that can assist you in avoiding a burglary or home invasion thinking if you are held captive. Stay calm  Never stop    and take advantage of any opportunities that present themselves. Report all suspicious activity to police. If you see something out of the ordinary, call. You are not bothering us. Often, police are asked if people should resist invaders. There is no set answer for this, seeing as it depends on the physical and mental capabilities of each person. Don’t fight over property with an intruder. Let them have the property; it is not worth your life and can be replaced. Never follow the intruder from scene, call 911 immediately and get the best description you can get
  33. 33. You need to realize  that Home Invasions are a Brutal Crime.  Being completely helpless and under someone else control is a nightmare you don’t want to encounter.  Knowing you enemy and understanding what you are up against is the first step in defending yourself.
  35. 35. Personal Defense Tips       Walk only on well-lighted, well traveled streets. Avoid parks, dark parking lots and construction areas after dark. Walk near the curb rather than near buildings, alleys or shrubbery. If you believe your are being followed as you walk, turn around and look. If you are in danger, you can prepare to deal with it. If someone is following you when you are walking alone, try to go to an area where there are a lot of people. If he or she persists, call the police immediately If, while you are walking, you are accosted by someone in a car, run in a direction opposite to the way the car is traveling. In the time it takes the car to turn around, you can be gone. If you regularly take walks or jog, keep to open and busy areas and change your route frequently. While jogging avoid using stereos with headphones at loud volumes as they can prevent you from being alert to unusual sounds.
  36. 36. Personal Defense Tips       When walking, do not carry your purse by the handle or strap. Keep it close to your body. Never leave your purse lying on a counter or in a shopping cart. Always keep closures fastened. Don’t give or accept lifts from strangers. When you take a taxi, always make sure it is a licensed one. This can be verified by the license plate of the taxi and the driver’ badge. While driving at night, park only in well-lit areas, with plenty of people
  37. 37. Personal Defense Tips  Women need to be particularly cautious:  You must use bags, which let you keep your hands free.  If someone tries to snatch the bag, let go of it because if     you fight the mugger you might get hurt. When you are wearing expensive jewelry while traveling, hide it under your clothes. Men can also do their bit to make women feel more comfortable in public places: Don’t walk directly behind a woman, when on the road as she might get the impression that you are following her. Avoid sitting too close to a woman in a bus or a train. Whenever possible, give lifts to your female friends especially after-dark and on unsafe routes.
  38. 38. Female Self Defense      Create a loud noise - Carry a whistle, personal alarm or scream "police" to attract attention Run & Get Away - Only run if there is somewhere safe to run to. If there is no safe place to run you may just aggravate an assailant. Stall - Speak calmly and rationally. Do your best not to cry, plead or show you're scared, this may be exactly the reaction a rapist is going for. Vomit or Urinate - anything you can do to repulse an assailant may help. Telling him you have AIDS or another STD may also be effective. Fight Back - Women who fight back quickly and resist attacks are less likely to be raped, than a passive woman who does nothing. The most effective time to fight back and react is in the first 20 seconds of an attack.
  39. 39. Female Self Defense Stay alert - Do your best to pay attention to every detail possible although it will be difficult. This may help you identify an assailant.  Get help ASAP - Call 9-1-1. Police are much more willing to help then they were years ago. You will not be obligated to press charges or go to court  Save the evidence - Don't shower, bath or douche. If you change your clothes, be sure to put the clothes you were raped in into a bag and seal it.  Tell somebody - Call rape crisis counselor, the police a telephone operator or a friend. It is very important that you don't keep this a secret and let someone know what happened 
  40. 40. Tips for Men - Most men get involved in physical trouble as a result of saying something rude, offensive, tactless, stupid or hurtful. Controlling what comes out of your mouth can keep it in good shape. Think before you speak  If a fight breaks out in a bar - leave immediately. Go before all the drunks and brawlers start swinging chairs, bottles, glasses and punches. A "free for all" usually starts with just two protagonists. Innocent bystanders often get hit. Those who leave all the fools to bash each other do not.  NEVER attempt to mediate an argument between a man and a woman. Both will cease arguing or fighting with each other and turn on you - the common enemy. If you fear for the woman's safety, call the police.  Understand that many people these days have a cocktail of drugs and booze in their veins. It makes them argumentative, aggressive and Avoid people who are "off the planet." Even a casual glance at them can set them off. Leave them with their own demons 
  41. 41. Tips for Men     Don't make the fatal mistake of thinking that ANYBODY fights "fair" any more. Those days are over - they have been since the John Wayne era! Expect multiple attackers, weapons, possibly both. Recognize objects in every room of your home that could be used as makeshift weapons. Home invasion is a growing curse these days due to the unwillingness of our governments to protect their citizens. is a far higher art form than physical confrontation. Do anything reasonable to avoid a fight. NOTHING good ever comes out of conflict. War is proof of that. The cemeteries are full of dead heroes. Don't add to their number. Run if you can. There is no shame in avoiding a fight. In fact, running away is smart.
  42. 42. Purse Snatches Can be Prevented Leave It At Home:  Travel In The Safest Areas:  Be Aware Of Your Surroundings:  Let It Go:  Report Any Suspicious Individuals: 
  43. 43. Remember "increasing personal safety ALWAYS commences with awareness." Increase your awareness, mind your manners, know your surroundings and you will certainly improve your safety.
  44. 44. Remember If you are attacked and decide to fight back, remember the attacker’s vulnerable areas:  eyes, nose, neck, groin and knee  By pulling, kicking, hitting or gouging one of these areas, you may give yourself time to escape.  Better yet - take a self-defense course so you have an awareness of what to do and can gauge the situation better. 
  45. 45. Vulnerable areas: Eyes Nose Neck Groin and Knee(s)
  46. 46. Child Abductions What to Watch For and What to Do If you don't talk to your child about abductions, someone else will. This year thousands of children will learn the reality of stranger abduction first hand. The fortunate ones will just be molested and later released. Many others will be kept. The reality is, there are tens of thousands of known abductors and molesters out there.
  48. 48. WHAT EVERY CHILD SHOULD KNOW First, it's important to reassure your child that child abduction is rare.  Most people are good and care for children.  However, there are certain situations they should be prepared to deal with if they arise. 
  49. 49. What if an adult wants you to do something you don't want to do?      First, every child should know that he or she has a right to say "No!“. We have a tendency to tell children to obey adults. This makes them vulnerable to every adult. There are only certain adults they should obey. And you should tell them who they are. Teach your child to protect their personal space from unwanted intrusion.
  50. 50. What if an adult asks you to keep a secret from your mother or your father? No adult should ask a child to keep a secret from their parents.  If an adult, even someone they trust like a babysitter or a relative, ever tells them to keep a secret, they should tell you immediately.  Molesters depend on the fact that a child will keep their secret. 
  51. 51. What is a stranger? Children should know that a stranger is any adult they don't know well.  That doesn't mean they're bad. It just means they haven't earned your trust yet.  Even someone they see every day, like a neighbor, is a stranger if they don't know them well. 
  52. 52. What if a stranger wants you to come to his car or house? If a stranger pulls over and asks for help or wants to show you something in his car, don't go to the car. Stand back and be ready to run.  You should explain that while it's OK for a child to ask a grownup for help, grownups shouldn't ask children for help.  They should be asking other grownups. 
  53. 53. Abductors will use many lures to draw children to them:      They ask for help, like directions for finding a pet. They seduce children with gifts, candy, money or jobs. They make threats. They pretend to be authority figures, like police and clergy. They say it’s an emergency. "Your parents are hurt. I'll take you to the hospital."
  54. 54. If children routinely see the same car parked (or following them) on their normal walking routes (to and from school, etc.) they should report it to trusted adults immediately
  55. 55. What do you do if a stranger says he's come to pick you up? For the safety of your child, you should have a secret code word that just the family members know.  If you ever send someone to pick up your child, give them the code word.  Your child should not go near the car unless the stranger knows the secret word. 
  56. 56. What do you do if you think that someone is following you? Don't be alone.  Immediately run to a friend's house or the nearest store and tell them. 
  57. 57. What if a stranger ever threatens you or tries to grab you? Shout "HELP" and "I don't know you" and "call 911". And get away fast.  Make a big scene so people will come. Carry and use a personal attack alarm.  Most abductors and molesters will run away if their victim fights and attracts attention with noise. 
  58. 58. Does your child know your full phone number? Their full name and address? Make sure your child knows their full name, phone number and address, including state.  Make a game of teaching them to call home long distance.  Or if they're too young, teach them to dial 911 for help.  Tell them if they are abducted, a phone call home or to 911 can bring them home. 
  59. 59. What if you're home alone and someone calls for your mother or father? A child should never tell anyone they're home alone.  Just tell them "My parents can't come to the phone right now. I'll take a message."  And never open the door to any stranger. 
  60. 60. What if you get separated while you are shopping or in another public place? Whenever you go shopping, set up a meeting place.  If you get separated, don't search for each other. Immediately go to the meeting place.  Ask a police officer, guard, or employee for assistance. 
  61. 61. Encourage and Explain      Encourage children to walk and play together, to watch out for each other. Young children should not be out alone, especially in the evening. Explain that if they're ever lost or abducted that you will look for them until you find them. No matter what. This is critical. Most abducted children are told by the abductors that their parents don't want them anymore. If they believe it, they have no place else to go.
  62. 62. WHAT EVERY PARENT SHOULD KNOW      Never leave your child alone in public. Especially in a car or a public rest room. Thoroughly check out any babysitter or daycare facilities before you entrust your child to them Encourage your children to talk about their concerns. And pay attention. If something or someone is upsetting them, there's usually a reason. Never belittle your child's fears, real or imaginary.
  63. 63. WHAT EVERY PARENT SHOULD KNOW   The more attention a child gets at home, the less susceptible he or she will be to the lures of a pedophile or abductor. Be involved with your child's activities.  Know who your child's friends are and what adults he or she spends time with.  If there seems to be a change in the way your child reacts to a particular adult, find out why.   There are many self-defense and martial arts programs available that can help your child prepare for a physical confrontation by learning simple defensive tactics without years of study. Have your child carry a personal alarm as a deterrent, so help can be summoned when needed.
  64. 64. WHAT EVERY PARENT SHOULD KNOW Avoid dressing your child in clothes that display his or her name. A stranger who knows your child's name can quickly seem like a friend.  Always keep a good up-to-date photo of your child. It could bring them home. Fingerprints can also be helpful for identification.  Explain to your children that if any stranger tries to get them alone or into their car, you want to know.  If it seems suspicious, report it to the police. The next child may not be as well-prepared. 
  65. 65. WHAT WE ALL MUST DO      There is nothing in the world more important than the safety of our children. But it's impossible for the local police to watch over every child. You must make a personal commitment to help watch out for all the children. If there's a suspicious person hanging around places children frequent, get a description of him, his car, and license plate. Then call the police. Molesters and abductors are out there, and they usually study their victims before they strike.
  66. 66. WHAT WE ALL MUST DO  If you think you know someone involved in molesting or abducting children, call the police.  Molesters graduate to abduction.  If you see anything suspicious report it. Don't wait. Don't talk yourself out of it.  Your instincts could save a child's life.
  67. 67. Community Safety Tips Be alert for: Someone running from a car or home.  Someone screaming. If you cannot determine what the screams are, call the police at 911 and report it.  Someone going door-to-door in the neighborhood or looking into windows and parked cars  A person who seems to have no purpose wandering in the neighborhood.  Any unusual or suspicious noise that you cannot explain, such as breaking glass or pounding.  Vehicles moving slowly, without lights, or with no apparent destination 
  68. 68. Community Safety Tips Be alert for: Business transactions conducted from a vehicle. This could involve the sale of drugs or stolen goods.  Offers of merchandise at ridiculously low prices. It is probably stolen property.  Property carried by someone on foot at an unusual hour or place especially if the person is running.  Property being removed from closed businesses or unoccupied residences.  A stranger entering a neighbor's home that appears to be unoccupied.  A stranger in a car stopping to beckon to a child.  A child resisting the advances of an adult. 
  69. 69. Police need to have accurate information about a suspicious activity or crime in progress.      Call 911 and give your name. If a member of a Neighborhood Watch or other community safety program, identify yourself as a member. Describe the event as briefly as possible; where, when, how, and who did it. Tell if the crime is in progress or if it has already occurred. Describe the suspect: sex, race, age, height, weight, hair color and length, clothing, beard or mustache, and distinctive characteristics. Describe the vehicle involved: color, make, model, year, license plate, special markings, dents, and which direction they went.
  70. 70. Your Car I hate to think about how many of us are vulnerable as we go to, come from, or travel in, our cars.  These tips will help you avoid trouble as you go to and from. 
  71. 71. First, why should you worry about the area around your car? It’s simple if you look at it from an attacker’s point of view: where else are you guaranteed to be distracted, guaranteed to have at least 1 major asset to steal, and guaranteed to return to?  All they have to do is pick you out when you get out of your car and then wait.  in the D.C. metropolitan area: Some young woman was spotted and followed home by a stalker who then pushed his way into her home. Fortunately for her, her husband was there and subdued the attacker. 
  72. 72. when you get out of your car, look around.  You should do that anyway just to be sure that you know where you parked.  (Haven’t you ever “lost” your car in a big parking lot?)  And when you do look around, pay attention to what you see.  Look at the people, the place where you parked, the shadows.  Remember them because if, when you return, the same people are there, you should be alert to a possible problem.
  73. 73. When Returning to your Vehicle When you return to your car, don’t permit yourself to be distracted by the bags and baggage you are carrying or the events of the day.  Pay Attention!   Look around you.  Be curious.  Listen to your instincts.  Don’t stop in front of your car and just stare into the air.
  74. 74. When Returning to your Vehicle  when you approach your car, If there is an SUV or van parked next to it, pay attention.  Are there people in it?  Is the door open?  This is especially true during the Holiday Season when people can be expected to be carrying extra money for presents.  But if someone is stalking you this is a prime alert. It is very easy to be pulled into one of these big vehicles.
  75. 75. When Returning to your Vehicle As you approach your car, walk around it to see if it has been tampered with--look down at tires for nails or other things since a quick way to catch you is to ensure you have a flat tire or, better, 2 flat tires.  And while you are at it, look for leaking brake fluid too. It sounds melodramatic, but if someone wants to injure you, tampering with your brakes is an easy thing to do and very popular thanks to Hollywood. 
  76. 76. When Returning to your Vehicle Always look in back of car before you get in. You never know  Do not fumble with your car keys after you get to the car--have them easily accessible and   Don’t put them on the same key ring as your house keys.
  77. 77. When Returning to your Vehicle If you have a reason to be concerned that someone is actively trying to do you harm, never park in the same place twice.  Always park in different places and most certainly in heavily populated areas where there are lots of lights and pedestrian traffic. 
  78. 78. If you are attacked outside of your car, Never, Ever, or do your best not to get into a car with your attacker--do not let him/them take you away from the scene.  Statistics show that the worst possible thing the victim can do is permit themselves to be taken away.  The secondary scene is always worse-harder to escape from, quieter, less witnesses and so on. 
  79. 79. Are you being followed? Once you get in to your car, you should periodically check your rear view mirrors to observe if people or cars are following you.  If you see, or think you see, someone following you, drive in circles and/or pull into a police station and/or use your cell phone to call for help.  Just because -- especially at night -- a car behind you looks like a cop car doesn’t make it a cop car. It is not hard to counterfeit a cop car, especially a so-called “undercover” cop car. 
  80. 80. Are you being followed?    If you are being followed by a car that may or may not be an actual cop car, use your cell phone. Call “911" and tell them where you are and what’s going on. Ask them to find out if you really are being followed by a real cop car or if you are about to have a real big problem. One last point about being followed or stopped by “police”: badges that look official (in fact “replica” badges and badge cases) are very cheap and easy to come by. Officially, they are made for collectors. Unofficially, they are a complete license to fool unsuspecting people. The solution: ask for the “credential” the document with a photograph and, again, in case of doubt, call “911" and ask.
  81. 81. A few general prevention tips are:       Always check the back seat of your car for intruders before entering. If you are being followed in a car, do not drive home. Drive to a police, fire or gas station, or any other well-lighted area. Remember your horn is a good alarm. To prevent carjacking, lock all doors, even when driving. When stopped in traffic, leave enough space between your car and the car ahead for quick departure. If another driver bumps your vehicle, do not stop. Either drive to a well-traveled area to inspect the damage or attempt to get the vehicle's license plate number and report it immediately to the police. If parked in a shopping mall or supermarket parking lot, look around for anyone or anything suspicious before approaching the car. If you feel you are being watched, go back to the store and ask someone to escort you or call the police.
  82. 82. A few general prevention tips are:       If available, take freeways rather than streets through high crime areas. While driving, stay in the center lane; avoid being blocked into the curb lane. When you drive, keep your doors locked at all times. When parking in a public place, make sure to park in an area that will be well lit if you won't be returning until it is dark. When getting into your car, get in quickly. Don't linger and give a criminal an opportunity to choose you as their victim. Never make it obvious that you have money or other valuables while in a public place. Showing you have something of worth is like an open invitation to a law breaker.
  83. 83. Auto Theft Prevention A vehicle is stolen every 20 seconds in the US.  Thieves cruise through parking lots, city streets and neighborhoods to see what they can take.  Don't make it easy for them. Use the following tips to prevent auto theft and also to help law enforcement recover a stolen vehicle. 
  84. 84. LOCK IT UP       Lock your vehicle and take your keys, even for quick errands. Lock the trunk, hatchback or tailgate to block access into the car. Close all windows, including vent or wing windows and sun roofs. Lock and chain trailers, motorcycles and recreational vehicles. Vehicles or motorcycles carried on trailers should be secured with a strong chain and padlock. Trailers in tow should be secured to the vehicle with a strong chain and padlock. Trailers and motorcycles stored in your garage should be secured with a heavy lock. Portable or permanent alarms should also be fastened to the vehicle to alert you if they are disturbed.
  85. 85. PARK SMART Park in a well-lighted spot, close to any building you will be entering. Be aware of your surroundings.  Don't park next to a van or vehicle you cannot see into.  If you return to your car and a van has parked next to it, get in the door farthest away from the van if possible. Always lock your doors and start your car immediately.  Check to be sure no one has been following you, then park in a place with as much visibility as possible. 
  86. 86. INSTALL ANTI-THEFT HARDWARE Anti-theft hardware makes it harder for the thief to steal your car.  Anti-theft devices are of three basic types:  Alarms  Disablers  Locks 
  87. 87. Alarms  Alarms can be installed permanently into your car or less expensive portable alarms can be used that plug into a cigarette lighter.
  88. 88. Disablers  Disablers don't allow the car to start. Electrical disablers have a special key, hidden switch, secret code, or are operated by a pocket transmitter.
  89. 89. Locks          Locks can be installed to prevent thieves from moving your vehicle or stealing accessories. They include: Interior hood lock and release. Exterior hood lock. Locking gas cap. Steering wheel and brake pedal locking device. Console shifter locking device. Battery lock. Second ignition switch. Radio, tape deck or cellular phone anti-theft device.
  90. 90. HELP LAW ENFORCEMENT RECOVER YOUR CAR If your car is stolen, report it to your local law enforcement agency immediately. Have the following information ready to give them:  Make and model.  License plate number.  Vehicle identification number (VIN). Vehicles have the VIN on a small metal plate visible through the windshield on the driver's side. This information is also on your vehicle registration. 
  91. 91. HELP LAW ENFORCEMENT RECOVER YOUR CAR If you find your car after reporting it stolen, call the local law enforcement agency before driving or moving it.  Otherwise, you could be mistaken for the car thief.  If you notice an abandoned vehicle in your neighborhood, report it to your local law enforcement agency. It may be a stolen car. 
  92. 92. HELP LAW ENFORCEMENT RECOVER YOUR CAR Thieves will steal vehicles to trade or sell vehicle parts. You make it harder for thieves if you:  Engrave your driver's license number on radios, tape decks and other removable items.  Engrave the VIN on vehicle parts. (Some auto manufacturers already engrave the VIN on selected parts.)  Remember, remove the temptation and thus reduce the opportunity for the thief. 
  93. 93. Carjacking     Carjacking can take place any time you are near your vehicle. There has been reports of people jacking cars when the victim is approaching the car, sitting in the car and when the victim was driving down the street. A driver with awareness of their surroundings that takes extra care while parking can greatly reduce their risk. People who jack cars, like street robbers, prefer to use the element of surprise. In most cases, victims say they never noticed the carjacker until it was too late and they appeared at their car door.
  94. 94. Consider some of these tips      Always park in areas that are well lit even if you don't plan to arrive or leave after dark. Don't park in areas that are out of the way, isolated or visually obstructed areas that are around heavy foliage or walls. If possible take advantage of valet parking or an attended garage. When walking to your vehicle be alert to suspicious people sitting in other vehicles. Ask customer service for a security escort if you are alone at a shopping center and need to reach your vehicle after dark.      Keep an eye out for people loitering in and around parking areas. If someone attempts to approach you, change direction or run to a busy location As you approach your vehicle, take a look under, around, and inside your car. If safe, get in the car quickly and lock the doors. Don't become a target by turning your back while loading packages into your vehicle. Make it a habit to always start the vehicle and pull away immediately. Sitting in your car makes you a target.
  95. 95. Consider some of these tips      Teach and practice with your kids to get in and out of the car quickly. In the city or slow moving traffic, always drive with your car doors locked and windows rolled closed. If in an accident, wave to have the other party follow and drive to a gas station or busy place before getting out. If you are ever confronted by an armed person don't resist. If you keys or money are demanded, give them up without resistance. Don't take a confrontational approach when being carjacked. This can result in seriously injury or death.  Don't agree to be taken and kidnapped. Drop the cars keys where you stand, run and scream for help.  If you are forced to drive the during the carjacking, wear a seat belt and consider crashing your car near a busy intersection so bystanders can come to your aid and call the police.  Call the police immediately to report any crime and be prepared to provide detailed information 
  96. 96. Consider some of these tips These tips will help you in most vehicle jacking situations.  Every possibility is not considered above and you must think what would be best to do in your situation.  There is no technique that will work in every situation.  Your best bet is to be prepared and do your best to avoid becoming a victim. 
  97. 97. Safety While Babysitting  What to Watch For and What to Do  Caring for children is one of the biggest responsibilities you'll ever have. As a babysitter you must protect yourself as well as the children.
  98. 98. GETTING THE JOB DONE:  Know your employer.  Babysit only for people you or your parents know, or for whom you have a personal reference.  Answering newspaper ads may not be safe. Be sure to find out from your employers what time they expect to be back.  Be sure they know how much you charge and when you must be home.  Leave the name, address and telephone number of where you'll be babysitting with your parents, and tell them what time your employers expect to be home. 
  99. 99. ON THE JOB:      Before your employers leave, fill out the information requested below. Do this for every job you take. Keep the information and a pencil near the telephone. Make your employers do a safety check with you throughout their home. Find out if their home has emergency exits, burglar alarms, flashlights, smoke alarms and a fire extinguisher. Know how to work the door and window locks in the home, and use them. Leave at least one outside light on. If the telephone rings while you're babysitting, don't tell the caller that you're alone. Say you're visiting and the residents can't come to the phone, but you'll give them a message. If the caller persists or gets rude, just hang up. Don't open the door to strangers, and don't tell anyone who comes to the door that you're there alone. Again, say you're visiting and will deliver a message.
  100. 100. ON THE JOB:      During the day you might have the children out in the yard. If you're in back, make sure the front is locked - and vice versa. If you take the children out to the park or anywhere else, make sure you have the house key with you when you leave. Double check to be certain all doors and windows are locked before leaving. Let your parents know where you are going and get clearance from your employer first before taking the children anywhere. Have the children go to the bathroom before you leave to avoid having to use public restrooms. When you are out with the children, don't talk to strangers. If you suspect you're being followed at any time, go to a nearby home, store or gas station and call the police. When you get back to the children's home, if anything seems unusual - a broken window, an open door, a strange car parked outside - don't go in. Go to a neighbor's and call the police. For that matter, if, at any time while you're babysitting, you're uneasy or suspicious about anything, don't hesitate to call for help.
  101. 101. IN AN EMERGENCY:    If you suspect a fire, get the children and yourself out. Go to a neighbor's and call 911. If you've been able to take the safety checklist with you, call the parents/employer and let them know where you and the children are. In any kind of emergency, stay calm. The most important thing to remember is that young children won't panic if you don't. You're the leader. Prepare ahead of time by taking a class in CPR, basic first aid and emergency preparedness.
  102. 102. WHEN THE JOB IS OVER: When your employers return home, report on what happened, especially if you considered anything to be unusual.  Call home to let someone know you're on your way.  Be sure you have an escort home, this should be one of the conditions under which you accept any babysitting job.  If, for some reason, your employers won't drive or walk you home - or seem intoxicated - ask someone at your home to come and get you. 
  103. 103. BABYSITTING SAFETY CHECKLIST:  Always obtain the following information:          Address and phone Where parents will be Emergency neighbor contact Child's doctor Closest hospital Allergies Medications Special instructions or routines to follow Emergency phone numbers (like Poison Control Center)
  104. 104. Laws Related to Self Defense      Section 13A-3-23 - Use of force in defense of a person. Section 13A-3-21 - Basis for defense generally; injury to innocent person through negligence; civil remedies. Section 13A-3-25 - Use of force in defense of premises. Section 13A-11-50 - Carrying concealed weapons. Section 13A-11-52 - Carrying pistol on premises not his own; who may carry pistol.
  105. 105. Tips for Safer Web Browsing      Upgrade your Web browser to 128-bit encryption. Read Web site privacy policies carefully and make sure you understand them. Look on your favorite Web sites for privacy seals of approval from BBB Online, TRUSTe, e PublicEye, or CPA Web Trust. If you're reluctant to provide certain information on an online form, don't. For best self defense online - Set up a special free email account with Yahoo, Hotmail, or other free services and supply those addresses when you fill out forms. Be sure not to use your primary email address as this will result in a huge amount of spam that will steadily increase over time. Before you give your credit card number to any commerce site, make absolutely sure it's secure. Look for a closed padlock icon at the bottom of the screen or https in the URL.
  106. 106. Emergency Planning  Your family may not be together when a disaster strikes, so it is important to plan in advance: how you will contact one another; how you will get back together; and what you will do in different situations.
  107. 107. Family Emergency Plan     Identify an out-of town contact. It may be easier to make a longdistance phone call than to call across town, so an out-of-town contact may be in a better position to communicate among separated family members. Be sure every member of your family knows the phone number and has a cell phone, coins, or a prepaid phone card to call the emergency contact. If you have a cell phone, program that person(s) as "ICE" (In Case of Emergency) in your phone. If you are in an accident, emergency personnel will often check your ICE listings in order to get a hold of someone you know. Make sure to tell your family and friends that you’ve listed them as emergency contacts. Teach family members how to use text messaging (also knows as SMS or Short Message Service). Text messages can often get around network disruptions when a phone call might not be able to get through. Subscribe to alert services. Many communities now have systems that will send instant text alerts or e-mails to let you know about bad weather, road closings, local emergencies, etc. Sign up by visiting your local Office of Emergency Management web site
  108. 108. Planning to Stay or Go      Depending on your circumstances and the nature of the emergency, the first important decision is whether you stay where you are or evacuate. You should understand and plan for both possibilities. Use common sense and available information, including what you are learning here, to determine if there is an immediate danger. In any emergency, local authorities may or may not immediately be able to provide information on what is happening and what you should do. However, you should watch TV, listen to the radio or check the Internet often for information or official instruction as it becomes available.
  109. 109. Emergency Information Find out what kinds of disasters, both natural and man-made, are most likely to occur in your area and how you will be notified.  Methods of getting your attention vary from community to community. One common method is to broadcast via emergency radio and TV broadcasts.  You might hear a special siren, or get a telephone call, or emergency workers may go door-to-door. 
  110. 110. Emergency Plans      Use the New Online Family Emergency Planning Tool created by the Ready Campaign in conjunction with the Ad Council to prepare a printable Comprehensive Family Emergency Plan: Use the New Quick Share application to help your family in assembling a quick reference list of contact information for your family, and a meeting place for emergency situations: You may also want to inquire about emergency plans at places where your family spends time: work, daycare and school. If no plans exist, consider volunteering to help create one. Talk to your neighbors about how you can work together in the event of an emergency. You will be better prepared to safely reunite your family and loved ones during an emergency if you think ahead and communicate with others in advance.
  111. 111. Staying Put   Whether you are at home, work or elsewhere, there may be situations when it's simply best to stay where you are and avoid any uncertainty outside. There are other circumstances when staying put and creating a barrier between yourself and potentially contaminated air outside, a process known as "sealing the room," is a matter of survival. Use available information to assess the situation. If you see large amounts of debris in the air, or if local authorities say the air is badly contaminated, you may want to take this kind of action.
  112. 112. To "Shelter in Place and Seal the Room"         Bring your family and pets inside. Lock doors, close windows, air vents and fireplace dampers. Turn off fans, air conditioning and forced air heating systems. Take your emergency supply kit unless you have reason to believe it has been contaminated. Go into an interior room with few windows, if possible. Seal all windows, doors and air vents with plastic sheeting and duct tape. Consider measuring and cutting the sheeting in advance to save time. Be prepared to improvise and use what you have on hand to seal gaps so that you create a barrier between yourself and any contamination. Local authorities may not immediately be able to provide information on what is happening and what you should do. However, you should watch TV, listen to the radio or check the Internet often for official news and instructions as they become available.
  113. 113. Learn how and when to turn off utilities: If there is damage to your home or you are instructed to turn off your utilities: Locate the electric, gas and water shut-off valves.  Keep necessary tools near gas and water shut-off valves.  Teach family members how to turn off utilities.  If you turn the gas off, a professional must turn it back on. Do not attempt to do this yourself. 
  114. 114. Evacuating  There may be conditions under which you will decide to get away, or there may be situations when you are ordered to leave. Plan how you will assemble your family and anticipate where you will go. Choose several destinations in different directions so you have options in an emergency.
  115. 115. Create an evacuation plan:        Plan places where your family will meet, both within and outside of your immediate neighborhood. If you have a car, keep a half tank of gas in it at all times in case you need to evacuate. Become familiar with alternate routes and other means of transportation out of your area. If you do not have a car, plan how you will leave if you have to. Take your emergency supply kit unless you have reason to believe it has been contaminated. Lock the door behind you. Take your pets with you, but understand that only service animals may be permitted in public shelters. Plan how you will care for your pets in an emergency.
  116. 116. If time allows:      Call or email the "out-of-state" contact in your family communications plan. Tell them where you are going. If there is damage to your home and you are instructed to do so, shut off water, gas and electricity before leaving. Leave a note telling others when you left and where you are going. Check with neighbors who may need a ride.
  117. 117. Moving Vehicle     If there is an explosion or other factor that makes it difficult to control the vehicle, pull over, stop the car and set the parking brake. If the emergency could impact the physical stability of the roadway, avoid overpasses, bridges, power lines, signs and other hazards. If a power line falls on your car you are at risk of electrical shock, stay inside until a trained person removes the wire. Listen to the radio for information and instructions as they become available
  118. 118. Recommended Items to Include in a Basic Emergency Supply Kit:      Water: one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days Food: at least a three-day supply of nonperishable food Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both Flashlight and extra batteries First aid kit: Consider taking a first aid class
  119. 119. Things you should have:           Two pairs of Latex, or other sterile gloves (if you are allergic to Latex). Sterile dressings to stop bleeding. Cleansing agent/soap and antibiotic towelettes to disinfect. Antibiotic ointment to prevent infection. Burn ointment to prevent infection. Adhesive bandages in a variety of sizes. Eye wash solution to flush the eyes or as general decontaminant. Thermometer (Read more: Biological Threat) Prescription medications you take every day such as insulin, heart medicine and asthma inhalers. You should periodically rotate medicines to account for expiration dates. Prescribed medical supplies such as glucose and blood pressure monitoring equipment and supplies.
  120. 120. Things That may be good to have In Your Kit: Cell phone with charger  Scissors  Tweezers  Tube of petroleum jelly or other lubricant 
  121. 121. Personal Needs       Consider how a disaster might affect your individual needs. Plan to make it on your own, at least for a period of time. It's possible that you will not have access to a medical facility or even a drugstore. Identify what kind of resources you use on a daily basis and what you might do if they are limited or not available. Get an emergency supply kit. If you must evacuate, take your pets with you, if possible. However, if you are going to a public shelter, it is important to understand that animals may not be allowed inside. Plan in advance for shelter alternatives that will work for both you and your pets; consider loved ones or friends outside of your immediate area who would be willing to host you and your pets in an emergency
  122. 122. Create a Support Network       If you anticipate needing assistance during a disaster talk to family, friends and others who will be part of your personal support network. Write down and share each aspect of your emergency plan with everyone in your support network. Make sure everyone knows how you plan to evacuate your home or workplace and where you will go in case of a disaster. Make sure that someone in your local network has an extra key to your home and knows where you keep your emergency supplies. Teach those who will help you how to use any lifesaving equipment, administer medicine in case of an emergency. Practice your plan with those who have agreed to be part of your network.
  123. 123. Additional Supplies and Documents  Medications and Medical Supplies  Make a list of prescription medicines including dosage, treatment and allergy information.  Talk to your pharmacist or doctor about what else you need to prepare.  Emergency Documents  Have copies of your medical insurance and Medicare cards readily available.  Include the names and contact information of your support network, as well as your medical providers.  Keep these documents in a water proof container for quick and easy access.
  124. 124. Pet Needs  Some of the things you can do to prepare for the unexpected, such as assembling an animal emergency supply kit and developing a pet care buddy system, are the same for any emergency. Whether you decide to stay put in an emergency or evacuate to a safer location, you will need to make plans in advance for your pets.
  125. 125. Tips for Safer Web Browsing      Delete all the cookies in your cookie directory (generally c:windowscookies) frequently. Disable cookies in your browser (an extreme measure) or set your browser to alert you to cookies, or to accept only cookies that return to their original server or, better yet, install cookie management software (such as Webroot Software's Window Washer or The Limit Software's Cookie Crusher) to control which cookies your PC will accept. Use an anonymous browser such as Anonymizer to hide your identity and filter cookies. If a Web site gives you the option to opt out of tracking, take it. If you have a fast and constant DSL or cable connection, get some personal firewall software, such as Symantec's Norton Personal FireWall or Network ICE's BlackICE Defender, and install it, FAST!
  126. 126. Tips for Safer Web Browsing      Turn off file and printer sharing in Windows if you're not using it. Intruders will have an easier time accessing your files if this is activated. Elect not to accept news or updates from Web sites you visit. For best self defense online you may want to fake your return address when you use chats, social networking or newsgroups. Turn off your Instant Messaging software when you're not using it. Set your Instant Messaging software to allow only people you trust (in your buddy list, for example) to access you.