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Quiz Shows

Quiz Shows



Overview of Quiz Shows with links to clips.

Overview of Quiz Shows with links to clips.



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    Quiz Shows Quiz Shows Presentation Transcript

    • TV Quiz Shows GCSE controlled test
    • Key Concepts
      • Media language (forms and conventions)
      • Audience
      • Producers (institutions and industries)
      • Debates (representations, culture, education)
      • Regulation and new technology
    • Key Themes
      • Historical/social context
      • Beliefs, knowledge, ideologies
      • Ownership and power
    • A definition
      • A quiz show is a programme where contestants demonstrate knowledge by answering questions and has a competitive element
      • Quiz shows are on all of the major terrestrial TV channels and have morphed into phone-ins, on-line competitions and other forms
    • Qualities of quiz show
      • Winners and losers
      • Prizes
      • Audience participation
      • A personality who hosts the shows
      • Live audiences
      • Tensions
      • Catch Phrases
    • Quiz or Game Show?
      • Quiz shows rely only upon knowledge revealed through question and answer
      • Game shows can incorporate all types of activities in which knowledge in not a key factor
      • Gladitorial settings add excitement
      • Presenter combines the role of provided fun and excitement with the role of the schoolteacher
    • Telling a Story
    • Why are they so popular?
      • They are cheap to make
      • They are easy and quick to produce
      • Small crew
      • The formula is repeated in each show
      • There is no change of set/location/presenter
      • Only the contestants change
      • Shows can be recorded in batches with the same studio audience
    • Audience Appeal
      • What games or quizzes have you played?
      • Most people like quizzes, games and puzzles
      • The most attractive element is probably the interactive nature of quizzes
      • Popularity of pub quiz nights and charity quiz nights
      • Online quizzes – think about Facebook!
    • A Brief History
      • In the US began on local radio in 1923 with The Pop Questions Game
      • Regularly part of other shows during the Great Depression in the 1930s
      • Unscripted responses and monetary prizes meant that by 1940 there were 50 quiz shows on the radio in the USA and by the end of the 1940s there were 200!
      • After the war quiz show’s popularity grew as television began to emerge
      • Some radio shows were transferred to TV
      • Most were scheduled during off-peak time as they tended to be cheap productions used a filler
      • The $64,000 question was an exception
    • Early TV Quiz Shows in Britain
      • Radio went national when the BBC was established in 1927 as a Public Service Broadcaster
      • Television didn’t really get started until after WWII
      • Ethos built around ideals of informing and educating the public as well as entertainment
      • Paid for by the public TV licence – no advertisers or sponsors
      • Spelling Bee was the first TV quiz show in Britain
      • Similar shows had an educational tone with well known academics answering questions
      • On What Do You Know (1946) contestants competed to win the title of ‘Brain of Britain’
      • A general knowledge quiz for school children Top of the Form (1947)
      • Monty Python have even parodied to Top of the Form!
    • Variations
      • Celebrity panellists:
      • What’s My Line
      • A Question of Sport
      • Nevermind the Buzzcocks
      • The Charlie Chester Show was the first in Britain to offer money as a prize
    • Comparing Title Sequences
    • Commercial Television
      • Quiz shows with general public participants were really to flourish with commercial television which started in the UK in 1955
      • Television funded by advertising and with shareholders who wanted profits
      • Broader appeal than ‘elitist’ BBC
      • ITV quiz shows were more focused on entertainment than knowledge
    • Dumbing Down?
      • The debate centres around whether commercial institutions exploit audience’s voyeuristic tendencies
      • Can you think of any TV shows today that could be accused on this?
      • Did these types of shows foster a morally unhealthy attitude towards money?
      • Is it right to reward trivial displays of knowledge and engage contestants in degrading performances?
    • Audiences
      • Why do people watch and participate in these shows even if only as part of the domestic audience?
      • Interactivity – the audience must be involved
      • The audience participate vicariously
      • Pleasure of knowing the right answer? Or even beating the contestant to the right answer?
      • Voyeuristic pleasure of seeing contestant under pressure
      • Pleasure in watching somebody winning
    • TV Quiz Audiences
      • The ‘ritual’ of the programme
      • Sense of suspension of normal life
      • Ordinary people can become heroes
      • ‘ Live’ events, even though they are pre-recorded
      • Why do you think that people want to appear on TV Quiz Shows?
    • What do audiences do with Quiz Shows?
      • Escapism
      • Social cohesion
      • Vicarious pleasures
      • Reassurance
      • Emotional responses
      • Identification
      • Reaffirming beliefs
      • Self-rating
      • Social-interaction
      • Excitement
      • Education
    • Audience Targeting
      • In Britain we are put into
      • a class for statistical
      • purposes by income and
      • education:
      • A B C1 C2 D E
      • Clark (1987) identifies four types of game and quiz show:
      • Specialist
      • Intellectual
      • Celebrity
      • Populist
    • New Ways of Taking Part
      • Phone-ins bring issues for TV regulators
      • Cable and digital channels cause fuss because they appeal to poorer people who would not normally get on to a TV show