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Treaty of Versailles: The failure of peace
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Treaty of Versailles: The failure of peace


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  • 1. The Failure of Peace The Rise of Nationalism in the Colonies Chapter 28 AP World History
  • 2.  
  • 3. The Meeting of the Big Four
    • France: Georges Clemenceau
      • Brand Germany an aggressor and force it to pay huge reparations
      • Use German resources to strengthen France
    • Britain: David Lloyd George
      • Mediate between France and USA
      • Win reparations to gain favor of electorate
  • 4. The Meeting of the Big Four
    • Italy: Vitorio Orlando
      • Claim control of Italia Irridente
    • USA: Woodrow Wilson
      • Grant self-determination to all people living under foreign rule (white people only)
      • Create peace without victory
      • Create an international peace-keeping organization (League of Nations)
  • 5.  
  • 6. Peace Settlements
    • Wilson proposes the 14 Points
      • End of secret treaties
      • Freedom of the seas
      • Free trade
      • Arms reduction
      • Just settlement of colonial claims
      • -13. Evacuation of occupied territories and self determination
      • 14. Establishment of League of Nations
  • 7.  
  • 8. The Treaty of Versailles
    • Rejected all but the last of Wilson’s 14 Points
    • Forced Germany to accept full blame for WWI
    •  high reparations 40 Billion, Germany’s loss of colonies, German disarmament
    • Promises made to allies by Entente Powers often broken
    • Redrew European borders
  • 9.  
  • 10.  
  • 11. Why It Fails
    • Diktat : dictated peace, no negotiations
    • German representatives humiliated
    • Germany reduced in size and strength
    • Germany forced to accept total blame and pay HUGE reparations
    • Austro-Hungarian empire dismembered
    • Czechoslovakia and Poland given huge pieces of land from Germany
  • 12.  
  • 13. Germany shall be compelled to deliver 140,000 milch cows to the victors. -The Peace Treaty. From the Russian newspaper The LIberator
  • 14. Why It Fails
    • New Bolshevik leaders from Russia not invited (causes tension)
    • Wartime promises made to Arabs forgotten and Britain and France create Mandates in the Middle East
    • China’s pleas for help against Japanese aggression ignored
  • 15.  
  • 16. Why It Fails
    • Woodrow Wilson refuses to meet with Ho Chi Minh, future communist leader of Vietnam
    • Italy not granted control of Italia irridente
    • US Congress refuses to ratify Treaty of Versailles or join League of Nations
  • 17.  
  • 18. WWI and Nationalist Movements in the Colonies
    • Britain and France reneged on promises to grant sovereignty to colonies in Asia and Africa who aided the war effort
    • Devastation of WWI  doubt about European racial superiority
    • Social and economic disruption led to mass anti-colonial movements in Egypt, India, and Ivory Coast
    • Once started anti-colonial movements could not be stopped