The russian revolution causes 2010


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Causes of the Russian Revolution

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The russian revolution causes 2010

  1. 1. The Russian Revolution<br />How it unfolds…<br />
  2. 2. Social Causes<br />Most of Russia’s population was poor peasants<br />There was almost no middle class, so most business owners were foreign<br />Proletariat (workers) had low wages and poor working conditions<br />Reformers like Lenin and the Bolsheviks encouraged Communist Revolution<br />
  3. 3. Political Causes<br />Russia was ruled by absolute monarchs called Czars<br />Czars limited rights and freedoms; used censorship and secret police to keep order<br />Czars were unable to solve Russia’s problems<br />
  4. 4. Economic Causes<br />Most Russians were poor<br />Russia’s industry was mostly owned by foreign businessmen<br />General lack of money; economic stagnation<br />Food and fuel shortages<br />
  5. 5. Military Causes<br />1904- Russo-Japanese War: Fought over control of land in China. Russia’s loss = 1st time a Western power looses to a non-Western country. People angry and embarrassed<br />1905 Revolution: Palace guards kill unarmed protestors<br />1914-1918: World War I: It’s an expensive blood bath, people demand peace<br />
  6. 6. The March Revolution: 1917<br />Begins as a workers strike in Petrograd demanding bread<br />Czar Nicholas II orders army to disperse the protestors<br />Army refuses to fire on people<br />Czar Nicholas realizes he is powerless and resigns<br />Provisional government established, and Soviets rule locally<br />
  7. 7. November Revolution<br />World War I still going, no problems have been solved.<br />Lenin and Bolsheviks promise “Peace, Land, and Bread”<br />Bolsheviks overthrow the Provisional Government<br />New Communist government established with Lenin in Charge<br />
  8. 8. The Russian Civil War 1918-1921<br />Communists (Red Army) fight royalists (White Army)<br />Western powers, fearing communism, support the Whites<br />Both sides commit atrocities<br />Lenin uses War Communism: putting all of the nations economy directly into fighting the war<br />Red army wins, but Russia is in ruins<br />
  9. 9. The Soviet Union (USSR)<br />After 1921 Lenin rules Russia<br />New Economic Policy (mixes some capitalism into the communist economy) helps rebuild the Russian economy<br />Lenin creates the Soviet Union, then dies in 1924<br />Stalin becomes the new leader of the USSR<br />
  10. 10. Stalin’s Russia<br />Stalin wanted to create a truly communist state<br />Stalin took the land away and created collectives, government owned farms<br />When the peasants resisted, Stalin punished them<br />
  11. 11. Stalin’s Five Year Plans<br />Stalin wanted to create a truly communist state<br />Stalin took the land away and created collectives, government owned farms<br />When the peasants resisted, Stalin punished them<br />Millions die<br />
  12. 12. Life in a Totalitarian State<br />Stalin ruled as a tyrant, controlling all aspects of his government<br />He used secret police to spy on the people<br />Art and music were controlled and became propaganda<br />Dissidents were punished, usually by being exiled to labor camps in Siberia<br />
  13. 13. Life in a Totalitarian State<br />
  14. 14. Cult of Personality<br />Stalin controlled art, music and culture as a way of glorifying himself<br />He took over churches and turned them into museums of communism<br />He was always portrayed as the savior of the people<br />Those who disagreed didn’t last long!<br />
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  16. 16. The Great Purge<br />Stalin’s Reign of Terror<br />He tried to get rid of people who posed a threat<br />This included kulaks, Jews, intellectuals, military officers, and so on<br />By the end, the USSR was weak and nearly lost WWII to the Germans!<br />
  17. 17. Into the Future…<br />Stalin ruled as a ruthless dictator through WWII and into the 1950s<br />He allied with the USA and Britain against the Nazis in WWII<br />After WWII, the USSR entered into the Cold War with the USA and the other Western democracies <br />