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The byzantine empire

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  • 1. The Byzantine Empire The Eastern Half of Rome
  • 2. The Byzantine Empire • Before Rome fell it was divided in half by Diocletian. • The Western half, Rome, collapsed in 467 CE • The Eastern half, Byzantine Empire, lasted until 1453! • The Byzantine Empire preserved the knowledge of Greece and Rome during the Dark Ages, and spread Christianity to Russia!
  • 3. Geographic Setting • The eastern half of the Rome after its split in the late 200s • Capital= Constantinople • Centered on modern day Greece and Turkey • Bordered the Black and Mediterranean Seas • Controlled trade between Asia and Europe
  • 4. Preserving and Spreading Culture • Controlled key trade routes linking Asia and Europe • Blended Greece, Roman and Christian cultures • Preserved the knowledge of ancient Greece and Rome
  • 5. Justinian Known as the “Law Maker”
  • 6. Achievements • Justinian’s Code= preserved Roman laws, basis for all European laws through 1100s • Blended Greek, Roman and Middle Eastern styles of Architecture (Hagia Sophia), huge arching domes and tall towers • Used mosaics to create religious icons
  • 7. Orthodox Christianity • Didn’t recognize the authority of the Roman Catholic Pope • Believed Emperor was Jesus’s co-ruler on Earth • Allowed priests to marry • Officially split with the Catholic Church during the Great Schism of 1054 • Spread Christianity north into Kiev and Russia
  • 8. Decline and Fall • Lost territory to Muslims in Africa and Middle East and Catholics in Eastern Europe • 1453 Constantinople conquered by the Ottoman Empire
  • 9. Influence over Russia and Kiev • Orthodox Christianity • Cyrillic Alphabet • Autocratic government (rulers called Czars (Caesars)) • Copied Byzantine art, architecture, and literary styles