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September 22, 2011

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  • 1. Going Beyond the Requirements<br />Applying Universal Design Principles<br />To Building Solutions<br />To Product Design<br />
  • 2. North America<br />Technical Sales Specialists<br />888 437 7477<br />Häfele Showrooms<br />New York<br />Chicago<br />Global Business Development<br />Coordination in every country <br />Häfele Worldwide<br />
  • 3. Going Beyond the Requirements<br />Applying Universal Design Principles<br />To Building Solutions<br />To Product Design<br />
  • 4. This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. <br />
  • 5. The Learning ObjectivesFrom the prospective of Designers, their clients (the users) and manufacturers: <br />The history and current status of requirements relating to accessibility and equality<br />The importance of considering the existing needs and likely future needs of the client<br />The opportunity to enrich the experience of users and add value to projects and products by applying the principles of universal design<br />Influences that manufacturers face in developing products for market<br />Coordinated system design can meet the aesthetic demands of designers, the installation demands of a contractor and the functional demands of the users<br />
  • 6. Considering DesignConsidering DesignersConsidering RequirementsConsidering Users<br />Considering ……The Challenges<br />Considering …………………..The Opportunities<br />
  • 7.
  • 8. Our bodies are not designed for “design”<br />“Design” may discriminate against as many as 46% of us, who are functionally limited by age or disability.<br />If all the products and environments are made with human-centered design, all of us can live a life full of opportunity and experience.<br />Don’t try to fit your body to design-centered design<br />Choose Universal Design<br />Institute for Human Centered Design<br />
  • 9. What must a Designer do?<br />All projects are designed for target users<br />User and user’s needs change over the lifetime of a project’s use<br />Some projects are subject to legal requirements<br />ADA Standards for Accessible Design need not limit the usability or aesthetic of a solution<br />All projects benefit from the application of Universal Design Principles<br />7 Principles of Universal Design ©<br />Performance criteria developed by group of experts<br />Center for Universal Design, NC State, 1995-1997<br />Used to evaluate and educate:<br />The characteristics of more usable products and environments<br />Performance Criteria = Usable Results<br />Some projects are impacted by the specific client/user<br />Focus on the their identified limitations, abilities and disabilities<br />
  • 10. What must a Designer do?<br />All projects are designed for target users.<br />User and user’s needs change over the lifetime of a project’s use<br />Bild: Sparkasse<br />
  • 11. Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin<br />Institute for Human Centered Design<br />
  • 12. Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin<br />Institute for Human Centered Design<br />
  • 13. Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin<br />Institute for Human Centered Design<br />
  • 14. Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin<br />Courtesy: Trace R&D Center, University of Wisconsin<br />
  • 15. Arthritis <br /> Back problems<br /> Heart disease<br /> Respiratory disease<br />Only 2 to 3 million Americans use wheelchairs or scooters<br />Out of approximately 54 million with a disability<br />Source: Centers for Disease Control<br />Most common reasons for functional limitation of adults in the US...<br />
  • 16. Statutes (Laws)<br />ADA – Americans with Disabilities Act<br />ABA – Architectural Barriers Act<br />Fair Housing Act<br />The Rehabilitation Act of 1973<br />Codes<br />International Building Code<br />Standards<br />Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards<br />ADA Standards for Accessible Design<br />National Building Code of Canada Accessibility Requirements<br />ICC/ANSI A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities<br />Subject to legal requirements?What MUST be done?<br />
  • 17. Applying Universal Design – enhancing usefulness<br />Larger Print<br />Sliding Doors<br />Drawers not hinged doors<br />Adding Assistive Technologies – solving individual problems<br />Eye Glasses<br />Lower counter heights<br />Motorized-adjustable work surfaces<br />Subject to legal requirements?What MAY be done?<br />
  • 18. Hard Fought Benefits of Regulations<br />Major social and political steps to insure Civil Rights<br />The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and the subsequent signing of regulations in 1977<br />The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) in 1990<br />Photos: HolLynn D’Lil<br />www.udeducation.org/resources/readings/welch.asp<br />
  • 19. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990<br />A direct extension of the Civil Rights Law of 1964. <br />Codifying new concepts:<br />Design as a Civil Right<br />Inclusive Thinking/Design creates equality<br />Lack of inclusive design creates inequality<br />
  • 20. Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) 1990<br />New construction & alterations <br />of private sector public accommodations and commercial facilities <br /> must comply with the ADA Standards for Accessible Design. <br />New construction & alterations <br />of state and local government facilities<br /> must comply with either the ADA Standards for Accessible Design <br /> or the Uniform Federal Accessibility Standards (UFAS)<br />Jurisdiction of the Justice Department<br />www.ada.gov<br />
  • 21. Americans with Disabilities Act Accessibility Guidelines (ADAAG) 2004<br />In 2004, the US Access Board issued revised and updated accessibility guidelines for buildings and facilities covered by ADA and the Architectural Barriers Act (ABA). <br />These guidelines serve as the basis for enforceable standards issued by other federal agencies<br />www.access-board.gov/ada-aba/index.htm<br />The Board sought to harmonize the ADA and ABA Accessibility Guidelines with industry standards, particularly the International Building Code (IBC) and ICC/ANSI A117.1 Accessible and Usable Buildings and Facilities.<br />
  • 22. Architectural Barriers Act (ABA) 1968<br />Federal buildings are not covered under the ADA.<br />The ABA requires access to facilities designed, built, altered, or leased with federal funds. <br />It is one of the first endeavors to ensure access to the built environment.<br />The Access Board develops and maintains accessibility guidelines under this law.<br />Federal agencies responsible for adopting the guidelines as enforceable standards:<br />Department of Defense<br />Department of Housing and Urban Development<br />General Services Administration<br />U.S. Postal Service<br />
  • 23. State and Local Codes<br />Some states and local governments have their own unique accessibility codes<br />(e.g. California and Massachusetts).<br />Many states have adopted the International Building Code (IBC)<br />www.access-board.gov/links/statecodes.htm<br />
  • 24. Canada <br />The National Building Code of Canada (NBC) is a model code that includes requirements for accessibility.<br />www.nationalcodes.ca<br />The NBC has no legal status until adopted by a province, territory or municipal government. <br />
  • 25. “Universal Design”?<br />“Barrier Free Design” – Germany<br />From Wikipedia:<br />Building modification consists of modifying buildings or facilities so that they can be used by the physically disadvantaged or disabled. <br />The idea of barrier free modification has largely been superseded by the concept of universal design. <br />Freeing a building of barriers means:<br />Recognizing the features that could form barriers for some people<br />Thinking inclusively about the whole range of impairments<br />Reviewing everything - from structure to smallest detail<br />Seeking feedback from users and learning from mistakes<br />
  • 26. Universal Design?<br />“Inclusive Design” – UK<br />Architects and planners need a new design philosophy to put inclusion at the heart of the development process, The Commission For Architecture and The Built Environment (CABE) has urged at the launch of a report on equality, diversity and the built environment.<br />Richard Simmons, CABE chief executive, warns that inequality is still literally being built into new places. <br />“Even though accessibility has improved over the last decade, the fact remains that poor and disadvantaged people are far more likely to live in poor quality environments.” <br />fromwww.cabe.org.uk/default.aspx?contentitemid=2893<br />
  • 27. Universal Design?<br />“Design for All” – EU<br />There is a growing impact from the formation of the EU<br />Availability of public funding is being linked to compliance to guidelines for accessibility<br />“One way of helping to ensure that everyone can fully participate in the Information Society is for industry to design Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) products, services and applications that we all can use.”<br />
  • 28. Enabling & Supporting?<br />The United Nation’s Second World Assembly on Ageing: <br />Madrid Political Declaration and International Plan of Action 2002 <br />Addressed the potent role of design in its Priority Direction III: <br />Ensuring enabling and supporting environments<br />The Priority incorporates as assumption that we’ve moved beyond barrier removal and accessibility to the language of ‘enabling and supporting.’<br />From www.unis.unvienna.org/unis/pressrels/2002/soc4603.html<br />
  • 29. 7 Principles of Universal Design ©<br />1 Equitable Use<br />2 Flexible Use<br />3 Simple and Intuitive Use<br />4 Perceptible Information<br />5 Tolerance for Error<br />6 Low Physical Effort<br />Size and Space for Approach & Use<br />www.design.ncsu.edu/cud<br />
  • 30.
  • 31. What must a Designer do?<br />Some projects are impacted by specific user needs<br />Answering specific needs of a known client/user<br />Combining the input of client/user, designers, expert users and consultants<br />Combining the needs of all users<br />Solutions are not limited to<br />Regulatory requirements<br />Standard offerings<br />Focus on the identified needs<br />
  • 32.
  • 33. Manufacturing Products:A continuous balance within a complex environment<br />Fashion<br />Lifestyle<br />Design<br />Society / Politics<br />Architecture<br />Economics<br />Manufacturer<br />Manufacturing<br />Competences<br />Available Technology<br />Market and Competitors <br />Complementary Markets<br />Innovation<br />Leadership<br />Demand<br />Response<br />Functionality<br />Testing<br />Ideas<br />
  • 34.
  • 35.
  • 36.
  • 37.
  • 38.
  • 39.
  • 40.
  • 41.
  • 42. Designing Solutions<br />
  • 43. Bathroom & Washroom Products for Accessibility AccessoriesKitchen HardwareDoor HardwareFunctionality for Living<br />
  • 44. Equitable Use<br />
  • 45. Equitable Use<br />
  • 46. Equitable Use<br />
  • 47. Equitable Use<br />
  • 48. Equitable Use<br />
  • 49. Equitable Use<br />
  • 50. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 51. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 52. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 53. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 54. Motorization<br />Motorization<br />54<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 55. Motorization<br />Motorization<br />55<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 56. Motorization<br />Motorization<br />56<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 57. Motorization<br />Motorization<br />57<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 58. 58<br />Motorization<br />Motorization<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 59. 59<br />Motorization<br />Motorization<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 60. 60<br />Motorization<br />Motorization<br />Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 61. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 62. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 63. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 64. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 65. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 66. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 67. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 68. Flexibility in Use<br />
  • 69. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 70. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 71. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 72. 4.13.9* Door Hardware. <br />Handles, pulls, latches, locks, and other operating devices on accessible doors shall have a shape that is easy to grasp with one hand and does not require tight grasping, tight pinching, or twisting of the wrist to operate.<br />Lever-operated mechanisms, push-type mechanisms, and U-shaped handles are acceptable designs.<br />When sliding doors are fully open, operating hardware shall be exposed and usable from both sides. <br />The citation from ADAAG ADA Accessibility Guidelines for Buildings and Facilities<br />
  • 73. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 74. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 75. Simple and Intuitive Use<br />
  • 76. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 77. Perceptible Information<br />EMERGENCY EXIT<br />
  • 78. Perceptible Information<br />EMERGENCY EXIT<br />
  • 79. Perceptible Information<br />EMERGENCY EXIT<br />
  • 80. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 81. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 82. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 83. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 84. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 85. Perceptible Information<br />
  • 86. Tolerance for Error<br />
  • 87. Tolerance for Error<br />
  • 88. Tolerance for Error<br />
  • 89. Tolerance for Error<br />
  • 90. Tolerance for Error<br />
  • 91. Low Physical Effort<br />
  • 92. Low Physical Effort<br />
  • 93. Low Physical Effort<br />
  • 94. Size and Space for Approach & Use<br />
  • 95. Size and Space for Approach & Use<br />
  • 96. Size and Space for Approach & Use<br />
  • 97. Considering DesignConsidering DesignersConsidering RequirementsConsidering Users<br />Considering …………………..The Opportunities<br />
  • 98. Designing Systems<br />
  • 99. Designing Systems<br />
  • 100. Designing Systems<br />
  • 101. Polyamid<br />Aluminium<br />Edelstahl<br />Designing Systems<br />
  • 102. Designing Systems<br />
  • 103. Designing Systems<br />
  • 104. Designing Systems<br />
  • 105. Designing Systems<br />
  • 106. Designing Systems<br />
  • 107. This program is registered with the AIA/CES for continuing professional education. As such, it does not include content that may be deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by the AIA of any material of construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing, or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods, and services will be addressed at the conclusion of this presentation. <br />
  • 108. Accessibility Planning Guide<br />Regulations<br />Applying Universal Design Principles<br />Individual Needs<br />
  • 109. www.hafele.com<br />www.hewi.de<br />www.hawa.ch<br />www.eku.ch<br />www.design.ncsu.edu/cud<br />www.access-board.gov/ada-aba/<br />www.cabe.org.uk/default.aspx?contentitemid=2893<br />www.udeducation.org/resources/readings/welch.asp<br />www.humancentereddesign.org<br />
  • 110. www.humancentereddesign.org<br />
  • 111. Institute for Human Centered Design*<br />An international, educational, nonprofit organization dedicated to enhancing the experiences of people of all ages and abilities through excellence in design.<br />www.humancentereddesign.org<br />*Name changed on 30th anniversary in 2008 from Adaptive Environments<br />
  • 112. Going Beyond the Requirements<br />Applying Universal Design Principles<br />To Building Solutions<br />To Product Design<br />

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