23  25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu overview eup bihar dr malik
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23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu overview eup bihar dr malik






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23  25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu overview eup bihar dr malik 23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu overview eup bihar dr malik Presentation Transcript

  • An overview of activities in Bihar and EUP R.K. Malik, Ajay Kumar, Shahnawaz Dar, and Andrew McDonald CSISA Project
  • Bihar Hub Districts and link with EUPH
  • EUPH Hub Districts
  • Production System 2.5 Bihar EUPH 2 1.5t/ha 1 0.5 0 Rice Wheat Maize Rice Wheat Maize
  • Potential yield of rice- wheatcropping system can be as high as 16.0 tones/ha
  • Hub Domain• Population -- 25 Million• Total No of Household -- 4 Million• Total Sown Area -- 1.4 Million ha• Total Cropped Area -- 1.9 Million ha• Irrigated Area -- 1.1 Million ha
  • Partners EUPH CBH • Service providers• Service providers  ZT – 588- game changes  ZT – 136  LLL- 7  LLL- 8  MTUPR- 3  MTUPR- 9  KVKs – 5  KVKs – 7  DOA- 6- add value,  DOA- 3 bigger audience  SAU- 2  SAU- 1  ICAR, Patna  Dealers  IARI, Pusa  Private sector  Dealers  Monsanto, BCS  Private sector Syngenta, UPL, NFL.  Monsanto, BCS,  NGOs - 2 Syngenta, UPL, NFL.  NGOs - 4
  • Challenges•Stagnant growth•Decline in profits•Cycles of late planting•Water and mechanizationholds the balance.• Labour cost advantagedisappearing.•Vacuum between extensionagencies and farmers andbetween research andextension•Realignment of districts
  • Value Creation• Direction -priority setting which is based on farmers need and culture of implementation.• Innovation - Working with farmers, service providers, private entrepreneurs, women groups and NGOs e.g. crop intensification, diversification, machine modification etc• Speed- Cultivate good relations with DOAs. Facilitated purchase of machine, training of service providers, network of service providers.• Sustainability- Capacity building, ownership to local players like DOAs, KVKs, SAUs, ICAR.
  • BEST MANAGEMENT PRACTICES- FOLLOW UP• Add practices designed to boost growth and development of cereal systems.• Late sowings make the crops ( and CA) uncompetitive and less inputs further exhaust them and make them more uncompetitive.• Impact assessment need to concentrate on DOS, Hybrids, other component technologies and intercropping.• Water saving- core issue is DSR but MTUPR is also highly valued by farmers.• Community nursery or one-to-many concept.• It is important to understand each other needs- farmers need for high yields and scientists need for resource conservation as well
  • Opportunities• DSR in lowland ecologies• MTUPR in upland ecologies.• MTU-7029, Swarna sub-1, Rajendra Mahsoori, Rajshree for lowland, long duration hybrids.• Short duration varieties/hybrids, Sahbhagi dhan for upland irrigated/rainfed and for crop intensification.• Replacement of long duration varieties with hybrids for system productivity.• Timely seeding and transplanting.• Community nursery
  • Opportunities• Early wheat seeding- Long duration varieties i.e. PBW-343, 502, HD-2733, HD-2824 and Baaz• Long duration• ZT Wheat• Maize Hybrids- Bed planting, Intercropping, weed management in cropping system.• ZT in pulses• Crop intensification• SSNM
  • Levels of activity and decisions in the scaling- out stageTechnical options testing phase Scaling up Nutrient Expert with date of sowing Scaling up -service providers, grass root New herbicides for complex weed flora extension workers New hybrids for intensification Scale of intervention through partners Intercropping options especially DAOs Support studies: Demonstrations and adaptive Joint Demosresearch ( interface with BISA and Research Adoption of best management practicesplatform and SAUs quantitative on-farm trials, All above under the platform of CA and best on-farm demonstrations) management practicesLearning culture Technology promotion Support groups for information sharing Through capacity building Knowledge and information sharing among CA and technical interventions thorough seed partners and inputs Feedback into research process- Partners Dissemination materials and approach-videos Community organizationsReach a conclusion Capacity building and networking Empowerment and social change Field days Data management – yield gains, profits, Travel seminarsemployment, number of farmers, benefits to SHGs and NGOsenvironment, expansion in to other sectors like Community nurseryfodder quality, participatory variety selection andintercropping options
  • MTU-7029 Hybrids
  • Priority Setting in RiceTechnical intervention Target districts BenefitsMachine transplanted rice into non-puddled All districts Cost effective andsoil improves productivity.Directly-sown rice Lowland ecologies in Saves water and labour. all districtsUse of herbicide mixtures for weed control All districts Reduces yield losses andintegrated with cultural techniques such as depletes weed seed bank.stale bedsHybrids All districts Generates 10 – 15% yield advantage.
  • Priority Setting in WheatTechnical intervention Target districts BenefitsTimely sowing All areas where field Yield increase of 10 – 50% over prevailing drainage is not a constraint farmer practices.Zero tillage All districts Substantial savings in land preparation and also, in cases, irrigation costs. Significant yield advantages, especially when early sowing is facilitated.Long duration and high All districts with more Substantial yield advantages when couple withyielding varieties emphasis in Maharaj ganj, earlier planting (ca. 10%) Sidharath nagar, Gorakhpur and Kushinagar districtsModern weed management All districts Yield enhancement, less weed seed bank, and weed flora will change from complex weed flora to simple weed flora.Better-bet irrigation All districts Will increase the grain yield of wheat by 15 – 20% in many years.
  • Priority Setting in Cropping SystemTechnical intervention Target districts BenefitsLaser land levelling All districts Saves irrigation water and costs; increases yield and fertilizer use efficiencies.Intensification through triple cropping and Maharjganj, Sidharth nagar in 300% cropping intensity isinter-cropping EUPH and Begusarai, possible where irrigation Samastipur and Vaisalli in CBH permits.Bed planting Basti, Deoria, Kushinagar, East Resource use efficiency and Champaran, in EUPH and income enhancement.. Begusarai, Samastipur , Lakhisarai, Vaisalli in BiharSite-specific nutrient management All districts Can result in 15 – 25% yield increase over FP and state recommendationsZero tillage lentil Mokana tall areas, Nawada in Permits cropping in CBH and East/West Champaran previously fallow areas. in EUPH
  • Strategy
  • TEN POINT PROGRAM (TPP) Targets Interventions Gains Area%1. Laser Land Levelling Water 052. Early Transplanting –MTUPR/ community nursery Yield 053. Power tillers based ZT machines Yield 054. Conventional Till Direct seeded Rice (CTDSR) Water 025. Hybrid rice with less N-use Profits 156. Area expansion in Kharif and spring maize Water 027. Intercropping with Rabi Maize, summer moong and ZT soybean Profits 108. Yield premium -Early wheat sowings Yield 15 Sustaina9. Zero tillage wheat and lentil-Residues bility 1010. Yield premium-Long duration wheat varieties Yield 25
  • FIVE POINT PROGRAM- CAPACITY BUILDING ( FPP-CP) Interventions• Women farmers in agriculture• Augment employability of skilled workers with service providers• Capacity building- TOT, PG students, Interns• Training of farmers-training camps, travel seminars• Ecosystem for entrepreneurships- Tools and machinery, seeds and inputs
  • Let’s close the yield gaps
  • Direct seeded rice (DSR), Machine transplanted unpuddled rice (MTUPR) and puddled transplanted rice (PTR) Performance of 3 popular varieties under Pooled analysis (2010 & DSR, MTUPR and PTR - 2011 2011) 9 8 Establish Paddy 7 ment Yield No. of 6 method t/ha Demos. Std. DeviationPaddy yield(t/ha) 5 DSR 5.322 563 .8325 4 MTUPR 3 6.776 145 1.2101 2 PTR 1 5.162 43 .6128 0 BPT-5204 MTU-7029 Sarju-52 Average 5.594 751 1.0760 DSR MTUPR PTR
  • Performance of hybrids and varieties in MTUPR and DSR in EUP 10 8 9 MTUPR DSR 7 8 6 7 5Paddy Yield (t/ha) Paddy Yield(t/ha) 6 5 4 4 3 3 2 2 1 1 0 0 Varieties/Hybrids Varieties/Hybrids
  • Date of sowing/ transplanting (Pooled analysis 2010 & 11) Direct Seeded Rice Machine transplanted unpuddled rice Paddy yield No. of Transplanting Paddy yield No. ofSowing date (t/ha) demos. Std. Deviation date (t/ha) demos. Std. Deviation10-20 May 5.895 17 .3592 1-10 June 7.059 10 1.239420-31 May 5.817 110 .6002 11-20 June 7.216 40 1.01001-10 June 5.269 214 .8299 21-30 June 6.764 44 .833011-20 June 5.102 177 .8423 1-10 July21-30 June 6.524 38 1.2443 5.039 40 .8630 11-20 July1-10 July 6.137 12 2.0750 4.755 2 .5020 21-31 July11-20 July 4.150 1 . 4.900 3 .7937Average Average 5.322 563 .8325 6.776 145 1.2101
  • Polynomial relationship between sowingtime and grain yield of wheat under ZT and CT ZT CT
  • Effect of irrigation and residue retention on wheat yield under ZT Wheat Wheat Yield No. of Residue Yield No. ofirrigations (t/ha) demos. Std. Deviation Management (t/ha) demos. Std. DeviationOne irrigation Without residue 3.7447 17 .78752 4.3600 1 .Two irrigations 3.8166 61 .81074 Full residueThree irrigations 5.1907 15 .29456 4.2350 20 1.03204Four irrigations Partially burnt 5.4967 3 .08145 4.8738 8 .25729Five irrigations 5.5620 5 .41919 TotalTotal 5.0504 24 .34259 4.0139 106 .94354
  • Multiple Land Use- Brassica- spring maize and rice 200% Maize Hybrids + Intercrop Maize equivalent 300% cropping cropping yield (t/ha) intensity intensity $/ha $/ha Pinnacle + Cauliflower 10.8A. Gross Revenue 3732.18 2711.111 Pinnacle + Mustard+ Sesame+ Coriander 11.9Land preparation 221.511 46.66667Crop establishment 176.978 149.4444 Pinnacle+ Mustard +Cauliflower 13.4Fertilizer costs 193 173.3333 Pinnacle+ Mustard* 8.5Plant Protection costs 143.333 108.8889 Proagro-4640+Chickpea 7.4Irrigation costs 320 248.8889Harvesting expenditure 208 191.1111 Proagro-4640+Mustard 7.5Land rent 555.556 555.5556 Proagro-4640+Mustard 7.1Interest on Capital 179.4 131.3778 Proagro-4640+Pea 7.3B. Total cost 1997.78 1605.267Net Return (A-B) 1734.4 1105.844 900M Gold + Cauliflower 16.9