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23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu odisha c.m. khanda

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  • 1. Planning and initial activities in Odisha
  • 2. Locational map of the project India OdishaBhadrak Puri
  • 3. • Occupies 4.7 % of India’s area• Inhabitates 3.58 % human & 4.8% livestock• 1451 mm annual rainfall• 10.4 % water resources• 480 km coast length & 2400 sq km continental shelf• 10 agroclimatic zones• Rich biodiversity – 2 out of 22 Agro-biodiversity hot spots (Koraput, Mayurbhanj) – 3 Biosphere Reserves (Bhitarakanika, Semilipal, Chilka)• Congenial climate for cultivation of most of the crops• Frequent natural calamities (35 times in last 45 years)
  • 4. Land use classification Area in m haGeographical area 15.571Non-Agricultural Use 1.298Forest 5.813Permanent Pasture 0.494Current fallow 0.576Barren / Unculturable 0.840Other fallow 0.229Culturable waste 0.375Trees / grooves 0.342Cultivable area 6.180High 2.914 (47.2 %) Soil acidity 4.00Medium 1.755 (28.4 %) Soil erosion 2.60Low 1.511 (24.4 %) Soil salinity 0.40Total 6.180 (100%) Water logging 0.30
  • 5. Major key indicators of the selected districts Area in ’000 ha (2010-11) Fertilizer Geogra Net Kharif Rabi Cropping Gross Cultivated consumpDistricts phical area cropped Cropped cropped intensity irrigated (%) tion area area area area area (kg/ha)Bhadrak 250 176 168 160 40 137 139 147Dhenkanal 445 186 150 143 83 180 84 35Koraput 881 304 289 268 83 155 132 46Mayurbhanj 1042 437 352 339 71 133 147 49Nayagarh 389 134 126 123 90 191 63 32Puri 348 189 135 128 128 208 153 70Odisha 15571 6180 5946 5421 2611 167 3106 63
  • 6. Area, production and productivity of important crops in Odisha Crop Area Production Productivity ( ‘000 ha) (‘000 t) (kg/ha) Rice 4225 6931 1640 Maize 252 649 2570 Total cereals 4703 7770 1652 Green gram 836 362 434 Black gram 617 265 430 Horse gram 244 94 385 Total pulses 2079 999 481 Sesame 260 100 385 Groundnut 247 416 1680 Mustard 112 42 375 Total oil seeds 770 638 828 Total vegetable 698 9027 12922
  • 7. Rice in Odisha In Odisha, rice is synonymous with food, and agriculture to a large extent means growing rice. Age-old social customs and festivals in Orissa have strong relevance to different phases of rice cultivation:  91 % of area under cereals  93 % of total cereal production  65 % of area under food grains  83 % of total food grains production
  • 8. Rice ecosystems in Odisha Ecosystems Area under Major stress (physical) rice (mha)I. Rainfed 3.3 75 % Upland 0.7 Drought prone Medium land 0.4 Fairly stress free Low land 2.2 Shallow water 1.2 Water logging less severe and flood prone Semi deep water 0.8 Water logging and flood Deep water 0.2 Early drought, flood and water loggingII Irrigated 0.8 25 % Water logging and poor Kharif (bunded) (Upland, drainage too much irrigation Medium land, Low lands) and rain water Rabi 0.24 Low temperature at early seedling stage.
  • 9. Causes of low rice yield in Orissa Limited scope of water mang. Rice productivity (kg/ha) Cloudiness (BSH: 4.9 June, 4.1 July, Highest World 4.2 Aug.,5.4 Sept.) 9 13 5 India Orissa Natural calamities 10000 Low soil fertility 8000 Low & imbalance use of fert. 3 9 16 Problematic soil 6000 2 9 15 Poor seed replacement 2077 4000 Poor plant stand Heavy infestation of pests 2000 Poor adoption of imprv. tech. Poor socio-economic status of 0 1 farmers
  • 10. PLANNING AND ACTIVITIES
  • 11. Visit of Director General IRRI Meeting with Experts
  • 12. Demonstration on Mustard and Maize under Zero till condition
  • 13. Demand analysis studyPuri (Nuasahi) Dhenkanal (Bhangamal)Puri (Nuasahi) Dhenkanal (Bhangamal)
  • 14. Training on farm mechanization
  • 15. Site selection for SSNM experiments
  • 16. Fertilizer requirements for nutrient management in Maize (Hybrid) cultivation (Yield target 8t/ha) Fert. Micro- Fertilizer N Fertilizer K2O P2O5 nutrients Total Total Basal K2O Lime Treatment code N at N at Total N Basal N P2O5 K2O K2O at V10 S (PMS V6 V10 (kg (kg (kg (kg (kg (kg B Zn t/ha) (kg (kg N/ha) N/ha) P2O5/h K2O/ha K2O/h K2O/h N/ha N/ha) a) ) a) a)T1 -Farmers’ practice Variable Variable Variable 0T2 -N Omission +( Micro- 0 0 0 0 115 160 80 80 10 25 20 5nutrient +S) +limeT3 -P Omission +( Micro- 180 60 60 60 0 160 80 80 10 25 20 5nutrient +S) +limeT4 -K Omission +( Micro- 180 60 60 60 115 0 0 0 10 25 20 5nutrient +S) +limeT5 -NPK+ Lime+(Micro- 180 60 60 60 115 160 80 80 10 25 20 5nutrient+ S)T6 -NPK-Lime+( Micro- 180 60 60 60 115 160 80 80 10 25 20 0nutrient +S)T7 -NPK+ Lime -( Micro- 180 60 60 60 115 160 80 80 0 0 0 5nutrient +S)T8 -Nutrient Expert for maize 10 25 20 5 Variable Variable VariablerecommendationT9-State recommendation 120 60 60 0 60 60 60 0 10 25 20 5 15 experiments (10 in Puri and 5 in Bhadrak)
  • 17. Sowing of Maize in Puri and BhadrakVisit of the MT members to the farmers’ fields
  • 18. Fertilizer requirements for nutrient management in Rice (Hybrid) cultivation (Yield target 8t/ha) Fertilizer N Fert. Fertilizer K2O Micro- P2O5 nutrients S Total N Basal N at N at Total Total Basal K2O at B Zn Treatment code (kg N (kg Active Panicle P2O5 K2O K2O Panicle N/ha) N/ha) tillering initiati (kg (kg (kg initiatio (kg on (kg P2 O 5 / K2O K2O/h n (kg N/ha N/ha) ha) /ha) a) K2O/ha)T1- Farmers’ practice Variable Variable Variabl 0 0 0 eT2-N Omission +( Micro-nutrient +S) 0 0 0 0 80 90 45 45 10 25 20T3-P Omission +( Micro-nutrient +S) 200 90 55 55 0 90 45 45 10 25 20T4-K Omission +( Micro-nutrient +S) 200 90 55 55 80 0 0 0 10 25 20T5-NPK+ (Micro-nutrient+ S) 200 90 55 55 80 90 45 45 10 25 20T6-NPK-( Micro-nutrient +S) 200 90 55 55 80 90 45 45 10 25 20 *25 experiments (15 in Puri and 10 in Bhadrak)
  • 19. Some important Issues and interventionsIssues Entry pointsNon availability and high cost of DSR, Mechanical transplanting, useLabour of weedicidesLow water use efficiency Laser levelingPoor utilization of residual zero tillage, minimum tillagemoisture after riceImbalance fertilization SSNMLack of knowledge Training(Capacity building)Distress sale and poor marketing Market network and business modelof produceNon availability of inputs in time Dealer network , service provider
  • 20. Our immediate activities• Sowing of green gram in Puri and Bhadrak district using ZT seed drill in farmers’ field in collaboration with the Agriculture Department.• Demonstration on mechanical transplanting at KVK Puri and Bhadrak• Training on DSR and mechanical transplanting• Demand analysis in Puri and Bhadrak districts using RRA tool• Partners identification and SWOT