Cereal System Initiative for South Asia Activities in Phase-1 Raman Sharma Assistant Scientist, SSD, IRRI Eastern U.P
Major Responsibilities• To provide technical support to socio- economic activities viz planning and conducting various socio-economic surveys (like Village, household, CnR, water productivity surveys etc.) in our hub domain.• Designing and supervising the data collected in prescribed format for further economic and statistical analysis.• Involvement in the process of various activities from seed to harvest in different technologies like DSR (Paddy), ZT(wheat), Mechanical transplanting, other activities i.e. Laser land leveling, intercropping etc.
Major Responsibilities• Also actively involved in synthesizing the impact of CA technologies and incorporating it in the training programme by hub team.• To work with hub team in organizing review meetings, TWG meeting, attended training of extension officers in various districts.• To provide the assistance in the development of CKB material including preparation of videos on DSR, ZT, Laser Land Leveler, and Mechanical Transplanter.• Involvement in the process of making hub half yearly and annual report writing and had done adoption tracking for farmers.
Socioeconomic Activities• Conducted village survey in 18 villages (9 CSISA and 9 Non CSISA villages) in 3 districts of hub domain.• Nine CSISA (9) villages were selected for focus group discussions for the purpose to get the information about the constraints for technology adoption, possible pros and cons, issues related to enabling environment and other equity issues.• 324 households were surveyed from 18 villages in 3 districts of EUPH.• Gathered information about farmers’ livelihood, yield, technologies adopted, irrigation sources, animal assests and gender involvement etc.
Socioeconomic Activities• Also coordinated the study on “Cost and return on wheat, maize & rice production under CSISA technologies intervention areas and their impact on farmer’s income”. So far 15 interns have completed their internships under the guidance during the period under the report.• Worked as team leader in the project titled “Water productivity study under Kharif season in Eastern U.P”.• Now working on another round of midline household survey and water productivity in previous sampled farmers.• Generated the database of more than 1500 farmers from all above surveys and it is increasing further in next coming rounds.
What works• Resource conservation and profitability.• Risk 16%- 11%- 7% (DSR) in three years.• ZT wheat premium with low risk.• Laser land leveling (water saving), farmers preference, sustainable approach.• Diversification – 300 % cropping intensity.• Success stories- wheat yield 5.3t/ha (2009-10), 6.1t/ha (2010-11), 7.1t/ha (2011-12).• MTUPR is new production and got large success with increase in acreage every year.• The acceptance of DSR is slower than expected possibly because of 11% failure.• Date of sowing in the surveyed districts has advanced from 30Nov. to 23Nov. in high yielding long duration wheat varieties; PBW -502 is accepted by 25% of farmers as compared almost zero in 2009.• Terminal heat as cause of no productivity was reported by 5% ZT farmers and 17 % CT farmers.• The productivity of hybrid rice is 20% more than varieties as per the survey conducted for Kharif 2010.
What works• Prior trainings on questioners, data entry and statistical analysis helps in gathering quality data which further transform to publications and readings like… – Guidance and technology: An assessment of project intervention and promoted technologies. – Constraints to cereal and animal production and technology adoption in resource poor villages of India and Bangladesh. – Views of farmers on Resource Conservation technologies Intervention: Evidence from Bihar, Eastern Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal states of India.
What didn’t work• With same number of service providers and same number of machines the area expansion is more in ZT (Wheat) but not in ZT (DSR). Will have to mitigate risks from technologies if any.• Survey period for CnR survey.