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11 July 2012 CSISA SSD Technology Evaluation and Capacity Building under CSISA
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11 July 2012 CSISA SSD Technology Evaluation and Capacity Building under CSISA Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Technology Evaluation andCapacity Building under CSISA Valerien Pede Anurag Kumar Ganeshamoorthy Raman Sharma
  • 2. Outline• Background• Update of activities under Obj 6.2 Phase I – Surveys – Case studies – Capacity building• Outputs/deliverables• Hub update – EUP (Raman) – Bihar (Anurag) – Tamil Nadu (Ganesh)
  • 3. Background• Activity 6.2 – Understand the micro-level constraints to rapid productivity growth and adoption of RCT in intensive cereal systems of South Asia• Hubs – Central Bihar – West Bengal – Eastern Uttar Pradesh – Tamil Nadu – Gazipur
  • 4. Update of activities under Obj 6.2• Surveys – Baseline village survey • Period: May to July, 2010 • 18 villages per hub – Few findings • Resource-poor villages: EUP and Bihar • Perception on RCT – Non-availability of machines / weed problem in ZT • Constraints to production – Water scarcity and limited supply of electricity – Labor shortage – Lack of access to fertilizer on time – Pest and weed infestation
  • 5. Update of activities (cont’d)• Surveys – Baseline household survey – Period: September 2010 to May 2011 – 324 households per hub – Few findings • Adoption of CA technologies still very low • Familiarity with CSISA and the promoted technologies still weak among farmers
  • 6. Update of activities (cont’d)• Surveys – Midline household survey • Gender and Agriculture Assets Project (GAAP) • 324 households in EUP hub only • Period: on-going
  • 7. Update of activities (cont’d)• Recurrent surveys – Cost and return survey – EUP, Bihar and Tamil Nadu • Periods: kharif and rabi since 2009• Technology evaluation – ZT vs conventional tillage (rabi season) – DSR vs Transplanting (kharif season) • Net return • Cost efficiency • Technical efficiency
  • 8. Cost and return survey• Sample sizes Bihar Eastern Uttar Pradesh Season Technology CSISA Control Total CSISA Control Total Kharif 2009 DSR 63 26 89 63 19 82 Rabi 2010 ZT-wheat 118 50 168 114 59 173 Kharif 2010 DSR 139 54 193 126 74 200 Rabi 2011 ZT-wheat 132 51 183 116 80 196 Kharif 2011 DSR 120 160 280 157 124 281
  • 9. Update of activities (cont’d)• Recurrent surveys – Water management under DSR and PTR • Implemented in EUP and Punjab hubs • Goal: compare water productivity under DSR with TPR in the context of farmer practices • 2 rounds – 1st round: Kharif 2011: 90 farmers in each hub » 2 districts, 5 villages each » 6 DSR+PTR and 3 PTR only – 2nd round: Kharif 2012: 135 farmers in each hub » 2 districts, 7 villages each » 6 DSR+PTR and 3 PTR only • 3 phases – sowing, mid-season, and shortly after harvest
  • 10. Case studies• Consequences of widespread adoption of machinery on the livelihood of women and landless laborers. – Survey has been completed • Combination of quantitative and qualitative – Descriptive analysis completed• Role of social network on technology adoption – Little progress – Only econometric methodology has been developped
  • 11. Outputs• Village survey report – 8 hubs• Baseline household survey report – TN, Bihar, EUP, Gazipur• Publications: – “Technical Efficiency of Resource Conserving Technologies in Rice Wheat Systems: Case of Bihar and Eastern Uttar Pradesh in India” Agricultural Economics Research Review 24 (2): 201–210. – “Guidance and Technology: An assessment of Project Intervention and Promoted technologies” forthcoming in Procedia Finance & Economics
  • 12. Capacity building• Collaboration with KIIT university and ANGRA – Linking young scientists to best agronomic practices – Training on research methodology and quantitative analysis Season Kharif Rabi Kharif Rabi Kharif Total 2009 2010 2010 2011 2011 Sample Size 477 341 393 379 841 2431 Student Interns 10 8 10 8 11 47
  • 13. Cereal Systems Initiatives for South Asia Socio Economic activities R.Ganeshmoorthy Asst Scientist – SSD, IRRI TN CSISA hub, Thanjavur 13
  • 14. Major Responsibilities• Plan, design and implement data collection & technical support by performing socio-economic survey (VS,VC, HH survey, C&R,VC )• Organize, validate ,computerize data, Statistical & economic analysis• To supervise - cost and return survey• To provide assistance in delivery activities in various CA technologies.• To participate in TWG, travelling seminars & training program.• To provide assistance for preparing CKB materials• Fine tuning & finding of new agronomics practices• Assist visitors
  • 15. Socioeconomic activities accomplished• Village survey - 18 villages• Village census & Household Survey - 18 villages• Supervise & train the intern students for C& R in kharif 2011• Supervise & train the intern student for Maize value chain studyDelivery activities• Actively involved in all delivery activities & provide technical support - sowing to harvesting.• Actively participated in TWG, farmers training, travelling seminar, harvest day & demonstration of new technologies.• Writing publication on “Path way for second Green revolution - Solution for Mechanization in Rice Farming in TN”• Promotion - Designing video clips - Updating Major hub events in the TN CSISA youtube channel• CSISA activities was telecasted on Doordarshan (DD)
  • 16. What went well• Socio Economic - Timely conducting survey• Delivery of the technology – adoption• Scaling Up - Partnership development with DOA, TNAU SWC meeting, APC meeting• Students availability• Questionnaire is too lengthy / insufficient time.• What did not well CSISA Intervention is less in Some of the HH villages• Responsibilities• Conducting Women empowerment studies/ VC/ Custom hiring• Strengthening the network with DOA ,TNAU,NGO & Private• Facilitate market driven agriculture - CSISA farmers - Development of Commodity group/ Producer company Suggestions hulling unit• Post harvest – moisture meter, mobile drier, Small
  • 17. Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia Presented by: Anurag Kumar Assistant Scientist, SSD, IRRI Central Bihar Hub, Begusarai
  • 18. Major Responsibilities• Technical support for socioeconomic survey (village survey, FGD, Village census, Household survey, CnR)- Planning, implementations, statistical and economic analysis.• To supervise the cost and return on Paddy, wheat, and maize and soybean etc.• To provide assistance in delivery activities in various technologies viz. DSR, ZTW, ZTS, Paddy nursery establishment etc• To work in organizing travelling seminar, training programme and demonstration of new technologies among farmers• To provide assistance in making of CKB materials, booklets, case studies etc
  • 19. Cereal Systems Initiative for South Asia Presented by: Anurag Kumar Assistant Scientist, SSD, IRRI Central Bihar Hub, Begusarai
  • 20. Major Responsibilities• Technical support for socioeconomic survey (village survey, FGD, Village census, Household survey, CnR)- Planning, implementations, statistical and economic analysis.• To supervise the cost and return on Paddy, wheat, and maize and soybean etc.• To provide assistance in delivery activities in various technologies viz. DSR, ZTW, ZTS, Paddy nursery establishment etc• To work in organizing travelling seminar, training programme and demonstration of new technologies among farmers• To provide assistance in making of CKB materials, booklets, case studies etc
  • 21. Work Accomplished• Village survey in 18 villages of Bihar and 2 villages of West Bengal• Organized Focus Group Discussion in 9 villages of Bihar and 2 villages of West Bengal• Organized village census in all 20 villages to select farmers for household survey• Coordinated cost and return survey for both season each years since 2010• SRI survey in 5 districts in our hub domain.• Participated in hub based delivery activities in each season specially at the time of crop establishment to harvest.• Participated in farmers training, travelling seminar of farmers and scientist both, field day and demonstration of new technologies
  • 22. Inconvenience and Suggestion• 60-70 days internship is not sufficient to complete all assignment i.e. cost return and their own topic with quality• Questionnaire for their own topic should be ready prior to internship• Market linkages i.e. forward and backward• Area specific technologies implementation• More number of training should organize on timely manner• Develop strong linkages with state Government for better delivery of technologies
  • 23. Work Accomplished• Village survey in 18 villages of Bihar and 2 villages of West Bengal• Organized Focus Group Discussion in 9 villages of Bihar and 2 villages of West Bengal• Organized village census in all 20 villages to select farmers for household survey• Coordinated cost and return survey for both season each years since 2010• SRI survey in 5 districts in our hub domain.• Participated in hub based delivery activities in each season specially at the time of crop establishment to harvest.• Participated in farmers training, travelling seminar of farmers and scientist both, field day and demonstration of new technologies
  • 24. Inconvenience and Suggestion• 60-70 days internship is not sufficient to complete all assignment i.e. cost return and their own topic with quality• Questionnaire for their own topic should be ready prior to internship• Market linkages i.e. forward and backward• Area specific technologies implementation• More number of training should organize on timely manner• Develop strong linkages with state Government for better delivery of technologies